IGF 2019 OF #39 Artificial Intelligence – from Principles to Practice

Description: 

The transformation of society, government and industry being driven by AI systems requires coordinated and forward-looking public policy frameworks that are informed by government, industry, policy, technical experts and the public, to shape human-centric development and deployment of AI. This Open Forum will inform participants about the OECD Recommendation on Artificial Intelligence and seek feedback on priority areas for AI public policy and ideas for multi-stakeholder co-operation.

The OECD’s Committee on Digital Economy Policy agreed to form an AI expert group (AIGO) in May 2018, which completed its recommendations to the OECD in Dubai in February 2019. The OECD’s Committee on Digital Economy Policy then built on the recommendations to develop the first intergovernmental Recommendation for AI in March 2019, that is expected to be adopted at the annual OECD Ministerial Council Meeting in May 2019.

The Recommendation promotes human-centric AI that fosters innovation and trust. Complementing existing OECD standards in areas such as privacy, digital security risk management, and responsible business conduct, the Recommendation focuses on the features specific to AI and sets a standard that is implementable and flexible, so as to stand the test of time in a rapidly evolving field.

The Recommendation identifies five complementary value-based principles for the responsible stewardship of trustworthy AI that are relevant to all stakeholders: inclusive growth, sustainable development and well-being; human-centred values and fairness; transparency and explainability; robustness, security and safety; and accountability. It further calls on AI actors to promote and implement these principles according to their roles.

In addition, the Recommendation provides five recommendations to policy makers pertaining to national policies and international co-operation for trustworthy AI, namely: investing in AI research and development; fostering a digital ecosystem for AI; shaping an enabling policy environment for AI; building human capacity and preparing for labour market transformation; and international co-operation for trustworthy AI.

The OECD has started to move from principles to implementation with the second leg of our work on AI: the AI Policy Observatory to be launched in 2019. Through the Observatory, the OECD is working with a wide spectrum of partners from governments, industry, policy and technical experts and academia. The Observatory is a multidisciplinary, evidence-based and multi-stakeholder centre for policy-relevant evidence collection, debate and guidance for governments, while providing external partners with a single window onto policy-relevant activities and research on AI from across the OECD (more information on: http://oe.cd/ai)

Content of the Session

The first part of the session will focus on presenting and discussing the content of the OECD Recommendation on Artificial Intelligence and its role in helping to shape an international AI policy framework. Following an introduction to the Recommendation, Governments from several countries will provide their perspectives on its content.

In the second part of the panel, partner IGOs and technical, business and civil society representatives will be invited to discuss priorities to help policy makers move from principles to practice and priorities for the AI Policy Observatory. Interventions will build on the advanced initiatives underway including the IEEE’s Initiative on the Ethical Design of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems, the Partnership on AI to Benefit People and Society, the EC and UNESCO’s work on AI.

Interventions
1) The international AI policy framework and the role of the OECD principles for artificial intelligence:
• Mr. Wonki Min, Vice Minister of Science and ICT of Korea and Chairman of the OECD’s Digital Economy Committee.
• Ms. Fiona Alexander, Associate Administrator (Head of Office) for the Department of Commerce's National Telecommunications and Information Administration’s (NTIA) Office of International Affairs.
• Mr Katsuya Watanabe, Vice Minister for the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan.

2) Priorities for international and multi-stakeholder cooperation in moving from principles to practice, including through the AI Policy Observatory
• Ms. Lucy Siolli, Director for Digital Industry OR Ms. Silvia Viceconte, Head of Sector - Multilateral Affairs and Economic Cooperation, DG CONNECT at the European Commission.
• Mr. Cedric Wachholz, Chief of Section for ICT in Education, Science and Culture, UNESCO.
• Ms. Carolyn N’Guyen, Director of Technology Policy, Microsoft.
• Dr. Konstantinos Karachalios, Managing Director of the IEEE-Standards Association.
• Mr. Marc Rotenberg, President and Executive Director of the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC).

Diversity
This open forum is designed to provide diverse perspectives. It is balanced first in terms of stakeholder groups, with intergovernmental organisation representation through the OECD, UNESCO and the European Commission; private sector representation through Microsoft; technical community representation through the IEEE, and civil society representation through Marc Rotenberg. In terms of gender, the workshop will be balanced with the participation of at least three women. Participation of speakers from Asia, North America, Europe will ensure that the panel is geographically diverse.

Organizers: 

OECD

Speakers: 

• Mr. Wonki Min, Vice Minister of Science and ICT of Korea and Chairman of the OECD’s Digital Economy Committee.
• Ms. Fiona Alexander, Associate Administrator (Head of Office) for the Department of Commerce's National Telecommunications and Information Administration’s (NTIA) Office of International Affairs.
• Mr Katsuya Watanabe, Vice Minister for the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan.
• Ms. Lucy Siolli, Director for Digital Industry OR Ms. Silvia Viceconte, Head of Sector - Multilateral Affairs and Economic Cooperation, DG CONNECT at the European Commission.
• Mr. Cedric Wachholz, Chief of Section for ICT in Education, Science and Culture, UNESCO.
• Ms. Carolyn N’Guyen, Director of Technology Policy, Microsoft.
• Dr. Konstantinos Karachalios, Managing Director of the IEEE-Standards Association.
• Mr. Marc Rotenberg, President and Executive Director of the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC).

Onsite Moderator: Wonki Min

Online Moderator: Nobu Nishigata

Rapporteur: Karine Perset

Online Participation:

Remote participation will be facilitated by the remote moderator who will frequently communicate with the remote participants throughout the session to ensure their views/questions are reflected. The workshop will be promoted in advance and during the IGF on the OECD websites and via social media, through the hashtag #IGFOECD.

Discussion facilitation:

The moderator will set the stage by providing context for the workshop, will make sure all the different perspectives are represented throughout the discussions and about halfway through the session will seek input and questions from the floor as well as from remote participants.

Online Moderator: 

Nobu Nishigata

SDGs: 

GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
GOAL 10: Reduced Inequalities
GOAL 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
GOAL 17: Partnerships for the Goals