IGF 2021 - Day 4 - Launch / Award Event #39 Application of Artificial Intelligence for Children - Research Report and Case Study Collection

The following are the outputs of the captioning taken during an IGF virtual intervention. Although it is largely accurate, in some cases it may be incomplete or inaccurate due to inaudible passages or transcription errors. It is posted as an aid, but should not be treated as an authoritative record.



>> (no English translation).

>> We all live in a digital world.  We all need it to be open and safe.  We all want to trust.

>> And to be trusted.

>> We all despise control.

>> And desire freedom.

>> We are all united.

(no audio).

   >> WENYING SU:  Report and key studies of AI for children in China.  We are at the Communication University of China joined about I dozens of students and faculty.  Thank you for your participation.  Also, a big warm welcome to participants joining us from all parts of the world.  My name is Su Wenying, Moderator and also on this research project.  We also have Professor Mr. Ming Yan as online moderator.

First, let me give presentation of the report we're launching today.  This mapping report was conducted by China Federation of Internet Societies and Communication University of China with great support from UNICEF China.  With comprehensive desk review of relevant national policies and international practices.  We also conducted a review on academic findings and conducted field visits as well as interviews with academic institutions, tech companies, and social organizations.  The report went into application of AI in every aspect of Chinese children's lives, including playing, learning, socializing, and exercising.  We collected 39 case studies to showcase how AI has been impacting child rights and well-being and how it can be further still towards a more child-centered ethical approach.

As we are running on a tight schedule without further ado, let me give the floor to two distinguished guests representing two organizers of this event.  First, let us welcome the Secretary General of China Federation of Internet Societies Mr. Zhao Hui to deliver opening remarks.

   >> HUI ZHAO:  Ladies and gentlemen, good morning and good evening.  Although the pandemic prevented us from meeting face to face in Poland, the Internet enables us to get together in hybrid way.  First of all, on behalf of the organizer of the event, China Federation of the Internet Societies here in CFIS, I would like to extend my warm welcome to all the guests both present and online.  Thank you for your participation in the 2021UN Internet governance forum and your attention to AI for children AI online session.  China has attached great importance to attention to minors.  There was protection of law on protection of minors officially put into effect on June 1 of 2021.  It included particular chapter on Internet protection.  The chapter specified the concept of Internet protection and the responsibilities of relevant companies.  It also standardized online environment management, online information management, and anti-addiction to the Internet, aiming at protecting teenagers from harmful online information and addictions.

CFIS is national joint and nonprofit organizations formed by domestic social organizations and related institutions in the field of network security and the information in China.  Since its founding in 2018, CFIS has been placing great emphasis on the health of children in Cyberspace and has been committed to safeguarding the Internet security and rights for children.

For example, CFIS calls on all sectors of society to pay attention to children's Internet protection by organizing meetings and the ECO proposals.  So, strengthen children online literacy education and protect children's right to access the Internet, CFIS opened online literacy education classes, promoted digital literacy into schools, and hosted several relevant seminars with UNICEF at IGF.

Another example is workshops themed by attacking cyberbullying on children with digital literacy and right to play online gaming and child rights.  CFIS, UNICEF, and the Communication University of China established a project team to further strengthen children protection and explore how to empower children in the current new era featured with technology.

Based on the policy guidance on AI for children, published by UNICEF in September 2020, the project team carried out field research, case collection, and opinion facilitation.  We finished AI for children, the report on AI application targeted at children, which was officially published in the Chinese mainland.  We have invited the person in charge of several typical cases in the report to the event to share their experience with you.  I hope that by showcasing the achievements of China's AI for children project and sharing of experiences, we can encourage countries to focus on children's Internet protection, stronger exchanges and cooperation, deeply explore application and practice of AI technology in child protection, and provide suggestions for healthy development of children in Cyberspace.

I'd like to put forward two proposals.  First, we should exchange experience and unlimited possibilities of AI in child protection.  I hope that we can have a deep discussion on how to apply AI technology and products to the education of children.  We should address issues concerning child education, such as the digital gap in education, education for the disabled and vulnerable groups by researching and developing education resources based on AI technology.

Meanwhile strengthen technical exchange at home and abroad, pool resources and forces worldwide to the AI for children field.  Second, we should explore cooperation mechanisms for AI for children by giving full play to the role of CFIS.  Now at this, countries, societies, and family worldwide are paying more attention to and investing more in children's health and well-being.  It will become more and more important to support and assist children's health, education, and entertainment using AI technology.

To help all parties carry out in cooperation, we will actively serve as a bridge, coordinate and communicate with the government, universities, research institutions, companies, and NGOs.  CFIS, we are an advocate and promote the introduction of AI technology standards to protect the rights of minors.  CFIS, we're also strive to create platforms for international exchange and the mechanisms for cooperation in children's protection and make those a critical support for the complementary and common development of the international community in Cyberspace.  At last, I wish the event a great success.  Thank you all.


   >> WENYING SU:  Thank you very much for the inspirational speech.  Next the floor is the Vice President of the Communication University of China Mr. Ming Yan

   >> MING YAN:  Ladies and gentlemen, good morning, good evening and pleased to participate in this online meeting of the United Nations Internet Governance Forum.  First of all, please allow me to represent Communication University of China, also CUC.  One of the convenors of this and of the offline venue to welcome all experts and scholars for your attendance, and thank you for your attention to the topic of AI for children.  With the rapid development of the Internet, the wave of AI and information networks has swept the world.  By December 2020, in China they had outnumbered 889 million and 21% of which are adolescent and students.  Taking the largest proportion, the popularity of the Internet has enabled children more access to reach out to AI technology and further use it.  AI technology not only brings great convenience for children's education, house, and entertainment with the rivetted development, but also allows people concerned for privacy, protection, and fairness.

CUC has always valued to the integration of this construction related to AI.  Technological progress and social responsibility, and has deep academic accumulation in intelligent media network.  A number of AI technology related research centers have also been established, including state key laboratory of the media convergence and communication, key laboratory of intelligent media of the Ministry of Education, and talented radio and television engineer research center of the Ministry of Education, key laboratory of audio-visual technology and intelligent system of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.  In addition, the School of Information and Communication Engineering has set up AI as a major to cultivate and compound senior talents for AI-related scientific research.  This is development and develop integration in fields such as information, culture, radio, and television and media industries.  The strengths of the inherent academic and social research advantages of the AI technology, at the invention of the CFIS and UNICEF, one of the scientific research teams from CUC joined AI for the children's project group, and as a key member our team conducted deep research on the application of AI for children and affirmed a detailed research report.  The report analysis exerting places and regulations of the world's major economics, and the present advantage of the wearable intelligent technologies in application for sorting out technical AI application case in China.  The report is to have a very positive result in promoting how the development of AI technology in development and help people with different backgrounds, (?) and understand the advantages and disadvantages of relevant technologies.

I hope that through the exchanges in this meeting, we can all get inspired and inspiration for the application of AI technology for children and further contribute to the development and application of AI technology in the children-related fields.

To the end, I would like to thank all the experts and scholars for your time and participation.  Thank you.


   >> WENYING SU:  Thank you for your warm welcome and thorough introduction.  We all agree that the digital environment has become increasingly important across most aspects of children's lives and this trend is exacerbated by COVID-19.  Today, we notice that the digital platforms, products, and services has been increasingly immersed in children's lives, and digital sectors, and especially those big technology companies are playing an increasingly crucial role in shaping policies, changing behaviors, and setting industry standards, so we are very happy to have two representatives from the tech industry to share with us their thoughts and practices in applying AI in child-related products and services.

First, we have Mr. Wang Head of Architect Education Sector from Alibaba group, and he will share with us how Alibaba is using computing power in children's physical education.  The floor is yours, Xuwen.

   >> XUWEN WANG:  Thank you.  It is an honor to be here sharing explanation in intelligence applications for children.  In recent years with emergence of new technologies such as mobile Internet, big data, AI, and wearable devices, educational concepts, methods, and skills have been greatly changed, and this trend will also have a profound influence of physical education.  In the past 20 years, Alibaba has made great efforts in technological innovation and become the growth engine of China's digital economy.  By leveraging Cloud computing platforms, we have opened up our advanced technologies to the whole society, helped all the industries, including education to achieve digital transformation.

From the beginning of this year, a series of policies concerning physical fitness for young people have been issued by our government, and therefore the whole society has paid great attention to physical education.  I would like to take this opportunity to show you how we use new technologies to empower sports education from traditional mode that relies on experience to a smart mode driven by data.

Schools are the places to make children get prepared for all challenges before graduation.  The purpose of education for children is not to achieve great scores, but to improve their overall competency.  The goal of physical education is to help children improve their physical fitness, not simply to improve the performance of competitive sports.

From this point of view, we found physical education provided by traditional schools may have many disadvantages.  First of all, traditional PE classes evaluate students by sports scores, but it is difficult to measure the real effect of student's exercise.  Without effective data for reference, individual training progress cannot be traced and achievements of those PE lessons cannot be analyzed.

Secondly, traditional PE classes are not able to provide customized training plans for each student in accordance to individual situations.  Each student may have different physical foundation, athletic talent, and even different physical conditions from time to time.  Ignoring individual differences and targeting the same goal may cause some children to fail to achieve the effect of exercise, while others always fail to reach the target, most of which are not good experiences for children.

Thirdly, traditional physical education cannot keep a long-run track for children's health without monitoring, recording, and tracking students’ physical signs properly, long-term personal health profile cannot be established and traced.  On the other hand, lacking of continuous and complete tracking data, teachers cannot improve their teaching skills.

Last but not least, sports injuries occasionally occur in traditional sports classes caused by improper training arrangements.  Teachers estimate students exercising load according to their personal experience rather than realtime tracking data.  Even sometimes teachers do not understand the health risk factors of students in the class, such as heart diseases and et cetera.  In case there is an incident, it is difficult for teachers to understand the situation in time, nor can they take immediate actions.

Alibaba Cloud now using Cloud computing, big data, and other technologies to carry out in-depth work with the education industry to explore the use of artificial intelligence to empower sports education for children.  We have created a smart sports learning and management system, which is now being applied in many schools in China.  We focus on the following aspects, leveraging our digital technologies.  Number one, realtime sports data monitoring and collection.  Wearable devices can collect the physical science of students in realtime and send data to the Cloud through the IoT communication channels for continuous monitoring.  Number two, AI-assisted measurement.  Using smart devices and visual AI technologies, multiple students can be measured at the same time in physical examinations.  As the measurement results are automatically recognized by AI, time and efforts are saved in class.  Number three, data model-driven training suggestions.  With the help of data models and algorithms teachers can make personalized training plans for each student.  Number four, early warning of sports risks, the continuous data monitoring, once there is an incident, the system can send alerts to teachers and parents as soon as possible so that timely action could be taken to avoid potential injuries. number five, long-term health profile.  Each student will have his own health profile, including warnings on sports risks such as heart diseases, so here private-related data is only visible for authorized persons, and the data generated during exercise will also continuously accommodate long in the physical health profile for long-term storage.  Once launched, our program has attracted great attention of many educational institutions.  After a period of application, we have received some positive results.  Here I would like to use two real cases to illustrate.

The first case is about a school that uses our solution to monitor students' physical signs during PE classes through auto-recognition and physical exam performances.  Equipped with smart skipping ropes and ultrasonic height and weight measuring devices, the school can measure multiple students at the same time for one minute rope skipping, sitting forward, bending, sit-ups and other sports items.  The system automatically counts the results and generates the reports.  Artificial intelligence reduces huge amounts of repetitive work for teachers.  The efficiency of classroom physical examination has increased by more than 5 times.

A second case is about a school using our solution to manage health risks in physical education.  The school equipped each student with a heart rate arm band to continuously monitor their physical signs such as heart rate during their sports training.  In a class, a student's heart rate exceeded the threshold value several times and the system issued an early warning to the teacher in realtime.  The teacher noticed that the student had a risk in the system which indicates that his heart rate was generally higher than the class average in the past, so the teacher rearranged his training plan, let him have a rest, and recorded the issue in his health profile.

Above all, Alibaba is committed to become an enterprise that truly creates value for the society to better serve public welfare the Alibaba Group will keep using artificial technology and other technologies to improve physical education and physical fitness for young people and the whole society.  Thank you very much.



   >> WENYING SU:  Thank you for this very clear, you know, introduction and I feel like it's really a learning experience for me.  Next, we have Mr. Xiang from Trancent technology company and hosts big user base of young people, including children and Tensen has been exploring many options in technology to better the rights and well-being of children, and Wang Xiang will share with us one of the few case studies focusing on online security of children.  Please, the floor is yours.

   >> XIANG WANG:  Thank you.  I'm Xiang Wang from Tencent Security.  It's important to be here to share using AI as content safety for children.  We are a leading technology company in China.  We treasure our value for user and tech for good.  We deliver technology to promote quality of human being life through diversifying Internet services.  In recent years, we witness several outrageous sex abuse cases of children happening in cyberworld, and you may hear of some happen in Korea.  16 children sexually abused and live broadcast and the audiences are 260,000 paying members, and the youngest victim is even only 11 years old, and the audiences include professors, sports stars, actors, et cetera.  Many well-known Internet applications were used to spread the video and broadcast.

According to statistics, we found other worrying vital points.  The first one is the later you are born, the sooner you are sooner.  Currently we have 175 million Internet users under 40 years old, and 46% of the children have in country various cybersecurity incidents in 2019, and incidents are mainly due to inappropriate content such as pornography, bloody, violent content, et cetera 6789.

We couldn't help wondering why is the problem of content in cyberworld so intense?  What leads to criminal behavior?  We found out two reasons.  The first one is that fast information exchange is the coordinator of Internet facility.  It's easy to distribute content to millions of people in a short time.  Safety countermeasures are not enough to address the inappropriate content.  Especially where in information explosion era, which makes it more difficult to identify inappropriate content.  So, the underground industry takes advantage of Internet facilities, and the second is that the safety awareness towards Internet content of both adults and children is far enough.  In incident mentioned above, some paying members even argue that it's the children's fault for taking part in the live broad cast.  Children are victims and should not be blamed.  Children involved in the incident don't know what future will be like.  They just wanted to make fast money.  What a terrifying discovery.  As one of the primary Internet service providers, we have absolute obligations and responsibilities to promote content safety for children.  We launched the Got for Children campaign dedicated promoting content safety for children by AI.  We carried out our work in three aspects, and the first one is we prepared healthy mindset of parents and children.  The second is we recommend high-quality content to children.  The third one is we reduce inappropriate content to children.

Firstly, safety education for both children and their parents.  Since 2017, we have actively cooperated with the national antipornography and anti-illegal work office to improve teenager online security awareness.  In 2017, our online security classroom was first launched and stretched to 17 provinces and cities.  In 2018, the classes went online and the video covered 10 million school students nationwide through safety education platform that we built.  At the same time, the central part of teaching was extended to school teachers, and we trained 62 teachers.  After the training, the teachers spontaneously organized another 5,000 security courses.  In 2019, we focused on security behind children in 15 major villages in 12 provinces, and from 2020 until now we launch add three-party course on protection of children and appealed to parents and schools to pay attention to the teenagers’ online security.

Secondly, we provide good content for children.  Little penguin application is the children's version of Tensen video committed to safe and high-quality learning environment for children.  We design and create 5 million high-quality videos for children, and these contents are especially prepared to enhance children's vital ability like subject knowledge, common sense, IQ education, et cetera.  They are highly recognized by the parents and can be children's growth stage.  We just rebuilt the contents precisely by AI to children with different correctors.

On the other hand, children's vision and hearing health are also parents' concern.  The WHO points out that the children’s' vision is closely related to the usage of electronic devices with screen.  We use AI to detect their watching pose, the time that is spent on an app, the contrast rate of the screen, et cetera.  AI informed parents and children to take care of inappropriate usage.

Lastly, we reduce inappropriate Internet information to children.  We use AI to detect and reduce two types of content.  The first one is inappropriate content of children, like pornography of children, privacy breach, and bullying children.  The second type is inappropriate content to children, like destructive behaviors, bad ACG, et cetera.

To achieve the goal, we use various algorithms.  We built core functions like I can mention four types of functions that we did hugely invest in.  The first one is the one-picture multimodal detection and for all information showing on one picture, we have over 100 categories of detected algorithm to be able to address different inappropriate information in different scenarios.  The second is the soft pornography detection, and we know that the appearance of pornography has changed from explicit to implicit like some close-ups of the body.  And the third one is the ACG content detection, and ACG is famous and universal globally, but recently ACGporn is spreading fast.  The contents are easy to take and diversify, manifest, and we use machine learning to successfully address it.

And the -- the fourth one is that we can even have the content understanding technology.  We know that sometimes a particular picture and text are not inappropriate, but their combination is not.  We train AI to understand the meaning of the combination fully.

Now, we can detect more than 150 categories of inappropriate content that promotes the safety of image, video, audio, and text.  We also provide AI technology, to help other companies in the industry across 11 others.  We process over 300 billion pieces of content every year and automatically detect over 500 million inappropriate pieces.  At last, we're enthusiastic to have global cooperation to widen the application of protecting children, and we hope to discuss the standards of the protection.  Tech no good, tech for our children, we love to see all children's smiley faces.  That's all for today.  Thank you.


   >> WENYING SU:  Thank you for this very interesting introduction.  I'm no expert of AI technology, but I find the approach, you know, follows a very solid logic.  First, we provide awareness raising, you know, so children and their families have a good awareness of online security and safety, and then we provide good content for children online.  And then we keep them from inappropriate and harmful contents.  Now we have this very thoughtful sharing from Internet companies, and we all know that the regulatory environment is very more than to promote child online protection, and we are here with us Chief of Integrated Coordination Section from Cyberspace Administration, and she will share with us her thoughts on this topic.

>> CHONG QING:  Distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen, good afternoon and good morning.  I would like to express thanks to the sponsor of IGF 2021 application of artificial intelligence for children research report and case study.  Your invitation has offered me a chance to share with you the experience of the district in the field of artificial intelligence for children.  Starting with a building of intelligent campus, steadily consolidated infrastructure for information-based education and pushing forward the systemic and organic integration of artificial intelligence with education, teaching, and learning.

Firstly, we are stressing the building for the intelligent campus, and a large number of investments have been in the schools Internet infrastructure, including AR, VR labs, maker rooms, and robot rooms.  Remote interactive classrooms and recording and broadcasting rooms are set up in schools and in towns.  Schools and towns can share special lectures and famous teachers' classes via live video streaming, for example, the online virtual robot experimental teaching.  The sharing of community teaching resources, more students in urban and rural areas has help to promote the finest development in education in the countryside and in the city.

Secondly, we set up teachers’ capacity in artificial intelligence.  The teachers are organized to participate in training sections to promote the capabilities in programming and application of information technology.  Utilizing -- the teachers are organized to participate and teachers and humanity and society have come together to form a community and building up teaching staff for artificial intelligent classes.  The teachers are actively exploring new ways of teaching via mock, record and listen and live listen through four plays the school teaching resources and students’ interests, and the primary school has developed a school-based curriculum for artificial intelligence which features robotics, programming, and modeling.  The school offers intelligence training classes such as flying car, configuration and magic cube which have been instructive and full of fun and are very popular among students.

In the afternoon from Tuesday to Friday, when the class is over, the students will spend one hour and take part in training section.  The teachers offer students careful and patient instruction and accompany them in training to perform their thinking ability.

Thirdly, we're developing students' interest in artificial intelligence.  Experts in artificial intelligence education are invited to the school to give lectures on popular theories and knowledge of artificial intelligence.  A smart robot, Little Lawyer, is introduced into the school which is capable of intelligent voice, interaction and touch-screen selection.  Experiencing programs are carried out on regularity.  The students can get some preliminary knowledge about artificial intelligence by talking with the robot and listening to the lectures and laws and case analysis presented by the robot.

With the help of the special classes such as structural assembly, programming control, and originality and creation, the students can use mobile applets to engage in simple experiencing of artificial intelligence.  In the process, they can get a clear idea of much regulation.  The intelligence voice, and they will have great interest in the artificial intelligence and they will experience great improvement in the cooperative and innovative ability.  These classes actively help students to the fantastic ideas into reality.  At the same time, provides them with stages to discover themselves and show off their talents.  School activities such as the culture festival and science and technology festival are organized for parents and for students to participate in the rich and colorful activities of artificial intelligence education.

Smart education projects and prize winners, competition events are displayed during the activities, and on the spot, students will conduct the progress for the smart intelligence classes, and these activities have been well accepted by the students and their parents.  The students are organized to participate in the international and domestic competitions so that they can learn from the competitions and explain their horizons.  In the world education robot contest, which attracted nearly 10,000 contestants from more than 50 countries and regions, including America, Canada, and England, and contestants from the primary school in the district made a clean sweep of all prizes in the building block robot competition of a primary school section with their effort.  Schools in the district have won more than 400 prizes in different competitions, such as World Educational Robot Competition and the National Youth Science and Technology Innovation Competition.  To follow our effort, we're actively explore and utilize the artificial intelligence to push forward a more civilized and well-regarded Cyberspace.  And for Longji primary school has made use of teaching to offer young people network literacy and media literacy courses, and carried out the network civilization activities and promote young people's network literacy.

As participants in the Cyberspace industry, we have already made a small step in the field of artificial intelligence for children.  We will continue to rely on artificial intelligence to build and create learning environments for school-aged children.  We will continue our movement of innovation and exploration to make new contributions to the introduction of primary education investment in China.  Thank you very much.


   >> WENYING SU:  Thank you for giving us a picture of how AI applied in education in Western China.  And last but not least we have distinguished guest from UNICEF China.  We all know that UNICEF has been long champion of child rights and in September -- in September of 2020, UNICEF published a draft policy guidance on AI for children which is a global policy guide for children and private sector that contains practical recommendations and principles for child-centered AI and AI systems, and recently last month, UNICEF has revised the draft and published policy guidance 2.0 on AI for children, and listing nine requirements for AI applications on children-related products and systems.

So, we are very eager to hear what Dora has to say about how she thinks, you know, AI should be and could be applied in children's lives and especially in China context.

   >> DORA GIUSTI:  Thank you.  Ladies and gentlemen, I'm honored to provide concluding remarks to this event which focuses on a very important topic, artificial intelligence and children.  AI systems are fundamentally changing the world and affecting present and future generations.

Children are interacting all the time with AI technologies in different ways.  They are in toys, virtual assistants, and video games.  Algorithms provide recommendations to children on who they play with, who they connect with, what music they choose.  Children's lives and well-being are also directly impacted by automated decision-making systems that determine issues as varied as welfare subsidies, quality of health care, education access, et cetera.  This impacts and has implications for all children, including those from developing countries who may be equally impacted by loss of opportunities because of not being able to enjoy the benefits of AI systems.  Today we heard three examples from China using AI for children for different purposes, Alibaba using AI Cloud to support learning and sports education and helping teachers teaching how to avoid accidental technologies.  Tansen has AI for inappropriate content and awareness raising on protection.  Aiming and solving the problem of impaired development in education in western China Cyberspace administration of district enhances teacher awareness and skills and improve children's digital literacy and interest in AI.

These practices confirm that AI is a force for innovation, and as it can enhance the well-being of children and yet AI may also pose risks for children in their rights such as to their privacy, safety, and security if it is not well regulated or implemented 6789.

It is extremely important to continue reflecting on the specific needs of children, as well as the opportunity and risks that AI generates.  Although there is emerging research and policy guidance globally, little is centered around children on considering their unique stage of development and the benefits and risks associated to AI6789.

It is in this context that after the first version of the policy guidance for children and AIs that was released in September 2020, CFIS has worked with UNICEF and the Communication Universities of China in analyzing the status quo of the implementation of this guidance and on collecting case studies on the application of AI for the well-being of children in China, and we just heard some of these cases.

Since China's one of the countries with most robust digital infrastructure, its contribution to develop lessons learned and examples on AI for children is surely important to highlight.  It is key to continue exploring how further research, piloting of new practices, adjustment if needed of current ones, as well as dissemination of the existing one and exchanges, can contribute not only to child well-being and child rights in the country, but also to the global innovation agenda on this front.  For the journey, in addition to the research that we have presented today, we have some globally tested case studies, some other good practices from other parts of the world, and as mentioned, the new policy guidance on AI and children that UNICEF launched in November with the Government of Finland 6789.

The guideline highlights AI policies and systems should aim to protect children, provide equitably for their needs and rights, and empower them to participate in AI development by contributing to the development and use of AI.  Building on this foundation, we have nine requirements that the policy guidance has identified.  Number one, support children's development and well-being is an overarching goal.  Number two, ensure inclusion of and for children in the process.  Number three, prioritize fairness and nondiscrimination of children.  Number four, protect children's data and privacy.  Five, ensure safety for children.  Six, provide transparency, explainability, and accountability for children.  Seven, empower governments and business with knowledge of AI and children's rights.  Eight, prepare children for present and future developments in AI.  Nine, create an enabling environment.

The existing research report and the policy guidance can orient the development of specific standards or local guidance here in China, and can help companies develop or adjust existing AI and always keeping children at the center.  Further research is welcome, as well as exchanges internally and globally of these good practices.  UNICEF will be pleased to continue collaborating with all of you with CFIS, and the AI technology industry to promote child-centered AI and enhance children's well-being and child rights and to promote digital safety.  Thank you for this opportunity and we hope to continue working together.


   >> WENYING SU:  Thank you, Dora, for these thoughtful reflections and conclusion and commentary on, you know, the previous introduced practices, and also on you know the nine requirements for child-centered AI and AI systems.  We are all looking forward to see how those nine requirements can be translated into industry protocols, national policies, and the daily practices.

And since we still have some, you know, time and we also have some questions raised on the online platform, so I will just choose a few questions to our speakers.  First one is directed towards Mr. Mr. Xiang and the first is child online protection including online protection is an issue that requires multisector cooperation and joint societal efforts, and so for leading technology company like Tencent, we know that there are you know tech for good initiatives and sustainable innovation for social values, and so what are the original, you know, intentions and considerations that drives Tencent to this objective that using AI and other technology to promote child well-being and child rights and other you know, social values.

   >> XIANG WANG:  Okay.  This is quite a good question.  For Tencent technology for good I think is a must have to practice social responsibility, and on the other hand as the founder of Tencent said some time ago, driven by the technology for good, we are now facing a wave of cross-border innovation, demand object of Internet services has developed from user to industry, and now has become the society and the Trinity of them.  Practicing technogood is complementary to the growth of our country.  Yeah.  That's all.  Thank you.

   >> WENYING SU:  Thank you.  And the next question is for Mr. Xuwen Wang, so the question is using student sports data, it's uploaded to the Cloud through the Internet of Things, so what technological methods are there for Alibaba to ensure the security of student's privacy data?

   >> XUWEN WANG:  I'll take this question.  Very good question.  Data security is always our first priority and in November of this year, the personal information protection law was implemented and making it very clear regulations on protection of data collection, processing, and storage of citizen personal information.  In our solution, we adopted strict access management encryption and data transmission and storage audit and tracing technologies to ensure that only also right person can access the data.  We also introduced privacy computing and other technologies to ensure the security of data interaction and use to make data available but invisible.  Thank you.

   >> WENYING SU:  Thank you.  And we also have a question directed towards Dora, so you introduced this policy guidance on AI for children that is recently come out, and we wonder if there are any concrete plans, you know, for UNICEF to implement or you know help governments or industries to implement such policy guidance?

   >> DORA GIUSTI:  Thank you.  Yes, definitely, there are plans to work with the industry to implement it, and already there are some case studies of companies across the world that have been analyzing in light of this policy guidance and they consider as promising practices, and there is an indication to continue looking at these innovations around the world to look at them and analyze them in the light of this policy guidance, and use them and disseminate them as promising practices to guide others.

So, this means that there will be a thriving environment globally that UNICEF will support to produce these good practices and disseminate them, and this could also be something that we could look into, you know, in the China context and see how far can we look at some of these experiences in the light of the policy guidance and how can we disseminate more exchanges between companies here and in other parts of the world.

   >> WENYING SU:  Yeah.  Definitely.  I think in China with the sophisticated infrastructure and very dynamic scenarios, it could be an interesting practice from China that can be shared and introduced to the, you know, to the whole world.  So, I'm sure Chinese companies such as Alibaba and Tencent will be glad to join forces.  So those are the questions online, and is there any questions from on-site participants?  No.  Okay.

We are nearly at the end of this event, and I would think and I'm sure other participants think it's truly learning situations, participants, technology tools, new applications in education, in online content and entertainment, and it's really opened our eyes to how AI can shape children's lives and how we need better policies and better industry standards to fulfill that goal.  This event is just the beginning, and we'll open the door for many further collaborations, consultations, and joint efforts from the policymakers, industry, academic institutions, and from the social organizations.  Thank you all for participating in this event, and also thanks to all the online participants.  This concludes this session, and we will see you in IGF 2022.  Thank you.