IGF 2017 WS #93 AI: Intelligent Machines, Smart Policies

Short Title: 

AI: Intelligent Machines, Smart Policies

Proposer's Name: Ms. Lorrayne Porciuncula
Proposer's Organization: OECD
Co-Proposer's Name: Mr. Yuki Yokomori
Co-Proposer's Organization: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication of Japan, Seconded to the OECD
Co-Organizers:
Ms.,Karine,PERSET,Intergovernmental Organisation,OECD; Mr. Nobu NISHIGATA, OECD; Mr.,Yuki,YOKOMORI,Government,MIC Japan


Session Format: Panel - 90 Min

Proposer:
Country: France
Stakeholder Group: Intergovernmental Organizations

Co-Proposer:
Country: Japan
Stakeholder Group: Government

Speaker: Anne Carblanc
Speaker: Wonki Min
Speaker: Yasuhiko Taniwaki
Speaker: Joanna Bryson
Speaker: Carolyn Nguyen
Speaker: Cyrus Hodes

Content of the Session:
The panel will consider some of the social and economic policy considerations raised by Artificial Intelligence (AI), notably its implications for productivity, jobs, skills and education, but also issues related to ethics, safety and responsibility.

Following an introduction to Artificial Intelligence (1. Introduction), the panel will provide an overview of the state of AI development today including recent break-through and key applications and opportunities offered by AI (2. Key AI opportunities and challenges, today and tomorrow). Panellists will be asked to share their insight on key opportunities and challenges raised by AI and on public policy priorities (3. Public policy priorities for AI). These may include AI's implications for public sector services and areas like healthcare, transportation or the environment, AI's impact on growth and productivity, jobs and skills, control and competition issues, and legal and ethical questions.

Relevance of the Session:
AI stands to help address key global challenges and deliver considerable benefits, but also creates challenges linked, among others, to inequality, privacy, and discrimination. Self-learning algorithms already greet us on our digital devices, influence our purchases, govern our newsfeeds, and will soon drive our cars. As AI exploits data to drive innovation forming a key 21st century source of growth and well-being, the transformative effects of AI are bound to expand further in a wide array of domains. How can we ensure that this technology benefits people widely? If AI and autonomous machines are to play a central role in our everyday lives, what sort of frameworks should guide their design? Important questions grow increasingly important and require the co-operation of all stakeholders.

Tag 1: Artificial Intelligence
Tag 2: Digital Transformation
Tag 3: Emerging Issues

Interventions:
• Ms. Anne Carblanc: as Head of Digital Economy Policy Division at the OECD will Chair the session.
• Prof. Yasuhiko TANIWAKI: Japan has taken leadership in considering how AI will impact society and in thinking through how to shape the development of AI to benefit people widely. MIC will provide an overview of its work and conclusions to date.
• Dr. Joanna Bryson: will present the viewpoint of an AI researcher on ethical considerations raised by AI. Joanna will also provide insight on the IEEE initiative on Advancing technology for the benefit of humanity.
• Mr. Wonki Min: as Chair of the OECD Committee on Digital Economy Policy (CDEP), Wonki will present the OECD's work on AI as well as the perspective of the Korean government.
• Dr. Carolyn Nguyen: will present the business view of opportunities and challenges raised by AI and discuss the role of business. Carolyn will present the business “Partnership on artificial intelligence to benefit people and society”.
• Mr. Cyrus Hodes: will provide an academic viewpoint, informed by developments in the the MENA region and provide his viewpoint on several recent initiatives, including by the UN.



Diversity:
This workshop is designed to provide diverse perspectives. It is balanced first in terms of stakeholder groups, with intergovernmental organisation representation through OECD’s Secretariat and Committee Chair, academic representation through the University of Bath in the United Kingdom and Harvard in the United States, government representation through officials from Korea and Japan, as well as private sector representation through Microsoft. In terms of gender, the workshop will be balanced with the participation of 3 women out of 6 speakers. Perspectives from Europe, North America, Asia and the Middle East and North Africa will ensure geographic representation.

Onsite Moderator: Anne Carblanc (OECD)
Online Moderator: Lorrayne Porciuncula (OECD)
Rapporteur: Karine Perset (OECD)

Online Participation:
Remote participation will be facilitated by the remote moderator who will frequently communicate with the remote moderator throughout the session to ensure remote participants’ views/questions are reflected. The workshop will be promoted in advance and during the IGF on OECD’s websites and via social media, through the hashtag #IGFmemyselfandAI

Discussion facilitation:
The moderator will set the stage by providing a context to the workshop and will make sure all the different perspectives are represented throughout the discussions. The panel is structured around two main points: key AI opportunities and challenges and public policy priorities for AI. After each round of answers, the moderator will open the floor for comments and questions from the audience (onsite and remote) and sum up the viewpoints received. Conclusions will be presented by the moderator.

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: Yes
Link to Report: https://www.intgovforum.org/cms/wks2015/index.php/proposal/view_public/146

Additional Reference Document Link: http://www.oecd.org/sti/ieconomy/DSTI-CDEP(2016)17-ENG.pdf

Additional Speakers: 

No additional speakers, but please replace Mr. Yasuhiko Taniwaki with Mr. Masahiko Tominaga, Vice-Minister for Policy Coordination (International Affairs), Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC) (Mr. Taniwaki has taken up another role within the Japanese Governement).

BIOS

Mr. Masahiko Tominaga serves as Vice-Minister for Policy Coordination (International Affairs) from this July and in charge of formulating international telecommunication policies in the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. Before taking up current position, Mr. Tominaga held various positions within the Ministry such as supervising telecommunications and radio communications policies, development of information and communication technologies, assisting reconstruction from the Great East Japan Earthquake, spectrum allocations and management, international frequency coordination and management of telephone numbers since he joined the former Ministry of Post and Telecommunications in 1982. He received master’s degree on engineering from the University of Tokyo.

Also, we would like to update the bio of one of our speakers already confirmed, Carolyn Nguyen:

Dr. M-H. Carolyn Nguyen is a Director of Technology Policy at Microsoft, focused on policy issues related to internet governance, the digital economy, and artificial intelligence. Her work is aimed at influencing global policy-making by engaging with stakeholders and raising awareness of the role of technology in economic development, through participation in public policy dialogues and venues, including the United Nations (UN), Internet Governance Forum (IGF), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and World Economic Forum. Her past activities have included policy initiatives on connectivity, privacy, security, open/big data, machine learning, the internet of things, intelligent systems, and their effects on existing social, economic, and policy frameworks. She has worked at the intersection of these disciplines, collaborating with researchers, subject-matter experts, and industry pioneers, developing an evidence base to encourage a more holistic approach to policy. She is a member of the Multistakeholder Advisory Group for the Internet Governance Forum and a vice chair of the International Chamber of Commerce Commission on Digital Economy.

Prior to joining Microsoft, Carolyn held a number of positions with Research in Motion, Avaya Communications, Lucent Technologies, and Bell Laboratories in the US and abroad. In addition to her policy work, her experience includes a range of business and technical responsibilities in developing and bringing to market innovative telecommunications solutions globally. Carolyn received her Ph.D. from the Center of Telecommunications Research at Columbia University, and completed Executive Business Management Programs at Harvard Business School and London Business School.

Agenda: 

  1. Welcome and introduction – the OECD’s work on AI – Mr. Wonki Min (10 min)
     
  2. Public policy priorities for AI
  • Mr. Masahiko Tominaga (15 min) – Japan’s work to consider AI’s impact on society and needed public policy response to ensure that AI benefits people widely
  • Dr. Joanna Bryson (7-8 min) – Ethical considerations raised by AI from an AI researcher’s perspective and insight on IEEE ‘Global Initiative for Ethical Considerations in Artificial Intelligence and Autonomous Systems’
  • Dr. Carolyn Nguyen (7-8 min) – Opportunities and challenges raised by AI from a business view and insight on the ‘Partnership on Artificial Intelligence to Benefit People and Society’.
  • Mr. Cyrus Hodes (7-8 min) – Opportunities and challenges raised by AI from an academic viewpoint, informed by developments in the MENA region and insight on ongoing global civic debate on ‘Governing the rise of AI’.
  1. Panel Discussion – the role of different stakeholders in developing a framework to benefit from AI widely and manage AI-related risks (25 min)
     
  2. Comments and questions from in-person and remote workshop attendees (10 min)
     
  3. Closing remarks – Ms. Anne Carblanc (5 min)

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