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No. 41 Developing and effectively using Multistakeholder Principles

Constance Weise
APC & Government of Brazil & ICC BASIS & ISOC



Principles of Multi-stakeholder Cooperation

Principles of Multistakeholder Cooperation

This workshop entitled “Developing and effectively using Multistakeholder Principles” is going to take place in a roundtable format, and will aim to build upon discussions that took place at the IGF, including the Taking stock session at the 2012 IGF in Baku, Azerbaijan, and a session on this topic at the WSIS +10 review event in February 2013 in Paris as well as other events to promote awareness of multistakeholder principles and to share ideas about how they can be developed and effectively used. The concrete discussions and recommendations from the session in Paris at the WSIS +10 will form the base for this interactive roundtable event. The roundtable’s panellists represent geographical diverse multistakeholder groups from civil society, the private sector, the Internet technical community, and governments. The panelists and discussion with the participants will focus on how to develop and productively employ multistakeholder principles in Internet governance issues and will bring out a range of viewpoints.

Has the proponent organised a workshop with a similar subject during past IGF meetings?


Indication of how the workshop will build on but go beyond the outcomes previously reached

ICC BASIS organised a session at the WSIS+10 UNESCO review event in February 2013 in Paris (see: http://www.iccwbo.org/Data/Documents/Basis/WSIS-follow-up/report-multistakeholder-principles/). This workshop’s organisers (APC, the Government of Brazil, ICC BASIS and ISOC) aim to provide an opportunity for continuing discussions had at the WSIS+10 review event in Paris. This roundtable discussion will look to further build on ideas about how multistakeholder principles can be developed and effectively used, and intends to offer concrete outcomes.

Background Paper

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Session Type




Ms. Anriette Esterhuysen, Association for Progressive Communications (APC), Civil Society, SOUTH AFRICA, African Group

Mr. Alexandre Scudiere Fontenelle, The Government of Brazil, Government, BRAZIL, Latin American and Caribbean Group - GRULAC

Mr. Markus Kummer, Internet Socety (ISOC), Technical Community, SWITZERLAND, Western Europe and Others Group - WEOG

Ms. Ayesha Hassan, International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)/BASIS, Private Sector, FRANCE, Western Europe and Others Group - WEOG

Have the Proponent or any of the co-organisers organised an IGF workshop before?


The link(s) to the workshop report(s)











Panellists and Moderator

Invited panellists, individuals and organisations

= panellist or organisation has been confirmed

Please click on Biography to view the biography of panelllist

Johan Hallenborg, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Sweden, Male, Government, SWEDEN, Western Europe and Others Group - WEOG, confirmedBiography

Anne-Rachel Inne, African Network Information Center (AfriNIC), Female, Technical Community, MAURITIUS, African Group, confirmedBiography

Wolfgang Kleinwaechter, Department for Media and Information Sciences, University of Aarhus, Male, Civil Society, DENMARK, Western Europe and Others Group - WEOG, confirmedBiography

Jeff Brueggeman, AT&T Services Inc. , Male, Private Sector, UNITED STATES, Western Europe and Others Group - WEOG, confirmedBiography

Alexandre Scudiere Fontenelle, Ministry of External Relations, Male, Government, BRAZIL, Latin American and Caribbean Group - GRULAC, confirmedBiography


Anriette Esterhuysen, APC

Remote Moderator

Constance Weise, ICC BASIS


• Moderator sets the stage for the discussion

• Interactive discussion with roundtable panellists regarding multistakeholder principles, the recommendations that emerged from session at WSIS +10 review event in February:

1.Fundamental Design/Operational Principles: There are some fundamental design/operational principles that constitute multistakeholder approaches and processes: open participation to all stakeholders; ability for all stakeholders to contribute; self-organization; engagement on equal footing; transparency; bottom-up agenda-setting; and due process. There has been progress in the engagement of stakeholders and open participation, and the IGF has catalysed the creation of regional and national IGF initiatives on all continents. Nevertheless, on-going efforts are needed to broaden engagement of stakeholders, particularly in developing countries

2.Governance Of and On the Internet: There is a distinction between governance of the Internet (i.e. logical layer of protocols, DNS, addresses, etc.), where a distributed ecosystem of multistakeholder governance exists, and the governance on the Internet (regarding usage, freedom of expression, privacy, cybercrime, etc.) where existing mechanisms, such as the IGF, continue to evolve in response to deficiencies identified through multistakeholder discussions. Thus, the time is right to establish multistakeholder principles publicly and efficiently to set the premise by which governance of the Internet and governance on the Internet develop. It also is important to continue to improve existing mechanisms enabling multistakeholder governance of the Internet.

3.Challenges of Multistakeholder Formats: Using multistakeholder formats to address key policy issues and for decision-making (beyond open consultations) raises specific challenges, including how to form multistakeholder advisory groups, how to achieve balanced geographical representation, how to build capacity to promote effective participation, the role of steering groups, risks of capture, management of conflicts of interest, representation and decision making, and general legitimacy.

4.Roles of Stakeholders: The respective roles of stakeholders are interdependent in addressing topics and implementing solutions. They have shared responsibilities on all issues, with different weights according to the different topics and the stages of the discussion in the governance workflow. Moreover, each stakeholder group must grapple with its own internal differences. This makes the multistakeholder process richer, but more challenging.

5.Evolving Mechanisms for the Multistakeholder Model: Multistakeholder mechanisms and frameworks should continue to evolve to address concrete problems, on a distributed, issue-by-issue basis. Such mechanisms are an effective way to address Internet governance issues, as opposed to relying exclusively on traditional inter-governmental processes. Governance in the knowledge society will continue to benefit from expanded government interaction with other stakeholders.

6.Exchange Among International Organizations: As the Internet increasingly impacts all facets of individuals’ lives, the new multistakeholder approach engages with a broad stakeholder community, involved in development, access to knowledge, governance, and environmental, science and technology and trade policies. All forums and organizations relevant to Internet governance therefore should liaise with relevant international processes and institutions to bring about new layers of understanding and contribute to policies relevant to Internet access.

7.Progression of the Multistakeholder Model: The WSIS +10 review process should be fully multistakeholder and not regress from the progress made during the past 10 years. The process should involve existing organizations and processes, such as IGF, the WSIS Action Lines Forum, and the CSTD, which in the past decade have improved cooperation among different stakeholders. This has helped to unleash the potential in the multistakeholder

•Interactive discussion with the audience to continue to build on these ideas/recommendations

Inclusiveness of the Session

This workshop will take the format of a roundtable discussion. If the rooms permit, we envision having the panellists facing each other and ensure that the participants are part of the roundtable to increase the interaction as well as from remote participants.

Suitability for Remote Participation

This session’s organizers and participants will ensure active outreach to suitable experts in the field as the workshop’s preparations get underway. In addition, the four workshop’s organizers will strive to promote this workshop to encourage remote participation via social media, such as Twitter and Facebook. 

Questions or Comments

This session's rapporteurs will be:

Professor Carlos Affonso Pereira de Souza, founder of Center for Technology and Society, Getulio Vargas Foundation, 


ISOC Ambassador (Name TBD later)


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