IGF 2017 WS #164 Terrorism: freedom v security?

Short Title: 
Terrorism: freedom v security?

Proposer's Name: Ms. Fernández Pérez Maryant
Proposer's Organization: European Digital Rights (EDRi)
Co-Proposer's Name: Mr. Joe McNamee
Co-Proposer's Organization: European Digital Rights (EDRi)
Ms. Maryant FERNANDEZ PEREZ, Civil Society, European Digital Rights (EDRi)
Ms. Estelle MASSÉ, Civil Society, Access Now

Additional Speakers: 

Luca Belli (moderator). Luca Belli, PhD is Senior Researcher at the Center for Technology and Society (CTS) of Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV) Law School, Rio de Janeiro, where he heads the Internet Governance @ FGV project. Luca is also associated researcher at the Centre de Droit Public Comparé of Paris 2 University. Before joining CTS, Luca worked as an agent for the Council of Europe Internet Governance Unit, as a consultant for the Internet Society and served as a Network Neutrality Expert for the Council of Europe. 


Amongst other publications, Luca has recently authored De la gouvernance à la régulation de l’Internet, edited by Berger-Levrault, Paris, he has co-authored the Net Neutrality Compendium, edited by Springer, and six reports and other official outcomes of UN Internet Governance Forum, amongst which Community connectivity: building the Internet from scratch. Luca’s works have been i.a. published by Springer, Routledge and the Council of Europe, quoted by the Report on Freedom of expression and the Internet of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression of the Organization of American States and used by the Council of Europe to elaborate the Recommendation of the Committee of Ministers on Network Neutrality.


Luca’s analyses have been published by a variety of media outlets, including Le Monde, The Hill, O Globo and La Stampa. Luca is the co-chair of the IGF Dynamic Coalitions (DCs) on Community Connectivity, on Platform Responsibility and on Network Neutrality. Lastly, he is co-editor of Medialaws.eu and of the Law, State and Telecommunications Review as well as former Board member of the Alliance for Affordable Internet.


Jamila Venturini. Jamila Venturini is a Brazilian journalist and researcher with experience in Internet governance and human rights. She has done research on privacy and data protection – having analyzed the legal frameworks of Brazil and Costa Rica - and participated in the project Terms of Service & Human Rights as a researcher, having published articles on the topic and co-authored the book "Terms of Service and Human Rights: an Analysis of Online Platforms Contracts". In 2014, Jamila coordinated a national research on Open Educational Resources and since then she is an expert consultant for the annual research on ICT and Education developed by CETIC.br.  In 2016, she was a Google Policy Fellow working with Access Now in Costa Rica and now she is a member of the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (CGI.br) Advisory Team. Jamila holds a degree in Social Communications from the University of São Paulo and is a master candidate at Flacso Argentina.


Niels Lestrade is Lead Internet Referral Unit (NL IRU) at the National Police Intelligence Division of the Dutch Police. He also served as Seconded National Expert at Europol’s Internet Referral Unit in the European Counter Terrorism Centre (ECTC). Niels is dedicated to cyberspace and propaganda and has gained wide experience in terrorism investigation and intelligence strategy development. He graduated with a Master of Criminal Investigation at the Dutch Police Academy (May 2015), an LLM degree in International & European Law (October 2009), a LLB degree in Law (December 2008) and a LLB degree in French Language and Culture (March 2005) at the University of Amsterdam.


Anne Charbord, Senior Legal Adviser to the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights while countering terrorism, UN (tbc)


The workshop is scheduled to last 60 min. Therefore, speakers will talk for no longer than 40 min.

The workshop will be introduced by the moderador, who will briefly present the speakers and the complex issue of terrorism.

Each speaker will have between 5 to 7 minutes to make their case. The moderator will interlink all the sessions, asking interesting questions and making sure the discussion flows. Finally, the moderador will open the possibility to ask questions both onsite and remotely. The last 3-5 min will be dedicated to conclude the session and establish next steps.

Session Format: Panel - 60 Min

Country: Belgium
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Country: Belgium
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Speaker: Fernández Maryant
Speaker: Massé Estelle
Speaker: Stephen Turner

Content of the Session:
82% of Europeans want the European Union to do more to fight terrorism. In December 2015, the European Commission proposed a Directive on combating terrorism, preceded and followed up by several initiatives as part of the EU Security Agenda. Similar experiences are witnessed in other continents -- North America, Africa and Asia in particular.

Experts in the field have warned against the dangers, arbitrariness and abuses of anti-terrorism laws and initiatives aimed at fighting terrorism globally.

- How can we ensure these proposals achieve real security (not just a false sense of security);
- ensure innocent people won't be categorised as possible terrorists?;
- enable the population to keep their privacy; and
- allow everybody to express themselves freely without fear of sanctions and repression?

This session will address the main challenges, provide examples of best practices around the world and give recommendations on the best way forward.

Relevance of the Session:
Terrorism is a threat that is increasingly being faced around the world. The solutions to counter terrorism in the online environment are part of our digital present. If we want digital rights to be preserved in times of crisis, this is the time to shape our future. The IGF this year connects the UN Community with stakeholders around the world, building on the work of the OHCHR: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/RuleOfLaw/Pages/PCVE.aspx

Tag 1: Security
Tag 2: Freedom of Expression
Tag 3: Corporate Accountability

Suggested speakers:
Estelle Massé, Access Now, Civil Society, Global (provisionally confirmed)
Maryant Fernandez Perez, EDRi, Civil Society, Europe (provisionally confirmed)
Stephen Turner, Twitter, Business, Global (provisionally confirmed)
Jyoti Panday, Center for Internet and Society, Academia, India (tbc)
Anne Charbord, Senior Legal Adviser to the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights while countering terrorism, UN (tbc)
Niels Lestrade, Founder of the Dutch Internet Referral Unit and Project Manager at the National Police Intelligence Unit Cyberjihad (tbc)

After giving an overview of the state of play of the discussion globally, the panel will address the following key questions:
- What are the dangers that this type of legislation presents for digital rights and the digital economy?
- Are there any best practices that governments can follow when adopting and amending their legislation?
- Is political leadership possible in times of crisis?
- Is there a need for further public awareness?

The moderator will ensure this will be an interactive session, involving the audience at all times.

The proposal has been designed to ensure and foster diversity from different perspectives, such as viewpoints, background, regions and gender. The panel includes representation from multiple regions and stakeholder groups. The debate counts with participants from academia, the private sector, government representatives and civil society.

Onsite Moderator: Luca Belli
Online Moderator: Matei-Eugen Vasile
Rapporteur: Peter Micek

Online Participation:
We plan to engage with remote attendees using a combination of video and social media technologies. We will for instance suggest the use of a specific hashtag (#responsibleCVE) for this session to be able to identify quickly questions and comments from remote participants on social media platforms. This will facilitate the remote discussion with those who wish to participate. To keep the workshop lively and accessible to all, remote attendees will be able to chat throughout the workshop with other remote attendees. During the Q&A, remote attendees will be given an equal opportunity to directly engage with workshop participants. All of this will be facilitated by our experienced remote moderator who has attended and contributed in that role to several IGFs and regional IGFs.

Discussion facilitation:
To ensure discussion within the format described above, the proposers of the session will put in touch all of the speakers, organise a call and make sure everyone is prepared to have meaningful discussions. Further questions will be added during the debate for more spontaneous participation. In addition, the moderator will guide the debate allowing speakers to respond to one another and interact with the public. The objective of that format is to be as engaging as possible while allowing the moderator to invite contributions from all speakers and ensure that everyone's point of views are equally represented in the panel.

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: Yes
Link to Report: http://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/index.php?q=filedepot_download/4098/355

Additional Reference Document Link: https://edri.org/files/2016-UN-consultation.pdf

Contact Information

United Nations
Secretariat of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF)

Villa Le Bocage
Palais des Nations,
CH-1211 Geneva 10

igf [at] un [dot] org
+41 (0) 229 173 678