IGF 2017 WS #128 The future of Internet governance: submarine cables and global inter-connectivity

Short Title: 

Submarine cables governance, the future of interconnectivity

Proposer's Name: Ms. Florence Poznanski
Proposer's Organization: Internet Without Borders
Co-Proposer's Name: Mr. Felix Blanc
Co-Proposer's Organization: Internet Without Borders
Co-Organizers:
Mr.,Jonas, VALENTE, Civil Society, Intervozes (Brazil)
Mr., Diego VICENTIN, Technical Community, Univesidade Estadual de Campinas (Brazil)


Session Format: Panel - 90 Min

Proposer:
Country: Brazil
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Co-Proposer:
Country: France
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Speaker: Rafael Zanatta
Speaker: Roxana Radu
Speaker: Owono Julie
Speaker: Luca Belli

Content of the Session:
Submarine cables and Internet exchange points play a crucial role in interconnecting national and international networks into a complex network of submarine highways. Estimates show that a 10% increase in broadband penetration brings around a 1.4% increase in terms of economic growth. But interconnection costs remain very high in developing countries, especially in Africa, due to various factors including national telecom monopolies, lack of backbone infrastructures or barriers to market access. In 2005, the Geneva Working Group on Internet Governance urged international agencies to report on interconnection costs and fund “initiatives that advance connectivity, IXPs, and local content for developing countries”. Since then, several organizations have met the challenge and recommended to promote the liberalization of access to international gateways.

Latin-America and Africa, and generally all the BRICS, are passing through a request of huge transformation of their infrastructure, which is materializing with the construction of new submarine cables, satellites, backbones and inter-exchange points, linking Brazil, for example, to Europa and Africa. But without a favorable context on transparency, jurisdiction and governance, the impacts of new internet infrastructures can be reduced.

This panel aims to build up an overview on these topics. What outcomes shall additional submarine cables have on Internet affordability in Latin America and BRICS countries, and how to maximize them? How could sea cables consortia provide greater transparency on their functioning
and tariff policy? How can these changes take place with a national legislation on telecommunication infrastructure that reduces public regulation, like in Brazil? Are international gateways eligible to become “collective goods, socially produced, and governed as common-pool
resources” ? How to reduce the high dependency of some countries to international broadband, especially in Africa and Latin America?

Our round-table might bring sea cables consortia and Internet broadband experts face-to-face with frontline activists, universities and a civil society coalition to think of a way to bring innovative solutions on transparency, affordability and governance.

This panel is the result of a project in progress since 2016 which was launched at the RightsCon in Brussels in March 2017. It will be the presentation of the state of the current research.

Relevance of the Session:
Our workshop on the governance of submarine cables will deal with the thematic of (global) inter-connectivity. We will emphasize on innovative participatory and economical mechanisms for sharing the costs and benefits of Internet infrastructures that are crucial for the
future of global inter-connectivity: submarine cables and IXPs. We will address key issues of Internet governance including that transparency,
affordability, neutrality and open access.In this order, we understand that the panel has a central place in the debate of the Future of Internet.

Tag 1: Interconnection and Price Regulation
Tag 2: BRICS
Tag 3: Internet Governance

Interventions:
Confirmed interventions:

- Roxana Radu, Technical Communitiy, DiploFoundation, Switzerland: Balance and perspective of the place of submarine cables in the international governance of Internet

- Luca Belli, Technical Community, Fundação Getulio Vargas/Centro de Tecnologia e Sociedade, Brazil: Governance, legislation and comunity connectivity in Latin American case

- Julie Owono, Civil Society, Internet Without Borders, Cameroon: Internet Shutdow and censorship in Africa, the urgency of new Internet gateways

- Rafael Zanatta, Civil Society, IDEC, Instituto Brasileiro de Defesa do Consumidor, Brazil: Digital Rights and regional infrastructures, mapping the ecosystem of relationaship between providers, users and citizens in Latin América

Wainting for confirmation:

- Pastora Valero, Private Sector, CISCO: Submarine Cables and governance : the private sector point of view



Diversity:
The panel aims to represent a diversity between continents with a strong representation of speakers from Latin America and Africa. Moreover, many organizers are participating in the IGF for the first time. Internet without borders is led by women, activists for equal rights and greater representation in the institutions, a great place will be given so that gender equality be guaranteed in the final composition of the panel.

Onsite Moderator: Florence Poznanski
Online Moderator: Felix Blanc
Rapporteur: Diego Vicentin

Online Participation:
The panel will last 1h30. The first 50 minutes will be reserved to the interventions of the panelists and then 40 minutes of questions and debate. Those wishing to intervene must register during the exhibitions, explaining whether their intervention is a question, a contribution or a critique. Depending on the number of participants in the room and the number of people accompanying the on-line panel, a key will be defined for allocating the number of on-line and onsite interventions between the two moderators. Interventions of the participants online will be expressed live via webcam if the Internet connection allows, by sending audio to the moderator or by reading text by the moderator.

Discussion facilitation:
The panel aims to present the preliminary results of a research on the governance of submarine cables. In this sense, it is divided into two fundamental parts. The exhibition by the speakers and the exchanges with the participants.

First, we will ensure that good divulgation will be done to ensure that all people who are likely to interact with the theme can accompany exchanges. Then we want to facilitate the exchanges in order to produce a constructive return on the exhibitions to improve the work and propose the new issues of research. We will ask our speakers to highlight specific questions, clear perspectives for them to serve as a point of reference for the public.

The work of selecting the questions done by the moderators will follow theese goals.

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: No
Link to Report:

Additional Reference Document Link: http://intervozes.org.br/intervozes-promove-debate-sobre-projeto-de-cabo-submarino-em-evento-internacional/

Additional Speakers: 

Pastora Valero -  Vice President, Public Policy and Government Affairs for Europe, Middle East, Africa & Russia at Cisco (waiting for confirmation)

Agenda: 

The panel will last 1h30. The first 60 minutes will be reserved to the interventions of the panelists and then 30 minutes of questions and debate.It aims to present the preliminary results of a research on the governance of submarine cables. In this sense, it is divided into two fundamental parts. The exhibition by the speakers and the exchanges with the participants.

* Indroduction by Florence Poznanski and Felix Blanc: presentation of the research and problematization

* Painelist presentation (15 minutes each)

- Roxana Radu, Technical Communitiy, DiploFoundation, Switzerland: Balance and perspective of the place of submarine cables in the international governance of Internet

- Luca Belli, Technical Community, Fundação Getulio Vargas/Centro de Tecnologia e Sociedade, Brazil: Governance, legislation and comunity connectivity in Latin American case

- Julie Owono, Civil Society, Internet Without Borders, Cameroon: Internet Shutdow and censorship in Africa, the urgency of new Internet gateways

- Rafael Zanatta, Civil Society, IDEC, Instituto Brasileiro de Defesa do Consumidor, Brazil: Digital Rights and regional infrastructures, mapping the ecosystem of relationaship between providers, users and citizens in Latin América

* Debate, questions and further research perspectives (30 minutes)

 
 


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