Cyberattacks, Cyberconflicts and International Security
New Technologies and Risks to Online Security
Debate - 60 Min
This Open Forum follows the dialogue already opened in the workshop at the WSIS Forum 2023 ""Cybersecurity and cyber resilience: Development of cyber capacities in the emerging economies" organized in May 2023. https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2023/Agenda/Session/521 Capacity building is essential for enhancing cybersecurity in developing countries. By providing education, training, technical infrastructure, and promoting awareness and collaboration, capacity building initiatives can help to build stronger, more resilient cybersecurity programs that can effectively protect individuals, organizations, and national security interests. Developing countries often lack sufficient cybersecurity expertise, including skilled personnel who can design, implement, and maintain effective cybersecurity programs. Capacity building efforts can help to address this shortage by providing training and education to local professionals. In relation with infrastructure, developing countries may also have limitations, such as secure networks and systems. Capacity building programs can help to build technical infrastructure that is necessary for effective cybersecurity. Many individuals and organizations in developing countries may not fully understand the importance of cybersecurity or the potential risks and threats they face. Capacity building initiatives can help to raise awareness and understanding of these issues, and promote good cybersecurity practices. Cybersecurity threats are often global in nature and require collaboration and coordination between countries and organizations. Capacity building programs can help to foster relationships and partnerships between different stakeholders, including governments, private sector organizations, and civil society groups.
1) How will you facilitate interaction between onsite and online speakers and attendees? In order to facilitate interaction, the activity will be organized in English language, with onsite experts and several others participating from remote. There will be an onsite moderator and an online moderator to allow a smooth intreaction between all participants. 2) How will you design the session to ensure the best possible experience for online and onsite participants? The National Direction of Cybersegurity has organized several hybrid events with great success, so our team has the experience of managing this type of events. The session will be design in a way to allow dialgoue and interaction from onsite participants and remote participants, this will be managed by the moderator and remote moderator.
🔒Argentina National Cybersecurity Direction
Olga Cavalli - Argentina National Cybersecurity Director - Government - Argentina - Latin America and the Caribbean
Osvaldo Marianetti - University of Mendoza, Argentina - Academy - Argentina - Latin America and the Caribbean
Oscar Messano - CCAT LAT - Centro de Capacitación en Alta Tecnología para Latinoamérica y el Caribe - Uruguay - Latin America and the Caribbean
Christopher Painter - GFCE Director - United States of America (on site)
José Cepeda - Senator - Government of Spain - Europe (on site)
Sandy Palma - Honduras Cibersegura - Civil Society (remote)
Cláudio Lucena - Universidad Estadual de Paraíba- Academy - Brasil - (on site)
Mark Datysgeld - GNSO Council Member - Brasil - (on site)
Olga Cavalli - Argentina National Cybersecurity Director - Government - Latin America and the Caribbean (on site)
Raitme Citterio - South School on Internet Governance - Academia
Sandy Palma - Honduras Cibersegura - Civil Society (remote)
Targets: 4.5- By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations 4.7- By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development 8.2- Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors 9.1- Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all 9.2- Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries 9.c - Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020 Please describe how your proposal links with the SDG targets that you have just selected. Estimated Number of Participants Expected to Attend 11.1 - By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums
- the initiative from UN to create a cyber-blue-helmet group, that as the blue-helmet should have a cyber-security purpose to maintain peace in cyberspace - the creation of specific cybersecurity careers in universities,something that now is scarce and mainly done by certifications
- exchange of experience among professionals from the same country and region, recognizing that the problem is trans fronteers - the importance of understand some technical concepts for policy makers
This Open Forum was focused on the importance of capacity building related with cybersecurity in developing economie.
In the Open Forum there were on site and remote participants.
On site there were:
- Mr Christopher Painter, Director of the GFCE Global Forum on Cyber Expertise
- Ms Olga Cavalli, Argentina Cibersecurity Director
- Mr Mark Datysgeld, ICANN GNSO Council Member
- Mr Cláudio Lucena, Privacy expert form Universidad da Paraíba
On remote there were:
- Ms Sandy Palma, CEO Honduras cibersegura
- Mr José Cepeda, member of the Parliament of Spain
The dialogue was very active and in general all participants agreed on the importance of capacity building in cybersecurity and rise awareness.
One of the difficulties that were explained during the presentations is the lack of human resources trained in cybersecurity, which is a global problem but is more problematic in developing economies,as many trained resources go abroad to work in developed countries.
One important aspect was mentioned in relation with several new regulations that are promoting the sharing of information about the attacks. Sometimes and in order to protect reputation, some attacks are not properly informed to CERTS or regulators, making it more difficult to evaluate the impact and to understand the type of attack and learn how to solve the damage. Sharing information helps to stop attacks and to learn from experience that can be shared.
Parliament member José Cepeda from Spain shared information about an initiative where he is involved about the creation of a specialized group of "Cyber helmets" like the UN peace helmets, but focused on helping solving cyber breaches and cyber attacks at the global level.
Mark Datysgeld explained the importance of some technologies like DNS SEC in lowering risk in the use of the Domain Name System.
Cláudio Lucena and Sandy Palma explained the challenges of developing economies in considering cybersecurity as a high priority issue and challenges to retain and train human resources focused on cybersecurity.
Christopher Painter explained the different activities that the GFCE is doing all along the globe, with special focus in developing regions, and the positive impact that these activities are having in all countries.
Olga Cavalli moderated the session and also informed the audience about a new university career in Universidad Scalabrini Ortiz in Buenos Aires, Argentina, which has created the first university career totally focused on cybersecurity, being the first in South America.
There were several comments and questions raised on site and remotely, which were addressed by the panelists.