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IGF 2019 Proposed Issues

Number of contributions by:

 

Stakeholder Group


Government: 19
Intergovernmental Organization: 8
Civil Society: 140
Technical Community: 79
Private Sector: 104

Regional Group

African Group: 40
Asia-Pacific Group: 113
Eastern European Group: 21
Latin American and Caribbean Group: 17
Western European and Others Group: 111
Intergovernmental Organizations: 6
Other: 42
Category: Cybersecurity, Trust and Privacy
ID Proposed Issue Comment
7
Capacity building opportunities for IT professionals on cyber security especially in Africa
9
Laws (Global)on Cyber Security and data protection is essential as the Internet requires trust.
Progress has been made but a lot should still be done.
It is important that progress must be made in this regard especially to protect those that are vulnerable whose data are stored and used globally without due consideration
13 q
20
How to make the internet safe by creating hotlines for reporting Cyber crimes. This will serve as a means to curb cyber security issues especially on social media and increase internet access.
24
Blockchain is a key ingredient in solutions to regain privacy. How?
Cutter Consortium, asked "Is Blockstack the Template for a New Internet?"
Reference : https://bit.ly/2QRgm1a
Blockstack is compared to Google Firebase.
51 Develop better global cybersecurity education standards. See this video for more explanation of the issue: https://youtu.be/GALbQxa_-n4
52
The involvement of Private Sector, Government and others should be encouraged in issues like Information Security, Cyber-security or Privacy in African developing countries.
Also knowledge acquisition in the area of Internet of Things should continue to be improved in African Developing Countries.
55
Role of Data Analysis in cyber security, latest trends in withholding trust of stakeholders and Privacy intrusion control techniques are some of the issues I would like to see progressed.
If given an opportunity, I would like to give a presentation on the same to abreast the audience with the latest trends of Cyber security, trust and privacy
68 Protección de Datos personales
El auge del comercio electrónico implica nuevas medidas para toma de decisiones, ante las nuevas problemáticas que se presentan en materia de ciberseguridad , sobre todo en cuestiones de datos personales.
72 Vulnérabilité des téléviseurs connectés:

l’internet constitue une porte d’insécurité pour les utilisateurs des services de la Télévision Numérique Terrestre(TNT). Avec ces nouvelles fonctionnalités, des personnes mal intentionnés peuvent s’en servir à de fin ne profitant pas les usagers de la TNT. Ils chercheront par exemple à prendre le contrôle à distance du système intelligent pour divers raison (usurpation d’identité, vol des données personnelles, dénis de services).
73
Go beyond the structural limit of internet in accessing remote device without the need to configure port forward or other tricks like STUN, VPN... Very usefull in IOT, but with security in mind.
78
Improve privacy resilience in information societies through good governance and implementing a trust by-design approach.
81
Automatic execution of customizable JavaScript by Web browsers leave people vulnerable to a wide class of undetectable attacks that WHATWG members is refusing to address (or inform stakeholders about)
Detailed informations about this wide class of attacks (currently exploited in the wide by the Russian Government, for example) with some of the possible mitigations are described in the Mozilla bug report: https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1487081

Such undetectable attacks pose serious issues to legal enforceability of digital forensics, allow to tunnel into private networks through the browser despite firewall and proxy (see https://rain-1.github.io/in-browser-localhostdiscovery ) and so on.

Though, the reaction of organizations like Mozilla and Chromium (both strongly bound to Google) shows we have a wide worse security issue here: the trust that people give to these organizations.
90
Obligar a los países a seguir una política de seguridad en las redes sociales. En Uruguay por ejemplo hay un gran vacío legal
93
Accounts created on internet services sucg as social networking platforms, should be linked with an ID as a way to ensure legislation applicability.
A global incentive program for PKI based digital identity could be the basis
102
Internet of Digital Trust and Privacy. As Internet grows and grows to a Trillion Connected nodes, need of Open Design of Trusted Systems is necessary for an Internet of Interconnected System.
117 2018IGF:Thailand No
121
Artificial Intelligence is an opportunity for enhanced cybersecurity, however, AI systems are also vulnerable to security threats, and AI itself could potentially be used for attacks.
Security by design in AI systems is crucial to protect critical infrastructure, end-users, and businesses.
125 Chances and Challenges of Single Sign-on Digital Identities for Citizens.
Digital identities for citizens touch key questions like security, privacy and openess for the involved parties which are governments, companies and individuals. The issue is to discuss which single sign-on digital identities are capable to fulfill todays and future requirements and how should their governance look like: Industry made closed identities (walled-garden) or community/government managed open identites.

130
Best practices and recommendations for cybersecurity of IoT products with an approach based on risk management and increased resilience of telecommunication network devices and infrastructure.
This issue is important to allow the rapid technological evolution and to avoid the creation of technical barriers to trade and inhibit innovation. The implementation of best practices will strengthen and promote the implementation of these IoT technologies and their consequent social and economic benefits, as well as the increase of confidence in the use of the Internet and the promotion of innovation, allowing a safe and reliable technological evolution.

157
We need more data control than GDPR compliance can offer (example: list of any given consent). Tools like Personal Information Management Services (PIMS) and approaches like MyData are to be fostered.
The German Foundation for Data Protection (Stiftung Datenschutz) carried out a project on PIMS & consent:
https://stiftungdatenschutz.org/english/project-consent-pims
162
Role of encryption for cybersecurity & privacy protection. End2end encryption is widely adopted, but it also presents negative effects such as limitations to traffic management & lawful interception
A debate should assess pros and cons and finding mitigation factors.
168
Cybersecurity concerns have helped drive a rise in protectionism. But are tech nationalism and walled-off networks the right response given it will disrupt the openness the Internet has thrived on?
169
Recognizing a state’s right to self-defense, what are the logical boundaries to cyber defense postures within militaries around the world? What capabilities would be permissible to this end?
170
What should govern the response of states to state-sponsored cyberattacks? What types of aggression in cyberspace could be considered “armed attacks” and which would fall short?
171
How can we facilitate awareness and broader participation of the general public on issues of cybersecurity to ensure they are equipped to engage with national politicians on this critical issue?
172
Against the backdrop of the emerging race for extraterritorial reach in government (lawful) data access – how can we develop the comity-doctrine further and render it practically applicable?
173
To securely deploy the single stack of IPv6 worldwide by turning off IPv4 to reduce the overall attack vectors, given the fact that we have continuously failed to secure the Internet using IPv4.
178 Check the cheating.
179
Can you give us more academic lectures or guidance? For example, more advanced technology.
180 Some security problems in IoT privacy and its
183 Cybersecurity trust and privacy
184
How to judge whether all kinds of applications obtain non-critical user information?
186 How to get more security and the operations
187
As AI is becoming the technology that will change our future, how we protect our privacy? Meanwhile, how to protect ourselves from being attacked by robots?
193 Physical layeye securiy
211
I would like to see issues related to Internet governance and artificial intelligence in IGF meeting.
217 human rights
227 How to contribute personal power in the governance of the Internet?
229 security
232 Cybersecurity, Trust and Privacy
234 Cybersecurity, Trust and Privacy
238 Cybersecurity, Trust and Privacy
239 privacy
243 wonderful papers
251
I hope that ICF can pay attention to the problem of Chinese Internet companies leaking a lot and misusing user privacy information.
254 None
257 No suggestion , thanks.
258 nothing
260 D2D UE-to-Network Relay
267
The Importance of Internet Resources and Policy Development on the Internet for the Federal State and the Society
268 Digital and Federal State Sovereignty on the Internet
269
Long-term Internet security is threatened by the advent of quantum computers. What's happening in post-quantum cryptography? What can organizations do now to prepare for the apocalypse?
Post-quantum cryptography is one of the hottest topics in modern cryptography, and the latest news should be of broad interest. Hundreds of cryptographers around the world have submitted proposals for post-quantum cryptography to a new competition organized by the U.S. National Institute for Standards and Technology. Google, CloudFlare, et al. have initiated experiments with post-quantum cryptography. IETF has issued RFC 8391, its first post-quantum RFC. It might also be useful to have some comparison to quantum key distribution (QKD); see, e.g., https://www.ncsc.gov.uk/whitepaper/quantum-key-distribution.

(Sorry if this is a duplicate. Saw a weird error from the server instead of a submission acknowledgment.)
273
Role of encryption for cybersecurity & privacy protection. End2end encryption is widely adopted, but it also presents negative effects such as limitations to traffic management & lawful interception.
A debate should assess pros and cons and finding mitigation factors.
275 Multistakeholder approaches to comprehensive cybersecurity frameworks
Discussions should involve voluntary standards, guidelines, best practices and capacity-building to manage cybersecurity-related risk
276
Informed, interoperable, accountable and transparent approaches to management of personal data and privacy online
Sharing of best practices and guidelines to promote accountability and transparency in use of personal data, interoperable approaches to privacy protection and empowering users to control their personal data online
295 nothing to suggest
302
How can we we give power back to the users? How can we ensure that the principle of digital sovereignty is reflected in every aspect of our (digital) word, from education to the design of tech?
308
As intergovernmental fora increasingly take up cybersecurity issues, there is a need for the IGF as a multistakeholder forum to respond to and inform these processes, which are short on engagement.
309 Achieving tangible results
310 The better in the future!
327
Cybersecurity and IoTs – how can we create a secure and trusted digital environment?
As our societies are becoming increasingly interconnected, ensuring secure networks will be key. This is especially apparent with regards to the creation and deployment of Internet of Things (IoT) as the Internet develops into more devices being connected. It is estimated that up to 7.3 billion devices to be made secure by their manufacturers before 2020.
328
Cybersecurity and IoTs – how can we create a secure and trusted digital environment?
As our societies are becoming increasingly interconnected, ensuring secure networks will be key. This is especially apparent with regards to the creation and deployment of Internet of Things (IoT) as the Internet develops into more devices being connected. It is estimated that up to 7.3 billion devices to be made secure by their manufacturers before 2020.
336
Deepfakes VS privacy. Its getting harder and harder for a human to be able to spot "Deep Fake Videos"
Deep fake videos are able to show any person speaking words they have never said, making this content a danger to create more realistic "fake news".

How can we solve this problem?

1. If on one side humans are not going to be able to detect these deep fake videos in a matter of years
2. And we want governments or corporations algorithms to stay away from seeing or analyzing our data (media content in this case)

We need to ask ourselves a key question. Should we trust our data to governments or corporations algorithms to analyze our content in order to eliminate deep fake videos? Is there a way around this approach? Could we create third party "deep fake algorithms" that can independently analyze all our content? Should it be open source? Would this be even a greater danger because it will has access to all our content? Lots of interesting questions on this topic

Example of deep fake video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gLoI9hAX9dw
337
The issue of trust is amplified by growing trends of consumer fraud and abuse coupled with concerns about data protection. How can public/private initiatives engender trust and empower consumers?
346
"Are we ready to collaborate? Building Trust in Cybersecurity Norms Development"
For the past three years (at least) the IGF has hosted a series of dialogues on multistakeholder cooperation in cybersecurity. The latest Best Practice Forum has also focused on unpacking the activities and experiences that underpin the construction of cultures of security. It would be particularly helpful to build a dialogue that would challenge participants to collectively map the gaps for collaboration starting from different sectorial, national and regional experiences. Processes such as the UNGGE might be in place at the international level and other mechanisms such as the GCSC, regional CBMs and others as well. However, the emergence of "new" processes do not necessarily translate into greater cyberstability. Is it the time for us to question whether states, companies, civil society and technical community are "ready to collaborate"? If so, why and how? If not, why and how? This dialogue starts from a provoking question that would proactively seek to challenge both the panel and the audience to (i) share sectorial, national and regional experiences from cybersecurity cooperation and (ii) [could] potentially provide a short list of points to advancing cooperation on cybernorms.
349
Authentication (i.e., handshakes, access , identities, verification, etc.) is both a current and growing challenge.
I spoke about trust during the closing of the IGF-USA 2018 Conference. I am very glad that it made the main idea of 2018 conference and I view this as the next step beyond asking how important is “trust” on the Internet. The authenticity of information, of transactions, and of the Internet user experience is crucial.
Category: Digital Inclusion & Accessibility
ID Proposed Issue Comment
2
I suggest that we keep discussing and working towards community network, free WiFi and public wifi to increase the number of connected people around the world.
We must keep talking about Digital Inclusion and Accessibility to let leaders in Africa and all over the world that letting people having access to internet is not a threat to the country's security. And by doing so we will work harder to make internet secure to everyone by setting up policy and regulations for a better internet. Digital inclusion and accessibility must not let out the internet security and trust. Thank you
4
Digital literacy skills for disadvantaged Communities in Africa. We need to equipping digital literacy skills for women, person with disabilities, vulnerable children in our local communities.
27
Access for those below the poverty line
Public shared networking infrastructures for internet for all
Removing the digital divide from discrimination (Gender, Income class, Region)
31
Nos gustaría que en la próxima reunión de IGF se tocara el tema: Cómo podemos aportar a cumplir los ODS - Objetivos del Desarrollo del Milenio, desde cada uno de nuestros países ?
Proponemos hacer una jornada en el mundo en universidades donde se realice un taller con población vulnerable (puede ser sobre alfabetización informacional, herramientas TIC, tramites en linea para el ciudadano,etc), la fecha podría ser el 17 de mayo, Día Mundial de Internet)
38
We don't know what we don't know: How can IGF catalyze public education and engage in public research so to understand the public interest and not guess at it?
The IG world lives in something of a bubble of self-selected experts, advocates, diplomats and vested interests. Conventional outreach efforts only help to identify more self-interested bodies, they still don't get outside the bubble. There is no reasonable path through which the public ..those who are impacted daily by the Internet yet don't have it as a primary focus .. is heard.

For the IGF (and the world of IG in general) to claim legitimacy in the public interest, it needs to actually seek out what that interest is. To sufficiently understand the needs of the world outside its bubble, the IGF needs to engage in a program of INFORMED FEEDBACK. This requires widespread plain-language information campaigns combined with polls, focus groups and other forms of both quantitative and qualitative research.
39
The place of illectronism in the cyberspace and digitalisation system.
How UN will introduce to these persons cybergouvernance worldwide context and prevent them from cyberinsecurity ?
Illectronism : people which are not comfortable with digital formats. For example 15% french people are concerned. Illectronism is an emerging and fast growing inequality regarding the web development.
40
For ICT to empower people with specific needs such as disable and indigenous people, rural populations, women, girls and children, policies should be put in place.
The digital révolution is so fast and does not consider nor carry along most of the world population and the gap is growing bigger as the digital innovations are increasing
42
Access to rural communities if improved, could change the lives of many people and also help in the fight to alleviate poverty and raise standards of living.
43
Access to rural communities if improved, could change the lives of many people and also help in the fight to alleviate poverty and raise standards of living.
67
Unused spectral bandwidths in fiber distribution owned by Telecommunication companies, which can aid in building community networks, be made readily available.
75 ¿Cómo favorecer un acceso útil y seguro a Internet para las personas mayores?
88
IGF should provide NGOs more opportunities to host workshops that focus on the "Public Welfare", also establish a platform for NGOs from various countries or regions to seek future cooperations.
108 Tackling access and affordability in rural Africa.
Spreading access and minimising cost will help ensure access to information and improve digital literacy levels which is necessary for the advances being made in technology.
119
I would like to see the rights of children with disabilities and the digital environment be approached, namely that to improve their conditions their views must be taken into account
This issue had been recently approached by the Council of Europe in a funded project to which I contributed
131
How can we leverage the potential of emerging technologies like AI to improve the social inclusion of people with disabilities (e.g. labor market, access to education)?
151
¿Cómo facilitar el acceso a Internet a los estudiantes de educación primaria de las escuelas de Ancash? Solo el 38% de dichos estudiantes cuenta con acceso a la Red.

160 Data Literacy and Data Education
Working and learning with big amounts and diverse forms of data are becoming indispensable skills. Digital education gaps need to be avoided and/or bridged; effective strategies and good practices need to be identified.
163
Economic sustainability of connecting all initiatives. Avoid inefficient use of limited resources devoted by initiatives (public, private and ppp models) to expand connectivity is a priority
To find commonalities that secure economic sustainability and that inititatives endure over time
167
There is a vast linguistic divide, which exists in cyberspace today and this will only exacerbate the digital divide. Everyone therefore should have access to the multilingual Internet.
Nations, communities and individuals without access to the Internet and its resources will certainly be marginalized with limited access to information and knowledge, which are critical elements of sustainable development. The digital divide has two important aspects: firstly, everyone should have access to the Internet, and secondly, access to quality content created not only at international or regional level, but locally and in local languages. The Internet is multilingual and culturally diverse where every culture and language has its own space.
181 how can countries try together for Internet security
189 Some more about the combination of communication and artificial intelligence.
200 information safety of personal mobile payment account
218 What is the importance of internet security?
219 innovative
230 The issue of Internet security.
236 Digital inclusion and accessibility
237 I'd like to see what benefits 5g will bring to our daily life.
249 Digital Inclusion & Accessibility
262 What will the next generation Internet be?
264 no no
272
Economic sustainability of connecting all initiatives. Avoid inefficient use of limited resources devoted by initiatives (public, private and ppp models) to expand connectivity is a priority
To find commonalities that secure economic sustainability and that inititatives endure over time.
277 Elements of sustainable models for meaningful connectivity
A robust Internet ecosystem depends on (1) ubiquitous and affordable Internet access, (2) applications, services, content creation in all forms and (3) the ability of users to use and in turn create content. A key to facilitating Internet accessibility, and thereby enabling global expansion of the Internet’s benefits, is supporting investment in infrastructure, encouraging the production of locally relevant content and empower all groups and communities to access, use and produce content. Further conversation is needed about how various stakeholders (governments, businesses, organizations) can both advance ubiquitous and affordable Internet access while incentivizing the existence and extent of local language content, and locally relevant content.
285 good
286
To ensure everyone benefits from the internet we need a more human centered approach in designing + applying digital technology. Digital inclusion needs to be a constant item on the political agenda.
#DigitalDivide - Digital inclusion needs to be a constant item on the political agenda, both in national plans for technological development and in development aid policy. How do we ensure the consideration of well established guidelines such as the Digital Development Principles in the process of technological enhancement?
288
(1) The role of elder and children played in digital society
(2) What is The bottom line of technology, for example AI?
289 5G,VANET,MEC
303
How can we make better use of digitisations’ potentials for democracy? How must governments adapt to allow co-creation of politics (e.g. digital participation, enhancing public discourse…)?
304 Promoting Digital Inclusion and Accessibility to Rural Communities
313
Over 12 years since the CRPD, web accessibility remains a distant reality for people with disabilities. The issue of internet accessibility must be understood and addressed with greater nuance.
315
Community networks have generated attention through intersessional work on connecting the unconnected. IGF 2019 should advance discussions on the development of scalable and sustainable networks.
317
Not enough attention is paid to what data is needed and by whom. Timely, accessible, affordable, and non-discriminatory access to data is ideal in order to sustainably connect everyone on the planet.
318
Timely, accessible, and non-discriminatory access to data, as well as accountability and good governance is ideal in order to sustainably connect everyone on the planet.
330
Functional illiteracy in a digital knowledge-society will enhance the role of intermediaries in addressing illegal content. Finding the right balance between fundamental values will be key.
Can also be put under Media & Content.
347 Digital literacy: using ICT to teach Internet Governance
Internet has become a cross-sectional thing. Yet, the literacy level is low.
Even though many who say they know how to use the net, ignore how it works an how to optimize its governance.
Besides, they use inadequate practices in areas such as Internet security.
That is why it is necessary in an interconnected world, to teach people on Internet issues, to maximize their digital literacy, if they have any.
This knowledge would make people take advantage of ICT, along being aware and protected of the danger of and in the net.
350
Much of the debate about tech governance is based on priorities of developed countries. We’d like to see more nuanced understanding of challenges & opportunities as perceived by developing countries.
Category: Emerging Technologies (AI, distributed ledger, etc.)
ID Proposed Issue Comment
1
The AI Transparency Institute launched the AI Governance Forum in 2018 and suggests that the AGF takes over this initiative to expand its impact (see ai-gf.com)
3
Participation of developing world in the Artificial Intelligence Governance is highly important. AI is wrongly interpreted, so to bridge the gap developing world should be part of the AI Governance.
Currently the big internet organization like Facebook and Google are capturing and testing AI algorithms to capture big data where developed nations are aware of the issues and they have been questioning about the breach. Whereas, lower economies first there is no awareness and AI has been portrait as a threat where the developing nation are unaware of the current use of being a lab rat for the internet organization and yet we fear of AI. It is highly important that these economies are brought to table adapting their values to the governance in a more feasible and efficient way.

Mutistakeholder approach needs to be adopted in AI governance where proper development of human core values needs to set or else it will create a big gap where externalities will further flourish.
12
Regulatory issues with Blockchain as the market continue to grow, governments are taking an increased level of interest to regulate the cryptocurrency because of the high security and risk involved.
Satoshi Nakamoto the founder of bitcoin said if more than half of the computers working as nodes to service the network tell a lie, the lie will become the truth. This is called a ‘51% attack’ this is one notable security flaw in the blockchain.
15
4th industrial revolution and associated issues.

Digital inclusion.

Internet access for disabled and under previliged.
26
To define and develop a worldwide robust solution for AI by considering the latest era of Industry 4.0
28
Global Coordination of AI Governance (GCAIG). States are declaring AI strategies and/or intentions to establish regulatory governance of AI. It is therefore vital to establish GCAIG to avoid conflict.
Work in this area is in its infancy but is starting to develop through groups such as the European Commission's High Level Expert Group on AI, the Global Governance of AI Roundtable at the World Government Summit in Dubai, the OECD and CoE.
48
Drone for agriculture
How can we use drone potential to bring food to anyone in the world. This can be theorical and practices process building.
How the business will build the low prize of drone for the startup and farmers organizations in Afrique agriculture space.
63
Lazy/trojan data issue;poor quality data captured for mass AI databanks suddenly cause unexpected disruption or analysis;user awareness, good error correction essential.
Quality , relevant data no fake data and development of good judgement, benefit of the doubt, for data controllers , CIOs etc
.
64
Ethical data control and best practice establishment of brainwave captured data uses retention, disposal etc.Application of brainwave capture can be extended to other sectors.
Rights of patients and families in the data control process and use ther-of e.g. for AI databases.
76
Research in EmergingTechnologies:An opportunity to discuss research challenges of Emerging Technologies.The objective is to highlight the role of the scientific community in the debate
Scientific research is to be considered as an opportunity to engage more young people from several continents to participate in the debate and contribute to give scientific solutions to technical or economic issues related to the global digital transformation.
All the following stakeholders are concerned: Researchers,technical communities, NGO, Governments, intergovernmental organizations,and also big firms in the field of ICT from both public and private sector.
82
Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning as means to provide new ways of approaching problems and meaningfully impacting global SDGs.
Artificial Intelligence and machine learning centered discussions touching on a range of social impact domains namely:
√Arts, Culture and Humanities
√Humanitarian Crisis Response
√Economic Empowerment
√Education
√Environment, Conservation, and Energy
√Equality and Inclusion
√Healthcare
√Infrastructure
√Public and Social Sector Management
101
Understanding regional cultures for AI behavioural sciences, need for IT cultural best practices development
World is now a matrix of cultures. . In adaptive change for ethics and values
111 Who manages social media? The Laws or money?
Social platforms are not just media, they are an instrument of influence on worldwide political, cultural and economic processes, it is a huge responsibility of ownership and participants. A lots of scandals and new information about threats, we became smarter and more attention. Do we need or don`t stronger restrictions and rules for owners, new legislation? Or now end users already are in safety?
120
Teaching Artificial Intelligence:
Digital literacy requires that education on all levels addresses the opportunities and risks of Artificial Intelligence in a way that empowers end-users.
Technical education is not only about raising awareness among data subjects, but also about building capacity in computer science and ICT-related fields, as AI technologies are becoming increasingly important.
122 Regulatory processes regarding Artificial Intelligence
Algorithmic decision making systems are becoming tools for both the public and private sector, while regulatory systems are lagging behind technical innovation. End-users are affected by algorithms reproducing discriminatory biases, and opaque use of personal data. Technical innovation and policy making cannot be seen separately in addressing these challenges.
132
What are the roles and responsibilities of different stakeholders in shaping the development and use of trustworthy AI systems? What capacity-building is necessary to enable these types of dialogues?
133
How is AI being deployed to address the challenges of the SDGs? How can these be further incentivized? What are best practices for diffusing AI technologies more broadly to address the challenges?
134
What issues and challenges need to be considered in deploying AI? What are some policy options for addressing these? Are there some examples of AI policy governance that can be leveraged?
135
What are the legal, socio-economic and technical issues in data-sharing? What data infrastructure needs to be in place to enable data-sharing? What learnings can be found from open data initiatives?
136
What is needed to enable AI technologies and systems to be more trustworthy, and what best practices can be deployed to achieve this? How is the technical community and academia addressing this?
137
How can we better facilitate the diffusion of AI technologies more broadly into the digital ecosystem to enable sustainable and inclusive economic growth, and encourage entrepreneurialism?
138
AI and the future of work: what challenges and potential solutions might AI bring in relation to the future of work, and how can different stakeholders work together to address the issues raised?
159
How can institutions/governments profit from technological progress without getting too dependent on big corporations? Which competencies are needed to ensure a democracy's Digital Sovereignty?
There is a Study (conducted for the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy - in German) on this topic: https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/DE/Publikationen/Studien/kompetenzen-fuer-eine-digitale-souveraenitaet.html
165
Governance of Blockchain. Distributed ledger techs present significant similarities with the Internet. Is IG model applicable to the governance of blochchain? What governance models are most suitable?
176 I wish it can be better
177 Sharing of global educational resources and telemedicine
182
Emerging technologies as the one of the important way to improve human progress should gain more attention.
191 some more presentation in big data privacy
192 Put the subject professional education in high school
194 Put the subject professional education in high school
198  Emerging Technologies
199  Emerging Technologies
202 Emerging Technologies
208 anomaly detection
214 No suggestion,thanks!
216
Emerging technologies conclude artificial intelligence (AI), 3D printing, gene therapy, cancer vaccines and so on.
233 Technologies of 5G
241 AI
242 emerging technologies
247 I hope this meeting will get better and better
248 Emerging technologies in IGF. E
252 no
261 How to prevent big data killing and information leakage in the era of big data.
263
Emerging technologies, such as, Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data, and Artificial Intelligence (AI) play a critical role in connecting billions of users around the world.
265
The use of algorithms and AI as well as the handling of data holds great potential. At the same time, numerous ethical and legal questions arise that need to be discussed.
The IGF offers the opportunity to search for suitable answers and to discuss ethical guidelines for the protection of the individual, the preservation of social coexistence and the safeguarding and promotion of prosperity in the information age.
274
Governance of Blockchain. Distributed ledger techs present significant similarities with the Internet. Is IG model applicable to the governance of blockchain? What governance models are most suitable?
278 Potential of AI tools to achieve SDG objectives
As new technologies (AI, AR, VR, blockchain, etc.), there is an opportunity to better understand the impact these fields can have on furthering the 2030 Agenda, how these could be enabling, or might hinder, achievement of the SDGs. Discussions could unfold on opportunities and challenged raised by emerging technologies and how they can be developed in a human-centred, trustworthy and responsible way to further common objectives.
290 MTC MEC NLP
294 I want to see the future application of massive MIMO technique. no
307 Will AI cut down labour and cause more social problems than any time in history?
311 I would like to have a discussion about free grand.
312 emerging technologies
321
IGF 2019 should examine how advances in AI globally, especially given how assumptions, values and socioeconomic environments that these technologies function within vary greatly in different contexts.
324
Big data is increasingly integrated into mechanisms, infrastructure and processes of decision making. This has particular human rights implications in the regulation of sexuality and sexual rights.
332
We need a viable shift from technology-centric development to human-centred development of AI. The technology has to be adapted to users and society in the long-term.
The Young Forum: Technical Sciences (JF:TEC) is an interdisciplinary network of young scientists who develop solutions to the challenges of current and future technology development and design.
http://jftec.de/
340
Ethical and Social impact of AI, big data, block chain - implications for narrowing the digital gap
342
The 2018 IGF devoted several panels to AI and ML, but too little attention was paid to possible barriers to their use (e.g. data localization; overly restrictive privacy mandates; techlash).
I work for a company that uses Machine Learning to detect and deflect botnet traffic.
Category: Evolution of Internet Governance
ID Proposed Issue Comment
6 Establishment of users internet norm use
8
An interesting issue is if the IG governence evolution will finally lead to the
Internet Self-Governence versus Internet Governence (a modern model of internet-residers?)
During the last years the issue of conflict between the rights to freedom of expression and data privacy has gained a momentum. Meanwhile, even after so many pieces of research and landmark court cases, the clear remedy or regulation is still lacking. Is this an endless debate? or we really are witnessing the evolution of IG?
18
Il serait bon de discuter sur la liberté de Internet et la nécessité d'encadrement. Liberté oui, mais responsabilité aussi.
22
Quels solutions préconisez vous pour l'évolution de la gouvernance de l'Internet?
RAS
23
Internet partout et pour tous: wifi public, réduction du coût d'internet,qualité et performance du service
il faut rendre l'internet accessible pour lutter contre la fracture numérique avoir une bonne politique de la cybersécurité et pour mieux innover
37
A middle ground between the vested-interest capture of multi-stakeholderism and government capture of multi-lateralism is badly needed. How can IGF stimulate such innovation?

Models such as ICANN's, without treaty backing and financially self-interested, have fared poorly at accommodating (or even knowing) the needs and views of the global public interest -- yet government-only governance models such as proposed by the ITU also find little favour and inhibit innovation.

Only a few years ago there were numerous attempts to envision alternative models, such as Netmundial, to find a hybrid approach that would gain the confidence necessary from multiple sectors, perhaps enough to even form the seed of an Internet treaty effort. But such activity now appears more necessary than ever given the rising phenomena of inter-state political meddling, cyber-scams, and the unsatisfactory conclusion of ICANN's separation from the US government.

The IGF is the best venue for such governance-model innovation. More attention needs to be paid here lest Internet governance devolves even more into a free-for-all between nations and vendors with the global public increasingly unaware and left out.
41
Internet fragmentation. I think the future of the Internet should be better discussed (China, Us, Europe models).
One way of doing this could be by engaging more dialogue with the IRTF, IAB and IETF, bringing their actors and exchanges to the floor in the IGF.
44
Cyber Sovereignty and the Chinese Public Diplomacy, focusing on China's rejection to US's Net Neutrality and China's attempt to build up its global governance through Cyber Sovereignty policy.
Prior to this proposal, I’ve already done some preliminary work. I finished a literature review on how Chinese scholars defined Cyber Sovereignty in the fields of Law, International Relations and Journalism and Communication. This review revealed the difference between internet sovereignty, cyberspace sovereignty and cyber sovereignty. It also found that in the field of Journalism and Communication, there was no scholar to evaluate the communication effect of the term itself. That’s why I also accomplished a content analysis on how American, British and Russian mainstream media had covered the annual World Internet Conference held in Wuzhen, China. It concluded that Washington Post and Guardian had neglected the cyber security and cyber prosperity underlined by the Chinese government, Chinese mainstream media and Chinese tech-giants BAT (Baidu, Alibaba and Tencent), such as financial security, counter terrorism, digital economy and communication technologies for poverty alleviation. Rather, Post and Guardian mainly concerned about the internet freedom. In the second Internet Conference, Xi put forward with the concept of Cyber Sovereignty. Since then there was a weakening in the UK's critical attitude that some articles seriously discussed about the term and compared it with the concept of US's Net Neutrality. As on the Russian side, Rossiyskaya Gazeta has always been supportive of the Chinese propositions, especially of the Cyber Sovereignty.
54
The IoT governance challenges including the ethical guidelines for IoT architects/designers. The IoT design patterns and principles are essential requirements.
56
Share data gathered by industries, smart cities, IoT, etc., anonymised, with researchers for the common good and not only for commercial gain, to create a better, safer, healthier world for all.
57
The Hague is the city of peace and justice in the analogue world. Should the Internet be added here and if so what sort of topics would be brought to courts?
59
Consolidation moves the public Internet away from its distributed nature and shifts power to a limited number of companies, with potential impact on innovation, access to data & Internet governance.
This topic is a recommendation of workshop #40 on Internet megatrends at IGF 2018.
61
Shutdown Internet become a big issue in African. How we can provide solution for bussiness during the shutdown.
69
Internet governance and climate change
84
social and institucional Democratization (promotion of peace, dignity, rule of law) trough internet governance.
85
Each tecnological company must submit a tax model, on every dollar as income of the company in a certain country, there will be a estimate for the IRS (name of U.S.A.) know how company will pay.
Me gustaría que en todos los países hubiera una legislación común para las empresas de tecnología que operan en más de un país. Particularmente, cada empresa del rubro deberá presentar un esquema modelo de tributación, de modo que sobre cada dólar que tenga de ingresos en cierto país, exista un estimado para la IRS (name of U.S.A.) sepa cómo esa empresa abonará sus impuestos.
86
Each tecnological company must submit a tax model, on every dollar as income of the company in a certain country, there will be a estimate for the IRS (name of U.S.A.) know how company will pay.
Me gustaría que en todos los países hubiera una legislación común para las empresas de tecnología que operan en más de un país. Particularmente, cada empresa del rubro deberá presentar un esquema modelo de tributación, de modo que sobre cada dólar que tenga de ingresos en cierto país, exista un estimado para la IRS (name of U.S.A.) sepa cómo esa empresa abonará sus impuestos.
89
Responsibility, accountability, and user rights defense and enforcement on the IoT.
As "things" on the IoT cooperate to carry out actions and reply to agents, is there some way to trace the cooperation and determine the chain of responsibility for the end results, the possible side effects and possible data leakages? If my intelligent "medical cabinet" orders a drug, and the order is fulfilled by an intelligent pharmaceutical bot, which sends the medicine to my intelligent home via a drone and something goes wrong and I wind up receiving a wrong dosage, how can I determine what went wrong and whose fault was it, and how can my complaint be made effective?
97
Federation as a common, natural, efficient and innovative way to develop and create software so the civic governance of the Internet increases.
98
I think IGF is involving all religious and community for what they doing for all community of every nation.

No comment.
104
Discuss report and recommendations from
the UN SG High Level Panel on Digital Cooperation
105
CENTR would like to see a discussion on DNS over HTTPS. Not just the technical aspects of it, but a broad discussion on how it will affect the Internet ecosystem.
106
We would like to have a discussion on the interaction between policy, protocols and standards. Not just on fundamental human rights but also on how normative rules affect technical standards.
107
Quels sont les stratégies et actions à mener pour mieux faire partager avec les autres sur l'évolution de la gouvernance de l'Internet;
RAS
109 The Paris Call for Trust and Security in Cyberspace – the year after.
We have to discuss expectations and results. The viability of international initiatives on cyber security. It is crucially to understand the sequence of States activities - signing such documents, creation of tools and the next steps of implementation, including the preparation of a legal framework for promised changes.
112 The unified global Internet governance. Achievable?
We are talking about global Internet governance, but each country is concerned about the cybersecurity of the local network space, enacting its own laws, can violating and de-fragmenting the Internet. The sovereignty of the Internet is equal to the sovereignty of each State. Global community can make recommendations, but can`t influence from the outside.

123
Governments are making motions, as could be seen in Paris, for IG activities to be focused around them. How can we ensure a meaningful place at the discussion table for all stakeholders moving ahead?
Distribution of Rooms to Workshops needs to be thought about in a much deeper manner. Last year, the amount of mismatch between room size and audience was higher than ever, and it was all too common to observe dozens of people left out of discussions that interested them, while some sessions that had famous speakers but low interest left dozens of seats empty.
126
Including ordinary citizens' into Internet governance: How to extend the discussion beyond the usual suspects.
128
Who should be allowed to decide on the rules and the design of the internet with regard to a.o. openness, equal access, privacy and control?
How can a compromise be found between opposing interests about how open, commercial or government-controlled the internet should be and what could this compromise look like? How can attempts at more control, surveillance and fragmentation from individual actors be constrained without interfering with legitimate interests such as crime detection? Which conflicts arise around topics like business models, net neutrality, censorship and government surveillance and how can they be settled?
129
Which political questions are following from current technical developments and decisions?
What is the influence of encryption, development of DNS, the growth of mobile communications, software-defined networking and machine-to-machine communication on the development of the internet? How does these technical developments affect (global and regional) internet governance?
(compare/contrast with issue ID 106 "...on how normative rules affect technical standards")
139
How can we improve the access of SMEs and the startup community to the IGF and its platforms?
140
Tangible outcomes – exploring tangible outcomes resulting from the IGF platform facilitating multistakeholder partnerships, policy inputs and other positive outcomes beyond confines of the IGF itself
141
What should be the role of multi-stakeholderism in driving towards the policy and regulatory decisions made by national authorities?
164
Regulating the Internet. 2018 IGF host made call to regulate Internet presenting model in between US and Chinese models. Should the Internet be regulated? How and by whom?
188
I want to know the future of Internet and AI, whether the development of AI will be restricted by the Internet?
190 I have no suggestions.
196 Ensure diversity of multi-stakeholder participation and
197
multi-tier computing framework and application;
distributed computing;
intelligent network association.
207 Evolution of Internet Governance
209 Problems caused by iot governance
220 D2D noma communication
221 D2D noma communication
222 D2D noma communication
223 D2D noma communication
225 checking the cheating
231 the privacy protection issues
244 Propose a new idea to solve the problem.
245 Propose a new idea to solve the problem.
250 no suggestion
256
Cyber ethics and new technologies: Artificial intelligence and augmented reality – how to regulate the next generation internet?
266
Digital change is intended to improve citizens' lives, but what does digitisation do with society? Will everyone benefit from digitisation?
The discussion about the effects of digitisation on society needs the participation of everyone, including the 'quiet voices'. The socio-political effects of digitisation should be discussed with a view to determining and identifying common values.
270
Regulating the Internet. 2018 IGF host made call to regulate Internet presenting model in between US and Chinese models. Should the Internet be regulated? How and by whom?
279
IGF stocktaking – the progress made by IGF and it direct and indirect contributions to furthering the WSIS+10 vision
Sharing case studies, best practices and experiences where the IGF has facilitated multistakeholder partnerships, policy input or other positive outcomes towards bridging the gaps identified in the WSIS+10 outcome document
287 Public interest challenges in governing geographic top-level domains.
Over 60 new geographic top-level domains (geoTLDs) have become digital identities for cities and regions so far. What are the key challenges for stakeholders in governing the place’s digital home and what are the key factors that make a geoTLD a success for the place and its inhabitans. When is the next opportunity to apply for a geoTLD?
293
Elections must secure democratic processes, which are interfered on online media platforms and their business models. Electoral processes must be separated from commercial and any undemocratic forces.
300
Assessment of the state of data governance and regulations in developing countries with focus on African countries
305
Digital Diplomacy: Digital age has put actors of international affairs in new phase actualizing digital conflict. How exiting intel’ instruments will address digital conflict is new domain of study.
https://banepali.com/category/digital-diplomacy/
320
The UNSG's speech at IGF 2018 sparked renewed discussion of an outcome-oriented IGF. This next IGF should specifically unpack what an outcome-oriented IGF looks like and forms outcomes can take.
326
How Internet Governance and Social Media can play an integral role in effective Local Governance and meeting SDGs at the local level and also how CSR (Industry) can also be aligned with local SDGs
In this era of socio-technological transition its important and urgent enough to discuss this issue in this forum in order to give a holistic view and approach to the participants, practitioners and decision makers. As most of these discussions often takes place in silos and also we have experts sector wise, I often find difficulty in initiate conversation.. as my whole work is in alignment with the issue I have raised in this forum. For details visit: http://resiliencerelations.in/
331
Should technology be used to motivate active citizenship? Are concepts as “Social Scoring” and “Citizenship Gamification” ethically legitimised? How can data collection and analysis be democratised?
https://www.wzb.eu/en/forschung/migration-und-diversitaet/international-citizenship-law/projekte/global-citizenship-and-technology
https://www.wzb.eu/en/research/migration-and-diversity/international-citizenship-law/projects/digital-citizenship
334
Control the future use by governments and big tech monopolies in the use of prediction algorithms, and machine learning, to prevent an internet that favors the fortunate and punish the oppressed
Category: Gender & Youth
ID Proposed Issue Comment
19
I would like to see an action towards the implementation of the action plan to end illegal migration and to foster youth entrepreneurship development
without the full participation of women and youth in our national development AGEMSDA, DEVELOPING COUNTRIES WILL FIND IT DIFFICULT TO PROGRESS
29
I hope we talk about the international migration and racisme in the North African countries
36
Youth's engagement in policy making and implementation. Encouraging gender sensitivity and involvement in the forum, to heareplace from all genders what they have to say.
Child protection on the use of Internet and how best they can be educated on how to spot cyber attacks.
45 I would like to see more attention for gender issues and youth involvement
46 I would like to see more attention for gender issues and youth involvement
49
I'm hoping for more youth participation and they can attend & experience IGF 'cause the youths are the future leaders & it's just right that they get to join discussions on Internet-related issues.
53
How important is the participation of youth in the political life of the country?
77 knowledge learning no
92 Mejor conectividad y económica de internet
Esta iniciativa de la ONU es excelente.
115
Children's rights (UN-CRC) in the digital world: How can child protection, participation and provision be balanced? How may child protection be addressed by child participation?
116 Women's rights, gender equality
205 What are the problems that Internet governance may cause?
210 very good!
212 Could you please conduct more lectures about the youth problems?
213 no suggestion no
224 nothing
226 I hope there is a dissscussion about gender and youth.
228 security in IoT.
235
How do the themes human rights, gender and youth intersect with internet governance primarily?
240 successful
246 Successful
255 .
259
Security, openness and privacy protection;
Emerging technologies related to the Internet;
280
Holistic approaches for empowering informed, responsible and skilled digital citizens
More research and discussion is needed around the idea of ‘digital citizenry.’ What does it mean to be a good ‘digital citizen’? What fields of education, what types of training, and what resources for support are required to develop good ‘digital citizens’? At what age should digital literacy skills be introduced at home and in the classroom? How can balance be achieved between online and offline worlds? And how can MNEs, INGOs, and governments support educators and parents in raising children who will not only behave wisely and responsibly online, but who also will be prepared for a life (and career) in a digital world?
296 want to see more youth issue
322
Online GBV is an increasingly common experience of internet users. The IGF is critical in engaging diverse stakeholders to identify key issues and can contribute to setting norms in this area.
Category: Human Rights
ID Proposed Issue Comment
16 Fithing internet shutdown in Africa under dictatorial gouvernement
17
After success of 2 session about refugees during IGF2018 we still need keep this issue on the agenda as there are many related topics still not covered.
I suggest that refugee rights be one of main theme not sub-theme. that to the proposals of workshops be more specific and focused on this topic.if this suggest approved, we could bout sub-themes under it. i am ready discuss the idea in details.
21
Protecting Children from Online Sexual exploitation

Children and young people are facing online exploitation. We believe that all stakeholders involved in child welfare need to address this growing challenge through a collaborative approach. It is vital at this point of time to explore future-proof and technical solutions to ensure that Internet safety initiatives and laws remain in step with the pace of technology change
32
human rights protection online. It argues that international law provides sufficient background to identify the limits of states’ obligations to protect human rights in cyberspace.
Nothing
35 human rights education and youth-led educational institutions role
I would like to present my paper on local community based educational institutions in inclusive sustainable development
65
Private companies/intermediaries have become essential in providing spaces for online communication. These national approaches to state regulation of intermediaries should be compared and discussed.
Progressively states have regulated these spaces with a heavier hand (see the NetzDG). Discussion should take place in light of international standards, such as the 2018 Council of Europe Recommendation with a view to developing a best practice toolbox. Examples of these laws include the German NetzDG.
83
Obligation of States to protect and fulfill the right of access to internet as a civil, political, economic and cultural right, both for the individual and the community as a whole.
87 Bioethics of cybersecurity Bioethics of cybersecurity Andrés artifici intelligence
96
Desarrollar programas de seguridad y algoritmos que protejan a los niños del planeta de ataques de ciber-delicuentes (pedófilos, trata de personas, fraudes informáticos, secuestros, etc)
Proteger los derechos humanos de los niños de los peligros de la red.
99
Ethics of human brainwave record retention use and disposal. .doestrogen current best practice..suffice?
GDPR, privacy, intellectual property , communications, visual , tactile, transparent, as associated buzz words
103
I want to see the reduction of Gender Discrimination, human trafficking, religious superstitions.
110 Breaking the concept of "Human Rights" in the digital era.
We think that the Internet and human rights complement their development. However, depending on the governance model of the state or the technical, financial and economic capacity of an area, the Internet now is not a basis for development, but a tool for human rights abuses
118
Digitization has led to a serious change in children‘s and adolescents environments in recent years. The implementation of Children's Rights has an essential dimension in digital contexts.
Mediatization and digitization has led to a serious change in children's and adolescent environments in recent years. The fact that digital media such as smartphones and tablets as well as the use of the Internet would soon find its way into almost every child's room, but at least into almost every household, was not foreseeable at the time of the resolution of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989. Nonetheless, Article 17 UN CRC makes it clear that States parties must allow children access to mass media and thus to "information and material from a variety of sources". Children's rights must accordingly come to their full development in the digital world. Moreover, the respect for and implementation of Children's Rights has an essential dimension in digital contexts. At the same time, digitization offers a high potential for realizing to a greater extent the previously unrealized or under-implemented rights of children. This importance is underscored by the fact that the United Nations adopted the drafting of a General Comment on Children's Rights in digital media.
142
How should we regulate the use of facial recognition by governments and commercial entities to protect privacy and other human rights?
143
How should we regulate the use of facial recognition by governments and commercial entities to protect privacy and other human rights?
144
What is the right balance to strike between sourcing data necessary to improve machine learning (and enable the ensuing benefits) and people’s legitimate interest in the protection of personal data?
145
What role should internet platforms play in defining the standards for acceptable content in the light of freedom of speech? How can we develop globally accepted standards?
155
I think that it would be necessary to discuss the issue of digitisation within the framework of the priority on children's rights.
The focus should be on both the protection rights of children and their opportunities for participation.
291 I hope the Internet security problem can be solved very well.
292 I hope the Internet security problem can be solved very well.
298
Human rights have come under threat by digital means of surveillance and control. E.g., the "Social Credit System" in China is a severe challenge to freedom of expression and many other rights.
299
Authoritarian states go digital: will the internet be a catalyst for totalitarianism 2.0.?
301
Authoritarian states go digital: will the internet be a catalyst for totalitarianism 2.0.?
Human rights have come under threat by digital means of surveillance and control. E.g., the "Social Credit System" in China poses a severe challenge to freedom of expression and many other rights. What could be human rights centered response by the international community, governments and civil society alike, to these threats?
319
While not a new issue, internet shutdowns continue at an alarming rate. Renewed attention from the IGF community is needed to address this brazen violation of human rights.
341
Human Rights of Refugees and migrants Online
Follow up on IGF18 workshops: internet access/participation |challenges of emerging technologies, to ensure that their rights are fully protected online.
344
IG and human rights for non-state actors

How can tech companies be made more accountable in light of their obligations under human rights frameworks around privacy, freedom of information?
Category: Innovation & Economic Issues
ID Proposed Issue Comment
34
- The governance of government data in cities in LA
- The potential of tech and data in the fight against corruption in LA
- The digital agendas of incoming governments in LA elected in 2018
At the Development Bank of Latin America, CAF, we are working on creating a risk capital investment fund to support emerging gov-tech in LAC through equity investment. We would be interested in finding a space in the IGF 2019 to present this initiative to interested parties and possibly gather a group of interested venture capital funds.
47
Use of technology in archiving cultural and traditional knowledge - and its subsequent use for economic benefits of their communities, and other organisations
reference to my research project on Cultural Intellectual Property Rights Initiative (www.culturalintellectualproperty.com)
60 We would like to propose the Fourth Industrial Revolution and the Internet n/a
74
What measures can be taken in a multistakeholder point of view in topics such as Digital gap and education in developing countries.
113
The results of the digital revolution are the transformation of the labor market. Digitization does not destroy labor market, but help to walk it to the new level of quality



We must to count a negative experience, but we have to know about positive changes. To do this, we can collect the "cases" of the best stories in countries, where digitalization gives new opportunities and take these stories as an experience of success.
114
Effective local governance is one of the most important ingredients for meeting SDGs. How will internet governance meet the requirements of local governance?
Our research has found one prominent difference between the developed and developing economies is the presence or absence of effective local governance. One hypothesis is that the internet along with Artificial Intelligence and Distributed Ledger Technologies are a answer to create a regime for local governance or at least provide a platform for an effect system of local governance. The concern is what are the protocols, design and security issues that can come up with such a regime.
The said research is closely associated with on the ground implementation and status of Sustainable Development Goals. Various research including ours find that on the ground situation particularly for developing economies has a severe disconnect with the global and national policy and governance regimes. However our hypothesis is that, an appropriate cybernetic structure can severely hasten the process of forming an effective local governance regime in developing economies. Our current research is to test a few AI and DLT ready cybernetic solutions across various localities in urban areas in the developing world.
146
SDGs – what progress has been made and still needs to be made to achieve the SDGs? And how can technology and the Internet contribute?
147
How should we respond to concerns that AI and increasing automation will replace human labor?
148
How should we equip the workforce with skills necessary to take advantage of new employment opportunities that will result from digital transformation?
149
How can regulators support last-mile connectivity and enable an environment that fosters sustainable and scalable economic growth and address the SDGs?
153
Digital economy: Is digitisation a threat to the future of jobs or our chance for new employment opportunities? How do we manage the structural change?
161 Digital Identities
Secure electronic identification is an important enabler of data protection and the prevention of online fraud. What are good practices that build on trust of users, what policies need to be put in place to for eID to work, especially in cross-border transactions?
166
Role of data in future Internet and its business models. Stakeholders are calling to regulate use of data in Internet after latest scandals, even giving birth to concepts as Surveillance Capitalism.
Can Internet development continue based on exploitation of data?
201 Beam management in 5G system,and mobility management in mmWave system.
204 Intellectual property protection in developing countries
206 Nothing!
215 Innovation & Economic Issues
253 Uav and iot
271
Role of data in future Internet and its business models. Stakeholders are calling to regulate use of data in Internet after latest scandals, even giving birth to concepts as Surveillance Capitalism.
Can Internet evolution continue based on exploitation of data?
281
Elements of an enabling environment for sustainable investment in ICT and innovation
An interoperable, seamless ICT ecosystem is crucial to help populations reap the benefits of ICT and further development opportunity. This ecosystem is built on three layers: an accessible and affordable infrastructure that enables the development of appropriate applications and services coupled with the ability of the user to actively and independently use the technology. This layered ecosystem can only function if supported by effective policy approaches. Stakeholders play key roles in ensuring the necessary well-informed and targeted policy approaches. By encouraging the participation of stakeholders in policy-making processes, governments can generate policies that are timely, scalable, and innovation enabling. Discussions should aim to identify the most important elements of the ICT ecosystem and the supporting enabling environment for policy implementation.
282
The future of work and equipping the workforce with the necessary skills to take advantage of the digital economy
ICT is recognised as an important tool to further the Sustainable Development Goals. For this to be possible, populations must be equipped with the necessary skills to meaningfully use and benefit from the full potential of ICT. Discussions should explore how ICT and emerging technologies change both the nature of work and jobs and how institutions of learning can prepare their students with the skills demanded in the labour market.
314
As the internet ecosystem is increasingly monopolised by a handful of companies, a number of timely questions emerge for IGF 2019 regarding internet monopolies as drivers or disrupters of innovation
323
There is a specific gendered dimension to the digital economy, including increased automation, that impacts access and control over resources, labor, technology, economic governance and human rights.
325
There is a specific gendered dimension to the digital economy, including increased automation, that impacts access and control over resources, labor, technology, economic governance and human rights.
329
5G will revolutionize both industries and societies. 5G will allow IoT by connecting devices providing lower latency, sending larger amounts of data with benefit to consumers and companies.
339
SMEs are essential to building economies, especially in developing countries with limited resources. How can Internet governance mechanisms support sustainable growth for SMEs?
345
Serverless computing means that the Internet is not just a communications network, it's becoming a platform that give the smallest companies almost unlimited computing power and leading-edge tools.
Serverless computing could be hindered by misguided efforts to regulate the Internet and Cloud services.
348 Surveillance capitalism
The current economic model based on data exploitation has been conceptualised as a threat to the entire future of humanity (Zuboff, 2019). What changes are needed and how to achieve them? Proposals from different stakeholders.

**
Reference: Zuboff, Shoshana (2019) The Age of Surveillance Capitalism: The Fight for a Human Future at the New Frontier of Power
Category: Media & Content
ID Proposed Issue Comment
25
Disinformed news and Social Media: Disinformed news may seem new, but the only new thing about it is the platform used.
Disinformation news is a type of yellow journalism or propaganda that consists of deliberate misinformation or hoaxes spread via news media or online social media. Social media is widely used for carrying out this propaganda. Therefore we urgently need to aware the social media users on reliability, ethical and relevancy of content disseminated through social media. Furthermore, we should aware them about the trustworthiness of content which is produced and spread by friends on their social media circle.
30 disinformation online and offline
50
Promote the role of the Creators on the internet to affirm The Internet values of trust, authenticity, and innovation for better future of the young generation. Eliminate fear to be online.
Individual Creators online such as artists, photographers, art designers, writers online, discoverers, does and makers online do not have their own organizations or chapters. The ongoing talk focusing on the negativity on the web is damaging to Creators online and to The Internet as a whole. IGF should do better in affirming The Internet through Creators online.
66 Media sustainability & economic viability in the digital age.
This topic builds on an issue paper on media development and Internet governance GFMD along with our members and partners launched at IGF 2018 (https://bit.ly/IssuePaperV4). It includes how the topic relates to (1) market vs. content regulation; (2) algorithmic transparency; (3) platform monopolisation of data & advertising revenue; and (4) how the digital economy's underlying mechanisms enable the manipulation of online spaces & the proliferation of dis/misinformation.
70
I suggest the discussion of an emerging and innovative design principle for social media: serendipity, that has the potential to prevent the threats of filter bubbles and echo chambers.
Serendipity is the experience depending on both environmental conditions and individual capability to accidentally encounter meaningful and unexpected information that may help to solve a problem, make discover a novel idea, interest, or even change a belief. It is indeed a fundamental experience of social reality which occurs in all realms of human life, most notably in science. It embraces values such as curiosity, re-search, discovery, progress and identity development. Even if serendipity is often an implicit design goal, in some cases other values may be privileged. Serendipity is not only a by-product of the information environment but it can be limited and facilitated by design. Therefore, it should be taken into consideration in the design process, especially for political news consumption in social network sites and video sharing platforms. There is in fact an increasing recognition that design for serendipity has the potential to prevent the threats of filter bubbles and echo chambers (Zuckerman, 2013; Sunstein, 2017; McCay-Peet and Toms 2017; Reviglio, 2019)

More specifically, the pursuit for serendipity eventually translates into four major goals; on the one hand, to design serendipity into recommender systems to (1) provide (pseudo)random content, (2) provide content that intersect users’ profile, so that a user might discover new ideas and interests, outside one’s filter bubble, and (3) provide content that is politically and ethically challenging (that is, diverse viewpoints and worldviews), eventually resulting in serendipitous encounters (belief change), in order to minimize the effects of echo chambers. On the other hand, it is intended, more generally, as (4) to cultivate serendipity by design, i.e. throughout empowering tools to randomize, control and be aware of the production and consumption of information.

The main consequences are the following: 1. Designing for serendipity implies the control (or the halting) of the emerging hyper-personalization of online content, especially in social media and news consumption. 2. Designing for serendipity involves democratic principles such as being exposed to challenging and alternatives perspectives. As a consequence, it helps to balance personalization, generalization (public issues) and even (pseudo)randomization (chance encounters). 3. Serendipity can help to enrich our conception of media diversity as well as strengthen individual rights. Indeed, it encompasses fundamental phases of production and consumption of information: from information filtering to information behaviour. Its design requires content diversification and users’ interactive control of information. Thus, explicit personalization is particularly strengthened, thus users' autonomy. 4. Serendipity also embraces certain values that can represent future educational goals. Not only its design generally sustains creativity and innovation but its teaching helps to stimulate proactive information seeking, inter-disciplinary skills and enrich our algorithmic imaginary. 5. Even if huge challenges as a design principle persist in reality, as an ethical horizon serendipity can fruitfully inform and inspire designers, educators and users.

I argue that it is important to introduce in the public discussion this emerging principle of the infosphere and, eventually, formalize it in international reports. Ultimately, it may be identified as an innovative media design principle able to empower users to play with algorithms in order to encounter serendipitous information at will and, to some extent, disrupt the algorithmic black-box paradigm.

Main reference: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10676-018-9496-y
150
Where is the middle ground between increasing demands for proactive content policing by digital platforms and the necessary neutrality and legal certainty for platforms?
156 More information for countries of Latin America.
Make hadboock
158
What approaches to fight hate speech online are effective and why? How can civil society develop innovative measures together with decision-makers from politics, IT industry, judiciary and media?
DAS NETTZ (www.das-nettz.de), a project of betterplace lab, was founded in 2017 to support and strengthen individuals and organizations that fight against hatred on the internet. DAS NETTZ offers a platform where activists can exchange experiences, cooperate and learn more about the topic. Ultimately, DAS NETTZ wants to help the community dynamically and innovatively by bundling expertise, reaching out to key players in politics and the IT industry, facilitating existing administrative barriers and offering funding through small competitions.
175 Online child protection: privacy, security, safety.
283 Supporting an Enabling Policy Environment and Locally Relevant Content
A key to facilitating Internet accessibility, and thereby enabling global expansion of the Internet’s benefits, is encouraging the production of locally relevant content that customers want to see. However, there are many factors that contribute to an environment that encourages the creation and distribution of locally relevant content, one of which is having an enabling policy environment. An enabling environment for locally relevant content includes freedom of expression, intellectual property protection, appropriate privacy protections for users and creators, consumer protection infrastructure, and secure payment platforms. All of these factors are needed to ensure that both creators and users benefit from the value of the content. More discussion is needed around how governments can support such a policy environment as well as how governments can work with various stakeholders to support locally relevant content.
297
For many current and potential Internet users, access to desirable functionality is impeded by lack of local content and limited support of their language and its script.
The absence of content leads to lack of global motivation for support of the language-related functions; poor support for, or availability of, the language-related functions makes creation of usable local content difficult or impossible.
For the time being, there are several initiatives that address the technical problems, like the Universal Acceptance, but the impact on the users and the limitations to deployment of user content in local languages and local script is not sufficiently analyzed. A session on this aspect, that is about media and contents, and not about technical issues, would be welcome.
306
All content online should be available to everyone from every region to avoid fragmentation of the network.
Category: Technical & Operational Issues
ID Proposed Issue Comment
10 Participants who participants Completely Finished the Programme
33 I hope to see geographic information system based online service in Afghanistan
58
There is a need for a safer Internet. Solutions are not implemented, e.g. DNSSEC & BGPsec/RPKI. What stops voluntary industry implementation? Which stakeholders need to learn about these options?
This suggestion is an outcome from Workshop #40 2018 on Internet megatrends and a recommendation of an NLIGF session in October 2018 on RKPI implementation or better lack thereof.
80
I want to Increase my Business Fieldsand want to Developed Eco Friendly Technologies by produced various Product.
Recently I need to get a fund for my business
91
The migration from the IPv4 based internet to the IPv6 based internet is still to slow. Some countries even didn't start.
Also the progress within some countries is very different.
124 Why DNS infrastructure is a key asset of the future smart places.
Our digital communication is largely based on the DNS (Domain-Name-System). Although being a critical infrastructure, the DNS has not really reached the political discussion. The issue is about how to sensitise and secure international and multi-stakeholder attention for the DNS as neccessary infrastructure for the digitalisation of smart places in the 21. century.
284
The value of / need for multistakeholder frameworks for Internet governance and technical operations [e.g. IGF, ICANN, IETF]
Discussions should focus on disseminating knowledge, raising awareness of projects and organizations working on Internet technical issues. Discussions should allow for sharing of best practices on how the multistakeholder approach is applied by these organizations and how stakeholders can best participate or contribute to them.
333
Centralization, Concentration, and Consolidation have strong effects on the Internet's architecture and operations. Versatility of the net is decreasing towards an "assisted Internet experience".
DNS over http(s) is one recent and prominent example, but the DNS is currently only seeing what happened to the email system years ago. While this is filed under tech & ops, it touches on "trust and privacy" as well as on "evolution of governance".
335
Issues surrounding the new converged Electricity Grid & Internet need a forum for discussion.

Power Generation/ Storage & Access produce a synergistic effect and issues worthy of consideration
In addition to issues surrounding the new merged Grid/Internet network at the Macro level the opportunities of looking at the synergistic effects of providing both power generation (solar), power storage and access as a bundled product/tool to help provide meaningful access in rural areas in developing countries where most of the remaining un-connected or marginally connected global citizens live might be something for the MAG to consider.
Category: Other
ID Proposed Issue Comment
5
See 150 interviews Imagining the Internet did at Paris IGF.in video playlists: https://www.youtube.com/user/ImaginingtheInternet/playlists
Key Challenge: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLf2o-VmxcSBc6-MYajXq7_WPAQQk2PQW1
Enhancing Digital Cooperation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=atG_xtvbcDo&list=PLf2o-VmxcSBeHRpM31Log--a40mjnoou3
Best Emerging Technologies: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QN-aZ2WkIoU&list=PLf2o-VmxcSBeCFHcszREBIVjpgea41l0C
Future in a Nutshell: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tn2ZGiTToVA&list=PLf2o-VmxcSBegMqZFBgg_5ySI_yExbJst
11
Detox family from internet addiction ( Traditional Non Connected Home ) which is related to Human and Social Dimension of the Internet.
Digital growth affects us all, yet many remain out¬side of current debates ( people with disabilities, youth, and the elderly).


14
Evolving the impact and integration of IGF's discussions into other fora - at ] UN agencies; regional groups; IOs', and associations/NGOs/Academic institutions
62 have Arab or MENA forum as African IGF Forum
MENA and Arab countries has to have a special slots to discuss issues related specifically to their regions , or have 4 regional sessions 1 for Africa 1 for MENA, 1 for Europe 1 for America (North and South )and 1 for Asia Pacific
71
Addiction to screens is a major issue with a deep impact on our relations as humans earth protection and the way we forge our opinion.

Lower screen consumption would have benefits on our relationships as humans, notably with children, and on the environment.

Because of the wide range of players involved (citizens, device makers, services providers), the IGF is the forum where to address such issue.
79
1.Educating the rural child who are deprived of education.
2.Enhanching the digitalize education for the rural people.
94 To update in cyber security and management skills
95 Promote the use of renewable energies for web hosting providers
The servers need energy, so it is advisable to find out which suppliers provide us hosting that uses renewable energy. The more demand for this type of servers, the more aware the suppliers will become of the need to use renewable energies.
100
Train data controllers/analysts to exercise good judgement,ethics,compassion. Fakenews,look for gaps, give benefit of the doubt. Public must be educated in these manners .



Online no charge ethics and rational thought training for development of good judgement
127
Piloting process of Global Citizens' Debate on the Future of internet (12 countries) showed that citizens' are highly concerned by the question of ADDICTION. This topic is not treated properly at IGF.
Final results of the piloting are due by mid February and will be made public. A first presentation could be done during MAG Meeting in Geneva.
152
Digital democracy: What are the opportunities (eg Open Gov, Open Data, Civic Tech) and risks (eg misinformation) reg digitisation in politics? How to create optimal conditions for a digital democracy?
154
Digital human: How do I use, maintain and protect my digital self? How many and what kind of digital identities do we want? How to find the balance between usability, security and data protection?
174
Criminal justice in cyberspace: legal and technical challenges of investigating cybercrime and how can technology, especially AI, be used to the advantage of law enforcement
185 no no
195 The issue of Internet security.
203 Cybersecurity, Trust and Privacy
316
The expansion of people connected to the internet results in many devices and adverse environmental effects. What is needed for sustainable ICTs and internet-related climate change mitigation.
338
There is a need for enhanced regional, continental, and global digital cooperation to redress what is now becoming a new north-south divide.
With the 4th industrial revolution well on its way, Africa has yet to ready its self as an equal participant of the new digital age. Africa lacks the core infrastructure and digital skills that are needed to build and benefit from the digital economy. There is a need for enhanced regional, continental, and global digital cooperation to redress what is now becoming a new north-south divide. Africa’s need for connected communities, connected schools, and connected citizens cannot be understated. Our schools lack even the most basic of broadband services, they lack digital curriculum, computers, and lack the qualified and motivated teachers that are needed to integrate digital learning into the school’s curriculum. Whilst 5G might be the answer for the developed world, it is not the answer to Africa’s challenge. Africa need its own revolution, a revolution that allows for innovative and relevant legislation and regulations to thrive. Africa needs a conducive environment that is not shackled by the often-dominant views of the west. An environment that unlocks the potential of community networks, that unlocks the benefits of new and emerging “often disruptive” technologies. We cannot continue on the road of business as usual.
343
IG and the Environment
The environmental burden of cloud computing services and data-processing requires the development of environmentally sustainable equipment, architectures and services

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