Submitted Proposals

Organization: CSDMS
Title :
Leveraging alternative technology solutions, a possible answer to connecting the next million?
Provide a concise formulation for the proposed workshop theme including its importance and relevance to the IGF.
This workshop will focus on the topic of universalisation of the Internet. This will address a few alternative technology solutions already being implemented in various developing and developed nations across the world. The two we will explore in this session are:1.     In most developing countries, energy has more priority than telecommunication in policy decisions. Powerline Communication (PLC) technology is considered an obvious solution to deliver telecommunication services. Using the existing and ubiquitous electricity grid with the current Broadband over Powerline techniques (BPL), Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) and cable faces a potential competitor. In Korea, for example, Xeline Company installed PLC trials in partnership with Korea Electricity Power Company (KEPCO).   2.     The other network, presently in use in India, is the Railway telecommunication network. For example, in India, RailTel Corporation of India, is a Public Sector Undertaking by the Ministry of Indian Railways. RailTel has a vast optical fibre communication network capable of providing bandwidth services at a large number of towns and cities across the country. The railways in India span 60,000km and bridge the enormous diversity of this continent-sized country. RailTel not only aims to modernise Railways train control, operational and safety systems and networks but also aims to create a nationwide broadband telecom and multimedia network to supplement national telecom infrastructure to spur growth of telecom, Internet and IT enabled value added services in all parts of the country specially in rural, remote and backward areas. Especially in the developing countries where the digital divide is a reflection of large economic, social and gender divides existing in the society in general, it is essential to look for alternative models of reaching the last mile. This session will explore the two technologies cited above from a multivariate perspective by bringing in experts from each of the technologies cited above as well as policy makers. Importance and Relevance to the IGFIt is widely considered that Information and Communication technologies (ICTs) are tools that could facilitate development. However, it is not clear whether ICTs have narrowed or widened the socio-economic divide. The internet is a reflection of our existing society. For example, the existing gender divide, whether in the ‘North’ or ‘South’, can often be exacerbated  by the available accessibility to ICTs.   Quoting Nitin Desai, Special Advisor to the Secretary-General, United Nations, “If you look ahead, the greatest growth of the Internet is going to take place in the developing countries. Thats where the new users are going to come...” Almost all Internet Governance issues have a development aspect such as existence of infrastructure, access, spam and cybercrime, and IPR. Therefore, it is essential to hold such as discussion at the Internet Governance Forum to highlight and discuss and debate the issue of infrastructure and access which have a direct impact on the reach and utility of the Internet. 
Provide the names and affiliations of the panellists you are planning to invite. Describe the main actors in the field and whether you have you approached them about their willingness to participate in proposed workshop.

Tentative panellists: (to be approached)

1. Professor Rho Jae Jeung, Director of Global IT Technology Program

2. Rep from Rail Tel India

3. Rep from Engineering Office for Integrated Projects, Egypt


Provide the name of the organizer(s) of the workshop and their affiliation to various stakeholder groups. Describe how you will take steps to adhere to the multi-stakeholder principle, including geographical diversity.
Centre for Science, Development and Media Studies, (CSDMS) NOIDA, UP, India, is a not-for-profit research institution established in 1997. CSDMS is committed to advocacy and developing knowledge solutions for under-privileged societies through the use of innovative and effective Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for development. Our activities are targeted to meet the needs of society in the development sector through research in the field of ICT, undertaking development projects through the usage of knowledge-sharing tools and products like print and electronic media, and building capacity through training programmes. Our multi-cultural team has expertise from across disciplines and cover various aspects of research on ICTs for development. CSDMS has been an active member of the World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) processes held in Geneva (2003) and Tunis (2005). CSDMS was also a lead panel speaker at the WGIG summit at Greece (2006). CSDMS is a knowledge partner and lead member of the Global Knowledge Partnership (GKP), which promotes multi-stakeholder partnerships. CSDMS works closely with civil society organisations, private sector enterprises, service and solution providers and governments in India and Asia. We have working relations with several lead international development institutions like UNDP, UNESCO, World Bank, SDC, IDRC, etc. Key speakers and respondents at the proposed workshop will represent -          Both Genders-          Geographies: Africa, Asia, Latin America-          Mix of government, private sector, academia and civil society organisations
Does the proposed workshop provide different perspectives on the issues under discussion?

Yes. We explore two alternative technologies.

We also intend to invite speakers from varied backgrounds and experiences

Please explain how the workshop will address issues relating to Internet governance and describe how the workshop conforms with the Tunis Agenda in terms of substance and the mandate of the IGF.
The Tunis Agenda has a large development focus. Universal access or access to all, as some governments prefer to term it, is essential for development. With IPv6 we have access to 10billion IP addresses. It is techinically possible to link up each individual in this world. However, infrastructure access is a huge deterrant to access in most developing nations. This session will address those issues.
List similar events you and/or any other IGF workshops you have organized in the past.

IDRC organised workshop at IGF, Greece,

eINDIA 2005,6,7,8 (multistakeholder conferences jointly organised with Govt of India, private sector and CSOs

eASIA 2006.7 (Bangkok, Malaysia)

Global Knowledge Partnership Conferences (Egypt, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Malaysia) - serveral workshops

WSIS - Geneva (1 workshop)

WSIS - Tunis (3 workshops)

Were you part of organizing a workshop last year? Which one? Did you submit a workshop report?
No, but our organisation participated in the Greece IGF We submitted our report to the workshop organisaers.