IGF 2023 WS #85 Internet Human Rights: Mapping the UDHR to Cyberspace

Wednesday, 11th October, 2023 (01:15 UTC) - Wednesday, 11th October, 2023 (01:45 UTC)
WS 4 – Room B-1

Human Rights & Freedoms
Internet Shutdowns
Non-discrimination in the Digital Space
Rights to Access and Information
Technology in International Human Rights Law

Organizer 1: Michael Kelly, 🔒American Bar Association
Organizer 2: David Satola, 🔒
Organizer 3: Joyce Hakmeh, 🔒
Organizer 4: Christena Rogers, Creighton University

Speaker 1: Michael Kelly, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Speaker 2: David Satola, Intergovernmental Organization, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Speaker 3: Joyce Hakmeh, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)


Joyce Hakmeh, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)

Online Moderator

Christena Rogers, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)


Michael Kelly, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)


Tutorial - 30 Min

Policy Question(s)

A. Which human rights have transferred to digital existence? B. How are digital human rights enforceable? C. What new role do tech companies have in defining and enforcing digital human rights?

What will participants gain from attending this session? Participants will gain an overview of where the human rights described by each UDHR article are in digital space: e.g., some have completely transferred, some have not, and some are in process. The matrix we reveal in this tutorial, developed from years of research, offers a digital transference map to policymakers, advocates, courts, civil society, corporate actors, and digital citizens. As a new tool at the intersection of human rights and cyber law, the insight participants will gain will not only enable them to better understand this landscape, but also to more effectively engage on key issues.


The rate at which Internet connectivity is spreading around the world is matched only by the increasing amount of time people spend online. Today over 5 billion humans access the Internet. The overwhelming majority of them engage in social media, and almost all of them digitally live out key aspects of their daily lives. Human rights are universal in the sense that they apply to everyone, everywhere. While there are indicators that they apply in cyberspace, how they apply is a different story. The research presented here creates a matrix, mapping the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, now celebrating its 75th anniversary, into digital space. The matrix reveals that while some governments or courts mandate certain rights to fully manifest in digital space, others are making slow progress toward codification or regulation, and still others remain static. Moreover, enforcement may occur via either state regulation or corporate terms of service. Designed as the first tool of its kind for attorneys, judges, policymakers, and advocates to chart which rights are accompanying humanity onto and into the Internet, this guide is a foundational starting point for a much broader discussion to come. Rollout of this mapping project at IGF will be impactful.

Expected Outcomes

A. Final edits on Internet Human Rights article published in 2023 volume of University of Pennsylvania Journal of Law & Social Change B. Preparation for presentation of findings in other international and academic venues C. Development of book to be published in 2024/25 on Internet Human Rights in defense of the multi-stakeholder model of Internet Governance

Hybrid Format: A. We have an onsite moderator and an online moderator, each of which will facilitate discussion and questions by attendees. B. The tutorial will be be accompanied by a detailed powerpoint presentation to help onsite and online attendees visualize the discussion. C. Our tutorial will make our research available to participants through links to online open-source platforms where it can be downloaded at no cost, thereby increasing informed Q&A.

Key Takeaways (* deadline 2 hours after session)

The vital role of Corporations in the definition, regulation, and enforcement of digital human rights.

The importance of corporate cooperation in digital human rights as a way to bolster and defend the multistakeholder paradigm for Internet governance.

Call to Action (* deadline 2 hours after session)

Urge corporate involvement in development of digital human rights.

Watch for the paradigm shift in digital human rights management to move very soon from algorithmic format to AI format.