IGF 2022 WS #422 Toward a Resilient Internet: Cyber Diplomacy 2.0

Thursday, 1st December, 2022 (13:50 UTC) - Thursday, 1st December, 2022 (15:20 UTC)

Organizer 1: Bruna Toso de Alcântara, NIC.br/CGI.br

Organizer 2: Vinicius W. O. Santos, NIC.br / CGI.br

Organizer 3: Everton T Rodrigues, NIC.br

Organizer 4: Hartmut Richard Glaser, Brazilian Internet Steering Committee - CGI.br

Organizer 5: Beatriz Rossi Corrales, NIC.br

Organizer 6: Alexandre Costa Barbosa

Speaker 1: Livia Sobota, Government, Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)

Speaker 2: Alexandra Paulus, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)

Speaker 3: Veni Markovski, Technical Community, Eastern European Group

Additional Speakers

Koichiro Komiyama, Technical Community, Asia and the Pacific Group


Rafael Evangelista, Technical Community, Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)

Online Moderator

Alexandre Costa Barbosa, Technical Community, Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)


Bruna Toso de Alcântara, Technical Community, Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)


Round Table - Circle - 90 Min

Policy Question(s)

- Do public attribution of cyber attacks and sanctions work as cyber diplomatic tools to constrain inappropriate behavior online? - What are the most recent developments on cyber diplomacy practices and tools in different regions around the world? - What are the particular challenges and opportunities raised with different views on cyber diplomacy and the way forward to better protect the Internet?

Connection with previous Messages: The workshop proposal advances discussion over best practices awareness raised in IGF 2021 once it gathers stakeholders from various geographical locations to discuss critical cyber diplomacy topics, as explored on the parts 7 and 8 from the Katowice messages. Moreover, it pushes forward concrete ways to ensure a collaborative, equitable, and inclusive Internet Governance, mainly as diplomacy constitutes an essential component of the Internet Governance ecosystem. Finally, the workshop could also contribute to the discussion of norms in cyberspace, building on the recent UNGGE and OEWG reports and adding different stakeholders' perspectives, especially by giving voices to traditionally unheard stakeholders.


9. Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
17. Partnerships for the Goals

Targets: The proposal targets SDGs 9, 16 and 17. SDG 9 will be encompassed once within the speakers a representative of the private sector will be present. SDG 16 will be reached once the discussion itself aims to foster the debate on how trough cyber diplomacy enhanced Internet resilience. SDG 17 will be encompassed once the topics in itself push forward cooperation and open dialogue venues as intrinsic components of diplomacy.


As an environment full of uncertainties, deepened by the permanent increase of malicious activities online, cyberspace demands its actors to develop resilience tools to ensure its integrity. In this sense, the Internet's open architecture poses challenges to the role of States. Not only have the considerations of non-state actors become relevant, but also geopolitical dynamics impact the digital world, demanding more holistic, long-term, and cooperative strategies from States. In this sense, cyber diplomacy emerges as a valuable tool for open dialogue channels that enable transparent discussions with stakeholders. However, theory and practice become complex when several issues are still clearly defined, and consensus relies on different interpretations of what proper online behavior would mean. Recent developments in cyber diplomacy, such as the EU Cyber Diplomacy Toolbox, a few States' statements on how International Law applies to cyberspace, and the latest reports of UNGGE and OEWG, constitute substantial efforts toward a more stable cyberspace, but is it enough? This workshop aims to tackle this question by reviewing cyber diplomacy developments from differing regional perspectives, going beyond the usual focus on traditional powers discussions. In this sense, topics involving: public attribution, sanctions, and active cyber defense will be raised to deepen and further improve the dialogue over Internet resilience.

Expected Outcomes

1) Foster ideas on how to improve cyber diplomacy to make a more resilient Internet 2) Start a more holistic and global agenda discussion.

Hybrid Format: The workshop session will be divided into three parts: the first part will consist of speakers exposing their cyber diplomacy views and experiences, the second part will consist of a short debate among the different perspectives raised by the speakers, and the third part will be devoted to Q&A.. In this context, to ensure proper interaction between the online and onsite audience, the session will count with onsite and online moderators, and also an onsite facilitator. During the session, the onsite moderator will be responsible for organizing the interventions and interacting with the speakers to ensure that the session's goals will be sought appropriately and also safeguarding the due balance to meet diversity expectations within the interventions, either by the speakers or the audience. The online moderator will take care of the flow of questions within all the online tools involved in the session. He/she will read, select, and guarantee that the onsite moderator will be aware of questions and comments from the remote audience (Zoom Chat and Q&A, Hashtags in social networks like Twitter, among others). Finally, the rapporteur will ensure to capture all the highlights and critical information of the session to list key takeaways for the short report and consolidate a further final report to be delivered to the IGF Secretariat. The organization team will also be alert to help participants with any technical issues and delays they may have to avoid negatively impacting the session dynamics.

Online Participation

Usage of IGF Official Tool.