IGF 2019 OF #17 Formulating Policy Options for Big Data and AI Development


Formulating Policy Options for Big Data and AI Development: UNESCO advocates a ROAM approach (Rights, Openness, Access and Multi-stakeholder) UNESCO takes the occasion to trigger a multi-stakeholder policy discussion on the crucial challenges to guide the development of big data and the Artificial Intelligence (AI) in a conducive manner to enhance human rights and inclusive knowledge societies, in accord with UNESCO’s Internet Universality ROAM principles (Rights, Openness, Access and Multistakeholder). The Forum is designed to be a two-stage process that will culminate at IGF 2019 in an effort to translate UNESCO Internet Universality ROAM principles for governing the emerging technologies of Big Data and Artificial Intelligence. UNESCO will trigger the discussion by formulating two groups: each with two co-leaders who will convene pre-IGF online discussions with sub-group partners from governments, technical community academia, civil society, private sector and youth across five continents. These sub-groups will convene at IGF 2019 to give shape to their final positions and present policy options on the assigned policy issue. The process would be supported by the UNESCO secretariat with the goal of putting in practice a multistakeholder process for addressing issues concerning governance of Data along the openness, access and rights dimensions: Working Group 1- Openness and Access for Data and AI Under the dimension of Openness and Access, the following concerns arise: i. How to strengthen access to data for research? (Academia dimension) ii. How to strengthen access to data to reduce entry barriers for new startups? (Private sector dimension) iii. What a solutions would the stakeholders propose for addressing the data needs of each stakeholder and would options do they propose for policy makers? iv. How to prevent the digital divide related to big data and AI development to be further widened? Working Group 1-Rights and Governance of Data and AI The big data and AI development have multiple implications on human rights ranging from freedom of expression, privacy to right to equality. They are also changing the notion and operation of journalism and media development. The issue of data driven discrimination and biases is an impediment to building an inclusive society. The lack of representation in data is a cause of concern as it discriminates against some social groups and may marginalize them in society. Key concerns that arise include: i. What are the core human rights relation to big data and AI? ii. What are positive and negative consequences of the usage of bug data and AI-based tools in journalism and media development? iii. How to ensure that data used by algorithms for decision-making is representative? How to develop built-in mechanisms for checking discrimination based on data and algorithms? iv. How to address specic concerns freedom of expression a privacy and access to information? v. How should multi-stakeholder approach be operationalized and put in place at national and international levels to formulate inclusive policy options for harnessing big data and AI?




Moderator: Moez Chakchouk, UNESCO Assistant Director General for Communication and Information. UNESCO presentation on “Steering AI for Knowledge Societies: A ROAM Perspective” by Guy Berger, UNESCO Director for Freedom of Expression and Media Development Speakers for the working group 1: Prof. Maria Fasli, UNESCO Chair in Analytics and Big Data Mr. Ramanjit Singh Cheema, Asia Policy Director and Senior Counsel at Access Now. Ms. Kathleen Siminyu, Head of Data Science, Africa's Talking Ms Juliet K. Mutahi Software Engineer, IBM Research | Africa Speakers for working group 2: Ms. Anriette Esterhuysen, the leading Internet expert from Association for Progressive Communications (APC), South Africa Mr. Alexandre Barbosa, Head of the Regional Centre of Studies on Information and Communication Technololgies, Brazil Ms. Judith Lichtenberg, Global Network Initiative Rapporteurs: Xianhong Hu and Bhanu Neupane, UNESCO

Online Moderator: 

Mr. Prateek Sibal, UNESCO


GOAL 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions