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No. 26 Cybersecurity - Initiatives in and by the Global South

Carolina Caeiro


1. Primary Contact Information

Ms. Carolina Caeiro

Organizational Affiliation: LACNIC

2. Secondary Contact Information

Ms. Laura Kaplan

Organizational Affiliation: LACNIC

3. Workshop Format. Please click here for a description of available Workshop Session Formats.

Break-out group discussions

4. Panel format background paper

No background paper provided

5. Duration of proposed session

90 minutes

6. Title

Cybersecurity - Initiatives in and by the Global South

7. Description of workshop

This workshop will explore some of the main cybersecurity challenges in the Global South today and how local stakeholders are working to overcome them. For developing economies and societies to fully reap the benefits of the Internet, the global community must work not only to ensure digital access, but also to tackle questions related to having a secure and trustworthy Cyberspace such as: innovative approaches to DNSSEC that enhance user confidence in Internet-based services; wider deployment of secure routing technologies; tools and policies for better traffic management; solutions to enhance the confidentiality of Internet traffic; data security and integrity; security of IoT; protection of critical Infrastructure from cyber attacks; end-user device security, among others. These are key aspects for developing regions to truly leverage the Internet as a tool to achieve inclusive and sustainable growth and avoid further inequalities.
The session will introduce the perspective of 5 regional stakeholders from Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia Pacific and Africa and will showcase success cases unfolding in developing economies. With representatives from civil society, government, private sector and the academia, the workshop will provide an opportunity for an open, multi-stakeholder debate on how to tackle cybersecurity issues in developing economies.

8. Tags

Tag1: Cybersecurity

Tag2: Internet & ICTs for the Sustainable Development Goals

Tag3: Security

9. Name, stakeholder group, and organizational affiliation of workshop proposal co-organizer(s)

Sylvia Cadena, Technical Community, APNIC (Seed Alliance).
Vymala Thuron, Technical Community, AFRINIC (Seed Alliance).
Ilda Simao, Technical Community, Internet Society (Seed Alliance).

10. Has the proposer, or any of the co-organizers, organized an IGF workshop before?


The link to the workshop report


11. Description of the plan to facilitate discussion amongst speakers, audience members and remote participants

The workshop will be centered on a break-out-groups format. The session will start off with some opening remarks by Paul Wilson, General Director at APNIC and Advisory Council Member to the Global Forum on Cyber Expertise. The session will have a moderator, LACNIC’s CTO, Carlos M. Martinez, and three speakers, all specialists on Cybersecurity (see below). The speakers will set the scene for the workshop with some fire starter remarks about 3 key issues in cybersecurity of particular relevance in developing regions: (a). Surveillance vs. Security; (b). Cyber Security in relation to Trade & Innovation and (c). Cybersecurity for internet infrastructure. The moderator will them move to the heart of the discussion introducing five stakeholders from Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia Pacific and Africa, all grantees from the Seed Alliance working on Cybersecurity projects. These will briefly present ongoing initiatives that show how developing economies are working on tackling cybersecurity issues in these areas. The stakeholders and the audience members will then break into discussion groups based on the 3 topics introduced by the speakers and be prompted to debate a set of specific questions posed by the moderator and remote participants. Each question will be openly discussed, to then close with some concluding remarks by the moderator and speakers.

12. Proposed Speakers

Barrett, Alan
Vega, Erika
Palma Salas , Marcelo
Toimoana, Andrew
Hountomey, Jean-Robert
Hoepers, Cristine
Wilson, Paul
Kolkman, Olaf

Speakers provisionally confirmed:

Hoepers, Cristine
Hountomey, Jean-Robert
Kolkman, Olaf
Palma Salas , Marcelo
Toimoana, Andrew
Vega, Erika
Wilson, Paul

13. Reasons for Speakers and/or description of how stakeholder views will be represented

The workshop will moderated by Carlos M. Martinez, CTO at LACNIC. Paul Wilson, the General Director at APNIC and Advisory Council Member to the Global Forum on Cyber Expertise, and Alan Barret, CEO of AFRINIC will open up the workshop with some introductory remarks about Cybersecurity in the Global South and introduce the work of the Seed Alliance, whose grantees will make brief interventions following the speakers.
The workshop will then proceed to introduce the three main speakers. The speakers will be encouraged to make interconnections with other topics such as legal concerns, impact on the exercise of human rights, consumer, government and corporate perspectives, and so forth.
1. Olaf Kolkman, Chief Internet Technology Officer at Internet Society, is a specialist in Cybersecurity with a global perspective and experience working with international, multi-stakeholder groups as shown by his active involvement in the IETF.
2. Cristine Hoepers, General Manager at CERT.br. She has been working with Incident Management since 1999, expert on Internet security and best practices. She has also been involved since 2001 with the deployment of the honeypots in Brazil and, more recently with the SpamPots Project. She is member of the AMPARO Project Advisory Board and the FIRST Steering Committee.
3. Jean Robert Hountomey is coordinator of the AfricaCERT initiative. He is among Internet pioneers in West Africa, and has contributed to several technical coordination bodies within the African Internet Service Region.
Beyond these speakers, the workshop will center around the testimonies of three of grantees of the Seed Alliance currently receiving support for projects on Cybersecurity representing the Asia Pacific and Latin American Region:
a. Andrew Toimoana. "Establishing Tonga National CERT". Department of Information & ICT under the Ministry of Meteorology, Energy, Environment, Climate Change, Information, Communication, Disaster Management (Tonga).
b. Erika Vega. "BGP Security in RENATA's Infrastructure" National Academic Network of Advanced Technology (Colombia).
c. Marcelo Palma "Protecting the TOR Network against Malicious Traffic" Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Brasil).
The Seed Alliance is a grants and awards program that seeks to promote Internet Development in the Global South supporting civil society organizations, private sector, government and universities in Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia Pacific and Africa. It is a joint initiative by the Regional Internet Registries LACNIC, APNIC and AFRINIC, Internet Society, IDRC and the Swedish Cooperation Agency SIDA.

14. Name of in-person Moderator(s)

Carlos M. Martinez

15. Name of Remote Moderator(s)

Carolina Caeiro

16. Name of Rapporteur(s)

Sylvia Cadena

17. Description of the proposer's plans for remote participation

Questions from remote participants will be given priority during the session and when dividing in break-out groups they will be asked to submit arguments/questions for the moderator to pose to the 3 working groups. This way, we will ensure remote participants are involved in all stages of the workshop.

18. Based on which Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)?

No information provided

19. Background paper

No additional background paper provided

20. Agenda

1. Moderator Carlos M. Martinez (CTO, LACNIC) to welcome participants and introduce workshop dynamics. 5 minutes.
2. Paul Wilson (APNIC, CEO) and Alan Barret (AFRINIC, CEO) to open with introductory remarks about the relevance of debating about Cyberseciurity from the perspective of the Global South. Introduction to the work of Seed Alliance and its Cibersecurity Grants. 6 minutes.
3. Moderator Carlos M. Martinez to introduce 3 main speakers and invite them to make some fire-starter remarks about the three central topics of the workshop. (a). Surveillance vs. Security; (b). Cyber Security in relation to Trade & Innovation and (c). Cyber-security in Internet Infrastructure. 5 minutes.
4. Olaf Kolkman, Cristine Hoepers and Jean Robert Hountomey to make introductory remarks. 25 minutes (approx 8 minutes each speaker).
5. Moderator Carlos M. Martinez to introduce 3 Seed Alliance Grantees and invite them to react to speakers remarks and briefly introduce their initiatives in Tonga, Colombia and Brazil. 5 minutes.
6. Andrew Toimoana, Erika Vega and Marcelo Palma to speak. 15 minutes (5 each).
7. Participants to break into groups based on the three discussion topics. Moderator and remote participants to pose 2/3 questions to the working groups. 20 minutes total.
8. Workshop to close with wrap up remarks from speakers. 9 minutes (3 minutes each).

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