IGF 2017 WS #12 Social Responsibility and Ethics in Artificial Intelligence: An East-West Dialogue

Short Title: 

Social Responsibility and Ethics in Artificial Intelligence

Proposer's Name: Ms. Jia He

Proposer's Organization: Bytedance
Co-Proposer's Name: Mr. William Drake
Co-Proposer's Organization: University of Zurich
Co-Organizers:
Ms., Jia HE, Private Sector, Bytedance Mr., William J. Drake, Civil Society, University of Zurich Ms., Xu Zhao, Technical community, China Academy of ICT

Session Format: Panel - 90 Min

Proposer:
Country: China
Stakeholder Group: Private Sector

Co-Proposer:
Country: Switzerland
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Speaker: Urs Gasser
Speaker: Ping Lang
Speaker: William Drake
Speaker: Irakli Beridze
Speaker: Karen McCabe Karen McCabe

Content of the Session:
AlphaGo of Google Deepmind beat Li Shishi, autonomous vehicles of Uber and Tesla are testing on the road, Xiao Ming robot of Bytedance wrote sport news in 3 seconds / article……. artificial intelligence (AI) and our lives are getting closer. The breakthroughs in AI will rapidly transform digital society and greatly improve labor productivity, but also will raise a host of new and difficult issues concerning e.g. employment, ethics, the digital divide, privacy, law and regulation. In consequence, there is a growing recognition that all stakeholders will need to engage in a new and difficult dialogue to ensure that AI is implemented in a manner that balances legitimate competing objectives in a manner that leaves society better off.

While engineers may share technical ideas within transnational expert networks, broader public discussions about the social consequences and potential governance of artificial intelligence have tended to be concentrated within linguistic communities and civilizations. However, many of the issues that AI raises are truly global in character, and this will become increasingly evident as AI is incorporated into the functioning of the global Internet. There is therefore a pressing need to establish a distinctively global discourse that is duly informed by the differences between Eastern and Western cultural values, business environments, economic development levels, and political, legal and regulatory systems. For example, to the extent that we need to embed machines into social matrices reflective of human values,, how do we do this in a manner that can be accepted by both Western and Eastern societies? Does artificial intelligence require a minimum layer of common standards and practices that are globally consensus-based? Who would play what roles in which institutional setting in order to promote a measure of consensus? Is it possible to construct an open multistakeholder process for this purpose? Should there be any role for intergovernmental cooperation alongside such an effort? The objective of this workshop would be to begin an exploratory conversation about these and related questions.

Relevance of the Session:
It related to the main theme of IGF 2017: "Shape Your Digital Future!"
It related to the hot topic of 2017: Artificial Intelligence
It related to the governance and ethics issues of AI.
It related to East-West Dialogue

Tag 1: Digital Transformation
Tag 2: Artificial Intelligence
Tag 3: Multistakeholder Cooperation

Interventions:

  1. Mr. Urs Gasser, Harvard University
  2. Mrs. Ping Lang, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
  3. Mr. William J. Drake, University of Zurich
  4. Mr. Hongjiang Zhang, Former CEO of Kingsoft, Venture Partner of Code Source
  5. Mr. Irakli BERIDZE, UNICRI
  6. Ms. Karen MCCABE, IEEE
  7. Mr. Chwee Chua, IDC

Diversity:
A. Gender diversity
Panelists: 3 women and 4 men on the panel.
Online Participants: 2 women and 1 men
Organizers: 2 women and 1 man.
Rapporteurs: 1 woman and 1 man.
Onsite moderator: 1 woman.

B. Geographical diversity
Panelists:
3 from Asia Pacific
3 from West European and Others Groups (WEOG)
1 from Eastern European Group
Online participants:
1 from Africa Group
1 from Middle East
1 from Asia Pacific

C. Stakeholder groups:
Panelists:
2 from civil society (Harvard University, University of Zurich, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)
2 from the private sector which provides international services (Bytedance, IDC)
2 from the technical community (IEEE, China Academy of ICT)
1 from an intergovernmental organization (UNICRI)
Online participants:
1 from government (ICANN GAC)
1 from private sector (Mobile Web Ghana)
1 from civil society (Israel AI policy scholar)
1 from technical community (China Academy of ICT)

Onsite Moderator: Jia HE
Online Moderator: Xu Zhao
Rapporteur: James George Butcher

Online Participation:
Ms.Florence Toffa, the executive director of Mobile Web Ghana, Africa.
Mr. Feng Guo, vice president of ICANN GAC
Ms. Danit Gal, Israel AI policy scholar
Mr. Yue Liu, chair of Internet technology and policy, China Academy of ICT

Discussion facilitation:
Ms. Jia He (onside moderator) will communicate with all the panelists about the name list, agenda, questions' direction in advance. She will prepare a table for the panel with 8 table mics, 1 mic for onsite audience, and 1 mic for online moderator.
Ms. Xu Zhao (online moderator) will set up the equipment for the online participation. We will firstly use the IGF recommended equipment to make the online participant possible. Online moderator will take the training and work closely with the IGF workshop facilitators. If IGF does not provide those equipment, Bytedance has its own App which has live broadcast function (called Toutiao). Bytedance is professional to provide live broadcast, and would like to bring the equipment including camera to the conference and make live videos for online participants. Before the beginning of the panel, online moderator will provide a link for all the online participants with email. When the panel is ready to start, online moderator will open every equipment. Attendees can watch the panel and ask questions/make comments via several ways. Bytedance will also create a zoom code/skype account for online attendees as an alternative. Ms Xu Zhao will initiate an online training with zoom/skype for potential attendees. Online attendees will have a separate queue and microphone, which will rotate equally with the mics in the room. Ms Xu Zhao will check the order according to the time marked at different queues.

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: No
Link to Report:

Agenda: 

Agenda:

Introduction by medorator: Jia He (3 mins)

Speakers (10 mins):

1. Mr. Urs Gasser, Harvard University (5mins) 

2. Mr. Hongjiang Zhang, Former CEO of Kingsoft, Venture Partner of Code Source (5mins)

Panel discussion (50mins):

1. Mr. William J. Drake, University of Zurich 

2. Mrs. Ping Lang, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences 

3. Mr. Irakli BERIDZE, UNICRI 

4. Ms. Karen MCCABE, IEEE 

5. Mr. Chwee Chua, IDC 

Onsite Q&A (5mins):

1. Mr. Baoguo Cui, Tsinghua University(2 mins Q+3 mins A) 

Online Q&A (20mins):

1. Ms.Florence Toffa, the executive director of Mobile Web Ghana, Africa. (2 mins Q+3 mins A) 
2. Mr. Feng Guo, vice president of ICANN GAC (2 mins Q+3 mins A) 
3. Ms. Danit Gal, Israel AI policy scholar (2 mins Q+3 mins A) 
4. Mr. Yue Liu, chair of Internet technology and policy, China Academy of ICT (2 mins Q+3 mins A) 

Summary by medorator: Jia He (2 mins)


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