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Description of our Panel
The digital age is an age of data. Thanks to accelerating digitization, cross-border data flows are increasingly shaping social and economic life. The opportunities of a data-centric world are tremendous. Increased eonomic growth, better public services, sustainable mobility solutions and more development are only some of the promises that could be realized by using data in a beneficial way. At the same time the new data centric age poses also new risks to states, companies, NGO`s and individuals that are caused by the misuse and/or abuse of data. These threats include e.g. identity theft and violation of privacy, algorithmic unfairness, theft of intellectual property, mass surveillance, and far reaching cyber attacks.
To set up a global framework that allows harnessing the potential of data and adressing the risks appropriately, Japan initiated the so called “Osaka Track” at the G20 Summit in January 2019. The idea of the track was to set a global data governance framework for how governments, companies, academic institutions and other relevant entities collect data, use it to generate insights, produce value of it and how they store and protect it. Based on the model “Data Free Flow with Trust” and aiming at the benefit of different stakeholders, such a global data governance framework should promote cross-border data flows and simultaneously provide safeguards against the misuse oder abuse of data, whether personal or non-personal data. With its effort to establish a global data governance framework, Japan has launched a major project for the digital age that is to be welcomed. If such a global norm setting process shall gain any momentum, a number of fundamental questions must be answered and challenges overcome. It is nothing less than an attempt to reach a binding consensus across countries, cultures and different stakeholders not only on a very broad range of issues (e.g. access to data, the protection of privacy, cybersecurity) but on the rules defining who should “control” data and harness their value.
After the EU first established a comprehensive and strict framework for the protection of personal data of EU citizens with the GDPR, many actors followed the EU's example and adopted regulatory frameworks. These include countries such as Brazil, Japan, India and the state of California. In addition, the decision of the EU Court of Justice to invalidate the US-EU Privacy Shield has also created a dynamic for transatlantic relations on data protection issues. Against this background the Konrad Adenauer Foundation would like to contribute to the IGF 2020 with a international multi-stakeholder panel discussing the opportunities and challenges of a global data governance framework with a special focus on data protection.
We are glad to welcome to our session:
1) Axel Voss
Member of the European Parliament (EPP / CDU) and Member of the Juri Committee and the Special Committee on Artificial Intelligence in a Digital Age
2) Natalie Pang
Senior Lecturer and Principal Investigator at National University of Singapore and Head of the “Global Citizen`s Dialogue “We the Internet”
3) Fiona Alexander
Distinguished Policy Strategist, School of International Service American University and former Associate Administrator for the U.S. Department of Commerce's National Telecommunications and Information Administration’s (NTIA) Office of International Affairs (OIA)
4) Clàudio Lucena
Professor at the Law Faculty at Paraíba State University in Brazil UEPB and researcher for the Portuguese Government Agency Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
5) Eduardo Magrani (Moderator)
President of the National Institute for Data Protection in Brazil / Senior Researcher at TU Munich / Affiliated at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, Former KAS Fellow
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Advisor for Global Innovation Policy, Konrad-Adenauer-Foundation
Mail: [email protected] //
- Why is a general data protection framework needed? - broad consensus for: it is needed to exploit the potential of the digital age and adress some of the urgent risks.
- Is there a window of opportunity for such a norm setting process? yes because in the aftermath of the GDPR a global process of harmonising data protection frameworks has been started.
- How and by whom could such a process be pushed forward? Europe could be a forerunner with like-minded partners, a multi-institutional approach is needed, first steps should be undertaken in the G7 and G20, multistakeholer institutions need to be integrated in the process as well
1) The GDPR has opened a window of opportunity for a global data protection framework. 2) Even though the specific implementation is always embedded in a distinct political/cultural context. 3) An open question is: which international institutions can integrate divergent perspectives as well as the expertise of various stakeholders.
all expected speakers (see description) have joined the session
see therefore the following report: https://www.kas.de/en/veranstaltungsberichte/detail/-/content/high-way-or-wrong-way