Received Day 0 Events

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #1 GIGANET



14th Annual Symposium of the Global Internet Governance Academic Network

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #2 Global Citizens' Debate on the Future of Internet

Missions Publiques


Present the results of the Global Citizens' Debate on the future of Internet:

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #3 Improving evidence-based Internet policies: UNESCO calls for your support of national assessments using the R.O.A.M.-X Indicator

UNESCO (jointly with 10 multi-stakeholder co-organizors)


Co-organizers: Germany National Commission of UNESCO, the Council of Europe, OECD, Association of Progressive Communications, Internet Society, ICANN,, Missions Publiques, GNI, GFMD

Upon completion of a two-year global multi-stakeholder consultation process on defining Internet Universality Indicators, the final outcome of R.O.A.M.-X indicators (Rights, Openness, Access, Multi-stakeholder, Crosscutting) framework has been given green light by UNESCO’s IPDC (International Program for Development of Communication) Council for voluntary assessments at national level since November 2018.

In conjunction with multi-stakeholder partners, this pre-event is dedicated to presenting UNESCO’s outcome of the R.O.A.M.-X indicators framework and showcasing the initial national assessment results using these indicators as conducted in a number of countries across Africa, Latin America, Arab and Europe.

The ROAM-X indicators framework is a unique and powerful resource developed through an extensive process of research, consultation and analysis. The work of national assessments aim to measure all six categories of indicators (either full 303 indicators or the core 110 ones) in a country. The national assessment process aims to:
• present a clear and substantive understanding of the national Internet environment and policies;
• assess that environment and policies are in conform to UNESCO’s R.O.A.M. principles
• develop policy recommendations and practical initiatives that will enable the country to meet their goals and to align to with UNESCO principles as the Internet evolves.

By displaying good practices of conducting national assessments of indicators across several continents, UNESCO invites stakeholders to debate on how to implement those policy recommendations at national levels. UNESCO encourages IGF stakeholders to consider conducting national assessment using R.O.A.M.-X indicators in more countries and trigger the policy debates for improving the Internet development at national and global levels.

UNESCO encourages and welcomes those key actors and research institutions and individuals to express their interest in supporting the national assessments process and stands ready to join partnership and synergy agreements.

UNESCO will also offer onsite training to interested actors and research teams on the implementation process and research methodology for them to conduct national assessment of indicators in their countries.

Moderator: Guy Berger, UNESCO Director for Freedom of Expression and Media Development.

Welcoming remarks: Moez Chakchouk, Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information, UNESCO

Tentative Agenda
TIME Sessions
09:00 – 10:00 Launch to the IGF community of Internet Universality indicators and implementation process
10:00 – 11:30 Findings: Country assessments in Africa: Kenya, Senegal, Benin
11:30-12:00 Coffee break
12:00-12:30 Findings: Country assessment in Arab States: Tunisia
12:30-13:00 Findings: Country assessments in Europe: Germany (tbc), Austria (tbc)
13:00-14:00 Lunch break
14:00 – 16:00 Findings: Country assessments in Latin America: Brazil, Ecuador, Panama, Paraguay, Mexico and Uruguay
16:00-16:30 Coffee break
16:30-17:30 Findings: Country assessments in Latin America (Continued): Brazil, Ecuador, Panama, Paraguay, Mexico and Uruguay
17:30 – 19:00 Sharing methodological lessons learned for the implementation guide for conducting R.O.A.M.-X indicators at national level
19:00-21:00 Cocktail

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #5 As a stakeholder in the digital transformation, can civil society make its voice heard?

Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community


The digital transformation is meant to improve the lives of ordinary citizens, but what will it do to society itself? Will the digital transformation benefit everyone? A full discussion of the impact of the digital transformation on society requires everyone to participate, including those whose voices are not usually heard. Apart from this main topic, there are also structural issues that are well-suited to discussion in the course of the German IGF event: How can the unheard voices of civil society make themselves heard, and how can societal dialogue become an established institution? How can the knowledge gap between the insiders (IGF community) and outsiders (unheard voices) of the digital transformation be closed?

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #6 Collaborative Leadership Exchange

Internet Society


The objective of the 'Collaborative Leadership Exchange’ is to bring together the staff and participants in the different sponsored programs to the IGF, as well as all other interested attendees to network, build relationships, exchange ideas, discuss key local / regional Internet governance issues, and explore applicable solutions. The event will be focused on key topics (e.g. Future of the Internet ecosystem, Youth & the Internet, Internet & human rights, Access, Critical Internet Resources, AI & Ethics, Privacy, Cybersecurity, etc.) while integrating the inputs, requirements and experiences of different stakeholder groups. This session will contribute to building communities of learning and fostering relationships that create a multiplier effect on that cascades throughout the IGF week of activities, and beyond.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #7 Media Development and Internet Governance Symposium

Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA)


This meeting is a pre-IGF gathering of media development stakeholders who are engaged in IGF. This includes media development implementer, researchers, and donor organizations. The objective is to exchange knowledge in order to have a greater impact at the subsequent IGF. The media development community has traditionally been under-represented in internet governance processes, so this gathering is also an attempt to encourage more participation and engagement.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #9 The Clash of Codes. Conflicts of Laws in Government Data Access and How to Resolve Them

Microsoft Germany GmbH


Conflicts of laws (viz. legal contradictions between different national legal regimes) are not a new phenomenon, but they are becoming a particularly crucial issue in the age of global digital communities and services. In the realm of international data governance, the US Cloud Act and the European E-Evidence-Proposal serve as striking examples: The legal regime created via these new frameworks will be substantially shaped by the interplay between state data access competences with extraterritorial reach on one hand, and blocking statutes, aiming at preventing such access, on the other hand. The resulting “Clash of Codes” in this case is not accidental, but politically intended. This raises the question how to resolve such manufactured conflicts.
The decade-old “international comity” doctrine aims to provide a legal recourse to resolve such conflicts of law. However, comity remains a rather general and vague principle and is often “poorly understood” (William S. Doge). Moreover, from the perspective of an affected institution, it provides insufficient legal certainty to effectively render a solution.
Against the background of the US Cloud Act and the European E-Evidence proposal, the proposed workshop will discuss possible ways to resolve internationals conflicts of laws. Can an advanced comity doctrine serve as an answer? Or will political solutions in the form of new treaties or even supranational legal frameworks be necessary?
Potential introductory speakers:
 Tiina Astola, General Director, DG Justice, European Commission.
 Bettina Brückner, Judge at the German Federal Court of Justice
 Prof. Dr. Joe Cannataci, Chair in European Information Policy & Technology Law, University of Groningen
 Prof. Jennifer Daskal, American University Washington College of Law & Center for Strategic and International Studies.
 Andrea Jelinek, Chair European Data Protection Board

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #10 Internet Commons Forum

FGV Law School


The Internet Commons Forum aims at gathering thinkers and doers that are developing ideas and solutions for a less concentrated and more just Internet.

This 4-hour event will be organised in four sessions, where key stakeholders will expose their views and concert works aimed at fostering the idea of Internet Commons, to exploring four key Internet layers:
• Infrastructure
• Applications and Platforms
• Content and Data
• Policy

Every session will feature three or four renowned thinkers and doers exposing their ideas and innovative approaches for 10 to 12 minutes each and subsequently engaging in a collaborative discussion with the participants in order to identify ideas for collaborations.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #11 How is life in the digital age treating us? Opportunities and risks for people’s well-being

European Schoolnet/ Insafe


The internet is here to stay, it has changed the way society connects, communicates and exchanges information, in many ways for the better. Due to the widespread popularity and constant development of smart phones and electronic devices modern life has reconfigured, cutting across national boundaries and impacting on relationships, culture, economy and world views (Jenson, 2013). However, social media can be a double-edged sword. There is growing concern that digital technology can also bring negative repercussions, especially to the younger generation who are its main consumers.

During this pre-event participants will explore current online trends and the growing range of threats to the global internet, such as online challenges (e.g. Momo and Blue Whale Challenge), internet ethics, fake news, hate speech, human rights and security. Moreover, participants will discuss how to turn challenges into opportunities making sure all citizens are benefiting from a healthy digital environment.

The pre-event will follow a multi-stakeholder approach inviting different stakeholders from the public and private sector to share their efforts to make the internet a better place for all citizens. In addition, this session will also give a platform to young people, inviting them to challenge policy makers and industry partners and providing them with the opportunity to shape the internet governance agenda.

More generally, this pre-event will provide a substantial overview of issues relevant under the IGF Theme III: Security, Safety, Stability and Resilience, while drawing up on related issues of concern under Theme I: Data Governance (e.g. data privacy, digital identity) and Theme II: Digital Inclusion (e.g. digital literacy).

- Kick-off with a set of interactive questions for the audience.(10min)
- Introductory panel including representative from private and public sector, civil society and youth participants.(30min)
- Feedback and questions from the audience.(20min)

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #12 On the Road to the IGF 2019 in Berlin

eco – Association of the Internet Industry


An outline concept for the inclusion and networking involvement of representatives of the SME user industry in a multi stakeholder dialogue with representatives of governments, civil society, business, academia, (inter)national organizations, and the technical community on current Internet governance issues.


When the Internet Governance Forum (IGF 2019) comes to Germany for the first time in November 2019, the players in the international multi-stakeholder dialogue (governments, civil society, business, academia, (inter)national organizations and the technical community) will discuss issues such as the freedom, openness, security, and performance of the Internet of the future.

The IGF 2019 Community is to be brought into closer contact with users from small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) in Germany as part of Day Zero. The aim is to identify and discuss the real points of reference of the SME representatives from the user industries for the Internet of the future. The points of contact for regular exchange between the SME user industries and the multi-stakeholder groups mentioned have so far been limited. For this reason, eco – Association of the Internet Industry would like to draw the attention of and gain traction with SME representatives from the user industries in advance of the IGF 2019 in Berlin in relation to the range of topics and the IGF 2019 conference format.

The following concept builds on already established activities of the eco Association, which take place within the context of the “Initiative Digital” project. The “Initiative Digital” was founded with a focus on southern Germany, but is now active nationwide. In various administrative districts in Germany, representatives of SMEs are brought together with representatives of the Internet industry to discuss current issues of digital transformation in relation to their specific business models. Both the “Initiative Digital” and the traditionally strong work of the eco Association will be drawn upon in the circle of SMEs in order to involve SMEs in the run-up to and during the IGF 2019.

The aim is to incorporate the concrete needs and demands of SME representatives from the user industries into the multi-stakeholder dialogue for an Internet of the future. In this way, the voice of the users in Berlin should find its way and be integrated into the dialogue, and in turn the relevance of the Internet Governance Forum for the user industries should be communicated. An early involvement of SME representatives from the user industries is therefore clearly worthwhile and is described in more detail in the following concept.

The Partners

eco – Association of the Internet Industry
With more than 1,100 member companies, eco is the largest Internet industry association in Europe. Since 1995 eco has been instrumental in shaping the Internet, fostering new technologies, forming framework conditions, and representing the interests of members in politics and international committees. eco’s key topics are the reliability and strengthening of digital infrastructure, IT security, and trust, as well as digital ethics and self-regulation.

eco advocates for a free, technologically-neutral, and high-performance Internet. With the "Initiative Digital", eco promotes the exchange between the SME user industry and the Internet industry.

More information on the initiative can be found in the German-language site

The "Initiative Digital"

The following organizations are involved in the “Initiative Digital”:
• eco – Association of the Internet Industry
• mib – Mittelstand in Bayern Vereinigung der Selbständigen und mittelständischen Unternehmer e.V.
• BDS Bund deutscher Selbständiger
• German Mittelstand e.V.
• MIT – Mittelstands- und Wirtschaftsvereinigung der CDU/CSU
• Liberaler Mittelstand
• UMU – Union mittelständischer Unternehmen e.V.
• Institute Europe of Market Economies

Together with its partners, the "Initiative Digital" has a mailing list comprised of 12,000 recipients.

Activities of the "Initiative Digital" in 2019:

• 8 district events (KickOff), each with approx. 30-50 SME representatives (C-Level)
• 2 regional forums (Weilheim & Nuremberg), each with approx. 70-100 SME representatives (C-Level)

Berlin + East
• 4 district events (KickOff), each with approx. 20-35 SME representatives (C-Level)
• 1 regional forum (tbd. Berlin or Dresden), with approx. 50-70 SME representatives (C-Level)

North (Hamburg / Lower Saxony, Schleswig Holstein)
• 4 district events (KickOff), each with approx. 30-50 SME representatives (C-Level)
• 1 Regional Forum (tbd. Hamburg or Kiel), with approx. 70-100 SME representatives (C-Level)

Middle (Hesse, Thuringia)
• 4 district events (KickOff), each with approx. 30-50 SME representatives (C-Level)
• 1 regional forum (tbd.), with approx. 70-100 SME representatives (C-Level)

The Objectives of the Campaign “On the Road to the IGF 2019”

• Early involvement of SME representatives of the user industries in the process of the IGF 2019 and effective public preparation of the wishes and demands for an Internet of the future
• Distillation and discussions of the voices of SMEs collected in the run-up to Day Zero
• Increase in the number of SME representatives attending IGF 2019

Outline of Planned Activities

“On the Road to the IGF 2019 and the Internet of the Future ...”

1.) “Testimonial videos” on the wishes and requirements of an Internet of the future
Within the framework of a total of 6 different event formats in administrative districts in Germany (e.g. Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg, Hamburg/Schleswig-Holstein, Berlin/Brandenburg, Thuringia, Hesse), statements will be collected from the medium-sized user industry with requirements and wishes for an Internet of the future.

The focus is particularly on family businesses, such as Rodenstock for example, or medium-sized representatives such as Heidelberg Zement, among others. However, representatives of Munich Airport and the ADAC will also feature and can comment in a video interview on questions, wishes, and the challenges of the Internet of the future.

Basic tenor of the testimonials

The business of SMEs in Germany is also becoming increasingly digital. The regular and intensive dialogue between the user industries and the Internet industry is a key to success, because:

• IT security and trust in digital products is the number one acceptance driver: “If I can’t trust the Internet (espionage, data theft by criminals, data protection leaks, etc.), I won't use it.”
• Questions about the performance of the Internet in rural and urban areas (broadband, gigabit society, etc.),
• as well as the need for skilled workers are topics that have a decisive influence on the success of the digital transformation in the user industry.
• The development of the mobile Internet as a further innovation driver and also as an extension of the user base and decentralized business models of SMEs (in the construction industry, agriculture and forestry, etc.).

Ideally, in addition to the testimonial videos, “Best Practices” will also be filmed separately and insights into the “how to” of digitalization from medium-sized companies will be filmed and documented.

2.) Teaser Videos on the Event Page of the IGF 2019
In order to present other stakeholders and participants with the perspectives of German medium-sized industry regarding “digitalization” and the “Internet of the future” – and thus also to provide a further incentive for participation in IGF 2019 and the discussions there – short teaser videos from the material collection will be published on the IGF event website ( from mid-September 2019.

Basic Tenor of the Teaser Videos

The IGF 2019 will also discuss topics relevant to representatives of the SME user industries. The videos are intended to encourage participants to participate in IGF 2019, to engage in the multi-stakeholder dialogue, and to use IGF 2019 as an opportunity to actively shape the Internet of the future.

3.) Representative survey via CIVEY or YouGov on current assessment of digitalization and the Internet of the future

A representative online survey will be initiated to support the statements and video documentation and also for the later PR work. It will also focus on the essential aspects of opportunities and challenges for SME user industries in Germany of the digitalization of the Internet of the future. Graphics and core statements will be published as press releases for IGF 2019 and will also be shown in the final event video.

4.) Panel Discussion on Day Zero

The video will be presented for the first time as a “long version” (approx. 4:30 minutes) in the presence of the German Federal Minister of Economics on the Day Zero of the IGF 2019 in Berlin and will form the prelude to an effective public discussion by and with SME representatives of the user industry, the Internet industry, and politics.

The Federal Minister of Economics will provide a brief keynote address and a classification at the beginning of the event (approx. 10-15 minutes).

Rather than inviting the “usual suspects” from the Internet industry to the actual moderated panel discussion (approx. 45 minutes), we will invite medium-sized German companies (e.g. data center operators such as noris network, Telehouse, netcologne etc.).

The results of the online survey will provide the basis and set the direction for the moderated panel discussion. At the end of the discussion, the invited audience (representatives of governments, civil society, business, academia, (inter-)national organizations, and technical community, as well as the press) will have the opportunity for a maximum of 10 minutes of Q&A.

If beneficial, international perspectives can also supplement the discussion round (e.g. video clips by a representative of Angola Cable and/or EuroCloud France).

PR and Media Work

• In conjunction with “Initiative Digital” event activities, the IGF 2019 will, with immediate effect, be regularly referred to in the accompanying PR and media work (PMs, newsletters, social media, and website announcements).
• All participants and interested parties of this event (primarily representatives of the SME user industry) will also be urged to participate in IGF 2019. At a minimum of six events, participants will have the opportunity to comment on their wishes and demands for an Internet of the future for the video statements described above.
• Teaser videos will be published via the social media channels of the participating partners and on the IGF event website (
• The results of the representative survey will be published in advance in a media partnership (e.g. with Handelsblatt). The general public will be informed about the IGF 2019 in press releases.
• The panel discussion will be offered via livestream and subsequently made available online.
• Press background discussions with representatives of the partners involved (including the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Industry, if required), SME representatives, and other relevant stakeholder groups will be offered as a follow-up to the panel discussion.

Further Ideas on IGF 2019 Itself:

• eco also extends the offer of participation by eco representatives, such as the Honorary President Michael Rotert, in delivering a detailed commentary on the individual event days or contributions via text or video statements.
• eco would also be pleased to present the self-regulatory approach of the eco Complaints Office for exemplary handling of illegal content within the framework of the IGF 2019 marketplace.
• If desired, eco will participate in discussion rounds, panel discussions etc. (eco representatives or representatives of member companies).

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #13 Open and Free and What - Visions for the Future of the Internet



1. Introduction / Background:

Today, the Internet is the central political, economical and societal medium worldwide. It permeates all subsystems of our digitalized societies and is essential for people's daily lives. The concept of a free and open Internet is decisive as a political-social idea for the order of transboundary virtual space. The free and open Internet, coupled with a multi-stakeholder approach, is seen as a guarantor of economic growth impulses and development opportunities as well as a key to the perception of fundamental political rights and the strengthening of the resilience of societies. Today's ubiquitous presence of the Internet in our digital societies also brings with it new and diverse challenges. The challenges concern areas such as social cohesion (hate speech and fake news), security (cybercrime and cyber attacks), civil rights (e.g. data protection) and fundamental regulatory issues (taxation of digital business models). In view of these challenges and already observable fragmentation tendencies, it is important to debate globally which common answers can be derived from the ideal of free and open Internet for today's challenges. For such answers to be found, a shared vision of a desirable future for the order of the Internet is essential.
All the more urgent is such a shared vision, since the idea of a free and open Internet is also challenged by an alternative, authoritarian model. Some authoritarian states are enforcing a more prominent role for states in the administration and management of the Internet. This alternative idea of order would enable states to censor content in these state-restricted areas or to switch off the Internet for political reasons. This would not only make the Internet a medium of surveillance instead of political self-empowerment. There would also be an increasing number of national Internets, which would foster the undesirable fragmentation of the Internet.

2. Proposal for Day Zero

2.1. Conceptual Preliminary Work:

Against this background, the Konrad Adenauer Foundation in cooperation with the Global Public Policy Institute is preparing a study on the future of the Internet. This study will identify important trends and develop scenarios for the future of the Internet from a European / German perspective. The normative frame of reference is an expertise developed for the Konrad Adenauer Foundation by Prof. Dr. Christoph Neuberger of the LMU Munich. This study can serve as a compass for the design and regulation of the Internet. In the context of a panel discussion on Day Zero, we will use our global network to discuss the communication science analysis and the scenarios gained with stakeholders from Asia, Africa and Latin America. With a problem-oriented view of the future of the Internet, the aim of the panel is to work out the common ground as well as the regional differences and thus make a contribution to the urgently needed debate on the future of the Internet, which can be continued.

2.2. Methodical Considerations

The aim of the event is a problem-oriented discussion on the future of the Internet, which should serve as an impulse for a vision on the future of the Internet. In addition to the panelists' discussion, the audience will also be involved. Therefore, we will conduct question rounds on individual problem areas / challenges. In these, the respective representatives from individual regions will be asked about their perspective to specific challenges (short statement). The statements will then be discussed and related to each other. The audience will also be involved via interactive methods.
In the run-up to the event, we are planning various activities on social media (e.g. Twitter surveys on the future of the Internet). Furthermore, the event will be accompanied parallel via our social media accounts (e.g. input for questions).

2.3. Speaker

As speakers, we aim to integrate multipliers from different regions. The aim will be to involve representatives from Europe, North America, Asia, Africa and Latin America. For the identification of relevant speakers, we will use our global network of over 100 offices abroad. First consultations have already taken place. As soon as we have commitments from individual representatives, we will be happy to communicate them.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #14 Consolidation of the Internet. Chance or challenge?

De Natris Consult


In Paris during WS #40 Jari Arkko (IETF/IAB) asked: "Is the IGF the right place to discuss the topic of consolidation"? This session aims to find out. By preparing the audience by way of a limited number of questions, answers are found, e.g. to these questions. What is the challenge? What are chances? What the hazards? Are stakeholders missing from the discussion? What are the outcomes of present studies? Is there a(n intersessional) role for the IGF to play in 2020? Finally the room is asked to share recommendations on the way forward.

One expert is asked to set the stage (either Jari Arkko or ISOC). What follows is a open discussion with the room led by a moderator. It is an open session, with specific invitations to relevant stakeholders.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #15 The European Copyright Directive and its Impact on Free Speech and Creativity on the Internet

Internet Society (ISOC) Chapters Advisory Council Steering Committee (ChAC-SC)


One of the most divisive laws to be enacted in recent history is the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market (aka "EU Copyright Directive"). Coming right after the GDPR, at a time when many parts of the world--particularly countries from Emerging Economies--are looking to Europe for inspiration for their own national legislation, the Copyright Directive appears to have created significant controversy, disruption and dissonance among both citizens and activists. In particular, Article 11 (“Link Tax”) and Article 13 (“Algorithmic Censorship”) have provoked angry responses from multiple communities including the technical, copyright, journalistic, and human rights experts and organizations from around the world, as these are seen ambiguous, unworkable and if put in practice, are likely to result in stifling of free speech, creative expression and fair use of resources.

While the Directive has passed the EU-level legislative process, it has to be adopted by individual countries in EU for implementation, and there appears to be considerable variation in the way different countries are approaching these national laws as well.

Since there are likely to be extraterritorial effects of these laws (just as in the case of GDPR), and since the Directive may inspire similar legislation in other countries, Internet Society Chapters Advisory Council Steering Committee (ChAC-SC) believes that they may adversely impact the Internet’s existence as a free, open space that believes in borderless communication and permissionless innovation.
Consequently, ChAC-SC considers it beneficial to have discussions around this topic with participation from Chapter representatives around the world, sharing experiences, concerns and means of mitigating any negative impacts of this and other similar laws in other geographies.

About 50 participants from different parts of the world are expected to participate in the session.

The following key participants will speak and guide the session:

Amrita Choudhury, India Delhi Chapter
Eduardo Diaz, Puerto Rico Chapter
Elaine Ford, Peru Chapter
Lillian Nalwoga, Uganda Chapter
Nabil Bukhalid, Lebanon Chapter
Olivier Crépin-Leblond, UK-England Chapter
Peter Koch, German Chapter
Satish Babu, India Trivandrum Chapter
Susannah Gray, US San Francisco Bay Area Chapter

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #16 Tackling Online Harassment of Women Journalists

International Alumni Center gGmbH


As a part of a larger UNESCO initiative on countering gender-based harassment and threats against journalists, the International Alumni Center together with the Global Diplomacy Lab (GDL) and UNESCO, are convening a moderated brainstorming session on Tackling the Safety of Women Journalists Online at the 2019 Internet Governance Forum. This workshop will be the third session in a series of consultation sessions organized by UNESCO and its partners on this topic, after a kick-off session in February 2019 at the OSCE in Vienna, and a follow-up meeting at the World Press Freedom Day global celebration in Addis Ababa in May 2019.

The session will have the goal of engaging participants of different backgrounds (journalism, internet governance, academia, NGOs, government and international organization) in a discussion on best practices to counter online harassment of women journalists. Online threats, violence and harassment against women journalists are a growing problem. Such attacks hamper freedom of expression online; can lead to self-censorship and in some cases, online violence triggers offline attacks.

The results of this discussion will contribute to a UNESCO study on countering online harassment of women journalists. The study, launched in 2019, examines gender-based harassment and threats against journalists online. With a global scope and an intersectional perspective, it strives to develop concrete recommendations on how to combat online harassment. The recommendations will be targeted at different stakeholder groups such as governments, media organizations, judiciary, NGOs and journalists.
Through the participatory format, multi-stakeholder engagement is encouraged, delivering specific feedback on the research. The results of the discussion will be taken into account in the final draft of the publication.
The theme of the session is directly linked to IGF 2019 Theme III “Security, Safety, Stability & Resilience” and to SDG’s 5 (Gender Equality) and 16 (Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions).

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #17 Youth IGF Summit

Gesellschaft für Informatik


Digitisation and all decisions taken about it are disproportionately affecting young people. It is not enough to be able to operate devices to take advantage of the Internet's great opportunities for economic development, education, cultural design, transnational exchange and political commitment. The Internet Governance Forum enables all stakeholders - politics, the private sector, civil society and the technical community - to understand the decision-making processes that have an impact on the Internet. Youth is the largest demographic group of Internet users. However, their voices are less heard in Internet-related decision-making processes. Young people between 18 and 30 are the decision-makers of the (near) future.
Thanks to the Internet Governance Forum in Berlin from 25 to 27 November 2019, there will be an extraordinary opportunity for young people in Germany and beyond to actively participate in the programme and exchange in a global context.

The German Youth IGF aims to coordinate national and international activities leading to Youth Positions to the Internet Governance Forum in its role as the host country's youth initiative.
In this pre-event, representatives of Youth initiatives will present their common positions, gather input and define next steps for Youth in Internet Governance.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #18 Children’s Rights in the Digital World – A Case for Internet Governance

5Rights Foundation


The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in November 1989 and is the most ratified treaty in history. It was visionary and at the same time comprehensible, binding on the signatory states and thus influential and still of great importance today. Thirty years later, childhood has been transformed by their growing up in an ever more interconnected environment, where digital technologies mediate and augment all areas of their education, family and social life. The three pillars of a child’s socialisation; family, peers and school, have been joined by a fourth; the digital environment.

At the invitation of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, 5Rights Foundation is coordinating a codicil to the Convention on the Rights of the Child; a General Comment which will set out, for the first time on a global scale, how states should apply children’s rights in the digital environment. This work involves large scale face-to-face consultations with an international and multi-disciplinary expert group and, significantly, with children from all continents and diverse circumstances, as well as two online consultations.

The event will provide a unique insight into how children's rights and internet governance are vitally interlinked; meet the urgent demand of society to understand children’s needs in the digital world; debate the much-contested responsibilities of stakeholders (especially from industry, regulation and government); and provide a unique opportunity for IGF delegates to contribute directly to the formation of the General Comment.

The panel will be interactive and led by members of the team from 5Rights Foundation, among whom are: Baroness Beeban Kidron OBE, Professor Sonia Livingstone OBE, Gerison Lansdown and Jutta Croll.

Once ratified, the General Comment to the UNCRC will set a new international standard for children's rights in the digital world. It is expected to be ratified in 2020, which will make it applicable in the 196 countries that are signatories to the Convention.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #19 Equity and Social Justice in a Digital World

Just Net Coalition


The central digital questions – those of inclusion, governance and safety – can no longer be restricted to a narrow online domain, as social justice concerns become decisively entangled with Internet, data, algorithms and AI. Digital intelligence, based on socially and economically valuable data, continues to restructure key sectors such as health, trade, commerce, agriculture, financial services, retail, hospitality, tourism and more. For social movements engaged in long standing struggles for equity and justice, the faultlines of contestation are being redefined. However, the vocabulary and strategies to pin down the manner in which neo-liberal globalization and dominant digital frameworks come together remain largely out of grasp of most social activists in tradtional sectors. Similarly for digital rights activists, a nuanced understanding the meaning of inclusion, governance and safety as it relates to different sectors of the economy and society, is now an imperative.

Just Net Coalition (JNC) was born through a recognition of this urgent imperative to build bridges between the older, “traditional” social movements and the digital rights community. We believe that IGF, which brings together a vibrant patchwork of digital rights activists, civil society organisations, businesses big and small, journalists, coders, policy makers, lawyers etc. will be the ideal space to rethink and restrategize an agenda for social movements at the cutting edge of radical change.

In March 2019, we organised a workshop in Bangkok titled Equity and Social Justice in a Digital World. The workshop brought together 60 activists from all over the world, from backgrounds in digital activism and of activism in other more tradtional sectors. The event aimed at brokering a dialogue between actors from social movements and members of the digital rights community and explore the possibility of creating common pathways for data and digital justice. Speaking from their particular background in digital rights work and social movements, participants weighed in on the digital moment and its possibilities and challenges for social movements. While discussing the challenges and opportunities participants also spoke about how digital rights movements could find points of convergence with these struggles. In addition, the workshop included voices from the digital rights space speaking to critical issues of data protection, cross-border flows of data versus data localization, access and so on who debated in what ways digital paradigms bring up/ reinforce the older questions pertaining to social justice. All participants worked towards articulating a common digital justice agenda and a manifesto.

At IGF, we would like to present this digital justice manifesto developed from an equity and social justice perspective, and further develop perspectives and strategies around it for effective social action.

We have continued our efforts to open up spaces of conversation and dialogue between digital rights communities and social and economic rights movements at different venues and platforms including till date, the Global IP Congress, the WTO public forum, UNCTAD, as well as the IGF itself. We are working to develop a ‘Digital Justice Manifesto’ which can create a reframed mandate for social movements and digital rights activism together.

We propose a full- day session of activities and discussions that are tentatively structured as follows:

1. Opening debrief on the ‘Digital Justice Manifesto’: To kick-start the event, members of the Just Net Coalition will present the draft version of the Digital Justice Manifesto to the participants and go over the key themes and mandates.

2. Sectoral/thematic panel: A panel will present and discuss how such an equity and social justice agenda specifically relates to important digital themes of the Internet, data, algorithms, digital platforms and AI. This will be followed by a plenary discussion.

3. Breakout sessions to brainstorm the manifesto: The idea of having breakout sessions is for regional or sectoral caucuses to branch off into more focussed conversations. Groups will work on specific aspects of the manifesto by offering their perspectives and critiques through guided questions and prompts.

3. Concluding plenary: Groups will come back with their ideas and inputs to an open plenary session where the inputs will be discussed and integrated into the manifesto.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #20 Strengthening the multi-stakeholder approach on international norms in cyberspace

Stiftung Neue Verantwortung e.V.


The Project Team of EU Cyber Direct is hosting this event aimed at all stakeholders engaged in responsible normative behaviors in cyberspace to connect in advance of IGF to get to know each other’s work on the issues globally and look for common ground.

In April 2014, Brazil hosted Netmundial, the Global Multistakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance. The non-binding outcome document that was created with civil society input called for an appropriate cooperation among governments, private sector, civil society, academia and technical community to improve cybersecurity and address digital security threats. Also the EU recognized in its conclusions of 16 April 2018 that that the interconnected and complex nature of cyberspace requires joint efforts by governments, private sector, civil society, technical community, users and academia to address the challenges faced and calls on these stakeholders to recognize and take their specific responsibilities to maintain an open, free, secure and stable cyberspace. This sentiment to engage in open dialogue with all relevant actors was also adapted specifically for international norms in cyberspace reinforced in a number of international commitments, including the UN GGE 2015 report. The multi-stakeholder initiatives, such as The Paris Call or the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace (GCSC) have used a multi-stakeholder approach in their exchanges on responsible normative behavior in cyberspace. Despite the progress made, challenges of holding discussions between all stakeholders from different backgrounds and regions prevails and the efforts in this regard need to be strengthened. With the new UNGGE and OEWG underway, further discussions within the multi stakeholder community should take place in order to improve cybersecurity and address digital security threats, as all stakeholders have a responsibility in the implementation, enforcement and operationalisation of responsible normative behavior.

The two goals of this event are therefore to take stock on the current progress on multi-stakeholder approaches to responsible normative behavior of all stakeholders in cyberspace and strengthen the multi-stakeholder dialogue on operationalization of norms by connecting stakeholders across the globe who work on those issues. As norms in cyberspace touch upon many issues that are more in depth discussed in workshops and panels at IGF, we see this pre-event as a way to ease into the topic and connect stakeholders.

The event will be held in an interactive World Café Format that is designed to engage and connect as many stakeholders as possible on the topics of international norms in cyberspace.

Guiding questions for the three tables that rotate are:

Table 1) How to use and improve multi stakeholder discussions for multilateral processes like the UNGGE?

Table 2) How can we better define the “roles and responsibilities of the different stakeholders?

Table 3) What can be the role of other Internet Governance fora and how can we ensure coordination with the IGF?

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #21 The Future of Artificial Intelligence in Africa - Between Ethical Challenges and Economic Development

Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ)


UN Global Pulse and BMZ conduct the pilot project "Ethical Policy Frameworks for Artificial Intelligence in the Global South". The project aims to develop local ethical policy frameworks for AI in the pilot countries Uganda and Ghana. The aim is to enable the countries to use AI innovations more quickly and effectively to achieve the sustainability goals. The long-term goal is an "African Declaration on AI for the SDGs" by 2021. We want to present the project and its first results to the public on Day Zero of the IGF.

The project is expected to achieve two results in 2019:
Outcome 1: Ethical policy frameworks for CI in Uganda and Ghana
Outcome 2: Innovative AI projects to achieve the sustainability objectives of Agenda 2030.

In the area of "Ethical Policy Frameworks for CI", the 2019 project is to initiate up to three policy initiatives in Africa, for example national legislation in the area of data protection or guidelines for ethical CI principles.

This event would also help us to collect feedback from the IGF-community on the future focus and scalability of the project.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #22 The promise of safety and security in the digital world



The event that we wish to hold on Day 0 shall deal with the term "Sicherheit" and the changes that it has undertaken since our daily lifes are more and more digitalised. Since the german language does not differentiate between "Safety" and "Security", the meaning of "Sicherheit" and the promise behind it in the digital world is of special interest for the TÜV that deal with this for more than 150 years now. The question of what kind of "Sicherheit" we can have in the digital world in contrast to what it means in the analog world shall be raised in this event.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #23 The 3rd German-Arab Forum on the Digital Economy

Euro-Mediterranean-Arab Association EMA in collaboration with the federal agency AWE (Agentur für Wirtschaft & Entwicklung)


a) Introduction:

Growth rates in the digital economy in the Mediterranean and Middle East region continue to be high. Telecom and Internet providers have worked tirelessly on increasing bandwidth capacities to 4G and more. But there are differences between the countries in the region. While Internet penetration in the small Arab Gulf countries is at a record high of more than 90 percent, figures in North African countries such as Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia range between 44 and 65 percent.

The geographical proximity to Europe, small to no time differences, and the potential for qualified workers put especially North Africa at a competitive advantage. It is against this background that start-up scenes have developed in many Arab countries. No matter if education, healthcare, financial services, or transport & logistics: start-ups in the Mediterranean and Middle East region make smart use of digitization in a variety of business sectors.

The 3rd German-Arab Forum on the Digital Economy sheds light on the digital transformation in the region. It combines the issues of sustainability and digitization by addressing two core topics – empowerment and artificial intelligence (AI) – as well as the question of how the expansion of the information and communication technology (ICT) sector increases job creation and perspectives for young people in those countries. It aims thusly to highlight success stories and best practice examples and intends to sensitize relevant stakeholders and actors for a sustainable dialog with the region.

b) Focus Topic 1 (“Women Empowerment”):

The EMA is committed to the continuous improvement of the economic and social situation in the Mediterranean and Middle East region. Youth unemployment in the Arab countries is as high as nowhere else in the world and exceeds the global average by more than double. Young women are particularly vulnerable. Advancing the situation of female entrepreneurs and business women and closing the gender gap is therefore key to sustainable development. Experience shows that further incentives are necessary to support women entrepreneurs by improving their integration into the economy that will in turn lead to increased social participation of women. Digitization, the digital economy, and ICT offer a broad range of perspectives for the inclusion of women in the economic and social life of the region in question.

c) Focus Topic 2 (“The Future of Working”):

Several projects and initiatives in the Mediterranean and Middle East region are concerned with bridging the technology gap and developing the ICT infrastructure. E-health, e-education, e-agriculture, mobile money / mobile wallets, and smart cities are issues that concern particularly those strata of society that have hitherto been cut off from such services. For instance, AI can help achieve the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs) when climate information software alerts farmers to crop failures. It can also serve to diagnose medical conditions after sending a list of symptoms via text, audio, and/or photographs. Start-ups use AI, too, to provide financial services by understanding user requests and spending habits, driving conversations between banks and insurance companies and their clients, and preventing fraud – even for people without bank accounts. Experience shows that the impact on job creation of digitization in general and of AI in particular leads to fruitful discussions.

d) Target Audience:

The Forum is directed at economic, political, and civil society decision-makers and multipliers from all countries in the Mediterranean and Middle East region including the member states of the Arab League and of the European Union in addition to the other countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea. It aims to highlight the diversity of different perspectives especially regarding social start-ups and female entrepreneurs. Furthermore, the Forum wishes to bring political decision-makers from the mentioned region in contact with representatives of start-ups, associations, and the digital economy at large.

e) Organization:

The 2-hour Forum will be organized by the EMA in collaboration with its partner agency AWE along the lines of the successful German-Arab Forums on the Digital Economy in 2018 and 2017 at the digital trade fair CEBIT. The organizers envision either a moderated fishbowl conversation or a conference format depending on the availability of rooms and time slots – preferably in a way that the relevant ministers and government representatives from the Mediterranean and Middle East countries would be available for a dialog with the target audience. The Forum is expected to attract speakers and participants from all countries of that region in order to ensure an interregional as well as an intraregional dialog. The event language will be English. If necessary, translation will be provided by the organizers for French and/or Arabic.

f) Further Information:

The German-Arab Forums on the Digital Economy were organized at the CEBIT – the world’s leading digitization fair – in 2017 and 2018 and attracted several hundreds of international experts, entrepreneurs, and representatives from the digital economy. For an overview of the conference findings, speakers, and topics see the websites at the following two links:

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #24 Otherwise Salon: Graphs & Sovereignty

Otherwise Network


„It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a founder in possession of a good graph, must be in want of an investor.“
Benedict Evans (

Graphs are a computational abstractions of relations between entities: people, places, goods, interest, aspirations etc. Facebook for example owns and exploits what Mark Zuckerberg has called the “social graph” (Zuckerberg 2008). Amazon owns a consumption graph linking goods and people, Uber, Lyft and a host of mobility companies currently aim to monopolize the mobility graph linking locations and movements of people.

Hence it can be said that for today’s platforms graphs are a strategic asset.

The relationship of political actors and nation states to graphs is more difficult to assess. Documents from the Snowden archive as well as doctrinal writings from US and British sources suggest that at least intelligence services considered graphs as an important and strategic asset since the early 2000s. Graphs allow to map entire populations and their relationships and to conduct information operations. Identifying communities within populations and influencing them relies on the same computational techniques as advertisement on social or search graphs owned by Facebook or Google.

What are the infrastructures of graphs and who controls them? How do graphs and graph analysis alter our understanding of individual privacy - and related: do we have to think about privacy scaled to larger aggregates like populations? We will discuss these questions along with key findings on the development of graphs as strategic assets both in economic and political contexts. On this basis we then like to discuss what it means for thinking about sovereignty when whole populations can be represented and managed by and with graphs. We then like to offer some thoughts on the political problems and dimensions of these dynamics.

Christoph Engemann is Post-Doc for Society and Digitalizion at the Faculty of Media Bauhaus-University Weimar. His research interest include media of statehood, genealogy of transactions, history and media of graph theory, and rurality and barns.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #25 TEAM - Technology Enabled Mental Health

University College Dublin


This event will showcase an EU-funded project on the use of technology to help assess, treat, and prevent mental health difficulties for young people. Using an interdisciplinary approach, this event will illustrate the latest research from psychology, psychiatry, human computer interaction and computer science concerning the role of new technologies in the present mental health ecosystem. Via demonstrations, participants will learn about technology-assisted cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), mental health apps and their relationship with key policy directions within the IGF mission.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #26 Video (Testimonial) of the president of the Federal Office for Information Security (BSI)

Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community


The BSI has already proposed the panel discussion/session for the Day Zero: "The role of the Federal Office for Information Security (BSI) in a digital society: Participatory approaches to shaping information security". The video testimonial should be included in this panel discussion. Before the start of the panel discussion, a short video testimonial will be shown. This testimonial will be given by Arne Schönbohm, President of the BSI, and will address the relevance of the multi-stakeholder approach in the area of cybersecurity."

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #27 Impact of Fakenews in Asia

Knowledge Cafe


The objective of this event to show that how Fakenews is adversely affecting people of Asian countries. It has adverse impact on political stability, social and economic growth of the country. Speaker will raise his concern about Fakenews by giving real life examples and facts. He will also cover the impact of Fakenews on all stakeholders related to private sector like Employers, Employee, Consultants, Professionals (Lawyer, Doctor, and Chartered Accountants), Government Authorities and Consumers. He will also discuss with audience innovative solutions to conquer fakenews.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #28 Get-Quick-Rich Internet is ruining youth career

Knowledge Cafe


In this session, I want to raise my concerns about the career opportunities which are provided to the youth and Internet user by self-pro-claimed coaches or gurus. Many advertisements and articles can be seen on the Internet which tells a fake story about lucrative career options like Domain Name Investment, Money Minting Blogging, Affiliate Marketing etc. They show these opportunities as quick-rich program and fake proof of income, do false claims, they show their lavish lifestyle as result of the career they have chosen and to teach those secret tips they sell online courses and e-books. Most of the time that self-pro-claimed guru or coach tells you the black and grey hat tactics to fool search engines, affiliate programs and they tell you tricks and tools to generate fake traffic and fool ad networks. In young age they are learning unethical and immoral ways of earning. Our youth and new internet users are adversely impacted and ruining their career by getting nothing and specially citizens of third world countries are affected. I will share some real life examples and facts in this session. In the last I will ask community support and invite collaborate to aware our youth and new Internet users as well.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #29 Digital and state sovereignty in the internet



The event will start out with a keynote of 15-20 minutes by Mr. Könen (Director General of the department “Cyber-and Informationsecurity” of the Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community) addressing key elements of the state’s role for a secure and sovereign acting in the internet. The keynote will be followed by an open discussion with the participants on this topic. Crucial questions in this context are:
o How do we prevent internet-based infrastructures and services from being compromised by state and non-state actors?
o How can a state introduce its own ideas and interests, in particular in the international discourse on the development of the internet?
o How can a state avoid risky dependencies with respect to internet-based products and services?
o How can european and international cooperation contribute to „digital and state sovereignty“?

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #31 AI and discrimination – whose problem is it?

Council of Europe


AI can have discriminatory effects when based on biased prior human decisions. In the public and private sector, AI-enabled decisions are made in many key areas of life – recruitment, admission to universities, credit, insurance, eligibility for pension payments, housing assistance, or unemployment benefits, predictive policing, judicial decisions and many more. Non-discrimination law and data protection law, if effectively enforced could address AI-driven discrimination. However, there is a deficit of awareness among the law enforcement and monitoring bodies and the general public. The community of industry, public authorities and civil society should address this issue in the context of the Internet governance debate.
The event will present the challenges and risks around the implementation of AI algorithms, the pros and cons of transparency and the ways to manage it in an optimal way, how to guarantee explicability - so users will understand how the algorithm works, how to secure the transparent process of its creation to make sure that it would not discriminate etc. It will also look into the role of Equality bodies and how to enhance it.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #32 NETmundial+5: The Legacy and Implications for Future Internet Governance

Euro-SSIG/Medienstadt Leipzig,,, & the Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society


In April 2014, representatives of governments and stakeholders from around the world gathered in São Paulo, Brazil to negotiate and adopt the NETmundial Multistakeholder Statement on global Internet governance. As the statement's Preamble explained, "This is the non-binding outcome of a bottom-up, open, and participatory process involving thousands of people from governments, private sector, civil society, technical community, and academia from around the world. The NETmundial conference was the first of its kind. It hopefully contributes to the evolution of the Internet governance ecosystem."

The statement had two main sections. The first was a list of Internet Governance Principles that enumerated human rights and shared values; set out procedural guidlines concerning the conduct of multistakeholder Internet governance; and highlighted other guiding objectives like promoting a unified and unfragmented Internet that retains an open and distributed architecture and is secure, stable and resilient. The second was a Roadmap for the Future Evolution of Internet Governance that covered a broad range of priorities for action, including strengthening the IGF, completing the IANA transition and advancing ICANN's globalization, promoting enhanced cooperation and multi-stakeholder mechanisms at the national and global levels, and improving communication and coordination among Internet governance processes. The Statement also took note of the need for further dialogue and cooperation in other issue-areas like law enforcement assistance and cyber security, mass and arbitrary surveillance, capacity building, the roles and responsibilities of stakeholders, jurisdictional questions, benchmarking systems, and net neutrality.

Five years on, what has been achieved in terms of follow-up and implementation of the Statement's Principles and Roadmap? In which issue-areas they covered have we seen progress, stasis, or retrenchment, and why? What, if anything, could be done in the current geopolitical environment to advance cooperation on the Statement's unrealized objectives? Might any of the current initiatives being pursued in intergovernmental or multistakeholder settings help? Is there a role for the IGF in any such efforts, and could any aspects of the NETmundial process be instructive regarding the IGF's own performance? Does the NETmundial offer lessons and have normative relevance to emerging governance challenges, or should we just regard it merely as a one-off event of no lasting significance?

The purpose of this Day 0 session is to promote open and probing dialogue on these and related questions. The session will be structured as follows. In the first half, the co-moderators will pose a series of questions to a roundtable of panelists regarding the NETmundial's legacy and general impact as well as the progress or lack thereof on the issues outlined in the Principles and Roundmap. In the second half, the discussion will opened to all participants for what should be a highly interactive and illuminating community discussion.

Organizers and co-moderators:

William J. Drake, the University of Zurich, civil society, Switzerland
Wolfgang Kleinwachter, Euro-SSIG, civil society, Germany

Roundtable participants:

1. Carlos Afonso, Institute Nupef, civil society, Brazil 
2. Fiona Alexander, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, government, USA
3. Vint Cerf, Google, business, USA 
4. Hartmut Glaser, CGI.Br, technical community, Brazil 
5. Jeanette Hofmann, The Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society, academia, Germany 
6. Nnenna Nwakanma, The World Wide Web Foundation, civil society, Côte d'Ivoire
7. Stefan Schnoor, Ministry of Economics, government, Germany 
8. 3-4 more TBD

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #33 Better Data Governance for Smarter City Mobility

Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society


A workshop around the question of how data in smart cities should be governed to foster the creation and delivery of effective, innovative and sustainable mobility and transportation services for citizens, while respecting their privacy and other fundamental rights. The format is based on breakout discussions and collaborative work towards collecting and formulating tentative principles and best practices for Data Governance in Smart Cities.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #34 IGF crash-course on emerging technologies

International Chamber of Commerce; The Walt Disney Company


In today’s world, we are faced with not only the record pace with which new technologies emerge, but also with the exponentially growing demand for access to technology, online content, services, and tools. These emerging technologies are frequently headlines on the news, on the top policymakers’ agendas, and dominate business conversations. Year after year, new and emerging technologies are also at the front and center of policy discussions at the IGF.

At the same time, IGF participants have very different levels of familiarity and understanding of how some of these innovations function. While some might be experts on emerging technology topics, others are just beginning to engage in discussions. Additionally, some participants might be familiar with one particular field but may not have a strong understanding of another.

Given the prevalence and importance of emerging technology topics at IGF, there is a need to establish a common foundation for policy discussions throughout the IGF week. Having experts provide first-hand information about the technologies from a wide-range of perspectives could help equip participants with the basic tools needed to more confidently engage in dialogue and debate on the following IGF days, and to also more effectively participate in IGF.

For this purpose, the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) Business Action to Support the Information Society (BASIS) initiative, in partnership with The Walt Disney Company, is proposing a series of short, introductory presentations - so-called ‘crash courses’ - on the latest technologies, to discuss their functions, use, potential, and impact on economy and society. The session will consider the following topics:
- Artificial Intelligence
- Blockchain
- 5G
- IoT
- Smart cities

The session will give participants the opportunity to hear from senior industry experts about the five above-mentioned emerging technologies topics. Each expert will break down his/her topic and will explain it in a simple TED Talk manner for about 15 minutes, followed by a quick Q&A session.

Such a session could attract a great amount of attention at IGF, both from newcomers and more experienced participants. At the same time, the session would prove useful for participants across stakeholder groups. The participation of senior business experts will also draw the engagement of higher-level government and civil society participants.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #35 Informal Meeting of the Freedom Online Coalition

Freedom Online Coalition


This is an in-person meeting for the governments and Advisory Network Members of the Freedom Online Coalition (FOC). The IGF is one of the key forums around which the FOC coordinates, enabling the FOC to hold in-person meetings to plan its activities and diplomatic coordination for promoting and protecting human rights online. This meeting will be attended by between 20-30 governments, and a similar number of non governmental experts of the FOC's Advisory Network, from across stakeholder groups.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #36 Parliamentary perspective and opportunities for action

Committee on the Digital Agenda, German Bundestag


We want to contribute to a stronger parliamentary participation in the IGF 2019 by means of an opening event at day zero. By providing a platform for discussing the parliamentary dimension of Internet Governance we want to connect especially members of parliaments dealing with digital affairs as well as stakeholders from other areas. This event serves as a starting point for an ongoing debate during the IGF 2019 in Berlin, about how we achieve an international parliamentary networking about Data Governance, Digital Inclusion as well as Security, Safety, Stability and Resilience for the good of the citizens.
This event is planned as a discussion- and networking-kickoff event within the day zero framework: To allow a broad discussion involving perspectives from different countries, we suggest to have a short keynote from the host countries representatives, followed by an open mic – phase, where in a first step members of parliaments are invited to shortly share their perspective (presentation of name; country; party; topics they are interested in; no longer than two minutes). Then, in a second step, we suggest an open mic – phase for all other stakeholders willing to contribute to the debate (presentation of name; country; institution; topics they are interested in). Afterwards, there should be the possibility for networking among the stakeholders.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #37 Landlocked Countries: Turning a Weakness into an Opportunity

Afghanistan Telecommunications Regulatory Agency (ATRA)


One of the key elements of Internet accessibility in developing countries is international connectivity. Internet provisioning relies on basic building blocks, as no Internet governance will exist if not even broadband access is assured. The case of Afghanistan is further complicated as a landlocked country, because international connectivity to submarine cable landing stations or terrestrial fiber networks needs to be achieved through neighboring countries. That is an inherent weakness in itself, because prices for Internet access in landlocked countries are higher and often times supply restrictions condition availability of services.
How can this issue be tackled? Afghanistan has found an ingenious way around it, which effectively turns a weakness into an opportunity. The process is described in the rest of this paper.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #38 Mobile Connectivity in Emerging Economies

Pew Research Center


The Pew Research Center will report findings from surveys in 11 developing countries about the way Internet connectivity and mobile phones are changing user’s lives for good and for ill. The nationally-representative surveys are the first of their kind in this cross-cultural context and are being conducted in late 2018 in Venezuela, Mexico, Columbia, Jordan, Lebanon, Tunisia, India, Philippines, Vietnam, Senegal, Kenya and South America. The Center’s findings, buttressed by focus groups in four countries, will document the ways people in developing countries say they benefit from mobile connectivity. In addition, the surveys spell out people’s concerns about fake news, identity theft, mobile devices’ impact on children, the deterioration of civic and political life and the rise of digital divides.
A key theme in presenting the research will center on the trade-offs people experience in connected life: new economic and social efficiencies vs. new distractions; access to wider social networks vs. less face-to-face time; new ways to participate in civic life and hold political leaders accountable vs. new chances for trolls to wreak political havoc. The presentation will focus in particular on the widespread sense that people personally benefit from mobile technology, even as they worry society is harmed.
The session will include invited respondents from some of the countries studied.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #39 Come and experiment the Global Citizens' Debate on the Future of Internet

Missions Publiques


The goal of this Event is to give participants an insight of the process of Deliberation that ordinary citizens experiment when taking part to the Global Citizens' Debate on the Future of Internet.

Beyond the proper experience the event will allow to test the gap and/or alignment of wishes and concerns articulated by experts in comparison to the discussions of ordinary citizens of the world.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #40 The evolving ecosystem: ICANN's role in the security and stability of the Internet.



The Internet Ecosystem in which organizations such as ICANN fulfil responsibilities is rapidly evolving. A range of issues, whether legislative or regulatory initiatives with unintended consequences, cybersecurity attacks, or emerging platforms with dependencies on the Internet’s unique identifier system are contributory factors to our engagement in the global ecosystem.

This Workshop Session will explore the role ICANN has in furthering the stability, security of the Domain Name System (DNS) and how it engages with partners in fulfilling this goal. Critically, it will also discuss with global participants what more needs to be done to preserve the Internet.

Specifically, the Session, with participation from a number of different organisations, will address the following:

The emerging ecosystem and technologies and ICANN’s remit.

The current threat environment to the DNS and the Internet’s critical resources including a dialogue on actual attacks that have taken place;

Emerging legislative and other initiatives benefiting from engagement with partners to avoid unintended or unforeseen consequences.

How cooperation mechanisms between the different actors are required to address the diverse range of threats faced;

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #41 Leaving Hotel California: promoting alternatives to the Internet giants

Open-Xchange + OpenForum Europe


This will be an open brainstorming session on how to promote alternatives to the dominant Internet giants, aimed at anyone in any stakeholder group that wants to contribute; it is meant to feed into the panel with the same name that we have proposed for the main programme. This will allow us to invite and give voice to many more people; a report of this event will then be given at the beginning of the panel and submitted to panelists for comment, and all of this will then feed into the report of the panel itself. The actual structure of the event will be finalized later, but we plan to have a few initial presentations by experts to set the problem, followed by open discussion among all participants, breaking down the time into smaller slices on specific subsets of the issues.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #42 Technology and Surveillance in Latin America: Towards Human Rights Standars

Derechos Digitales


Latin America is a region with a problematic legacy of authoritarian governments and human rights violations. In the last couple of years, there’s been a trend to increment the use of technology for surveillance purposes, online and offline, often without clear human rights safeguards, becoming a threat for marginalized population, activists, journalists, political dissidents and other groups.

In this session, Latin American representatives from Governments, Civil Society and the Private Sector will discuss strategies aimed to work together towards a regional Human Rights framework that regulated the use of technologies for surveillance purposes, online and offline.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #43 Civil society coordination meeting

Global Partners Digital


The civil society coordination event will act as a convening and collaboration opportunity for civil society groups working on issues related to internet governance and policy. It will allow groups to discuss issues of common concern and to identify opportunities for collaboration on issues and forums. It will also allow the participants to consider issues relevant to the IGF agenda and identify what opportunities exist during the IGF where civil society can come together to reinforce common positions and thereby strengthen the civil society voice in internet governance discussions.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #45 "GDPR - after more than one year: how to make it happen?"

MyData Global


MyData Global, an international non-profit which advocates for human-centric approach to personal data, proposes the multi-stakeholder workshop on the topic: "GDPR more than one year after. How to make it happen?" with the focus on the practical implementation of GDPR’s article 20, "Right to data portability". Article 20, paragraph 1 reads:
"The data subject shall have the right to receive the personal data concerning him or her, which he or she has provided to a controller, in a structured, commonly used and machine-readable format and have the right to transmit those data to another controller without hindrance from the controller to which the personal data have been provided, where:
- the processing is based on consent pursuant to point (a) of Article 6(1) or point (a) of Article 9(2) or on a contract pursuant to point (b) of Article 6(1); and
- the processing is carried out by automated means."

In 2019, a year after GDPR came into force, article 20 is more a formal than actionable right. On one hand, there is a lack of tools, applications and processes to make it happen on the side of the organizations processing the personal data. On the other hand, people don’t know how to access their data and their often don’t trust their data is used ethically. This hinders the economic development based on data.

The workshop will bring the representatives of government, civic organization, technical communities and business. The aim of the workshop is to raise the awareness of the global decision makers and business executives about the current status of the implementation of GDPR, and to generate the actionable solutions to make the article 20 reality in the upcoming years. The workshop will feed in into the discussion on Data Governance of IGF and contributes to the debate on the importance of human centric approach to personal data for just, equitable and inclusive model of sustainable development for everyone and reaching the SDGs (particularly SDG 8,9,10 and 16).

Practical implementation of article 20 of GDPR is particularly relevant for reaching the goal of fair data economy and prosperous digital society based on:
- Trust and confidence, that rest on balanced and fair relationships between people, as well as between people and organisations
- Self-determination, that is achieved, not only by legal protection, but also by proactive actions to share the power of data with individuals;
- Maximising the collective benefits of personal data, by fairly sharing them between organisations, individuals and society.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #46 IGF Onboarding: the intersection of technical development of the Internet and policy

Greater Washington DC Chapter of the Internet Society


The technical development of the Internet and policy are intrinsically intertwined: they mutually depend on each other. For the Internet to continue to evolve in a positive way, it is essential that we reach good policy outcomes, which requires well-informed stakeholders to have a seat at the table. Therefore the goal is to provide participants a well-rounded base of knowledge that will help them contribute meaningfully to the matters that will be discussed at the IGF.

Onboarding activities and efforts for the IGF 2019 in Berlin shall be two-fold:
* Creating comprehensive learning material for online self studies as a means of preparation for people planning to attend the upcoming and any further IGFs
* If approved, we will hold Day Zero follow-up sessions on these self studies, facilitated and led by experienced members of the IGF community

Onboarding learning material shall at least include:
* The Internet as a network of interconnected networks: what’s at the core of it?
* The Domain Name System (DNS) as a fundamental service for (almost) all services on the Internet
* What are the consequences of this technical design for Internet Governance?
* What is Internet Governance, why does it matter, what is the IGF for?
* What are the impacts of policy and policy making on Internet infrastructure, both intended and unintended?

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #47 Protecting Public Health Online: Shadow Regulation & Access to Medicines

Dahdaleh Institute for Global Health Research at York University


Innovation and consumer choice are at the heart of the internet. In an increasingly globalized digital marketplace, however, there is a growing need to develop standards that protect the health and safety of consumers. The sale of medicines over the internet represent one of the fastest growing markets, driven largely by a lack of affordability and domestic availability. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), over two billion people lack regular access to essential medicines. Meanwhile, hundreds of millions of people have used the internet to fill legitimate prescriptions from both domestic and foreign pharmacies.

While consumers increasingly turn to internet pharmacies, there is a critical gap in guiding principles or standards that apply across national boundaries. Instead, we have a legislative and regulatory patchwork with uneven jurisdictional coverage, frequently outdated, and enforced disproportionately. The lack of transnational principles, guidelines and/or standards as they apply to internet pharmacies has at least two implications to consumer choice and consumer safety. On the one hand, it undermines access to affordable and quality medical products from legitimate internet pharmacies, while simultaneously failing to address the risks posed by rogue actors that sell falsified or substandard medical products, often without a valid prescription. In order to fend off the growing public health moral hazard, there is a fundamental need to develop appropriate international regulatory guidelines. Every day, people all around the world use the internet to purchase products and services wherever they find them at a price they are prepared to pay, for a legitimate product. Pharmacy is no different. What is required, in other words, are ‘digital’ standards to augment outdated ‘analog’ laws.

The aim of this Workshop will be to examine a practical and pressing case study of digital governance as it applies to a growing public health need. While the initiative may be novel in the context of an IGF event, it builds on years of work that culminated in 2018 with the adoption of the Brussels Principles on the Sale of Medicines Over the Internet (‘Brussels Principles’, developed by a coalition of stakeholders, internet experts and civil society at RightsCon Brussels 2017 and Toronto 2018.

For Day Zero, we will convene a broad spectrum of invited guests from across the spectrum of stakeholders to take up the outstanding technical and policy challenges while imagining the future of digital governance of transnational internet pharmacies.

Remote participation will be supported for those not able to attend in person and who indicate their interest in this very topical area.

Output of the Day Zero event will also be reflected into the requested workshop submitted into the IGF MAG process.

Following IGF 2019, the output of both Day Zero and the proposed workshop will be reflected in the continued work program in support of building awareness of the Brussels Principles and their acceptance at both national and international levels, also through engagement with the WHO and other relevant UN entities.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #49 Civil Society Reunion

Internet Society India Chennai


Proposed as an event to be passed on to be 'owned' by a small group of lead-participants from Civil Society, to be identified. This is a preliminary request, subject to reaffirmation by a team of organizers to be formed, as a event that would a reunion of Civil Society participants, mostly from within the IGF space, some to be invited from Civil Society without. Proposal to be expanded, and if approved as an expanded proposal, to be organized with a request to the IGF for a meeting space with good conferencing facilities, preferably in the IGF venue, with Internet for remote participation, Coffee and lunch or boxed lunch for 300-500 participants, either as direct/in-kind funding from the IGF, or by way of the IGF's assistance in securing the required funding, which may be around $10,000 euros. The event would be organized, tentatively, as a Round Table discussion on the topic "Stakeholder balance in Internet Governance for innovation in Business and effectiveness in Governance” Discussion to be led by discussion leaders from across stakeholder groups, with a geographical and gender balance.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #50 Ethics for the Young Digital Talents in the era of AI

Universitas Indonesia


This discussion will raise issues and potential solutions for education on ethics for the young digital talents in the era of AI. There will be ideas and experiences shared by academias and practitioners on how universities should provide their students wilth multi disciplinary approach on ethics related to the fast adoption of AI.

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #51 IGF Arab Regional Dialogue: Overcoming Barriers to Meaningful Participation

NTRA, Egypt


In his speech at the IGF2018 in Paris, António Guterres, UN Sec-Gen, highlighted the importance of an inclusive dialogue on new digital technologies and policies around them in order to maximize their benefits to the humankind whilst minimizing their negative unintended consequences. He stressed the notion of “leaving no one behind” as a prerequisite to reaching workable solutions for challenges posed by these new technologies and the way they affect societies, and to achieving the globally agreed 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda.
During IGF2018 recap session in Paris, it was noted that the voices of the Middle East and North Africa are among those particularly missing or underrepresented in the global debate. A more concerted effort is obviously required to identify the barriers and to boldly rethink the current approaches.
This session aims at bringing together various actors in the region and beyond, including from organizations, entities, and initiatives addressing key Internet-related policy and governance areas. Speakers and participants will have *equal opportunity* to share experience, and outline both efforts aimed at better engagement in the region, and also barriers that might be limiting the realization of the full potential of these efforts.
The session will also seek to facilitate identifying gaps where actors can further their efforts, redesign certain aspects of their activities, or commence on new partnerships to respond to identified needs to bridge those gaps. It will also touch upon existing mechanisms to draw on best practices and lessons learnt, identify needed tweaks or required reforms, and collectively outline envisaged trajectory.
Session will adopt a moderated roundtable format to allow for maximum engagement.
Among invitees intended to participate:
Moez Chakchouk, Assistant Director-General, UNESCO (Paris)
Jovan Kurbalija, Co-lead of the secretariat of the HLPDC (Geneva)
Denis Suar, UNDESA (New York)
Anja Gengo, IGF Secretariat (Geneva)
Charles Shaban, Chair of Arab IGF AMPAC (Amman)
Hanane Boujemi, vice-chair of Arab IGF AMPAC
Mohamed El-Dahshan, MEAC-SIG (Cairo/Oxford)
Ayman El-Sherbiny, UN ESCWA (Beirut)
Hazem Hezzah, League of Arab States (Cairo)
Baher Esmat, VP, Global Stakeholder Engagement, Middle East, ICANN (Cairo)
Salam Yamout, Regional Director, Middle East, ISOC (Beirut)
Qusai El-Shatti, Arab IGF Improvement Group former Co-chair (Kuwait)
Christine Arida, Arab IGF Secretariat (Cairo)
Manal Ismail, Chair, ICANN Government Advisory Group (Cairo)
Ridha Guelouz, Chair, NAIGF MAG (Tunis)
Aziz Helali, NAIGF MAG member (Rabat)
Rasha Abdalla, former MAG member, American University in Cairo (Cairo)
Zeina Bou Harb, former IGF MAG member, Arab IGF AMPAC member, Ogero (Beirut)
Mohamed El Bashir, Arab IGF MAG former vice-chair (Khartoum/USA)
Walid El-Saqaf, Trustee, Internet Society, former Arab IGF member (Sanaa/Stockholm)
Nadira El-Araj, member of ICANN Nom-Com, former Arab IGF member (Ramallah)
Khaled Foda, ICT Policy Expert, former League of Arab States (Cairo)

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #52 IGF LAC Space



IGF LAC Space is a session to gather all participants from the LAC region in an attempt to share their achievements of the present year and their plans for the following year. It started in 2016 in Guadalajara and this would be the 4th edition of the session.

The format is a round table with a moderator to control that everyone adjusts to the scheduled times.

The participation average is growing from year to year. In 2018 we had more than 50 participants.

The agenda for the event is:
- Introduction (5 minutes)
- News of the IGF from LAC MAG Members (15 minutes)
- 2019 achievements and 2020 projects from LAC Region organizations form all sectors (60 minutes)
- Invitations from IGF 2019 session organizers and panelists (10 minutes)

IGF 2019 Pre-Event #53 Electricity, Community Networks and Digital Inclusion: The case of the undeserved communities

Africa Open Data and Internet Research Foundation


There is no simple answer to the remaining challenges of connecting those who are not connected, or who are under connected – e.g limited access, lack of digital skills, lack of useful content, lack of affordable power sources. But, some lights on the horizon can bode well, if silo approaches by regulators and Ministries in healthcare, agriculture, education, finance and economic development can be rapidly changed, and new technologies and innovations can be applied to formerly highly intractable challenges. It is a multi-faceted approach of changing how electricity can be more broadly distributed, how community networks can augment and co-exist with existing comms/ISPs providers, and building skills through partnerships with NGOs and others to help to bring the rest of world into the digital age, regardless of whether they are in Africa, the Caribbean, Latin America, Asia-Pacific, MENA, SIDS or in an indigenous community that needs unique support to engage in the digitized world. The concept of community networks dates back to the start of wide spread use of the Internet in the US and Europe, when groups of people set. up ways to share resources or Internet connections across local networks. At heart, community networks rely on the active participation of individuals and local communities, are owned by the community, and operated in a democratic fashion. Community networks are operationalised through a whole variety of local stakeholders, NGOs, private sector entities, and or public administrations, who are involved in the designing, developing, implementing, maintaining and governing community networks. While the world slowly closes the access gap with 50% of the world's population now connected, the challenge associated with connecting and enabling the remaining 50% has not diminished. Having taken over 20 years to get this far, the question remains how long it will take to connect the next billions, to fully include the remaining 50%. While many reports and studies note the benefit of connected communities to support development and meeting the UN SDGs; yet there remain significant gaps in national level governmental public policies, especially in regulatory and legislative frameworks that support last mile and rural connectivity. This is often compounded by inadequate core infrastructure such as rural power sources, tower infrastructure and back-haul, with a commercial operators’ focus on the more lucrative urban rather than rural connectivity. But, Internet access is not feasible without affordable, reliable and sustainable energy sources.

Expected outcomes:

The session will start the discussions on creating a road map process to better understand what needs to be done in the short and long terms. There are several expected outcomes:

  1. Identify opportunities and lessons learned that would support the developing countries alignment of clean energy sources that support both urban and rural and remote users
  2. Identify the most critical gaps hindering the adoption and deployment of community networks in the developing countries.
  3. Identify opportunities for governments to align national broadband and connectivity priorities programs with key community network infrastructure
  4. Identify key issues on funding, resources and capacity at the national level.
  5. Identify key data gaps hindering the penetration of Internet to the underserved communities in the developing countries