IGF 2010 Workshop Report

 
 109
 
 Use of ICT by people with migrant background
 
 Yuliya Morenets
 
 

→ Mr Ilias Chantzos- Director EMEA & Asia Pacific Japan, Government Relations, Symantec Corporation Co-moderator → Ms Luisa Maia Gonçalves- Director of the Department for Criminal Investigation, Surveillance and Intelligence Immigration and Borders Service/Minister of Interior of Portugal/European Committee on Migration/Council of Europe expert Co-moderator → Ms Kim Sanchez- Group Manager in the Trustworthy Computing group at Microsoft Corporation → Mr 'Gbenga Sesan- Executive Director of Paradigm Initiative Nigeria (PIN)/ Microsoft Nigeria → Mr Malte Spitz- Member of the National Executive Board of the German Greens/former Secretary General of the German Young Greens, Mitglied des Bundesvorstandes BÜNDNIS 90/ DIE GRÜNEN → Ms Yuliya Morenets- Rapporteur/TaC-Together against Cybercrime Representative → Ms Elvana Thaçi- Remote moderator/Council of Europe Administrator, Media and Information Society Division

 

The population with a migrant background is confronted with problems, needs and very particular specifics with regard to ICT; we refer here to the paragraph 13 of the Geneva Declaration of Principles. We subscribe to the general thematic line of IGF 2010:"IGF-developing the future together" and propose the organization of a workshop where the question as to the role of this type of population and their participation in the Information Society with the help of democratic processes of citizens’ participation could be put. We would like to focus on young people who are part of vulnerable group of society and especially raise the question of specific problems they face once using and having access to ICT. We believe that young people with migrant background represent an important percentage of Internet and ICT users of their group of society; in this regard they have very specific concerns (ref. to par. 90(n) of the Tunis Agenda for the Information Society). One of the most important issues to be discussed is how to promote the cybersecurity culture among young people with migrant background using the Internet. They face more difficulties and they are more fragile with regard to Internet dangers, as they don’t always have access to information on how to avoid cyber dangers or how to react. We would like to focus attention on their fragility and the way to give them access to this type of information in the language comprehensible to them. The goal of this workshop is also to have a common discussion about the need to develop a constructive and open dialogue with young people of this group of population concerning responsible use of ICT and the respect of privacy of others.

 

Microsoft- Industry Microsoft Nigeria- Industry Paradigm Initiative Nigeria (PIN) Symantec Corporation- Industry Council of Europe- International Organization Minister of Interior of Portugal TaC-Together against Cybercrime- Civil Society/Research Organisers' contact, TaC-Together against Cybercrime: contact@againstcybercrime.eu www.againstcybercrime.eu

 

We had a successful discussion with the audience and a number of experts on the question of the "Use of ICT by the people with migrant background". The legal base are the Geneva Declaration of Principles and the Tunis Agenda for the Information Society. The main points of the discussion were: 1. ICT can assist and help people with migrant background during the integration process into the new society (using ICT they could accede information more easily and faster) and facilitate social cohesion, as well as give vulnerable people the possibility of accession to the citizenship of residence (citoyenneté de residence) and positively take advantage of it. At the same time we have to pay attention to the privacy questions and the protection of personal data. The positive aspect is that ICTs could contribute to stop different types of exploitation of people with migrant background. 2. Very often people with migrant background can be involuntary involved into criminal schemes via Internet, they can also be recruited and trafficked (a number of examples were quoted), sexually exploited; a question of labor exploitation was raised too. Here the Internet is the tool which makes the recruitment and involuntary involvement easier and faster. These cases are difficult to investigate by the law enforcement agencies. 3. There is a need to continue educating young people as to cyber dangers and the use of ICTs. For the moment there is a lack of information too. The importance of the educational process was underlined, with specific attention paid to young people with migrant background. 4. We have to focus on literacy problems for people of all ages and develop a special approach for those with a migrant background. There is a lack of information and especially cybersecurity information. The digital divide still exists so we have to continue working in this area. We have also to work on the tools that can show to the vulnerable people and convince them that the use of ICTs can bring them more opportunities and the possibility to become more media literate. The fact of being media literate can assist them and facilitate the procedure of integration as well as better contact to the administrative bodies of their host country. 5. We have to spread the information on how not to fall victim of potential ICT risks and in this regard further development of cybersecurity culture is essential with a special focus being proposed to people with migrant background. 6. A number of skills of people with migrant background can be used differently and in a positive way in order to transform the digital divide into digital opportunity for them. 7. People with migrant background have to be more integrated into the Building process of the Information Society.

 

1. We need to continue discussions concerning the "Use of ICT by people with migrant background" and propose concrete actions in cooperation with different actors (private sector, International organizations, Civil society and the public sector). 2. The voice of the people with migrant background has to be heard and integrated into the Building process of Information Society. 3. There must be a proposal for a specific approach of promotion of cybersecurity culture taking into consideration the fragility of vulnerable populations and people with migrant background. 4. We call on the Council of Europe as a Human Rights organization, to support the development of tools and of the guidelines of best practices on the Use of ICT by people with migrant background for a better social cohesion and the increase of chances of success of the people with migrant background in their host countries.