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IGF 2021 Proposed Issues

Number of contributions by:

 

Stakeholder Group


Government: 36
Intergovernmental Organization: 10
Civil Society: 116
Technical Community: 35
Private Sector: 34

Regional Group

African Group: 47
Asia-Pacific Group: 48
Eastern European Group: 25
Latin American and Caribbean Group: 22
Western European and Others Group: 78
Intergovernmental Organizations: 11
ID Proposed Issue(s) Comment
1
2
1) Facilitating international health data sharing, transparency, personal data security and privacy for public health entities , research and also for the public ..What is the digital health gap ?
2) Quality Internet, for universal global access. What can it look like and how can artificial intelligence be helpfully to enable quality ? What is the digital quality gap ?
3) Blockchain and smart contracts issues for facilitating quality global business transactions. How will the digital technology gap be bridged?
Making better use of the social events with small breakout groups and extending the ability to socialize using new tools that keep emerging in this space ... techeques such as speed meet and greet etc.. scheduling so as not to have competing similar sessions at the same hour ..Having sessions of 1 hour, 2 hour and 3 hours.Ensuring that a virtual conference option must include equally, all virtual participants. A virtual option is a must for 2021 with partipant guidelines for access published early.
3
4
5 Blockchain Track
Cyber Security TRack
Virtual format will be best suited for IGV 2021 since conditions globally are uncertain for conduct.
6
Connecting unconnected - community-based networks
Connecting unconnected - poor or groups with special needs
End to End Encryption
Hacker attacsk
Fake news in propaganda
7
8
1. Encryption and its impact on inclusion
2. Climate and its role on equity
3. Internet and its use/misuse on preventing global warming
Please ensure that all sessions are recorded and displayed on youtube. This has to be done without regard to the online or online speaker. All online and offline sessions should be recorded for the public.
9
Internet before, during and after Covid: What changes are desirable and permanent, and what undesirable and temporary?

Internet for Development

Universal Access and sustained user connectivity
The global IGF could be a forum to debate on core and global issues, two or at the most three issues in a year, with better focus leading to a rough consensus. These two or three issues/topics could be central to the global IGF with a few more topics as additional topics, for a duration of 5-7 days maximum. There could be a cross-NRI intersession, apart from the global IGF.
10
Inclusion in terms beyond just accessibility
Artificial Intelligence and social media content management
Quantic computing and quantic encryption
-It will be better to have the Youth Summit as part of the IGF and not just day 0 event
-More themes related to gender diverse people in the IGF and gender diverse panelists
-If we going to have web networking spaces should be on a more friendly platform than Zoom, for example, gather dot town
- More panels about accessibility for people with disabilities and the intersection of it with race, gender, social status, etc.
- Start to talk about Quantum Computing and Quantum Internet and how we, as part of the IGF, going to start to respond to this emerging technology
11
1. Easy to access internet should focused rural area
2. Reduce internet connectivity price
3. Safe internet (develop ethics, morality)
N/A
12 Online Gender Based Violence
Digital Tax
Content Moderation
-
13 Cybersecurity into vehicle to vehicle communication yes
14
1- Alternative models to connect unconnected people

2- Regulation capacity building to follow ISP/operators in the field in effective delivring/offer user services(in developping countries)

3- ICT environmental issues
NO
15
1. Limiting and controlling malicious state actions on the Internet.
2. Attribution of cyber actions

16 Encryption
Regulation
Open Source
No
17 Cryptography integrity for all
Data privacy
MANRS
18
1. Impact of Internet Governance (IG) on climate change. There is a gaping lack of conversation about the impact of IG on the most pressing issue of the 21st century. How can actors in IG reduce their carbon footprint and contribution to climate change? For example, through the adoption of green computing, energy efficient servers and machines/processes, and by policy contributions.
2. The response of Internet Governance (IG) to racial justice: The IGF as an institution can contribute to the voices of major global institutions all making important responses for racial justice in the wake of the death of George Floyd and others in the US. How can the IGF also undergo reforms to underscore the need for inclusivity in its ranks, including more IGFs hosted in the Global South?
No, I do not have suggested changes.
19
1. Countering the centralisation of Internet infrastructure
2. Providing multi-stakeholder input and oversight to Internet standards development (eg at the IETF)
3. Reviewing the impact of end-to-end encryption to consider whether the costs outweigh the benefits
1. Encourage more multi-stakeholder input and involvement throughout the year
2. Ensure any IGF-hosted panel discussions reserve a reasonable percentage of the session time to take and address comments and questions from the audience
20 1. Universal Acceptance
2. Fundraising for Community Networks.
May be to reduce on overlapping of events. In case someone wants to attend 2 events that are interested in but are at the same time.
21
1. Security Risk Awareness for Novice Online Platform Users due to Covid-19 Lockdown
2. Internet Intelligence
3. Empowering Smart Senior Citizens for accessing Public Network
NIL
22
Countering Disinformation on the Internet
Countering Disinformation regarding Food Insecurity on the Internet
Promoting social and economic recovery post-COVID powered by the Internet
The length of the virtual IGF was too long.
We don't necessary have to force such a long format.
Covid times call for a format that is shorter, conducive to at least reduce the digital divide in connecting and attending the IGF for long hours
Themes should be focus on real issues that have negatively impacted both developing and developing economies
Disinformation is an important segment that this IGF should address
23
Multistakeholder awareness campaigns
Embedd the vision of IGF in curriculum, we will be willing to be the first university to embedd that to our general course curriculum
Increase funding for IGF
None
24
Issue of Trust will also continue in 2021.
Also issue of Environment will also be considered in 2021.
Issue of AI ( Artificial Intelligence ) will be considered in 2021.
Not necessary.
25
26
1-The technical community.
2-Civil society.
3-Stability and development.
1-Better communication.
2-Word facilitation.
27
The unequal and anachronistic social media moderation of nudity and sexuality is negatively affecting the lives and livelihoods of users who currently need a platform the most. Particularly during a global pandemic that is forcing large portions of sex workers, sex and body positivity advocates, artists, performers, sex educators, the LGBTQIA+ community and others online, these communities feel unwelcome on and are at risk of being deplatformed by social networking platforms. 
In the aftermath of FOSTA/SESTA, and with the threats of the EARN IT act and of SISEA, social media seem to be using nudity and sexuality as a scapegoat to adopt lazy content governance policies that lack nuance or understanding of subcultures, and that do not make platforms any safer. Because of this, moderation of nudity and sexuality has the potential to affect and/or change social media governance, and the roles and responsibilities of social media platforms in our society. 
As already stated in this petition (https://www.change.org/p/instagram-instagram-stop-unfairly-censoring-nudity-and-sexuality), users all over the world would benefit from more transparent content moderation across social media, and from some form of exchange between platforms and the users who are most affected by their moderation.
28
29 Digital Security, Emerging Technology, Sino-US dialogue
30
1. Inclusion of Deprived Communities like persons with disabilities
2. Reach the Unreached
3. Disruptions of Technologies like AI & Robotics
4. Internet for the Linguistic Localization
1. Need to create a Researchers Group to provide hardcore techno inputs
2. Need to frame a Cyber Taskforce for UN
31
AI involvement in the pandemic
Online Education improvement
Homepreneurship and the future of online businesses
No
32
Sustainable cities / Smart cities
How big data or artificial intelligence improve weather or climate forecast
Technology development for climate action
Treating themes in a more technical (scientific) way.
33
1 / The Internet in objects 2 / Valuing the blockchain 3 / Artificial intelligence then
Make a point of honor on the virtual aspect, the themes were good
34
1. Confidence-Building Measure
2. Internet Fragmentation by government regulation and national sovereignty
3. Privacy protection
I think it is good to have hybrid conference if it is safe without risk from COVID-19.
It is good for everyone to participate the meeting remotely, but not all of people can participate it in different timezone. The 15 th IGF had a long period in 2020. I enjoyed many pre-events and I could evaluate the online meeting almost on time. The interface is clean and simple not complicated, but many open answer text boxes need to type. Maybe keep it simple in several option or Yes/No question is enough.
35
1. KI-Speakersystems and Data Security for Children
2. Equal Rights an Possibilities for Digital Education
3. Social Media Concepts under 13
36
Digital transformation of environmental education organizations

Aligning digital technologies and green policy for net zero

How's weather forecast affected during the pandemic?
37 Security and Privacy
38
Algorithmic and automated content moderation
Challenging the use of the Internet to instigate or perpetuate violence and atrocities while maintaining a free and open Internet and freedom of expression

39
Data Governance
AI Ethics: from platforms to robots
Democracy, Content Moderation and Surveillance
1. The schedule should be friendly and accessible for people around the world.
2. Last IGF had a Poland phase which I do not think was good to engage the international audience.
3. All regions should be represented.
40
1. Digital Currency is being transported by the Internet , it is important to start looking at Cryptocurrency and how it affects the integrity of the internet as so many things are coming up.
2. Issues affecting internet governance as it relates to less developed countries in Africa and some Asian countries and Caribbeans should be discussed.
Interest Research Groups should be created in terms of Work Items that can be worked upon especially on emerging technologies related to the internet.
3.plenipotentiary should be entrenched in the IGF Global Meeting.
1. pre-conference issues should be rationalized to as to make the participation more encompassing.
2. Every country participating in the IGF should be given opportunities to talk about burning issues as it relates to Internet governance in their countries. This even can be hosted in what is known as Plenipotentiary Meeting which is going to be a general Assembly meeting in a way.
41
Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture
Innovations in advisory services
Technological improvements to enhance production and productivity
The themes should be inter-related but should be mutually exclusive.
42
COVID-19 Communication Crises And Opportunities - Tracking and Tracing Truth

Countering the Caribbean's Corrupt Communication Contagion - Information Ecology and Ethics

Cosmic Cricket - Balanced Reporting Beyond Ideological Bigotry
Possibly
43 Privacy law, data manipulation, and Personal information privacy
More expert should be called from Govt side and those stakeholder that play role in above mention section. Resolution should be made based on participants view as they are coming from different stakeholders of internet society.
44
zero-day supply chain vulnerabilities (like Solarwinds)

advanced persistent threat groups

emerging technologies (especially AI and blockchains)
45 MAKING RRELATIONS BETWEEN ORGANIZATIONS AND HELPING CIVIL ASSOCIATIONS NO SUGGEST
46 More focus on Facial Recognition and issues with fundamental rights at stake.
47
Protection of Internet privacy
To reduce the cost of data
To creat more awareness on using the internet
Noting much
48
1. Infrastructures: affordability
2. Access: affordable internet access which is the an hindrance to development of digital in some parts of the world
3. IGF community involvement./participation
Yes,
- Open the school of governance to those who’re actively involved in IGF activities
- maintains the format both online and in person to make it more attractive
- provide teasers for those whose wholeheartedly dedicate their time and interest in IGF related activities (e.g: pass to forum attendance, training, etc.)
- Include one phase where entities will present case study related to IGF issues in their regions, the problems, the solutions, how they resolved it, lessons learned, etc. That will help in building the IGF framework to learn from in the future.
- Open the school of governance to all: IGF and IGF related issues need trained people to carry out the IGF mission. People need to know what they preach/teach/advocate. We need more dedicated persons to carry on the awareness.
49
Online Harassment/Online GBV
Connectivity in the Global South
Gender gap in Internet Access
50
1. Weaponisation of news
2. Privacy of data
3. Racial profiling under COVID-19
51 -Internet freedom
-data governance as a service
-
52

Architecture and new emerging IT standards including certification process
Identification Authentification in the light of privacy and citizen issues
Local creation and diffusion of content, plurilinguism, access for minorities and less spoken languages

Less speakers for specific sessions on order to let sufficient space and time for questions from public participants and answers from the panel
53
Nationalisation of the internet and the role this plays in shaping cultural narratives

Framework through which both public and private institutions can look at AI and it's adoption

Misinformation and disinformation online.
No
54 Cyberdiplomacy, digital trust, internet of things
55
Protecting the rights to freedom of thought and freedom of opinion in the digital age.
56 No
57 Gender Issues, Mental Health and Child Rights No
58
open access to governance processes;
network security and stability;
responsible management of critical Internet resources and expansion of the IGF network in Africa.
59
1. Capacity Building training on how to create jobs or wealth through digital Jobs.
2.There should be assured digital inclusion of the most vulnerable in our society before others in 2021.
3 Data protection laws should be strengthened and reviewed periodically.
NONE.
60 Fearware
cyberoperations
cyberresilience
* Meeting groups
* Wikis
* Working papers
61
1. Speech regulation by platforms, sovereign government, user-communities, and multi-stakeholder-process
2. Dissemination of fake news, conspiracy theories, facts, and scientific knowledge in the context of COVID-19, election, and others.
3. social division and digital technologies relations
62 Privacy & Data Protection
63
1) Data Governance and Common Data Spaces
2) Digital sovereinty and strategic autonomy
3) Digital platforms as public infrastructure, nationalization of Big Tech
64 Education and ICT
School Digital Governance
65 Digital monopolies
political microtargeting
Fake news
When it comes to discussions about digital policies, such as fake news, political microtargeting, social media ethics, etc. it is better to include at least one representative from young people, be it a professional, activist or enthusiast.
66
Business and human rights for tech sector
New challenges before providers of digital services
67 Health, helping the less privileges, community development Not at all
68 Data Governance
AI Governance
smart city governance
69 Data Governance
AI governance
Smart city governance
I suggest designing some high level session to consider the policy of governments
70
-Gender construction in communication media
-The woman as a audiovisual maker
-The woman figure in publicity
71
72 Digital Skills
Safety of Internet
Jobs
More panel discussions
73
IoT Innovation enhancement
Cybersecurity Early detection/Quick Responce
InternetWorking Technical/Community
The Lingua Franca Part of the IGF Global to regional and country levels.
Vedio capturing and sharing in the website globally should be enhanced.
Treating themes in the cartoon format.
74
75
1. Legal Framework prioritizing digital rights in the South East Asia.
2. ICT Industry and government partnerships for the ICT legislation.
3. Resilience of the S/E Asia to Internet shutdown
No, I'm fine with the concept. Maybe more tutorials of building a structure or engaging more of the Freedom Online Coalition in to the diplomatic missions in the field. I am ready to contribute from my Central Asia and Europe and South East Asia ICT expertise.
76
1. Legal Framework prioritizing digital rights in the South East Asia.
2. ICT Industry and government partnerships for the ICT legislation.
3. Resilience of the S/E Asia to Internet shutdown
No, I'm fine with the concept. Maybe more tutorials of building a structure or engaging more of the Freedom Online Coalition in to the diplomatic missions in the field. I am ready to contribute from my Central Asia and Europe and South East Asia ICT expertise.
77
Digital literacy amid Covid-19 and potential future pandemics;
Life-long learning of digital skills;
Gender gap in digital literacy
78
Regulation of access to the Internet when accessing through low-orbit communication satellites.
The proposed format is a round table with the participation of representatives of regulatory bodies, ITU, ministries responsible for telecommunications.
79
80
- Managing personal data: operational models and lessons learned from the COVID19 pandemic

- Online teaching and learning models

- How to implement effective models of Telemedicine and Telework
81 Technology benefits society
Environment of 2050
82
83 - Education, Science and Information
- Leadership
- Security
Open access to personal relationship between local and global leaders
84
1) Net neutrality, prevent censorship of any kind from occurring
2) Freedom of expression
3) Privacy and protection of personal data
85 Internet, privacy, and global platform control
86
87
The Politics and Economics of Encryption
Geopolitical aspects of platform content moderation
National sovereignty and internet governance
Try to strengthen and follow up on voluntary commitments
Make main sessions more participatory and less like large, endless panels, with more open discussion and formats for participation that encourage focus and progress on a specific problem
88 Disruptive Technology
Sustainable Data
89
Online Education Challenges and Opportunities
Online Learning- Is it affordable to all and is everyone inclusive?- How to resolve
Digitization and Human Rights in the online world
Work From Home - Importance of a virtual organizational culture

90 Internet shutdowns, censorship, privacy
For internet shutdowns issue, those affected by it should be allowed to narrate their experience, how they communicate during shutdowns and how the govt. voilates human rights amid the shutdown, keeping the outside world unaware of it.
91
- Digital Divide
- Telecommunication Infrastructure development for better internet coverage
- Fake News
Pls cater to Differently abled people too
92
Inclusive online platforms regulation in a human rights framework

Internet infrastructure development for inclusive economic participation

Environment
Open Forums should also be aligned with the themes selected for 2021 and follow a more rigorous application and selection process. They should not represent more than 10% of the overall number of sessions of the full program.

The application process last year was focused on policy questions. As it is very clear that the community struggled to formulate concrete policy questions and many sessions ended up formulating research questions instead, it will probably be best if the applicant is requested to identify a policy issue that needs to be address and to refer to specific examples around policies in place that are addressing such issue in any country around the world. If there are no examples to provide, the applicants could have identified a green field for policy development, where IGF discussions can be a source of inspiration and reflection. If they identify examples, then the proposal will be rooted in evidence and may be more realistic on its focus and intent. That may also help to reduce repetition and to help the secretariat and the MAG to deal with mergers and avoid duplication.

The delivery of the sessions against the proposal submitted should have an assessment after the IGF. Maybe include a self-assessment component on the report, but really ask the community to rate the sessions they attend and use those scores as part of the overall reporting efforts.

If there is a need to have a virtual IGF again this year, please do not extend it for several weeks again and try as much as possible to schedule sessions at a more considerate time to support APAC participation.
93
1. Data Security, Privacy & Personal Information Protection: the possibility and need for an international rule of data protection

2. Internet for all: the elders & disabilities in a digital world, especially in developing and undeveloped countries
94
95
- Food systems reliance in times of pandemic and/or economic changes (for example the ongoing Economic African Integration process, or the role of Europe post-brexit)
- Open data and governance: Democracy, economic development, data rights, privacy, cybersecurity.
I like the current format.
96
1. How do efforts at Data Sovereignty impact the global Internet
2. The future of Multistakeholderism
97
1) CYBER CRIME & MANUPULATING ON Partnership Web sites, Turky,
2) Crime on Childrens Missusage on SEX WEB sites (IN EUROPE NEDERLAND,
ENGLAND; SPAIN; GERMANY) Manipulating of AGE of Childrens as Grownups etc.
3) Growth on SEX WEB from USA, EUROPE, South-East Asia (Singapore, Malyasia,
China, Japan 'Thailand Vietnam etc.
Later shall submit.
98 Submit at Later, Later to submit.
99
Platform Regulation and Freedom of Expression
Technology Decoupling and its remedies
Digital Sovereignty or transnational governance ?

Last year's virtual IGF sessions had less participants than the onsite one. Many sessions have 50 some participants. It is highly recommended to keep a hybrid model mixed online with onsite.
100
1. Sustainability and Security in the Cyber Age
2. Values and Contours of the New Digital World
3. Partnerships and Cooperation in the Post-2020 World
Taking the experiences of the first online IGF in 2020 into account, we recommend to design the IGF 2021 as a mix of onsite and online activities following a hybrid approach. The main goal behind that is to attract as many stakeholders as possible to attend in the IGF and to take the different expectations and preferences of all potential attendees into account.
Of course, personal onsite meetings and exchanges are very important as soon as the pandemic allows them again. But at the same time, all people who cannot participate on site should be given an adequate opportunity to participate in the discussions online and with the same interactive opportunities as the participants on site. This also applies to the speakers. It should be possible for speakers to be connected online even if they cannot be present on site. To this end, suitable technical options must be considered and tested at an early stage.
It could also be a possibility to reduce the onsite meeting to two-three days and - as with the online IGF - to offer a second (earlier) phase with online meetings.
In general, as many interactive formats as possible should continue to be offered instead of classic discussions in order to enable a greater exchange between the participants.
The four thematic tracks 2020 worked well. Perhaps the track on Environment can be renamed to Sustainability.
101

Artificial Intelligence
Data
Internet for the marginalised community
-
102

Artificial Intelligence
Data
Internet for the marginalised community
-
103
104 Growth in Africa, Data privacy Actually not
105
LA GOUVERNANCE INTERNET EN AFRIQUE
LES JEUNE ET INTERNET
INTERNET POUR TOUS
106
In Nigeria we have some issued.
Lack of sensitisation on internet especially in rural area.

To be used in a right place.

To be balance in a gender awareness.


Including our country.
107
1. Straighten the capacity of organizations that advocating for older people rights
2. IGF should help train staffers of advocates

No
108
- Responsibility (the use of the internet to restrict or attack Human Rights Defenders and civil society; 10 years of the UNGPs; developing mandatory Human Rights Due Diligence and the ICT sector)
- Transparency (corporate & governmental)
- Access (to connectivity, information, remedy)
109
Drone for social, economical and cultural development
Community network in rural village
Online Media (sociaux média, radio and télévision) regulation
Virtual format of IGF was very challenging for development countries where internet acces became very had. We must continue with face to face meeting to let IGF be fantastic for everyone. We can give also fund support to build some hub in the area where internet is very expensive and not available. For all the session and workshop, it is important to have half of the time for public participation. The panelist should be providing from all the stakeholder for each session to get holistique point of view. No session can have only the participants from low than three stakeholders and three regions.
110
Protecting women's rights on the Internet
Internet trust environment and its enforcement at the national level
111
1. Security of Critical National Infrastructures
2. Cyber Security Awareness of Citizen in post-conflict countries
3. Cyber Security strategies and policies for Developing countries
112
Digital Infrastructure in Land locked countries, Digital Trust and Digital Culture and Skills
The structure is good.
113
Digital Infrastructure in Land locked countries, Digital Trust and Digital Culture and Skills
The structure is good.
114
Internet governance had themes like data, environment, inclusion and trust.
IGF could prioritise issues like
1) Judicial reforms in 2021 using internet.
2) Covid19 demonstrated it is possible to do governance from any location if Internet is provided. So IGF2021 can prioritise more governance from location itself.
3) Rural connectivity to Urban areas.
The sessions as per statistics indicated four main components.
Change proposed :
Governance from a legislative, executive and Judiciary perspective.
Despite four major themes the independence of the organs in the UN system are clearly emphasised in Charter and Constitution of respective member countries.
Hence it may be necessary to change the overall format to reflect the independent silos of L, E, J.
115
L'IGF pourrait prioriser en 2021 des thématiques tel que:
-La protection des données à caractère personnelle.
-La censure de l'Internet.
-La Stratégie pour l'amélioration de la fracture numérique.
RAS
116
Infodemic management ,localized evidence-based information to citizens & Vaccine infodemic
https://www.facebook.com/ASHISHS80450398/posts/3605053872917768
117
Gender Equality
Use of artificial intelligence to support Gender Equality
Gender Equality in media - coverage of women --> EqualVoice Initiative of the media company Ringier
118
Gender Equality
Use of artificial intelligence to support Gender Equality
Gender Equality in media - coverage of women --> EqualVoice Initiative of the media company Ringier
119
1. Intersection of people governance and Internet governance; people governance is the “rules” (i.e., laws, regulations, and organizational policies and procedures) of behavior of people both inside (employees and board members) and outside (customers, investors, end-users, etc.) of an organization.
2. Academic research on the Internet (There should be an annual review I have findings found in the previous year.)
3. How report of the previous year’s IGF have been used by governments (i.e., Influenced policy or practices or investments).
An annual summary of research and how the previous year’s IGF program was used should be included in every year’s program. Also at the big IGF there should be a comparison and contrasting of emerging issues by regional group to paint a comprehensive picture of where the Internet is globally.
120
- Counteract the spread of disinformation
- Digital literacy
- Monopoly position Big Tech
121 Access and Inclusion

Disruptive Technology
New normal means vitual whenever possible
Diversity in panels
122
-Cross-border data transfers
-Broadband access
-Digital platform competition
123
More priorities on capacity building as to evidently and continuously engage more youth for better best practices
I appeal that we keep up with virtual components as an alternative for those who can't make it onsite
124
Internet governance issues of priority that could shape the IGF 2021 thematic focus:

Please list up to three issues the IGF could prioritise in 2021:

1) Issues of stable and affordable internet for all. Ccoronavirus crisis has accelerated the uptake of digital solutions, tools, and services, speeding up the global transition towards a digital economy. However, it has also exposed the wide gap between the connected and the unconnected, revealing just how far behind many are on digital uptake. Therefore development of ICT infrastructure to provide access to Internet for all citizens and bridge digital divide is a priority. Both governmental and private institutions, globally, should work to reduce digital inequality and ensure access to Internet for all citizens.

2) Issues of privacy and data protection in internet. The privacy implications of the current Internet represent a significant and growing concern. Policy makers and legislators should aim to ensure that users are better informed about the benefits of good online privacy, so that they can make better privacy choices and make use of appropriate privacy-enhancing tools online. Technology and policy supporting privacy standards should be openly developed, transparent and user-centric. In many countries, privacy rules exist and remain important to help protect people’s information and human rights, but they are not adapted to suit the challenges of today’s connected world.


3) Issues of cyber bullying. Because of pandemic, most people moved to digital space. This led to increase in cyber-bullying, violations of rights, and data leakage. As highlighted in the United Nations Secretary-General's Roadmap for digital cooperation, the importance of digital trust and security must be recognized by all countries. We should protect citizens, especially children, women and vulnerable groups, from violations of their rights on the Internet.
125
1) From discussion to Action: Building an online Internet Governance system for inclusive, bottom-up participation
IGF participation is focused on attracting leaders from Government, Civil Society, Private Sector, Academia and Technology to influence policy development. However,in today's world the people who actually come up with the ideas for games, applications and products; then design and develop them are young IT workers and users. These are the people we need to be aware of and participating is addressing issues such as cybersecurity, accessibility, gender issues, and human rights violations are young technology workers and users.
126
Protection, safeguarding and knowledge of Human Rights, treaties, International Charters. Environmental protection in Italy is a big problem to have it protected. Promotion of the 2030 AGENDA SDGs with incentives to achieve them
Use telegram or whatApp in order to facilitate communications and also meetings because they are more immediate. Furthermore, with whatApp we groups have telephone contacts to communicate better. I would also propose IGF active volunteering
127
we have filed the WORLD SINGLE INCOME project, because many categories of traders, small businesses and artisans in Italy but I believe that due to Covid 19 this problem affects the world. We know that on an experimental basis it is already underway in Germany but we think that how it is structured leads to the impoverishment of the state. While our project involves the acquisition of the bankrupt business by the state and then the proceeds of the business go to the government which will pay the merchant with a salary fair to the standard of living of the nation. This allows the State to be able to keep the wealthy citizen but also to have lower costs for goods, rents, etc.
Structuring IGF 2021 Active Volunteers who find activities and help people who have fallen into poverty, debts etc ... and who guarantee the protection of human rights often harmed even by institutions in Italy, certainly this happens in everything
128
IGF International Environmental Inspectors with special card and uniform, found by citizenship income agents, unemployed and volunteers who teach citizenship respect for nature, but who also require the cleaning of certain neglected areas such as those of cutting down a falling tree, or cleaning of parks, the right method of recycling and all that concerns respect for the environment.
Man, woman, site
129
1) Disaster Management: Pre-Scheduling (crisis-based). Always standby two (2) formats, BOTH in virtual programs & live programs. Thus, it will help ease the interchanging between the program types in case of unexpected occurrences on the IGF 2021 period or any other future date. Taskforce must be on standby for any scenarios, crisis, or seasonal changes.

2) Gender Equality: Eliminate "Single-Gender" discussion (wherever possible), "Single-Gender" empowerment, Gender-Monopoly influencing effort, or discrimination against the opposite gender in any means (during ANY IGF). Every individual ("all gender") has the same feelings, the same crisis in each field (if viewing from a different perspective), and the same crime type upon their opposite gender. All gender needs the same equal rights, and all of them need equal accessibility (in life, education, technology, etc.). Again, STOP talking about the "Single-Gender" during IGF or ANY United Nations meeting. Try to resolve Westerners' mentality of "single-gender" control effort or crisis by rationally and maturely. There are many ways by using the NLP method, which can be applied to Technology Development, Cyber-Crime & Community enrichment programs.
130
1) Rural: Rather than dicuss only about how to transmit digital signal / equipments, kindly discuss and plan about how the internet to reach rural area (in logical ways). Many rural (local) community do not have much technology devices in mountain and valley areas. Many still do not know how to use android phone, for sake. =TARGETTED LOCAL GOVT.=

2) Enrichment Program (Basic Internet & Technology): needs/necessity for community in rural, villages, and poverty group.
131
How to do away with the "unicorn" mentality?
Many of our government leaders seem to be looking for ways to "win the race" to develop giant Internet companies. However we need to question whether giant is good for the public interest. It raises questions of monopoly, lack of innovation, privacy etc. What solutions in terms of governance, business models, network architecture, data portability, can we find, to build a more decentralized ecosystem going forward?
132
133
1. Environmental impact of new technology trends (e.g. AI training, data centers) and how to mitigate this
2. Addressing public perception around AI and how tech companies should appropriately market AI-based technology
The virtual program for IGF 2020 was difficult to discern. There were many sessions and tracks. Perhaps limit session numbers or make the tracks and sessions more clear by providing a better way to display them.
134
-Development and implementation of AI tech solutions in order to counter terrorism and human trafficking for worker exploitation or sexual abuse.
-An acute issue of privacy and citizens’ personal data protection strongly becomes “a red flag” due to vigorous growth of AI technologies. As every personality has the right to inviolability of private life and the right to respect for honor and dignity, we find it enough crucial to understand a permissible limit between the ensuring world security by implementing AI into defense policies and violation of human rights.
135
IGF should showcase the nimble and proactive best practices in response to COVID 19 to help learners learn and adapt
IGF should provide case studies of how civil society is keeping membership and engaging their community

Virtual meetings are critical in providing sessions. Critical is encouraging presenters how to make their sessions more appealing, ie lighting, background sound quality etc. A set of best practice
136
Lunching and supporting of IGF projects in Africa after the COVID-19 Outbreak

Providing Trainings Capacity to improve the productive of IGF


Creating of Awareness to promote IGF globally.




There were many challenges but the the major experience I really like to share is the one I could remembe during the COVID-19 from my own personal experience.

Lack of Internet connectivity due
to world crises that lead me out of job. I Can say due to COVID-19, I had less means to assess the internet. I got lay off from job forabout 5months without job where I Couldn't take part in much virtual conferences.

My recomemdation this year is to
invite stakeholdersvto part take
in a real life time conference as it was in 2019, held in Germany.
137
1- Challenges associated with e-learning at,crisis time. Accessibility, affordability, flexibility, learning pedagogy, life-long learning, and policy.

2- Keeping the Internet up and running in times of crisis. Ex. Covid-19, Performance, quality of services, speed, traffic.
138
Responsible use of data: how do we benefit from the full use value of data, while addressing risks around privacy, security, bias, inclusion/exclusion, accountability etc.

This will be a good follow up on the upcoming world development report 2021, 'Data for Better Lives' which will call for international, multi-stakeholder alliance building to ensure safe and efficient sharing of data.
i personally enjoyed the online networking tool Mingle at Websummit: 3 minutes to meet and then the opportunity to link up through other channels. Perhaps as addition to live event (hopefully possible!)
139
1. Data privacy (e.g., GDPR) and its effects on internet governance, e.g., ICANN, law enforcement, and commerce (including consumer protection and intellectual property).

2. The Top-Level Domains or TLDs (ccTLDs & gTLDs) of the global internet DNS -- What has happened to Jon Postel's RFC 1591 trusteeship model for all TLDs? -- A comparison of ccTLDs, ICANN's new gTLDs, and the legacy gTLDs listed in RFC 1591.

3. The global internet DNS Root -- Root servers, Root Zone Maintainer, and IANA functions -- How do they work, who's in charge, what should be changed and why?
1. Any organization that hosts a forum or workshop should be forbidden from removing questions from the queue and then providing answers, evasive or otherwise, that are not included in the record of that IGF session, such as what ICANN did at IGF 2020 (and which I have reported in detail in my submittal to "Taking Stock of IGF 2020.") That is "bad faith" dialogue and and conduct that should not condoned by the Internet Governance Forum.

2. Irrespective of whether IGF 2021 uses Zoom or some other platform, it should be accessible and usable from a modern web browser (such as Chrome) without having to download and install an app. I was unable to participate in the "IGF 2020 Open Mic and Feedback Session" because Zoom (or IGF) would not allow me to access that session from the web via my Chrome browser (although Zoom is normally usable directly from the Chrome browser.)
140
Thematic issue: Internet fragmentation

Why at the IGF: The free, open, and interconnected Internet is increasingly under threat. Technical, legislative and policy developments have furthered the risk that the Internet fragments into siloed intranets. These developments include bans or restrictions on international data flows; techno-protectionist initiatives, repressive laws that threaten free expression, privacy, and/or encryption; and Internet shutdowns - among other risks. These developments may pose a threat to the free, open and interconnected Internet, along with its associated benefits to social and economic development, while also harming human rights.


The IGF is a unique platform for this discussion and should consider focusing a proportion of the program in 2021 to discuss ways in which global debates and processes can ensure the Internet remains free, open, and interconnected.
141
To provide IGF generated recommendations on the way forward between two extremes: social media self-regulation of free speech vs. regulation of free speech by way of the judicial system.
Internet security and safety: Speeding up the Deployment of Internet standards and ICT best practices.
The pros and cons of Internet Balkanisation.
To make the Internet more output driven there are a few options:
- Each organiser of a session is asked up front to explain what challenge he is addressing and what his intended output is;
- Workshops are split along different formats, e.g.: informative/setting the scene and output driven;
- In the virtual IGF two worlds emerged: one the official workshop programme and the chat function where solutions or existing best practices were discussed. Often these were not addressed, let alone integrated, as the official programme does not allow for it. This can become more efficient. Either the workshop allows 100% for online participation, so optimum flexibility or in a second session the two worlds are brought together and the solutions, suggestions, recommendations formulated together to be published as IGF outcomes.
142
143
• ICT Building Blocks
• Digital Public Goods
• Digital GovStack
• Human centered design
144
• ICT Building Blocks
• Digital Public Goods
• Digital GovStack
• Human centered design
145
Microsoft believes that we need to continue work together to build a trustworthy foundation for digital transformation, and that furthering connectivity, strengthening security, and enabling the responsible sharing of data provide the cornerstones of that foundation.

1) Connectivity

In recent years, the IGF, and others such as the UN Broadband Commission, the ITU and the OECD, have articulated a number of policy recommendations to enable cost-effective expansion of connectivity. These include the design and use of universal service funds, policies to stimulate accelerated investment and deployment, stimulating competition, infrastructure-sharing, and enabling the sharing of and dynamic access to underutilized spectrum. However, as discussed during the IGF 2020 Main Session on Inclusion, these known solutions are not being implemented consistently or broadly. Microsoft believes that IGF 2021 should seek to identify the obstacles that are blocking investment or preventing the application of these policy solutions.

In addition, it would be interesting for the IGF to reflect on connectivity in a more human-centric and holistic way that takes a broader digital equity perspective. This would mean going beyond technical parameters and articulating a definition of connectivity that combines access (availability of affordable connectivity and devices), adoption (digital skills and readiness) and applications (e.g. education, healthcare, economic development).

2) Cybersecurity

There is a continuing rise in the determination and sophistication of nation-state cyberattacks, and a growing privatization of attacks through a new generation of private companies, akin to 21st-century mercenaries. In the past year we’ve seen that cybercriminals continue, and sometimes escalate, their activity in times of crisis, with attacks on hospitals and COVID-19 researchers. Defending against cybercriminals is a complex, ever-evolving, and never-ending challenge and we need more effective national and global strategies to protect against cyberattacks. Important questions that we think that IGF 2021 should explore:

- How should international rules be strengthened to put reckless nation-state behavior out of bounds and ensure that domestic laws thwart the rise of the cyberattack ecosystem?

- What can be done to better hold nation-states accountable for cyberattacks?

- What can be done at the national and international level to tackle private sector companies that aid and abet nation state attackers?

3) Data policy frameworks

The uses and sharing of, and collaboration on, data, both personal and non-personal, is a powerful driver of inclusive economic growth, but must be done in responsible and trustworthy ways that respect human rights and are in accordance with the rule of law. Privacy is a fundamental human right and a foundation for trust, which is essential in any digital infrastructure. There are a number of important elements of data policy which we think would benefit from dialogue and deliberation at IGF 2021:

- How can coherent data-sharing frameworks be designed to enable responsible sharing of all types of data - personal and non-personal – and to facilitate global data collaborations?

- What are the benefits of cross-border data flow? What are barriers to trust that must be addressed to enable more cross-border data flow? How can data policy frameworks be made globally interoperable to facilitate cross-border data flow so that personal data can be exchanged and used in a trusted manner?

- Data-portability measures can both empower users and facilitate data sharing, but how should they be developed in ways that do not require the sharing of proprietary data; do not adversely impact intellectual-property rights; and do not deter investment in data infrastructures that might lead to new innovation?
146 NA Yes
147
Impact of large internet platforms on the freedom of information and freedom of expression
148
1.) General Comment des UN-CRC zu Kinderrechten im digitalen Raum (Veröffentlichung zum Sommer 2021 geplant)
2.) Das Kinderrecht auf Bildung im Home-Schooling/ durch Digitales Lernen realisieren
3.) Nationale Kinder- und Jugendmedienschutzgesetzgebungen
149
- General Comment on children’s rights in relation to the digital environment
- Child Sexual Exploitation Online
- Conspiracy Theories
150
AI and its applications in the upcoming 6G
Blockchain and its applications in the wireless network
how to deal with the network security in the 6G
151
Global governance mechanism
Regulation of Social Media Platform
Inequality and Unemployment as the result of Platformazation
Virtual Participation Rate is very low, and strongly suggest face to face meeting or hybrid formate.
For some high level meeting, there are very few interaction time, and speakers made some declaration statement, lack of interactive discussion.
It is better to reduce the days of virtual conference as most of people cannot afford to attend them when working full time.
152
Splinternet/regional Internet
Internet evolution
Internet standards
153
- Development of digital skills and competences
- Investment in human capital
- Reskilling and upskilling possible for all
virtual event with presence of policy makers.
154
155
1. Pandemic effects to different stakeholders of Internet governance: lessons and challenges from the COVID19 pandemic. 2020 was a very challenging year, and everyone - people and organizations - had to reinvent ways to perform their tasks and face unknown challenges. Understanding that the same situation applies to organizations involved in Internet governance, how were these challenges addressed?

2. How the uneven process of vaccination in the global population affects Internet use and development? Due to COVID-19 pandemic, all countries in the world are looking somehow for the vaccine. However, considering cultural, social and economic differences between countries, the vaccination process will not be homogeneous or simultaneous. How does this reality, combined with the intensified use of the Internet during the pandemic, unfolds in the coming years in terms of security, privacy, inclusion, sustainability, among other issues?

3. Internet and democracy: platforms power above national governments? The January 2021 episode, in which Twitter blocked the official profile of the United States’ president, Donald Trump, makes it necessary to discuss how the power of these different spheres collide.
In order to ensure that IGF promotes a good experience for all participants, in the context of the pandemic, we suggest that 2021 edition:
• be an online event again, so that all countries can participate in the same way;
• has a shorter programme then the IGF 2020, because of the pandemic overload of online activities;
• uses of network facilitation platform to enrich IGF experience (e.g. Spatial Chat https://spatial.chat/).
156
1) Internet centralization: how to prevent a few giant global companies from running most of the services and holding most of the data; restoring competition through regulation (e.g. the European DSA/DMA efforts) and through open source, open standards and interoperability.

2) Digital sovereignty in a global network: how to ensure that local communities can be technically autonomous and that sovereign countries can enforce their laws and cultural norms over the use of the Internet by their citizens, while keeping the Internet globally interconnected.

3) The relationship between technical developments and policy goals: how to make sure that new technologies developed by global SDOs (IETF, W3C, ITU...) and by the big American and Chinese companies take into account the needs of all stakeholders from all parts of the world, and pursue broadly shared values and development goals.
If the entire conference is virtual, it would be good to explore opportunities for virtual networking such as a public "hallway" chat room and per-event rooms that can be used to continue the discussion after the event ends.

In general, in past IGFs I found most events lacking adequate time for audience participation. Especially in a virtual setting, events made for 90% of the time of presentations or speeches by panelists become boring and not very useful. Please also ensure that each event has a chat room for participants to discuss what is being said - at least that gives an opportunity for participation.
157
- The Internet role in the new digital ecosystem conditioned by COVID-19.

- Economic recovery after the pandemic in the new business and social order.

- Sustainability including the environment, cybersecurity and accessibility.
The participation of governments and parliamentarians is a crucial aspect for the success of IGF, so the possibility to organize side events or specific tracks should be considered.
158
How can digital public goods (such as the ICT Buildings Blocks) foster good governance worldwide?
How can user-centered design improve governmental e-services?
Digital inclusion: how can all People worldwide benefit from digital governmental services and participation?
159
1. The role of Internet of things in relieving food crisis due to COVID-19 and glowbal warming
2. Ensuring education equity during and after COVID-19
3. How to use information networks to reduce farmland and water pollution?
160
1. Use of mass media and safe digital space

2. Making easy and affordable access to online CSE information for people within low income communities

3. Introducing media learning within MYPs
None.
161
How can digital public goods such as ICT building blocks improve the efficiency, transparency and effectiveness of public administrations? How can they help to promote good governance? What preconditions need to be in place so that digital public goods can unfold their potential? What are risks and challenges?

How can digital solutions improve a citizen-oriented public service delivery? How can they be designed in a human-centered and inclusive way and ensure that no one is left behind?
162
How can digital public goods such as ICT building blocks improve the efficiency, transparency and effectiveness of public administrations? How can they help to promote good governance? What preconditions need to be in place so that digital public goods can unfold their potential? What are risks and challenges?

How can digital solutions improve a citizen-oriented public service delivery? How can they be designed in a human centered and inclusive way and ensure that no one is left behind?
163
AI - relevance for media and journalism and ethics (including AI and unconscious bias)

Creating a Public Content Sphere based on common values, the respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and human rights

Platform policy and media freedom
164

1.Consumer protection in online sales.

2.AI for consumer protection: analysis of agreements, searching for unfair clauses, categorization of complaints etc.

3.Protection of consumers against the excessive acquisition and use of their data.

4.Online publishing of fake positive customer reviews of products.

5.Market strength backed by Big Data - how to regulate?

6. How to regulate the market position of the large internet platforms.
Please accept more than just three issues to be prioritized in the call for thematic inputs.
165
1. Rebalancing the power dynamic between nation states, internet communities and technology companies
- Technology companies hold significant power over the future of the internet, and unilateral regulation by nation states may lead to a less free, more friction internet for users. But the internet has also created a global community that does not fit neatly into 20th century geopolitical structures. We need a new approach to internet governance -- more than any one forum -- that rebalances this power dynamic and protects the future web.

2. Maintaining geopolitical stability: opportunities & challenges of decentralisation (network & communication protocols, currencies)
- As browsers explore peer-to-peer file transfer protocols, social networks investigate open communication protocols, and decentralised digital currencies are brought into the mainstream (by nation states, private companies and the wider internet community), the traditional centres and levers for internet governance are likely to be circumvented. While decentralisation can bring benefits, it will also bring significant challenges.
166
1. Creating enabling policy environments to scale up investments in ICT and innovation to build back better after COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the importance of robust digital ecosystems to protect the lives and livelihoods of populations worldwide. Such an ecosystem depends on (1) ubiquitous and affordable Internet access, (2) applications, services, content creation in all forms and (3) the ability of users to understand, use and in turn create content. A key to facilitating Internet accessibility, and thereby enabling build-back from the current crisis through the global expansion of the Internet’s benefits, is supporting investment in infrastructure, encouraging the production of locally relevant content and empowering all groups and communities to access, use and produce content. Further conversation is needed about how various stakeholders (governments, businesses, organizations) can work together to create policy environments to advance ubiquitous and affordable Internet access while incentivizing the existence and extent of local language content, and locally relevant content.

2. Enabling trusted cross-border data flows
Our future is unquestionably digital, and data is at its core. To take only one example, digital trade based on global data flows, is an indispensable catalyst of global economic growth, and during the COVID-19 crisis has quickly become a lifeline to keep the economy moving. Allowing these flows to continue is essential to the efficient functioning of our increasingly interconnected economies and societies. Trust is the single most important element that safeguards this interconnectedness. Conversations in this topic could include data protection and privacy, data access and sharing, data localization, data governance etc.

3. Promoting multistakeholder approaches to comprehensive cybersecurity frameworks
The borderless nature of the Internet, the digital economy, increased cyber-physical interdependency through IoT, and cybercrime paints a complex policy, legal and operational picture for cybersecurity. Almost all sectors utilize information ICT and rely on the Internet for everything from the simplest to the most strategic tasks. Global supply chains are increasingly interconnected, and the ICT systems along those supply chains have both internal and external devices meant to facilitate business operations. Neither the public nor the private sector can combat these borderless threats on their own. As stakeholders seek to find meaningful ways to mitigate cybersecurity concerns, collaboration is required in order to build awareness of vulnerabilities and incidents and to increase resilience against these complex, borderless cyber threats.
Discussions should involve norms, voluntary standards, guidelines, best practices and capacity-building to manage cybersecurity-related risk.
Format of the IGF 2021:
Given the benefits of the virtual format for accessibility and inclusivity, and the likelihood that the COVID-19 crisis will continue to affect travel in December 2021 organizers should consider an event that is hybrid or primarily hosted online. In order to maintain the high profile of the IGF and to recognise the considerable investment by host countries, a high-level leaders’ live event (or equivalent) in Poland should also be considered.

Agenda:
Given the challenges for many to follow a three-week online event, should the 2021 edition of the IGF be held online, shorter programme is preferred. Similarly, a more focused set of topics and policy questions would be preferred to support a more streamlined agenda, with session formats that allow for greater participation from non-panel members.
Concentrating the IGF programme into thematic tracks remained a very welcome idea and translated well into the final programme of the IGF, making it more digestible and navigable for participants. It also helped crystallise the takeaways and outputs in a set of concise messages. Retaining the three tracks from IGF 2019 helped link the two events and created an opportunity to continue and build on thematic discussions.
The addition of “Environment” as a fourth track was largely welcomed by participants and created an opportunity for synergies between the IGF and the work of other UN entities and institutions.
These four tracks should be considered for continuation for IGF 2021, but attention must be paid to adding further themes/sub-themes and topics in order not to overcrowd the programme and maintain a lean and manageable agenda.
Aligning workshop proposals under the thematic tracks worked well in 2019 and 2020 and was helpful to the MAG in choosing workshops and defining sub-themes under each track. It would be a welcome addition if the programme schedule featured those sub-themes in tags.
Efforts should be continued to align other sessions that are part of the official IGF programme (Open Forums, DCs, BPFs, NRI collaborative sessions, etc.) under the thematic tracks, from the outset of the submission process through out to the final evaluation.

Organization and planning:
There is an increasing need for a clear, transparent and easily understandable process, through which the community can contribute to the IGF agenda in a bottom-up fashion. A calendar and a visual representation of the process, such as an updated version of the IGF Programme Framework (https://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/content/community-feedback-questionnaire-on-the-draft-igf-programme-framework-chart-form), would be welcome to outline the planning cycle for the IGF in a simple, yet comprehensive format, to illustrate the agenda and programme-setting process and mark deadlines and engagement points for the community.
Efforts should be made to communicate the planning process ahead of time with a clear timeline and guidelines so that prospective participants are aware both of the topics, the planning process and engagement opportunities and are well informed about the various opportunities to contribute. This information should be heavily promoted through all communication channels available, especially on social media. More focused and targeted outreach should also be considered to relevant stakeholders and organizations, especially those typically underrepresented at IGF.

Preparing and reporting:
The Guide to IGF 2020 Issues and Themes was very welcome and useful for participants, especially newcomers, to gather all necessary information in one place and prepare for the discussions. This practice should be retained in 2021, while paying attention for the document to be produced well ahead of the annual event, to allow for community input and enough time for dissemination. Some type of “living document” could also be envisioned that evolves together with the MAG’s planning process, first including information on the outcome of the calls for issues, then track narratives, then the analysis of policy questions. The guide should be heavily promoted through all communication channels available as well as through targeted outreach to relevant stakeholders and organizations, especially those typically underrepresented at IGF.
The IGF messages report has an important role in bridging consecutive IGF cycles and highlighting the various IGF outputs, ensuring consistency. Efforts should be made to better inform participants on the process of drafting of the messages and how their session summaries contribute to the final IGF messages.
167
1. Online GBV
2. Misinformation and impact on youth
3. Content moderation and reporting mechanisms on social media platforms
4. Government regulation of online spaces
5. Bias in technology and the need for Equality Tech – technology which in itself advances equality
Ensuring the IGF forum is open, safe and youth-friendly with young people having meaningful engagement and access to policymakers + tech experts
168
* Moving from a platform to a protocol-based data economy - How can we operationalise new data governance models/frameworks (such as data trusts and data commons) to decentralise power in the digital economy, focusing especially on new governance models that redistribute power by design, rather than incentivise the creation of ever larger, siloed data lakes and further vertical integration.

* Geopoliticisation of standard setting/emergence of the splinternet: What needs to be done to ensure internet governance processes remain open/global/community-led? How can we prevent the geographic fragmentation of standards (and weaponisation of standard setting processes as a tool in the innovation arms race)?

* Internet sustainability: We need more focus on extending the lifetime of software and devices, reducing the energy use of the internet, improving the circular economy around digital devices, etc.
More focus on co-creation and coalition building, as well as experimentation with ways we can do this remotely (assuming the pandemic might still force an at least-partially remote meeting).

There are a lot of tangible, practical ideas floating around the internet governance space, particularly around new data models and infrastructures, but it has proven difficult to build the right coalition to ensure these ideas gain real-world traction. It is particularly key we take the opportunity offered by the IGF to bring more practice-focused groups together (in the policy and development sphere both), focused on deployment/experimentation rather than setting out the parameters of the debate.

169 Digital knowledge commons
170
1. Examining successful multi-stakeholder efforts that counter the rise of digital authoritarianism.
2. Combating the deployment of oppressive surveillance mechanisms, particularly since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic.
3. Advancing digital inclusion for youth, women, persons with disabilities, and other marginalized communities.
The Open Internet for Democracy Initiative extends its congratulations on successfully hosting the first virtual Internet Governance Forum (IGF) in 2020. Given delays in the roll-out of COVID-19 vaccines, especially across countries in the Global South, we recommend that the IGF Secretariat consider implementing a hybrid approach to IGF 2021. While some participants may be willing and able to participate in-person at IGF 2021, providing an online platform for those who are unable to participate in-person would expand the inclusion of diverse voices in such important global discussions on internet governance. Additionally, we recommend providing opportunities for participants to host and attend online IGF sessions that span across multiple time zones and simplifying the registration process for the forum.

Finally, understanding the important role the IGF plays in providing opportunities for cross-collaboration on internet governance issues, we recommend that the IGF Secretariat consider embedding more sessions into the main IGF program that are strictly dedicated towards network building.
171
Global digital cooperation

Environment and digitalisation

Gender equality
We support having a more focused agenda of the IGF, by further enhancing in-depth
debates on selected thematic tracks (as introduced in 2018). Ideally, the IGF 2021 should address no more than three focused policy issues or questions.

Adopt a more consistent issue-driven approach to IGF programme development (as
outlined in detail by the WG-Strategy in its proposals for IGF 2021 process and design): The process of an open call for issues (as done since 2018) should be continued and used to define the main thematic tracks of the annual forum. Furthermore, the call and selection of workshops should be informed and shaped by such comprehensive issue-driven approach.The number of workshops should be reduced, avoiding duplication of content as much as possible.
172
technology-related gender-based violence
Tech and Education
E Waste and Natural Energy alliances
173
1) The use of human rights-centered design in promoting new ways to govern the internet
2) Discussions on new multistakeholder frameworks/plans of action conceived to protect a free, safe and empowering web for everyone: using such frameworks (e.g., The Contract for the Web) as guide for discussions as well as structuring sessions around the use and implementation of these plans by stakeholders.
3) The use of citizen deliberations as tool to gauge interest and participation of citizens in the IGF processes
-
174
Digital Knowledge Commons: how knowledge online can be collectively governed and enjoyed by everyone.

IGF could prioritise the discussion of necessary legal, regulatory, technical, and market conditions that empower people to participate in the creation, curation, enjoyment, and collective governance of knowledge online.
175
1. TECHNOLOGIES POLICIES & GENDER EQUITY
2. TO SHARE SEVERAL EXPERIENCES ON PROMOTION AND MARKETING DOMAINS
3. ROUND TABLES BY REGIONAL GROUP TO DISCUSS PUBLIC POLICIES ISSUES
TO MAKE EASIER THE PROCESS TO CONSULT THE AGENDAS AND REGISTER PROCESS TO PARTICIPATE IN THE ACADEMICS EVENTS
176
The inclusion of disciplines that are not familiar of Internet Governance such as health workers, food industry, etc.
177
- Community networks projects
- Implementation of an international online university for all
None
178 An Internet for Innovation
A sustainable, free, open and secure Internet
179
Internet et ses variances
Contribution d'internet dans la gestion du monde
Peut-on imaginer le monde à venir sans internet?
Non
180
Internet et ses variances
Contribution d'internet dans la gestion du monde
Peut-on imaginer le monde à venir sans internet?
Non
181
Internet et ses variances
Contribution d'internet dans la gestion du monde
Peut-on imaginer le monde à venir sans internet?
Non
182
1. DIGITAL EXCLUSION
The COVID pandemic made even more explicit the profound impact of digital exclusion. Communities without access to the internet or with limited connectivity are more isolated and vulnerable, are unable to readily access the public health information and services they need, and are limited to access to job opportunities. A lack of internet access can also exacerbate an already repressive, harmful and unequal context for women and people of diverse genders and sexualities. Equitable, affordable and reliable internet connectivity is paramount in accessing relevant information and effective online health assistance which can make the difference between life and death. It is essential to stay connected to families, friends and loved ones, and for psychological and psycho-social support. The continuation of education for children and adults, whether at schools, colleges or universities, has now also become dependent on reliable connectivity and devices. The internet allows us to sustain economies through remote work; and, just as importantly, to strengthen responses from communities and social movements, including to ensure that human rights are upheld by authorities.
It is critical that attention be urgently given to affordable and appropriate internet access for communities. However, a radical change of policy, logic and strategy is necessary to address the needs of the billions of people in developing countries who still suffer from digital exclusion, by enabling conditions for the coexistence of different models for access provision. A digital exclusion track in the IGF2021 would provide the space to discuss alternatives concerning infrastructure deployment, expanding coverage and addressing affordability.

2. ENVIRONMENT AND TECHNOLOGY
Some argue that ICTs are among the most important tools for addressing climate change and environmental degradation. At the same time, increased consumption and production of ICTs contribute to harmful emissions and waste, impact on land from mining, and violations of human rights. We need to consider some of the potential contradictions in how we discuss and address the intersections between digital technologies and the environment. The organization of a dedicated track during the IGF2020 represented a benchmark, providing significant space where to establish this debate. It is important to allow this conversation to mature with the maintenance of an environmental track in the 2021 edition.

3. GLOBAL DIGITAL COOPERATION
Global cooperation on digital issues must be grounded in the adoption and operationalisation of the principles stated in the WSIS in relation to multistakeholder participation: it must be people-centred, inclusive and development-oriented. 2021 will be a crucial year for discussing the future of internet governance, with progress in relation to the debate around strengthening the IGF (and detailment of what an IGF+ should look like) and the implementation of the UN SG’s Roadmap on Digital Cooperation, having at sight the upcoming WSIS+20 celebrations. The internet is a global public resource, which should be recognised and governed as a global public good. In the context of the pandemic, the publicness of the internet and the global digital commons should be strengthened rather than eroded. In addition, 2021 is crucial year to make progress in operationalisation of possibilities for strengthening the IGF as a key piece in the internet governance ecosystem.
OBSERVATION CONCERNING THIS FORM - It is problematic that the form does not allow me to indicate that my organization has a global reach, with members and staff in several countries. I used GRULAC because it refers to my nationality, but the submission I'm delivering here is on behalf of my organization. This requirement for indication of regional group - in the current format of available options - should be reviewed for this and other forms used by the IGF.
183
Cybersecurity on online and electronic voting systems. Several democratic and multilateral organizations are being constantly undermined. Voting systems and the Internet are being used to attack these institutions. It's very important to have international cooperation to ensure fairness and legitimacy to these systems. Guidelines for development and use of these technologies must be discussed at IGF, as well as the exchange of experiences.
It would be good to encourage and provide tools for the panellists to share documents prior the discussions. These changes could increase discussions complexity and could lead to more fruitful outcomes.
184
Intellectual property and freedom of expression (DMCA, etc.)
Digital divide with intersectional approach
Protection of journalists in the digital realm with a multistake holder approach
More interactive and participatory sessions. Creative labs, workshops.
185
Theme: Digital Transformation - Integrated Community
Sub-Themes:
Digital Society
Online privacy (personal data protection and data sharing)
ICT Infrastructure
Cyber security
Internet Intermediary Liability
186
mark a plan as educating older adults who are starting in the world of the internet, who by circumstances of this time have been forced to use the networks. This plan must be planned with sufficient criteria and patience, an easy explanation adapted to your understanding and not technically, for example ´´ your email password is like the key to your house ´´ in these terms so that they can see what done on the internet has results and consequences in real life.
Also work to introduce adults to new technologies so that they are not discriminated against and have more job opportunities. That companies commit to training both new generations and older adults to use their systems and not be discriminated against because they do not know how to use a new program.
No everiting it is ok .
187
The lack of reliable and unified data governance rules is one of today’s biggest problems facing international cyberspace governance. The existing regulatory system and cross-border data flow rules in cyberspace are chaotic, and severe cybercrimes are widespread. Therefore, it is necessary for countries to establish a complete set of international rules system of cyberspace and data governance, in order to safeguard their national interests and citizens’ safety. Since the outbreak of the covid-19, cyberattacks and data leakage cases against personal information have occurred frequently. Although there has been an increasing louder call for standardized and orderly data governance in the international community, the lack of open discussions and common results still makes international cyberspace governance in chaos.

We would suggest that IGF, as an authoritative platform for international Internet governance, can consider adding "data governance" to the theme of 2021 IGF annual meeting, and establish a separate "data governance forum" to conduct in-depth discussions on the establishment of international data governance rules and promote the production of outcome documents. China is the world's largest data producer and attaches great importance to data security and data governance. As a new "factor of production", data has been incorporated into the strategic development plan of "Digital China". Since the outbreak of the COVID-19, China has used modern technology and big data to collect epidemic information under the premise of protecting personal privacy, making great contributions to people's welfare and social and economic recovery. As a national cyberspace security organization, CSAC is ready to coordinate and support the forum with every efforts.

With regard to the specific topics of the annual meeting, the recommendations are as follows:

1. Global data governance and security.
From the discussions at the 2020 IGF annual meeting, we can see that countries have great potential for cooperation in the formulation of international data security rules.
As data security is the focus of attention of all countries, it is recommended to join discussions on the establishment of data security rules, clarify the principles of data security protection, promote the implementation of data security protection cooperation mechanisms in the process of cross-border data flow, and discuss the construction of data security personnel training system and the establishment of personnel exchange mechanisms. The construction of rules is conducive to building a global digital community and sharing digital dividends.

In addition, data governance should also be taken into consideration. In the case of large-scale recurrences of the coronavirus, all parties should continue to collect best practice cases of personal information protection according to new situations, new problems, and new technologies, and share them at the IGF annual meeting to jointly promote the capabilities of personal information protection.

2. Digital Economy Opportunities and Digital Business Environment
We recommend that discussions on issues related to the digital economy should be included. The epidemic has promoted the vigorous development of the digital economy and promoted the interactive integration of the real economy and the digital economy. We should focus on the new momentum of the digital economy and the digital transformation and intelligent upgrading of traditional industries, as well as study the effects of new technologies and applications such as artificial intelligence, 5G, and the industrial Internet on the digital economy. Besides, we should also exchange ideas on issues like how to create a fair and just business environment in the digital market, how to protect Intellectual property and technical secrets of enterprises, and how to establish digital service standards and promote supervision.

3. Digital Village Construction
It is recommended to add topics related to digital village construction. The difference between Internet information methods and digital production capacity has formed a "digital divide" between advanced and backward areas. It not only represents the difference in network communication infrastructure and the amount of information obtained, but also refers to the difference of establishing social relations and realizing social development through network information technology. In the context of the epidemic, the negative effects of the digital divide are clearly reflected. Therefore, we recommend that include digital village construction and other topics related to the digital divide and rights protection, explore and study good practice cases, analyze the current difficulties in bridging the digital divide, and look forward to the future development direction of relevant policies and systems.
1.Pay more attention to the voices of developing countries. As a new space field, the Internet has broken through the inherent limitations of traditional fields in terms of accessibility. The vast number of developing countries and small and medium-sized countries have further improved their voice. Besides, the number of Internet users in developing countries is huge, the growth rate is obvious, and the information technology innovation and service use are active. Therefore, it is necessary to pay more attention to developing countries’ views on Internet governance and absorb their opinions.

2. It is recommended to consider attracting representatives of social organizations in mainland China to participate more in MAG related work.

3. It is recommended that IGF participate in international Internet events organized by various countries (especially developing countries), exchange experience and improve each other.
188 -ICT for Development
-Greening the Internet
-Education and Access
189
The Environment
Data Governance
Equal rights as it affects Women, Disabled, Children, poverty and the Global South.
Overall the IGF was well organized, the problem was registering for the events after the initial registration, the way it was done was confusing, remembering to register for each event then finding the email with the registration link. I was either late for some sessions or overlapped sessions.
The schedule was too long stretched out over more that two weeks. By the second week I was personally zoomed out. Suffering from brain drain and the inability to feel and look my best, recovery took more than 2 weeks. The schedule needs to be over 7 days, weekends including. If one lives in the IGF time zone it is easier to cope, but early mornings and late nights were excruciating.
190
1. Year of Rail- how rail transport has been changed by COVID-19.
2. Public Transport- how encourage people to choose bus, tram, train during COVID-19.
3. Night Trains in Europe - need or trend for next years?
nope
191 Internet access
Digital Citizenship
192
1. Is self-driving technology really feasible in complex road conditions?
2. 5G has yet to be proven, and now it is rushing to confirm its direction. So where is the next generation of communication standards going? Besides mobile communication, where is the future research direction of the whole communication technology, including the Internet?
3. How can people further protect their privacy rights in the era of big data? In the era of big data, people's preferences and needs can be inferred through data collection and analysis. Such a phenomenon infringes the legitimate rights and interests of users. Is there a relatively complete rights protection mechanism for infringements?
193
1. Quantum entanglement and secure communication
2. Is there a theoretical limit to the energy efficiency of different forms of wireless charging and how to achieve it?
3. The practical application of reinforcement learning algorithms in the industry. The most basic strategy iteration or q-learning can theoretically prove its convergence. However, after the introduction of the value function due to the large state and action space, the proof of convergence and convergence speed is a bit difficult, especially the introduction of neural networks. In some scenarios, fast convergence is desired. Slow convergence or oscillating convergence is unacceptable. For example, the determination of network parameters cannot make users always feel better for a while and worse. So when will reinforcement learning technology be officially put into application in the field of communications?
194
The loneliness digital world

In recent years a substantial proportion of people facing a problem of loneliness has been noted, which results from, among others, growing popularization of the Internet-based solutions and digital technologies. Social media, instant messaging services, chatbots, various applications, virtual assistants or robots, increasingly often replace a direct contact with a man as well as they weaken the depth of interpersonal relationships. While using them, we build a parallel, mirror-image world moving our activities, including contacts with humans to the digital world. The ongoing pandemic has undoubtedly been intensifying this phenomenon causing that the loneliness economy becomes a new, increasingly important trend in a social and business dimension. It also reinforces the development of new services which aim to meet a need for interpersonal relationships such as Rent a friend website, applications based on artificial intelligence that conduct conversations in a natural language, or personalized social soft-robots. However, humanization of technology involves a wide range of new challenges connected with digital ethics in the Internet space.
195
In recent years a substantial proportion of people facing a problem of loneliness has been noted, which results from, among others, growing popularization of the Internet-based solutions and digital technologies. Social media, instant messaging services, chatbots, various applications, virtual assistants or robots, increasingly often replace a direct contact with a man as well as they weaken the depth of interpersonal relationships. While using them, we build a parallel, mirror-image world moving our activities, including contacts with humans to the digital world. The ongoing pandemic has undoubtedly been intensifying this phenomenon causing that the loneliness economy becomes a new, increasingly important trend in a social and business dimension. It also reinforces the development of new services which aim to meet a need for interpersonal relationships such as Rent a friend website, applications based on artificial intelligence that conduct conversations in a natural language, or personalized social soft-robots. However, humanization of technology involves a wide range of new challenges connected with digital ethics in the Internet space.
196
L’influence d’Internet a touché des gens partout dans le monde.
le futur de l’Internet abordant des questions telles que:

Défis et opportunités pour les Droits de L’homme en ligne
Spam
Sécurité & Confidentialité
Surveillance en ligne omniprésente
Development de l’Infrastructure
Comment faire pour que la gouvernance d’Internet devient plus participative?
L'IGF permet aux gens de parler librement, sur un pied d’égalité, sans limitations .
197 children's rights, child protection, privacy
I suggest a hybrid format with two phases, a virtual phase first and an onsite event second.
198
Three suggested thematic areas for the IGF in relation to the EU – US Next Generation Internet (NGI) ecosystem project as expressed by the representatives of NGIatlantic.eu project are the following:

1. Governance of behaviors of big tech and media. A number of recent events have highlighted governance areas needed to be addressed in relation to behaviors of big tech and media. For example, address big tech monopolistic behaviors towards smaller players in the marketplace and working towards a transparent, fair and balanced way of dealing with misinformation and disinformation on a massive scale in all forms of media (for example, social media, news media, etc.).

2. Balancing of national / international security and privacy. Balancing security and privacy especially in light of what is now happening in the US, where there is a heavy shift towards cyber-surveillance, which is typically very hard to come back from once started. The Schrems cases have served to show that the EU-US data transfer mechanisms require significant reformation and brings focus onto the inter-meshing of national security issues and privacy and a situation of putting companies on the front line of decision making. In addition, this brings significant emphasis on the balancing of innovation and privacy with the burgeoning of business models based on the data economy. Significantly more human-centricity, transparency and enforcement of information and data protection is necessary.

3. Greening the Internet: a Sustainable and Climate-friendly Next Generation Internet. Incentivising innovative green internet technologies and transparency mechanisms shown to: fight against the climate change with significant improvement of energy efficiency, carry out measurements to create awareness of environmental impact of the Internet, and promotion of technologies that help reduce the energy consumption and carbon emission.
199
A. sustainable children's development through the internet.
B. personality development of the children
c. how to control fake/misinformation on the internet.
No. I think it's better to arrange a physical conference
200
201
Online Safety for Children, Human Rights,UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
The virtual IGF 2020 held opportunities for people from the Global South to participate on eye level
202
-Censorship and platform accountability related to gender issues

-New Technologies, Internet & digital sustainability

-IGF and the Future of Internet Multistakeholderism
I would suggest improving the website's capacity by the time of the IGF to avoid website falling due to high traffic of visits.

Also, it would be useful to use other platforms rather than Zoom for the conference to increase online participation (and make it closer to the onsite experience). Example: Airmeet
203
- Cybersecurity in the time of COVID-19
- Gender equity
- Climate change and Internet Governance
N/A
204
Issue 1 – Cost-effective and transformative connectivity models for building back better. While access to the internet has offered many people a ‘digital lifeline’ during the pandemic, the latest ITU statistics and estimates show that connectivity growth has been slowing since 2017. With a commitment to ‘build back better’, what approaches and models to expand digital inclusion can be rolled out quickly and cost-efficiently to accelerate the recovery? What replicable good practices can support first-time users?

Issue 2 – Equitable access to digital content. One of the outcomes of the 2020 IGF were the discussions around access to key digital content as an important part of meaningful digital inclusion. What models and collaborative efforts to support digital content access, distribution and creation can help ensure that access to relevant, quality and local content is not a privilege for those who can afford it?

Issue 3 – Lessons learned from implementing national broadband strategies and using USAF to support meaningful connectivity. Leveraging these policy measures to support universal broadband access is at the heart of one the key advocacy targets communicated by the International Telecommunication Union and UNESCO in “The State of Broadband”. Similarly, the latest report already highlights some good practice elements of broadband plans, digital agendas and strategies. What successes, replicable good practices and lessons learned can be drawn from the implementation of such policy measures in different national contexts?
Expanding dialogue, learning and exchange within tracks. It could be helpful if there were more opportunities to foster in-depth collaboration between individual sessions and contributors falling within the same track (e.g. expanding and making the main sessions for each track more interactive; or facilitating more opportunities for learning and exchange within tracks throughout the days of the IGF).
205
1. Content - conduct, shaping, moderation, and accountability;

2. Connectivity, inclusion, COVID-19 response and recovery;

3. Digital markets, advertisement, currency, media, and taxation;

Each of these themes should have a track that focuses on new models and technologies, with another track that focuses on power structures within these themes (who has the power and where should it be exercised)
This submission form should provide an option that recognizes multistakeholder organizations, such as the NRIs. The IGF-USA does not fit into a single stakeholder group, but rather facilitates dialogue between stakeholder groups like the IGF does. The stakeholder group field was mandatory, so we selected an option, but that does not accurately reflect the nature of this submission.
206 Rural Development, Community Networks, Children's Rights Hybrid Format in order to enable more people to participate
207
- Governance for Peace in the Digital Age
- Translating Human Rights from the Analogue to the Digital Space
- Ethics with regards to AI and Big Data
- Enable face to face contact as far as the situation allows!

In general: focus more on governance and less on 'technical' issues!
208
Children’s rights, Child Online Safety, Data Protection/Privacy
209
International and public/private cooperation on cybercrime: new frameworks.

Cybercrime is a threat to human rights, democracy and the rule of law. Criminal justice authorities are confronted with a continuous increase in the scale and quantity of cybercrime and other offences involving electronic evidence, with associated technical challenges, with issues related to cloud computing and jurisdiction, including links to organised crime, and with challenges facing the system of mutual legal assistance. The COVID-19 pandemic is accompanied by further proliferation of cybercrime.
This underlines the need for effective criminal justice action, making use of frameworks such as the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime and additional solutions, including US CLOUD Act, draft E-evidence Regulation and Directive of the European Union, and the solutions being developed for the 2nd Additional Protocol to permit instant cooperation in urgent and emergency situations subject to human rights and rule of law safeguards. The 2nd Additional Protocol to the Budapest Convention is envisaged to be adopted by end 2021.
210
1. Broadband connection shows more than ever during Covid-19 pandemic how much needful is connectivity worldwide.
2. Digital Economy fostering the National, regional and clobal growth
3. Promoting Digital Skills more than ever to support our children and people do manage everything online.
211
Promoting cybersecurty awareness due to Covid-19 pandemic for safe and secure use of internet
212 Definition of internet use.
213
1) Educational justice and digitalisation
2) Safeguarding, interpretation and harnessing of UN children's rights in relation to media education in families, educational institutions and social institutions on the one hand, and sharing opportunities for children and young people in digital media, digital offerings and digital developments in balance to their protection and support interests on the other.
3) Resolving the dilemma between the right to education and the right to privacy of children during the Corona crisis, for example in Germany
214 Human Rights
Surveillance economy
Digital rights
215
Information technology and internet governance are critical to helping humanity meet the goals of the Paris Accord and address the existential threat of climate change. In order to achieve net zero global carbon emissions by 2050, an open and transparent global Climate Accounting System will be needed to track climate action in order to balance mitigation activities against carbon emissions for all global stakeholders including governments, business, investors and civil society. This information must be tracked and rolled up from the project to company to state to country level in order to manage resources to meet this global challenge. Internet Governance is needed to contribute to developing the shared protocols, standards, and open platforms needed for a globally integrated climate accounting system to be operationalized. Work is currently underway as stakeholders have begun to explore how to leverage new technological advances in blockchain, big data, IOT, AI, smart contracts, etc. to create a new ecosystem of collaboration designed to link the climate system, climate assets, climate markets, climate finance and climate agreements and their actors together towards a unified goal of net zero carbon emissions. The IGF has an opportunity to play a critical role in the development of the emerging global climate accounting system and should include it as a key theme in the environment track that it introduced in 2020.
The Hyperledger Climate Action and Accounting Special Interest Group (CA2SIG), the Yale Open Climate Project and Open Earth Foundation recommend climate accounting for consideration as a thematic input and offer their support to help organize an information session (webinar, speaker panel or workshop) to introduce the Global Climate Accounting Ecosystem to the IGF community. The goal of this thematic input will be to build awareness for the need for this critical infrastructure and start a discussion among IGF members of key challenges ahead and opportunities for collaboration to make the global climate accounting system a reality. For an overview of the climate accounting ecosystem, please follow this link to view Yale Open Lab founder Martin Wainstein’s opening address at the 2020 Open Climate Collabathon (recommended viewing 8:30-18:30): https://youtu.be/nmqj54EhFQk?list=PLDSf5md8xfkhR_i2mstSOrH1I8qFuQ6N2&t=510
216
Digital Cooperation
Unlocking the Digital Potential of the least developed and developing countries
Skills development in the digital age
Maintain the thematic tracks
Prevent main sessions competing with the workshop sessions
Ensure that the main sessions address high level issues and do not just replicate what has already been addressed within the workshop streams.
217
1. Accessibility and Quality of Service.
2. Online Security and Protection
3. Equality and Digital Inclusion for everyone
It is time to establish resolutions agreed through multi-stakeholder and multilateral discussions. We recommend more plenary sessions to minimize side events. Most sessions we are interested in run as side events at the same time. It means we need more people to attend but there are always budget restraints.
218
1. Centralisation of end-user applications

The governance of the Internet stack can be undermined by the applications that people use on top of it. Much end-user software, such as social media apps, has adopted centralised platform architecture, resulting in an oligolopy of enormous proprietary platforms. In these user-facing layers, like in those below it, communication should be based on protocols, instead of relying on singular centralised platforms. At IGF, we need to talk about implementing and enforcing the ideals of open and standards-based Internet in the higher levels of the OSI model.

2. Centralisation by app stores, device neutrality

As the French telecom regulator ARCEP has pointed out <https://en.arcep.fr/uploads/tx_gspublication/rapport-terminaux-fev2018-ENG.pdf>, freedoms that may be guaranteed at the network level can be hampered by limitations in users’ devices. In mobile and embedded computers, users tend to be less and less in control of their devices and the software it runs. Receiving applications via a central software repository is the new modus operandi in software distribution, with one hard-coded ‘app store’ per operating system or device. This reality compels us to consider free choice of applications, or ‘device neutrality’, to ensure the end users’ enjoyment of the freedoms of the Internet.

3. Centralisation of infrastructure

A few companies, e.g. Amazon Web Services, have become the indispensible hosting providers for the majority of websites and cloud softwares. As these service providers are gradually becoming infrastructure providers (and e.g. laying their own intercontinental cables), proprietary global networks of data centers might slowly grow to replace the established multi-tenant internet architecture. Rather than destroying the internet, such a metamorphosis may rather make it obsolete, and shift power further away from the relatively distributed governance model, towards a situation with highly concentrated corporate control. This topic would be highly relevant for discussion at IGF.
219
1. Universal Acceptance as a providing of an equal support for all domain names (IDN ccTLDs, IDN gTLDs and other new gTLDs) and especially internationalized mailbox names in all applications, systems and on websites. Better support is a way for wider usage of such internationalized internet identifiers and better user expirience which leads to higher inclusivness of the Internet.
2. Opportunities and limitations of global internet platforms (such as Facebook, Google, etc) that are based on user generated content schemes. With focus on allowing their users to freely express themselves on their native languages and taking into account users' cultural and language diversity.
3. Collaboration tools and mechanisms of IGF platform for engagement of all interested parties (from different countries and speaking different languages) into the open and constructive dialog, for leading the real multistakeholder approach when considering and finding out solutions of issues connected with Internet development and its further internationalization.
- improvement of transaltion services;
- better communication services with registered participants, easpecially regarding availability of post-materials after sessions and IGF in the whole; Plus better announcements of the sessions to invite more attenders for each;
- reflection in the overall Program related topics for easier tracking.
220
There are three thematically related issues that we believe IGF should prioritise in 2021.

1. Understanding negative effects of social media centralization

Mainstream social media is centralized into an oligolopy of just a few enormous proprietary platforms. In such an environment incentives for platform operators are aligned against good content moderation (in fear of user backlash), and in certain ways good moderation policies are even impossible (what single set of moderation rules can be enforced for all communities and cultures across the world?): https://redecentralize.org/blog/2021/01/18/centralization-is-a-danger-to-democracy.html

A better approach would be to focus on developing protocols, instead of singular centralized platforms: https://knightcolumbia.org/content/protocols-not-platforms-a-technological-approach-to-free-speech

This would make it possible to have the neutral infrastructure that is necessary for public discourse with plurality of voices, and at the same time have social media providers with strict anti-abuse, anti-harassment, and other, rules enforced for their own communities, without risking being accused of censorship.

In other words, we need to talk about implementing and enforcing the ideals of open and standards-based Internet in the higher levels of the OSI model.

2. Centralization of application delivery platforms

Centralization in client software deliver platforms (with just a couple of huge players controlling almost all of the market) is making dealing with social media centralization that much harder, with major players randomly banning apps for decentralized social media: https://www.vegard.net/google-bans-mastodon-apps/

Similar issue was experienced by a decentralized IM, Matrix: https://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2021/01/google-play-bans-open-source-matrix-client-element-citing-abusive-content/

These are dangerous precedents and need to be considered in the broader context of a healthy Internet. Currently a few major gatekeepers can make developing new services effectively impossible.

3. Centralization of Web infrastructure

Web infrastructure, too, is being more and more centralized. Companies like CloudFlare and Amazon Web Services have become the infrastructure providers for a non-trivial number of websites, which is put in stark relief whenever they experience outages: https://blog.cloudflare.com/cloudflare-outage-on-july-17-2020/ https://www.theverge.com/2020/11/25/21719396/amazon-web-services-aws-outage-down-internet

There needs to be a serious discussion about how the OSI application layer is dangerously close to becoming a hodge-podge of brittle monocultures.
No.
221
1) Construction of an Institutional digital infrastructure
The different types of technologies deployed and used in our regions and sub-regions show us that we need continental initiatives for the development and deployment of digital infrastructures (submarine cables, optical fiber, etc.). Much remains to be done in this space, for example to have its own investment possibilities in order to support and build systems that can be used in our states and by our populations to solve their various problems. The involvement of the private sector in general and the African private sector in particular in investments related to infrastructure and technological space in Africa is paramount.

- The digital infrastructure problem
- Broadband connection
- The problem of infrastructure investment
- Financing our own development - Can Africa finance the infrastructure sector itself: Involving the African private sector.

2) Covid19, Digital Rights and Impacts on Communities in Africa
With the onset of the Covid19 pandemic, nations often preceded by major technological platforms, have undertaken to implement all medical and technological means in the hope of stopping the pandemic, which however continues in earnest in the world. Among the technological tools used, Covid19 tracking applications have emerged and raised many social, ethical and legal questions. This session is an opportunity for experts to provide all participants with the keys to understand different technologies used, answers to the concerns and worries of citizens and communities, regarding the use of these technologies, that have often been adopted by countries without clear regulations.
Types of Covid19 contact tracing technologies
- State of legislation on tracing technologies
- The preservation of citizens&#39; rights
- Adoption of contact tracing tools by citizens and communities
222 The accessibility paradoks- between exclucion and data overload
223
Disability Access to ICTs
Digital Platforms & Competition
Connected Healthcare Challenges & Opportunities
224
Human Rights: Human rights-based approaches to Internet architecture, policy, and governance post-pandemic
Environment: Greening Internet Governance
225
– Personal opinion, the right to be delusional and the responsibility for a deliberate deception on the Internet. The problem of freedom of speech, cyber-bullying and hate-speech, the efficiency and adequacy of administrative and criminal prosecution in Social Media, the flaws of current law enforcement.

– The threats posed by oligopoly of the mainstream Social Networks. Data leakage and sale, manipulation of public opinion, secret cooperation with Special Services, the opaque News Feed algorithms, spying on users, censorship, and other crucial issues related to self-regulating platforms.

– The problem of integrating Media Literacy into the Global Education System as the key aspect of the international fight against the demand for fake news, as well as the solid foundation for mental sustainability among youths (in terms of information consumption and socialisation).
I have no suggestions or changes to be made.
226
We are putting forward two suggestions: Digital Inclusion and Digital Authoritarianism.

Digital Inclusion: In the following months and years, the world will work to recover from the damage the COVID-19 pandemic has inflicted in almost every aspect of life. This work will include taking stock of the many inequalities that the pandemic has laid bare and exacerbated, and promoting more equitable societies that are inclusive, resilient, and sustainable. Countries can approach this historic challenge by framing their recovery through the lens of digital inclusion. Inclusion can be broadly defined as full, meaningful participation without discrimination in all aspects of social, political, economic, and cultural life. Greater inclusion is a progressive and aspirational public policy goal that involves overcoming intersecting forms of exclusion while enabling public participation. Achieving inclusion in the twenty-first century and in a post-COVID world requires digital inclusion in all spheres of life; a term loosely defined as the ability of individuals and groups to access and use information and communications technologies, with a focus on the intangible elements of connectivity, civic participation, trust, privacy and safety. Digital inclusion also provides a human rights-based framework to address internet governance issues such as disinformation, online hate speech, and content moderation, including their disproportionate impact on already vulnerable and marginalized communities. As a powerful convenor of different stakeholders from around the world, IGF 2021 could serve to promote the principle and practice of digital inclusion by exploring the many pillars necessary to achieve digital inclusion; highlight coordinated actions that must be taken by governments, the private sector, and civil society; and foster accountability by encouraging these stakeholders to commit to concrete steps. IGF 2021 could build on the ongoing digital inclusion work occurring at several international forums this year, including the UN High Level Panel on Digital Cooperation’s Roundtable 1C and the Freedom Online Coalition’s Taskforce on Digital Equality.

Digital authoritarianism: When developed and used in full respect of human rights, emerging technologies including AI can complement human endeavours across fields such as healthcare and environmental science to improve people’s lives and support the UN Sustainable Development Goals. However, media, civil society, and human rights defenders have documented the ongoing use of technologies such as AI systems for repressive and authoritarian purposes. Two of the most concerning applications of AI systems include remote biometric identification (RBI) such as facial recognition technology, and automated content moderation, which can enable and scale systemic human rights violations and abuses against communities that already face multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination. The international community must push back against these and other manifestations of digital authoritarianism, as the world increasingly embeds technology across all spheres of life – a shift only accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic. As a powerful convenor of different stakeholders from around the world, IGF 2021 could push back against the practice of digital authoritarianism in all its forms; reassert that human rights, democracy, and rule of law are more relevant now than ever in the online space; and foster accountability by encouraging stakeholders from governments, the private sector and civil society to commit to concrete steps to embed human rights online.

227
Self Sovereign Identity
Decentralization of Governance
European Digital Single Market
I can contribute depending on the specific argument
228
- 40 years of the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data (Convention 108) and its prospect for the future;
- best practices towards effective legal and procedural frameworks for self-regulatory and co-regulatory mechanisms of content moderation;
- a legal framework to address the human rights impacts of AI
229
Dark Patterns – the methods of designing web interface to make user doing things he initially didn’t intend to do. The border line between what is legal, and what breaches the regulations (a default setting of agreements, activity tracking: 3 other users are checking this hotel, informing on how many products are still available, graphical underlining of some options, saving credit card details and making it hard to leave the paid part of service.

The knowledge disproportion between a consumer and the internet based business (especially internet platform) – movement tracing, cookies (where the user was before entering the website), laser targeted advertising (what’s the basis for targeting), algorithms etc.

Responsibility for content/services based on the cooperation of larger number of business entities (programmatic advertising, direct billing in internet, premium services, additional services to the telecommunication services: i.e.: free VOD streaming for 6 months, special offers like: order via uber eats and get a discount for visa offers.

Problems with speed, especially mobile data transfer (not keeping the parameters, lack of certified speed testing tools, denial of cost free termination of agreement, bandwidth oversubscription.
230
* Multistakeholder platforms (open-source based)
* The Present and the Future (policy-oriented) Internet Governance Forum
* SDGs (health, technology, sustainability, work, poverty, indicators)
* Multistakeholder platforms focus
* Sub-groups or virtual rooms features for in-deep discussion (input importance)
* Classification of topics, stakeholders in every participation and log the comments in a platform for multistakeholderism in future sessions.
* Leave open time and space (order of weeks) after each meeting to keep providing more input from disadvantaged communities.
* Use of the eisting platforms inside the intgovforum site, like the Collaborative comments tool used in NETMundial, HLPDC, IGF 2018.
* Keep Providing Youth Spaces for Lightning discussions, this was great in last virtual meeting.
231
I am comfortable with the four main tracks of 2020. One issue which we could support is an effort to consolidate and track all IG-related inititatives of internacional scope. As listed in a few publicatons, there are several multilateral or multistakeholder structures and processes going on (ex., the list I included in my article in Wolf's book, which is not exhaustive). Perhaps establish a policy network initiative like the one on environment and digitalization, which would prepare a period synthesis of what is going on with these initiatives and their possible impacts. Several of them impact directly on the IGF procedures and structures, but the motivation for this PN goes beyond this.
Not any significant change, except that we will have to prepare for the continuing unpredictability of the pandemic and its effects on processes like ours. In any case, if we manage to restart face-to-face meetings, we will have to take into account that they will be hybrid and from what we have learned so far several will remain just online in any scenario.

Contact Information

United Nations
Secretariat of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF)

Villa Le Bocage
Palais des Nations,
CH-1211 Geneva 10
Switzerland

igf [at] un [dot] org
+41 (0) 229 173 411