IGF 2019 WS #44 Building a Bigger Tent: Multistakeholderism and Cyber Norms

Organizer 1: Sirine Hijal, Global Affairs Canada
Organizer 2: Chrystiane Roy, Mission Permanente du Canada
Organizer 3: Aleisha Arnusch, Global Affairs Canada

Speaker 1: Kerry-Ann Barrett, Intergovernmental Organization, Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)
Speaker 2: Paul Meyer, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Speaker 3: Sirine Hijal, Government, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)

Policy Question(s): 

How can cooperation and collaboration among diverse stakeholders on the national, regional and global levels help to increase cybersecurity and improve national approaches to cybersecurity? How can upcoming 2019-2021 UN processes (OEWG, GGE) on cybersecurity better take into account the perspectives of a broad range of stakeholders with an interest in a secure and stable cyberspace? How can a multistakeholder approach improve national implementation of voluntary cyber norms? And how can this approach foster national cybersecurity policies that advance security, privacy and human rights? What role should different stakeholders play in cybersecurity policy development and capacity building approaches?

Relevance to Theme: Voluntary norms of responsible state behaviour in cyberspace have been developed and agreed multilaterally, notably through UN processes. They remain relevant and continue to be discussed and further developed in a variety of international settings and fora, including the UN, where two separate processes (the Open Ended Working Group, or OEWG, and Group of Governmental Experts, or GGE) are expected to tackle security and stability in cyberspace in 2019-2020.

Challenges remain in the wide dissemination and implementation of these agreed voluntary norms. For example, many states face challenges in ensuring meaningful stakeholder engagement in the development of their national cybersecurity policies and practices based on these international norms.

The proposed session is meant to focus on how states can better engage with all relevant stakeholders as they seek to implement existing voluntary norms while developing their national cybersecurity policies and practices. It will highlight the perspectives of all concerned stakeholders (civil society, government, academia, private sector) and how they can be engaged in these national processes. It is also an opportunity for IGF participants to discuss how upcoming 2019-2021 UN processes on cybersecurity can better take into account the perspectives of a broad range of stakeholders with an interest in a secure and stable cyberspace.

Relevance to Internet Governance: The session focuses on how governments, the private sector and civil society, in their respective roles, can work together in implement agreed norms of responsible state behaviour at the national level in ways that lead to the development and growth of an open, free, secure and stable cyberspace.

Format: 

Panel - Auditorium - 90 Min

Description: Moderator will introduce the topic with a five-minute historical recap of the voluntary norms of peacetime behaviour developed by the 2013 and 2015 UN Group of Governmental Experts on ICTs and endorsed by the UN General Assembly; and then highlight the major challenges to address:
- How to advance the implementation of existing international norms at the national level.
- How to ensure broad stakeholder engagement in the development of national cybersecurity policies and practices stemming from these international norms.
Six speakers will be asked to provide short (approximately 5 minutes) presentations on their perspectives on the two issues identified above. These speakers would be:
- A Canadian government representative: Sirine Hijal, Canada’s deputy cyber foreign policy coordinator
- A representative from civil society: Paul Meyer from ICT4Peace
- A representative from academia/think tank: TBC
- A representative from the private sector: TBC
- A government representative from a developing country: TBC
- A representative from a regional organization: Kerry-Ann Barrett from the Organization of American States

The moderator will then ask panelists questions in turn to stimulate debate and dialogue, particularly where there are opposing views on the way forward. The audience will also be provided with the opportunity to ask questions and intervene to further enhance the debate.

Expected Outcomes: - Greater awareness among participants of existing voluntary international norms and challenges to their implementation.
- Increased awareness among participants of the importance of multistakeholderism for the development of national cybersecurity policies and practices.
- Concrete proposal for enhancing multistakeholderism in the development of national cybersecurity policies and practices.
- Concrete proposals for enhancing consultations in the upcoming UN-based OEWG and GGE processes, which the organisers will relay in their national contributions to these UN processes.

Onsite Moderator: 

Sirine Hijal, Government, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)

Online Moderator: 

Chrystiane Roy, Government, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)

Rapporteur: 

Aleisha Arnusch, Government, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)

Discussion Facilitation: 

The moderator will directly engage with the audience (including online) by encouraging them to ask questions and intervene to further enhance the debate. Half the session duration have been set aside for interaction with the audience.

Online Participation: 

Usage of IGF Tool

SDGs: 

GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
GOAL 10: Reduced Inequalities
GOAL 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions