IGF 2023 WS #70 Rebuilding digital mutual trust between big powers


Data Governance & Trust
Cross-border Data Flows and Trust

Organizer 1: Xingdong FANG, 🔒Zhejiang University
Organizer 2: Bu Zhong, 🔒
Organizer 3: Yuxiao Li, 🔒
Organizer 4: Wenxiang Zhang, Institute for International Governance on Cyberspace,Zhejing University
Organizer 5: zhu xiaobiao, Wuzhen Institute for Digital Civilization

Speaker 1: Wolfgang Kleinwaechter, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Speaker 2: Jovan Kurbalija, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Speaker 3: Yves POULLET, Intergovernmental Organization, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)


Bu Zhong, Civil Society, Asia-Pacific Group

Online Moderator

Yuanyuan Fan, Civil Society, Asia-Pacific Group


Xingdong FANG, Civil Society, Asia-Pacific Group


Round Table - 90 Min

Policy Question(s)

What can we do to rebuild digital mutual trust among big powers?

What will participants gain from attending this session? Participants can gain a deeper understanding of the challenges and opportunities involved in restoring trust and cooperation in the digital realm between major powers. They can learn about the ways in which distrust and tensions between these powers can impact digital innovation, cybersecurity, and global internet governance. The workshop can also provide insights into potential solutions and strategies for rebuilding trust and creating a more stable and secure digital environment.



The current landscape of global digital technology competition is severely disrupted by the emergence of digital mutual trust issues, such as the technology conflict between the US and China, the US ban on TikTok, and cross-border data flow conflicts between the US and Europe. These issues pose a threat to the security and stability of global cyberspace and have the potential to impact the existing international order. In the digital era, digital mutual trust is crucial for building a new international order, and the lack of trust between major powers is a significant source of conflict. To address this, a shared vision and a new set of rules and mechanisms are required to rebuild digital mutual trust among major powers. The ongoing discussion is focused on leveraging global mechanisms, such as the UN-centered mechanism, the multi-party mechanism of network governance, and multilateral mechanisms such as China-EU, US-EU, G7, G20, and BRICS to mitigate conflicts, suppress contradictions, and resolve crises. Building digital mutual trust is a critical and limited resource that requires exploration and construction across various levels, including theory, practice, and mechanisms.

Expected Outcomes

Provide participants with an in-depth understanding of the current status of digital mutual trust between big powers in the world. It also explores the upcoming challenges and opportunities concerning lack of digital mutual trust between them. The ultimate objective is to establish a shared vision for rebuilding digital mutual trust among big countries, which can be achieved by identifying common values and principles that serve as a foundation for trust-building efforts.
This workshop also seeks to explore various mechanisms that can be utilized to foster digital mutual trust among big powers in the realm of data governance. The workshop will serve as a platform for discussing new international agreements and frameworks, methods for establishing communication channels between governments and other stakeholders to promote greater transparency and accountability in digital activities.

Hybrid Format: Make use of video conferencing, chat rooms, and virtual whiteboards to connect onsite and online attendees. Ensure that the technology is user-friendly and reliable to avoid technical difficulties.
Prior to the workshop, communicate with attendees and speakers to ensure they are familiar with the technology and format of the session. This will ensure that everyone can participate fully and comfortably.
Have a skilled moderator who can guide the conversation and ensure that all participants have the opportunity to speak and share their ideas. The moderator should also ensure that all questions from both onsite and online participants are addressed.
Record the workshop and make it available online to participants who were not able to attend the session in real-time. This will allow them to watch the session at their convenience and benefit from the knowledge and experience shared during the workshop.