IGF 2018 WS #224 The Past, the Present and the Future for Multi-stakeholderism


Round Table - 90 Min

Organizer 1: Yeseul Kim, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Organizer 2: Olumuyiwa Caleb Ogundele, African Academic Network on Internet Policy
Organizer 3: Ayden Férdeline, Independent
Organizer 4: Sandra Hoferichter, EuroDIG

Speaker 1: Olumuyiwa Caleb Ogundele, Civil Society, African Group
Speaker 2: Ayden Férdeline, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Speaker 3: Sandra Hoferichter, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Speaker 4: Yeseul Kim, Civil Society, Asia-Pacific Group
Speaker 5: Kuo Wu, Technical Community, Asia-Pacific Group

Additional Speakers: 

Markus Kummer, ICANN(Retired), WEOG


This session will question whether the multistakeholder model, which is now taken to be a norm for the Internet governance, functions well and meets the expectation of its conceivers and the participants in the Internet governance in general. With exploding interest in the Internet governance, the number of participants has increased exponentially over the recent 1-2 years. The interest of the nation-governments in this topic have driven them to hold nation-led conferences on the Internet governance, but at the same time, a large number of people also see the diverging interests in the Internet governance as in the case of UN GGE. This has become even more troublesome as established international organizations, institutions and intergovernmental organizations started to convene all new conferences on the Internet governance which reflect only the interests of the hosting organizations. In this session, we will try to ask and answer the questions on the multistakeholder policies per se and would like to suggest policy principles for the fast-changing Internet Governance fora so that the Internet can stay open and can be the place of democracy for all.

Session Content: 

1. The history of multistakeholderism 2. The realities of multistakeholderism 1) Brief introduction to the theories on multistkaeholderism 2) What's the real-world practices of multistakeholderism? : Theory vs. Reality. 3) Comparative studies on multistakeholderism regions by regions 3. The future of multistakeholderism 1) What can be done more to effectively engage more stakeholders? In which part? For What? 2) What can be reviewed about multistakeholderism from theoretical and practical perspectives? - Dispersion Model: How to make the general public aware of the Internet Governance: The Role of each pivotal stakeholder (e.g. Government organizations., etc) Review of regional IGFs 3) What can be included more in multistakeholder model? - Emerging Technologies: IoT, Cloud Computing and Blockchain Communities 4) What IGFcan do in the future for the global community? Asking the role of IGF itself. The session will focus on looking back upon multistakeholder model of the Internet Governance to give insights into current events and situations surrounding the Internet. By giving both theoretical and practical perspectives on multistakeholder model, the organizers are trying to clearly suggest some principles for the efficient multistakeholder mechanism to build the better Internet which remains to be open and democratic for all. This session has been intended to think deeply about the roles of each stakeholder so that people can look upon the roles of each stakeholder in making the Internet a democratic and open space in the era of escalating cybercrimes. The organizers thought this will be even more important as different jurisdictions are now enacting all different laws against the open Internet and the laws and other social dialogues are quite lagging compared to fast developing tech sectors with advancing IoT, Cloud computing, and so-called Big Data Era, which are all based upon the primary Internet Technologies.


Yeseul Kim will talk about the multistakeholder models in practice and how the model can be used to improve the democratic governance model in Asia Pacific region. Her talk and presentation will be built upon the multistakeholder model session (a session on National IGFs) which will be held in APrIGF this August. Onsite Moderator, Kuo Wei Wu, will host this National IGFs in APAC region in APrIGF and he will also give insights that he has gained throughout his long years of careers in Internet community both as a scientist and as a member of Internet Governance. His experience in building the network since the 1970s and his ongoing participation in the Internet Governance will help track the history of multistakeholderism. Ayden Férdeline and Sandra Hoferichter will provide experiences in European countries, which have different dynamics than other parts of the world with the presence of EU and its complicated relationship with each nation-state in Europe. While Ayden will talk more about principles and processes of each stakeholder engagement in enacting GDPR and other related issues, Sandra will talk about the dynamics of the institutional participation in EuroDIG. Caleb Olumuyiwa will talk about the experiences in African continents. As an active member of Internet Governance field in Africa, he will tell us the unique realities of IG in African continents. He will focus on how the multistakeholderism are reshaped in Africa and which unique dynamics are being unfolded to meet the initial promise of the multistakeholder model in African regions, and how multistakeholderism has contributed to keeping democratic values in the Africa continent.


Given the very nature of the multistakeholder model, the session will make sure diversity can be a priority when it comes to hosting the speakers. All the speakers and participants will come from all different regions - Africa, Asia, Europe and America - and the age of the participants will vary from youth experts to experienced senior experts for the Internet Governance. Gender diversity will surely be ascertained by including an equal number of female and male speakers for the session. We will also take into account the voices of the people with disabilities as we will be discussing the multistakeholder model.

Online Participation: 

The session will be on air on Adobe Connect (the platform is subject to change such as Facebook Live or Youtube Live, and will announce the online platform in advance of IGF to the public.) The questions from both online and offline will be received in slido.com so that the speakers can answer some most important questions - if the number of the questions exceed the given amount of time - from the participants all over the world. The Online moderator will actively intervene with the chats and questions so that he can actively engage the remote participants as an experienced online moderator for a number of IG events.

Discussion Facilitation: 

All the participants - speakers, onsite participants, and online attendees will all have equal opportunity to be engaged in the discussion. While the onsite moderator will take care of onsite participants - making queues among the questioners so that they can be in line - the online moderator will prioritize the questions from online platforms. Both moderators and other participants will have time to think more about questions by using slido.com. We will try to secure 45 minutes for the discussion but given that our session will approach multistakeholderism from the more theoretical perspective, presentation time from the speakers might take up to 50-60 minutes.

Onsite Moderator: 

Kuo Wei Wu

Online Moderator: 

Caleb Olumuyiwa


Yeseul Kim


1. Evolution of the governance model of the Internet - reviewing the multistakeholder model of the Internet and gauging its future direction to make the place open and secure for all. 

2. Reviewing the newly emerging governmental models and related institutions regarding the Internet governance.  


- Session Type (Workshop, Open Forum, etc.):  Round Table


- Title: IGF 2018 WS #224 The Past, the Present and the Future for Multi-stakeholderism


- Date & Time: Monday, 12 November, 2018- 10:40 to 12:10


- Organizer(s): Yeseul Kim, Olumuyiwa Caleb Ogundele, Ayden Férdeline, Sandra Hoferichter


- Chair/Moderator: Yeseul Kim


- Rapporteur/Notetaker:


- List of speakers and their institutional affiliations (Indicate male/female/ transgender male/ transgender female/gender variant/prefer not to answer):

Speaker 1: Olumuyiwa Caleb Ogundele, M, African Academic Network on Internet Policy
Speaker 2: Ayden Férdeline, M, Mozilla Foundation 
Speaker 3: Sandra Hoferichter, F, EuroDIG
Speaker 4: Yeseul Kim, F, ISOG-IGF Ambassador​
Speaker 5: Kuo Wu, M, TWNIC


- Theme (as listed here): Evolution of Internet Governance


- Subtheme (as listed here): Multistakeholderism


- Please state no more than three (3) key messages of the discussion. [150 words or less]

This session will question whether the multistakeholder model. Specifically, it will deal with

1.The  history of the multistakeholderism

2. The realities of multistakeholderism

3. future direction of IGF and the construction of multistakeholderism per se

Session Time: 
Monday, 12 November, 2018 - 10:40 to 12:10
Salle X

Contact Information

United Nations
Secretariat of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF)

Villa Le Bocage
Palais des Nations,
CH-1211 Geneva 10

igf [at] un [dot] org
+41 (0) 229 173 678