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IGF 2018 DC Platform Responsibility: AUTOMATED DECISION MAKING AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (DCPR)

DC: 

Dynamic Coalition on Platform Responsibility (DCPR)

Debate - 90 Min

Subtheme: 

Other
Sub-theme description: Due process and accountability

Description: 

The DCPR session will be dedicated to the discussion of how automated decision making can be designed and implemented by digital platforms.

Particularly speakers will explore both the more “classic” Alternative Dispute Resolution mechanisms and the more unorthodox Artificial Intelligence-based solutions, such as the recent proposal of AI-based proactive detection and removal of abusive content.

Panellists will present various perspectives on the overarching session them and will have the opportunity to provide comments on the 2018 outcome of the DCPR : the Best Practices on Due Process Safeguards regarding Online Platforms’ Implementation of the Right to an Effective Remedy.

This document is the result of the valuable work put together by the DCPR Working Group and is open for consultation with the entire IGF community (and beyond) until 30 November. https://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/content/dcpr-best-practices-on-...

 

In the context of the 2017 IGF, it emerged the idea to create a Working Group dedicated to the analysis of alternative dispute resolution mechanisms provided by platforms. In particular, the need was identified to establish in this regard a set of guidelines and accountability standards for the respect of due process. The WG was successfully established and the work programme was discussed and refined at the DCPR Rightscon meeting, process, deciding to review existing mechanisms of dispute resolution of a selection of platforms to identify good practices.

Lastly, session participants will be encouraged to suggest initiatives that might be plugged into the DCPR work-stream.

Organizers: 

Nicolo Zingales, Sussex University   |  Luca Belli, FGV

Speakers: 

- Moez Chakchouk, UNESCO

- Marco Pancini, Google

- Nathalie Maréchal, Ranking Digital Rights

- Nic Suzor, Queensland University of Technology

- Marta Cantero, University of Helsinki

- Luca Belli, FGV

- Nicolo Zingales, Sussex University

The session will be co-chaired by Nicolo Zingales, Sussex University, and Luca Belli, FGV

Rapporteur: Lua Fergus, FGV

Report: 

 

- Title:  Automated Decision Making and Artificial Intelligence

 

- Date & Time: Tuesday, 13 November, 2018 - 10:40 to 11:40

 

- Organizer(s): Organizer 1: Nicolo Zingales, Sussex University

Organizer 2: Luca Belli, Fundação Getuio Vargas (FGV)

 

- Chair/Moderator:  Nicolo Zingales, Sussex University & Luca Belli, FGV

 

- Rapporteur/Notetaker:  Luã Fergus Oliveira da Cruz, Youth Observatory

 

- List of speakers and their institutional affiliations (Indicate male/female/ transgender male/ transgender female/gender variant/prefer not to answer):

  • Moez Chakchouk, UNESCO
  • Marco Pancini, YouTube
  • Vidushi Marda, Article 19
  • Nic Suzor, Queensland University of Technology
  • Marta Cantero, University of Helsinki
  • Luca Belli, FGV
  • Nicolo Zingales, Sussex University

 

- Theme (as listed here): Human Rights, Geneder and Youth

- Subtheme (as listed here):  Democracy

 

- Please state no more than three (3) key messages of the discussion. [150 words or less]

  1. Further research and DCPR activities should be dedicated to the discussion of how automated decision making can be designed and implemented by digital platforms.
  2. Both the more “classic” Alternative Dispute Resolution mechanisms and the more unorthodox Artificial Intelligence-based solutions, such as the recent proposal of AI-based proactive detection and removal of abusive content should be carefully considered for their potential benefits and risks. 
  3. A promising opportunity to engage in the automated decision making debate is to provide comments on the 2018 outcome of the DCPR: the Best Practices on Due Process Safeguards regarding Online Platforms’ Implementation of the Right to an Effective Remedy, until 30 November https://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/content/dcpr-best-practices-on-..

- Please elaborate on the discussion held, specifically on areas of agreement and divergence. [300 words] Examples: There was broad support for the view that…; Many [or some] indicated that…; Some supported XX, while others noted YY…; No agreement…

 

The session, organised by the Dynamic Coalition on Platform Responsibility (DCPR), and led by the work of the DCPR, focused on artificial intelligence (AI), automated decision-making and online dispute resolution (ODR). Stressing the role and responsibility of online platforms and in the context of private decision-making, the session assessed what are the safeguards for the protection of fundamental rights in automated decision activities. Following those lines, the concept of effectiveness, fairness and due diligence featured in the discussion on the application of AI to automated decision-making.

 

- Please describe any policy recommendations or suggestions regarding the way forward/potential next steps. [200 words]

Panellists suggested the follwing points for futher reflection.

  1. AI is a topic of great interest of many organisation, including the Communication and Information programme (CI) of UNESCO. A shared goal should be to reinforce online human rights through digital skills, media information, literacy and the use of AI, focusing especially in developing countries.
  2. Tech companies should follow clear standards for their Alternative Dispute Resolution mechanisms.
  3. Day-to-day governance of AI is already assisting large scale decision making and should be as transparent as possible.
  4. Effectiveness and fairness are essential principles to implement and develop practices in the context of the right to an effective remedy.
  5. Internal human review must always be available when decisions about individuals are automatically taken.

 

- What ideas surfaced in the discussion with respect to how the IGF ecosystem might make progress on this issue? [150 words]

 

More time for Dynamic Coalition session.

 

- Please estimate the total number of participants.

 

- Please estimate the total number of women and gender-variant individuals present.

 

- To what extent did the session discuss gender issues, and if to any extent, what was the discussion? [100 words]

 

- Session outputs and other relevant links (URLs):

 

https://www.intgovforum.org/multilingual/content/dcpr-best-practices-on-due-process-safeguards-regarding-online-platforms%E2%80%99-implementation-of

 

https://rankingdigitalrights.org/index2018

http://www.unesco.org/new/en/harare/communication-information/

Session Time: 
Tuesday, 13 November, 2018 - 10:40 to 11:40
Room: 
Salle XI

Contact Information

United Nations
Secretariat of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF)

Villa Le Bocage
Palais des Nations,
CH-1211 Geneva 10
Switzerland

igf [at] un [dot] org
+41 (0) 229 173 678