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2013 IGF: Bali
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Workshop Report 2009
Introduction to Internet Operations
Kurt Erik Lindqvist
Workshop description and list of panelists:
This workshop is designed to provide a basic understanding of the principles of Internet addressing, both numbering and naming. It will highlight how Internet naming and numbering differs from circuit switched telephony, for those with a regulatory background in telephony.
It will provide a straightforward introduction to some of the fundamental technical concepts of Internet operations, presented by representatives of the Internet technical community. Presentations will focus on IP addressing, Internet routing and basic principles of the domain name system (DNS), and include details on the "why" as well as the "how". The workshop will conclude with a description of how traffic is routed across the Internet, including the difference between 'transit' and 'peering', and the role of Exchange Points (IXPs).
This workshop is aimed at government representatives, regulators and others involved with Internet policy work. Participants do not need to have a technical background. With a more complete understanding of the concepts examined in this workshop, participants will be better equipped to fully engage in Internet governance discussions.
The panelists where
Christian O'Flaherty, ISOC
Michuki Mwangi, ISOC, Africa (Kenya)
Patrik Fältström, Cisco and advisor to the Swedish government
Jonne Soininen, Nokia Siemens Networks
German Valdez, APNIC
Kurt Erik Lindqvist Netnod/Autonomica
The actors involved in the field; various initiatives that people can connect with, and contacts for further information:
Internet Addressing is handled by the five five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs), AfriNIC for Africa (http://www.afrinic.net), LACNIC for Latin and South America (http://www.lacnic.net), APNIC for Asia (http://www.apnic.net), RIPE NCC (http://www.ripe.net) for Europe and ARIN (http://www.arin.net) for North America.
The Internet routing system is being discussed and the engineering developed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF, http://www.ietf.org). The IETF also develops all other Internet Standards including the DNS.
The largest forum of Internet Exchanges is Euro-IX, (http://www.euro-ix.net), that despite it's name have members from all around the world.
All the regions also have operational forums around the world that brings the local operators together to discuss operational issues for the Internet and agree on best common practices such as AfNOG for Africa (http://www.afnog.org), APRICOT for Asia (http://www.apricot.net), MENG for the Middle East (http://www.menog.net), SANOG for South Asia (http://www.sanog.org), RIPE for Europe, LACNIC for South and Latin America and Nanog for North America (http://www.nanog.org)
A brief substantive summary and the main issues that were identified:
The workshop highlighted how the business models on the Internet have changed traditional telecom business models, what the enabling technologies where for these changes, and also explained some of the terminology used. The workshop also discussed the roles of governments in the current Internet names and numbering governance.
Further we discussed how the current governance model uses bottom-up transparent processes in forming the number and naming policies.
Last we got presentations on how Internet emerged in two regions, Africa and South America, and the experiences from forming the local governance structures and how operators and the community have cooperated and shared knowledge and experiences.
Conclusions and further comments:
We had some very interesting presentations on how the Internet, with new business models and bottom-up governance models have allowed for innovation and formation of new services.
...End of Report...
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