IGF 2021 Open Forum #5 Development and Rule-Making on Artificial Intelligence

Friday, 10th December, 2021 (08:30 UTC) - Friday, 10th December, 2021 (09:30 UTC)
Ballroom B

Governance and cooperation for an evolving Internet: How does Internet governance need to change in order to meet the changing nature and role of the Internet? What tools, mechanisms, and capacity building instruments are needed for stakeholders to effectively cooperate, and engage in Internet governance?
Technical Internet governance: How can the technical governance of the Internet (e.g. the development of standards and protocols, and the management of critical resources) take into account the needs and views of all stakeholders?

Round Table - U-shape - 60 Min


Artificial Intelligence (AI), a major strategic technology concerning the progress of human society, has profoundly impacted the international cyberspace governance system. In the post-COVID-19 era, AI boasts diversified application scenarios, playing a significant role in bridging the digital divide, addressing the challenge of population ageing, and promoting inclusive development. Meanwhile, issues such as algorithmic bias, cybersecurity, privacy protection, data abuse have transcended traditional national boundaries. Faced with gaps in the rules and laws, countries around the world are highly concerned with the development, security, governance and rule-making on AI. All the actors and entities in cyberspace shall enhance digital cooperation, and explore the building of an inclusive AI governance ecosystem featuring multi-participation of governments, enterprises, academia, associations, etc., with a view to promoting a system of rules conducive to the healthy development of AI and delivering more benefits to all the human beings. The proposed Open Forum will engage high-level delegates and renowned experts from governments, international organizations, enterprises, associations and think tanks in the global Internet sector. Focusing on the development, international governance and rules on AI, the Forum will share ideas and insights on the following topics: 1. Cutting-edge developments of AI and its impacts. 2. Approach to developing system and order of international governance of AI. 3. International cooperation and role of multi-parties on AI.

The Forum will make full use of the IGF Official Online Participation Platform, offering interaction with speakers and delegates across the world.


Bureau of International Cooperation, Cyberspace Administration of China

Chinese Academy of Cyberspace Studies


Xu Feng, Deputy Director General, Bureau of International Cooperation, Cyberspace Administration of China
Keynote Speech
Topic 1: Cutting Edge Developments of AI and Their Impacts

Gong Ke, President, World Federation of Engineering Organizations; Executive President of the Chinese Institute of New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Strategies
David Robertson, Chair of Applied Logic, Vice Principal and Head of College of Science & Engineering, University of Edinburgh
Zhang Hui, Head of AI Governance Research, MEGVII
Wang Bo, Assistant to the Chairman, Vice President of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region, iFLYTEK
Ma Yanjun, Senior Director of Baidu Deep Learning Platform
Topic 2: International Governance and International Cooperation on AI
Xue Lan, Cheung Kong Chair Distinguished Professor, Dean of Schwarzman College and Dean of Institute for AI International Governance of Tsinghua University
Thorsten Jelinek, Founder and Managing Director, DPG Digital Platform Governance
Ayad Al-Ani, Associated Member, Einstein Center Digital Future
Luca Belli, Professor of Internet Governance and Regulation, Fundação Getulio Vargas 
Concluding Remarks
Xia Xueping, President, Chinese Academy of Cyberspace Studies

Onsite Moderator

Delegate from Cyberspace Administration of China

Online Moderator

Li Yuxiao, Vice President, Chinese Academy of Cyberspace Studies; Secretary-General, Cybersecurity Association of China


Delegate from Cyberspace Administration of China


8. Decent Work and Economic Growth
9. Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
10. Reduced Inequalities
11. Sustainable Cities and Communities
12. Responsible Production and Consumption
16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Targets: With diversified application scenarios, AI has played an important role in bridging the digital divide, addressing the challenge of population ageing, and promoting inclusive development.All parties in the cyberspace shall enhance digital cooperation and mutual trust to facilitate the healthy development of AI and yield more benefits for the humanity.

Key Takeaways (* deadline 2 hours after session)

AI is having a significant and far-reaching impact on the economy and society, and becomes a new driving force for economic and social development. At the same time, AI is also raising common concern around the world including bringing new risks and challenges to national security and ethic. The development and governance of AI need to be balanced urgently.

AI governance should be human centric and open which need multinational cooperation and coordination under UN systems and other multilateral mechanism. The AI principle and rules should be universally acceptable and inclusive through sufficient communication.

Call to Action (* deadline 2 hours after session)

Artificial intelligence should benefit human well-being and the future. Countries should prevent the militarization of AI and prevent AI from becoming a battleground for major powers.

Think tanks can play an important role in AI intelligent governance, build cross-disciplinary, cross-field and cross-country exchange and cooperation platforms, and research and discuss AI technical standards and norms, safety governance rules, ethics and moral codes, etc.