IGF 2018 WS #410 Preventing Youth Violence Through ICTs

Format: 

Panel - 60 Min

Subtheme: 

Organizer 1: Montserrat Vidal, Unesco
Organizer 2: Guilherme Canela Godoi , UNESCO

Speaker 1: Ana Lucia Lenis, Private Sector, Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)
Speaker 2: Divina FRAU-MEIGS, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Speaker 3: Yeimy Munoz, Government, Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)
Speaker 4: Fratti Sara, Civil Society, Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)
Speaker 5: Kaaby Nour, Civil Society, African Group
Speaker 6: Robert Muggah, Civil Society, Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)

Additional Speakers: 

Adriana Erthal Abdenur

Peace and Security Coordinator in Igarape Institute

[email protected]

(PHD Princeton, AB Harvard)

She is also a productivity Scholar by the CNPq. Actis in the area of International Security Cooperation for Development and emerging Powers.

 

She is member of the Committee on Policy Development (CDP) of the UN ECOSOC.  She was a fellow of the India China Institute and is a former fullbright Commission fellow. She has published recent articles in Newspapers and magazines : foreign affairs, Global Governance, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, International Peace Organization, Third World Quarterly, IDS Bulletin, Journal of Peacebuilding &Development,  Brazilian journal & International Policy. 

 

 

Relevance: 

Latin America is the most dangerous region of the world, with more than 150,000 homicides per year. The high levels of violence, affect specially youth, not only as perpetrators, but also as victims. In 2017 Internet penetration in Latin America was of 66.1% (world average was of 53.1%). For that reason it is very important to have a discussion about the role of ICTs as pieces of the puzzle to prevent youth violence or to enhance it. In one hand violent groups are using the ICTs to make their violent acts, or to add more young people to their groups (Pandillas, Maras), but in other hand ICTs can be used to prevent violence. And also of great importance, how this incorporation of ICTs into youth violence prevention policies does not degenerate into a massive violation of digital privacy rights or in its manipulation for political repression purposes and violation of human rights. This should be discussed in a comparative perspective with other regions, where recruitment of young people, using ICTs, is in the center of the debate regarding extremism violence. The phenomena in LAC isn´t the same, but do have commonalities. How ICTs influence in youth violence in Latin America Region?

Session Content: 

The session will be a panel with experts on this issue. The issues to discuss will be: -How violent groups are using ICTs to affect the youth? Some examples? - Is it possible to use Ict to prevent youth violence in the region? Some good policy examples? - Is it possible to include ICTs in youth violence prevention policies respecting the international standards of privacy and other human rights? -How realistic is -in the short term- that ICTs are well used to prevent youth violence by the governments with serious accusations of human rights violations by international organizations, like those of north triangle of Central America. -Questions and answers from the participants

Interventions: 

The discussion will be held in panel format, with 5 speakers. The duration of the event will be of 60 minutes. Speakers will have a determined time to present the situation of their countries on their expertise. After that the moderator should promote the discussion among the speakers to know their points of view about the advantages and inconvenients the use of Ict could have on this issue. The moderator will lead the questions and answers of the attendants. The moderator will finish giving some conclusions of the meeting.

Diversity: 

Speakers Will be balanced in terms of gender and institutional affiliation, as follows: Private Sector: Ana Lucia Lenis / Google Colombia Academia: Divina Frau-Meigs/ Sorbonne Paris Government: Yeymy Muñoz / director of INJUVE El Salvador Civil Society: Robert Muggah/ Igarapé Institute Civil Society: Sara Fratti/ Youth and Women chapter -ISOC Guatemala The moderators are Unesco members: Moderator (Andrés Morales) Remote moderator (Juan Pablo Ramírez) Rapporteur (Guilherme Canela)

Online Participation: 

The whole event can be broadcasted online, through UNESCO social media channels. Days before IGF the event will be announced to inform all the IGF attendants, especially to the participants of the LAC region. Consideration should be given to time difference for remote participation in LAC.. UNESCO offices in LAC will create a Social Media strategy to announce it in advance, to reach not only the IGF participants, but also participants that could not attend IGF, but are interested in the issue. A Link will be created to be able to broadcast. One person will be in charge of the online participants, to ensure equal online participation. A hashtag will be crated to use it during the event. The quantity of the online attendants and the reach the event will have, will be included in the final report.

Discussion Facilitation: 

The moderator will be the responsible to facilitate the discussion amongst the speakers, supported by the moderator of the online participants. To have a panel format will allow us to know the speakers experiences in their countries and after that the discussion will be promoted by the moderator who will handle the time of the participants too. After the presentation of the topics, the moderator will manage the time for answers and questions, always promoting a respectful treatment amongst the attendants. At the end, the moderator will have to give some conclusions related to the issues treated during the meeting. It is important to highlight, the moderator will be an expert from Latin America on this issue.

Onsite Moderator: 

Andrés Morales

Online Moderator: 

Juan Pablo Ramírez

Rapporteur: 

Guilherme Canela

Agenda: 

Agenda

IGF

Paris, Francia 2018

Panel “Preventing Youth Violence Through ICTs”

 

Speaker 1: Ana Lucia Lenis, Google Colombia

Speaker 2: Divina FRAU-MEIGS, Université Sorbonne Nouvelle

Speaker 3: Fratti Sara, Youth and Women Chapter ISOC
Speaker 4: Kaaby Nour, NET-MED Youth

Speaker 5:  Adriana Abdenur, Igarape Institue Brasil 

Speaker 6: Yeimy Muñoz, Injuve El Salvador (Remote participation)
 

Moderators:

Moderator: Andres Morales,

Unesco Specialist of the Social and Human Sciences Sector

  
Remote moderator: Juan Pablo Ramírez,

Unesco  Specialist of the Social and Human Sciences Sector

Rapporteur: Guilherme Canela,

Unesco Advisor of Communication and Information

 

  1. Welcome and introduction words – Moderator (5 Minutes)

        Discussion with panellist of the following topics (35 Minutes)

  1. How violent groups are using ICTs to affect the youth? Some examples? 
  2.  Is it possible to use Ict to prevent youth violence in the region? Some good policy examples? 
  3. Is it possible to include ICTs in youth violence prevention policies respecting the international standards of privacy and other human rights? 
  4. How realistic is -in the short term- that ICTs are well used to prevent youth violence by the governments with serious accusations of human rights violations by international organizations, like those of north triangle of Central America. 
  5. Questions and answers from the participants  (20 Mins)
Report: 

IGF 2018

Short Repport

“Preventing Youth Violence Through ICTs”


- Session Type (Workshop, Open Forum, etc.): Pannel

 

Title: Preventing Youth Violence Through ICTs

Date & Time: Tuesday, 13 November, 2018 - 11:50 to 13:20

 Organizer(s): UNESCO

Chair/Moderator: Andres Morales, UNESCO

Rapporteur/Notetaker: Guilherme Canela, UNESCO

List of speakers and their institutional affiliations (Indicate male/female/ transgender male/ transgender female/gender variant/prefer not to answer):

 Speaker 1: Juliana Nolasco, Private Sector, Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC), Female
Speaker 2: Divina FRAU-MEIGS, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG), Female
Speaker 3: Yeimy Munoz, Government, Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC), Female
Speaker 4: Fratti Sara, Civil Society, Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC), Female
Speaker 5: Kaaby Nour, Civil Society, African Group, Female                                                      Speaker 6: Adriana Erthal Abdenur, Civil Society, Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC), Female

Theme (as listed here): Human Rights, Gender & Youth

Subtheme (as listed here):  YOUTH INCLUSION

- Please state no more than three (3) key messages of the discussion. [150 words or less]

  • Violent groups are using ICTs in Latin America, specially in North Triangle of Central America, to impact negatively the youth and it is important to take actions to prevent it.
  • Governments are not including ICTs in youth violence prevention policies. It is important to include them as a prevention tool than can be helpful to obtain better results: data analysis, participation mechanism, creative industries, Apps to fight violence are some of the ways.  
  • Other regions around the world are using ICTs to prevent violence. It is important to know good practices in other areas of the world with similar violence problematic.

- Please elaborate on the discussion held, specifically on areas of agreement and divergence. [150 words]

Key agreements: 1) policies towards preventing violence, with the use of ICTs, targeting youth population must be multistakeholder; 2) drivers for the current violent context in LAC region differ significantly from other regions; 3) ICTs offer opportunities and risks when it comes to the issue of violence among young population; 4) media and information literacy policies should be fostered and strengthened; 5) digital gaps, particularly affecting specific groups (young women, young indigenous population) must be addressed; 6) more research is needed; 7) ICTs aren’t the only element that should be considered; 8) more evaluation is required.

Key disagreements: role of the private sector (for some members of the panel, there is a potential conflict of interest imbedded in their activities in this area).

- Please describe any policy recommendations or suggestions regarding the way forward/potential next steps. [100 words]

1) listen young people and empowering than are key considerations for decision makers; 2) media and information literacy policies should be taken more seriously, particularly regarding ethical issues, critical thinking and, their inclusion in standardized exams; 3) ICTs must be incorporate as component regarding preventing violence policies, both fostering its potentialities and mitigating the risks. 

- What ideas surfaced in the discussion with respect to how the IGF ecosystem might make progress on this issue? [75 words]

All panellists agreed that a mutistakeholder approach should be also considered in this policy area. However, they alerted that the seriousness of the discussion involving violence, youth and ICTs, in LAC region, should gain more presence and attention within the IGF ecosystem.

- Please estimate the total number of participants.                                                                                    50

- Please estimate the total number of women and gender-variant individuals present.               50% women / 50% men

- To what extent did the session discuss gender issues, and if to any extent, what was the discussion? [100 words]

Many panellists underlined the importance of discussing digital inequalities among men and women and how violence in the digital world affects differently men and women.

Session Time: 
Tuesday, 13 November, 2018 - 11:50 to 13:20
Room: 
Salle XI

Contact Information

United Nations
Secretariat of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF)

Villa Le Bocage
Palais des Nations,
CH-1211 Geneva 10
Switzerland

igf [at] un [dot] org
+41 (0) 229 173 678