- ¶ 2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0
- Best practice exchange and multistakeholder cooperation
- Suggestions for additional actions
5. IXP best practice exchange and multistakeholder cooperation
¶ 5 Leave a comment on paragraph 5 0 This section builds upon the best practices enumerated in the BPF from 2015 and includes a review of IXP best practices and means of enhancing cooperation between IXPs. It first provides an overview of existing initiatives that outline current best practices, followed by fora for multi-stakeholder exchange, assessment of blind spots and suggestions for improvement.
5.1. Best Practices Exchange and Multi-stakeholder Cooperation
5.1.1. Meetings and Events
¶ 7 Leave a comment on paragraph 7 2 Neutral Location: The nature of an IXP is such that it requires many actors, some of whom may be competitors, to come together to exchange traffic. In order to create a facilitative environment for multi-stakeholder exchange, experience has shown that location and management decided based on mutual agreement among all stakeholders is most successful in creating a conducive environment.
¶ 9 Leave a comment on paragraph 9 0 In addition, many IXPs take initiatives to actively support the exchange between local stakeholders. They host open mailing and discussions lists and organise events where their members and other stakeholders meet. Many of the topics discussed on the lists and at the meetings are of interest to the local community. They are not limited to IXP related issues. (add examples)
¶ 11 Leave a comment on paragraph 11 0 IXPs also change over time as they move from start-up phase to a more sophisticated collaborative governance model. Location may change as an IXP grows,as more peers are added. It is critical that the location remain neutral and agreed among IXP participants.
¶ 14 Leave a comment on paragraph 14 0 The work of IXP associations and their Fora: Regional IXP associations form a crucial link in the networking of IXPs and can act as venues for meaningful multi-stakeholder exchange within the community. As IXP Associations are managed by stakeholders in the IXP, they are responsive to the needs of IXPs. IXP Associations foster inclusivity and provide a structure for ensuring that IXPs play a leading role in organisational governance. Also, as they are collectively governed and as adoption of IXPA best practice are collaborative and voluntary, they are adaptable to the specific needs of individual IXPs.
¶ 16 Leave a comment on paragraph 16 0 Regional Peering Forums: Peering forums usually meet periodically to share best practices and serve as fora to find peering partners. Many of them are organised or co-organised by IXPs (for example the European Peering Forum is jointly hosted by AMS-IX, DE-CIX, LINX and Netnod; www.peering-forum.eu) or organized alongside Internet community technical organization meetings (for example LAC Peering meets in tandem with LACNIC/LACNOG meetings). Others are organized by organizations that participate in IXP development (for example The African Peering and Interconnection Forum is organized by ISOC and other partners).
¶ 18 Leave a comment on paragraph 18 0 Peering forums serve several goals. They bring IXPs together, members of IXPs and potential new IXP peers together and provides a platform to meet, exchange information, learn about regional and global best practices and discuss issues of mutual interest. The forums are also an opportunity to reach out to potential new members and interested parties.
¶ 21 Leave a comment on paragraph 21 0 Events for collaboration within the IXP community: Meaningful multistakeholder exchange can happen at global and regional fora where dedicated sessions are held to unpack various stakeholder groups’ positions. A preliminary list of such forums are below:
- ¶ 22 Leave a comment on paragraph 22 0
- The Session of the Best Practice Forum on IXPs at the Internet Governance Forum
- ITU-D Study Group Meetings
- Peering and Interconnection fora (PIF)
- Network Operator Group (NOG) meetings
¶ 27 Leave a comment on paragraph 27 1 This section wants to showcase projects and initiatives that effectively help to spread community knowledge among IXPs and among IXPs and their stakeholders. The section also includes community initiatives that help IXPs around the world.
¶ 31 Leave a comment on paragraph 31 0 The Euro-IX Mentor-IX Program is Aimed at helping exchange points with tools, a framework for management and provide assistance in adhering to the best practices for IXP operation as elucidated by the IX-F (Internet Exchange Point Federation). This program also includes a staff exchange, giving IXPs a chance to work in different environments and take improvements home.
¶ 34 Leave a comment on paragraph 34 0 PeeringDB is an initiative where all networks register themselves and provide relevant information including peering policies. It serves as a tool to help find information about networks and IXPs.
¶ 37 Leave a comment on paragraph 37 0 All major IXPs around the world use the PCH Looking Glass Service for troubleshooting and network visibility in IXP environment. A looking glass service allows its users to look at a network’s routing information.
¶ 41 Leave a comment on paragraph 41 0 Organisations such as ISOC, the African Union, ITU, PCH, RIPE, Euro-IX, and other partners hold best-practices and technical training workshops that help build sustainable communities and train local technical experts.
¶ 45 Leave a comment on paragraph 45 0 The Euro-IX Fellowship Program is aimed at bringing IXPs to the Euro-IX fora to meet with other IXPs who can share their ideas, learn from experience first hand and have the opportunity to make contacts for future support.
- ¶ 48 Leave a comment on paragraph 48 0
- IXP Toolkit by Internet Society provides links to the BCOPs by Euro-IX(here:https://www.euro-ix.net/ixps/set-up-ixp/ixp-bcops/)
- Euro-IX Technical Recommendations (https://www.euro-ix.net/ixps/set-up-ixp/ixp-bcops/technical-recommendations/)
- Packet Clearing House provides guidance on best practices in Internet Exchange Operation (here: https://www.pch.net/resources/Papers/Best-Practices%20in%20Internet%20Exchange%20Point%20Operation.md)
- ISOC’s IXP Toolkit Guide (here:http://ixptoolkit.org/sites/default/files/documents/files/Global%20IXPToolkit_Collaborative%20Draft_Feb%2024.pdf)
- IXP Wishlist (https://www.euro-ix.net/m/cms_page_media/49/ixp-wishlist.pdf)
- ITU Consultations on IXPs (http://www.itu.int/en/council/cwg-internet/Pages/consultation-june2015.aspx)
5.2 Suggestions for Additional Actions
- ¶ 50 Leave a comment on paragraph 50 0
- Capacity Building Efforts: Strengthening existing capacity building initiatives that train personnel at IXPs especially in developing countries can be pursued regionally and globally to build awareness and expand IXPs both in number as well as in their distribution geographically.
- Research and Data Collection: Data collection at the IXP level on indicators of success as well as contribution to the local economy can serve as key tools to explain the relevance and significance of IXPs to newer stakeholders within the community (For example PCH router collectors, RIPE Atlas, CAIDA, anchor analytics, IMDEA research, IX-F Database).
- University data collection efforts to track the growth of network development
6. Conclusions and next steps
7. List of contributors
Appendix 1: Definition of an Internet Exchange point
¶ 59 Leave a comment on paragraph 59 0 An Internet Exchange Point (IXP) is a network facility that enables the interconnection of more than two independent Autonomous Systems, primarily for the purpose of facilitating the exchange of Internet traffic.
¶ 63 Leave a comment on paragraph 63 0 An IXP does not require the Internet traffic passing between any pair of participating Autonomous Systems to pass through any third Autonomous System, nor does it alter or otherwise interfere with such traffic.
- ¶ 72 Leave a comment on paragraph 72 0
- An Internet Exchange Point is a technical facility. This is distinct from the organisation that provides that facility, which might be termed an IXP operator.
- An IXP is distinct from an Internet access network or a transit network/carrier.
- The function of an IXP is to interconnect networks. An IXP does not provide network access or act as a transit provider/carrier. An IXP also does not provide other services unrelated to interconnection (although this does not preclude an IXP operator from also providing unrelated services).
- An IXP exists to interconnect networks that are technically and organisationally separate.
- Without qualification the term “network” is too flexible and fails to identify the degree or kind of separation required. Once interconnected, separate networks are arguably part of the same network: the entire Internet is often considered a network, a network of networks.
- To resolve this terminological problem we employ the term “Autonomous System”, which is the standard technical definition of a technically stand-alone network.
- The network operators whose networks are interconnected in an IXP are sometimes collectively termed “IXP participants”, which generalises the relationship between those entities and the IXP operator; IXP participants may be members of the IXP operator, customers of the IXP operator, or some other relationship.
- An IXP is a facility where numerous participants interconnect (at least three); this distinguishes Internet Exchanges from bilateral network interconnection, in which one network connects to one other.