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Emerging Technologies

IGF 2018 BPF Artifical Intelligence, Big Data & Internet of Things

A discussion about the  IGF 2018 BPF IoT, Big Data, AI


1. Welcome and Introduction to the BPF IoT, Big Data, AI

Concettina Casa (BPF Co-facilitator), Sumon A. Sabir (BPF Co-facilitator), Wim Degezelle (BPF Consultant)

BPF IoT, Big Data, AI draft output document: download / comment



IGF 2018 Report

“Emerging Technologies: Fostering benefits, managing risks through multistakeholder governance”

- Session Type: Panel discussion - Main Session

- Title: Emerging Technologies: Fostering benefits, managing risks through multistakeholder governance

- Date & Time: Monday, 12 November 2018, 10:00-11:20

- Organizer(s): Christoph Steck, Nataša Glavor, Wafa Dahmani, Raquel Gatto

- Chair/Moderator: Vladimi Radunović, Ogla Cavalli

IGF 2018 LIGHTNING SESSION #14 How blockchain can impact the Internet

Despite the fact that almost ten years have passed since blockchain was introduced by bitcoin, the technology remains mysterious to many people particularly in understanding how it could impact the Internet and its future. In this session, we highlight some key attributes that make blockchain standout compared to any earlier database technology and how this may in fact disrupt traditional banking, real estate, media, and a host of other sectors.

IGF 2018 LIGHTNING SESSION #21 From Open data to open government for a better governance: the case of French policies

Etalab is the French State task force for open data and open government. Through this mandate, the French State has made the choice of opening public data and public algorithm as a fundamental principle for improving its government policies and actions. This lightning session will aim at presenting the French open data and open algorithm policies, and its on going work on data and algorithms, and how it contributes to a more open global governance and to reinforcing ethic in Artificial intelligence

IGF 2018 LIGHTNING SESSION #3 Emerging Technologies and Rights Future


- Title:  Emerging Technologies and Rights Future

- Organizer(s): Dynamic Coalition IRPC 

- Chair/Moderator: Hanane Boujemi 

- Rapporteur/Notetaker: Minda Moreira

- List of speakers and their institutional affiliations (Indicate male/female/ transgender male/ transgender female/gender variant/prefer not to answer):

Sarah Moulton (female): Senior Technology Innovation Analyst- NDI (NGO)

IGF 2018 NRI Session on Emerging Technologies

IGF 2018 Report Template

Pre-Session Synthesis Due: 2 November 2018

Short Report Due: Within 12 hours of when session is held

Long Report Due: 27 November 2018


- Session Type (Workshop, Open Forum, etc.): Panel

IGF 2018 OF #21 What future for the Internet?

The Internet of the next decade will be built around the users. It will have to be a human centric Internet, an Internet of values, that ensure privacy and data control and a more inclusive, transparent and democratic digital environment for all.

The European Commission has launched the Next-Generation Internet initiative, aiming at designing this internet of values. To this end we have engaged all different stakeholders that will help us build the internet of the future: top innovators, startup and civil society.

IGF 2018 WS #231 AI: Ethical and Legal Challenges for Emerging Economies

There was a good discussion on the usability of AI and its effect in developing countries and emerging economies. Speakers highlighted that the discussion on emerging technologies and how they affect us. 

At the beginning of the panel, Nnenna Nwakanma from the Worldwide Web Foundation, quoting Sir Tim Berners Lee said, “initial thinking was that if we bring technology to human beings, they will do good things with it.” She shared some of outcomes of the work of Web Foundation, on AI. Specially, she highlighted the use of AI in service delivery sector like health, agriculture and other government service sector. However, one of major issues of AI is, she said, multilingualism. Due to the dynamism of multilingualism, there is a big threat of failure of Artificial Intelligence is being used in Africa. She also discussed about the designing of the code. All the codes are heavily reflections of the people who code. She also stressed that, the coding should be unbiased and for this, an inclusive approach could help out.

Prof. Dr. LIU CHUANG, highlighted the use of AI in China and how China is leading the front. Even in Chaina, she said, it is very hot topic now. Not only in the commerce, rather at everywhere.  Some of area likes earthquake monitoring, restaurant, AI port, education etc. Because this is new, we are changing a whole lot about the society. Artificial Intelligence there is something good, something not good.  So we need thinking about this in advantage.  So I think it's true we thinking about the principles for the AI development.  Developing countries should pay more attention about the AI and education. So otherwise, always could catch this advantage. Besides education in China, it's legislation to pay more attention on this.  She thought the formal legal above the AI is not coming.  One is big data.  Second is human behavior.  Third one is cloud computing or e‑computing.  And third one is high‑speed communication.  But China had a very serious legal system managing the four different issues.  Right now, everybody pay more attention of the advantages to help themselves.  Economic, education, research.  And other things that go this way. 

Mr. BIKASH GURUNG, shared how AI is growing in Nepal, a tiny country situated in between giant economies Cina and India. If we talk about the progress in Nepal how AI has been here, as he said, there has been few companies leading AI revolution and follow up is done by lots of community organizations like AI for Development, Pilot technologies, Cloud Factories etc. There has been technology that has been built for visually impaired.  There is another technology that has been built which can provide smart data‑driven multi-cultural intelligent system.  Also, emergency response, drone delivery system, robot restaurant. There has been a knowledge gap in Nepal.  This technology is not built here.  People are trying so hard to get up on the technology.  And also, we are facing biased algorithms that do not lead us to what Nepal's choice is.  You have to face the developed country prospects.  So that has been one of the challenges. 

Prof. KS Park analyzed the use of AI and freedom of expression perspective. He raised the question of liability of the AI's function on the violation of privacy and freedom of expression. The liability should be based on Safe Harbor Principle. The second set of issues he discussed was economic issues.  Just like in capitalism, the ones that had capital could exploit other people making people depend on the use of the capital to create value and as robots start providing label that replace human label, there will be more inequality.  Anther issue he raised was the use of algorithm. Algorithm might be biased due to adaptation of the culture, language and other aspects. The fourth issue, he raised was ethical challenge of AI from data monopoly.  A lot of people can have copies of AI.  What it makes or breaks is whether you have the data.  Who is building the silos of training data?  That will also decide resource allocation and resource distribution.  So these are the challenges. Prof. Park also argued that AI is a just technology and do not need a specific law. However, to avoid data monopoly, there could be more legislative initiatives that encourage people to share more data but equitably. 

To sumarrize the workshop, it is agreed that AI is basically a technology and it could be governed by ethical approach and inclusive design. It is also agreed that the data used is significant and it should be neutral for the use. 

LIGHTNING SESSION 2018 #18 Awareness by Design: On the road towards self-determination

Title: Awareness by Design: On the road towards self-determination

Theme: Emerging Technologies

Subtheme: Internet Ethics


Contact Information

United Nations
Secretariat of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF)

Villa Le Bocage
Palais des Nations,
CH-1211 Geneva 10

igf [at] un [dot] org
+41 (0) 229 173 411