IGF 2019 WS #306 50 Years of Internet: Historic Insights & Global Commitment

Organizer 1: Xingdong FANG, Cyberlabs
Organizer 2: shucai liu, communication university of zhejiang
Organizer 3: Yuanyuan Fan , ChinaLabs

Speaker 1: Louis POUZIN, Technical Community, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Speaker 2: Kilnam Chon, Civil Society, Asia-Pacific Group
Speaker 3: Mary Uduma, Technical Community, African Group

Policy Question(s): 

1. What insight does the 50-year history of the Internet provide for today's internet governance ?

2. What does the internet’s original aspiration afford to reflect the currently excessive commercialization, politicization and fragmentation of the network?

3. what can OHI(oral history of internet) bring to understand the evolution of internet?

Relevance to Theme: Digital inclusion is an important part of whole internet ecology.They share the common internet spirit. OHI can discover the hidden ethos of digital inclusion and provide weapon to criticize the dominant commercialization and militarization of internet.
Digital inclusion is not just an ideal concept, it must be rooted in the specific historical reality. Existing studies and discussions focus either on the normative level or on specific measures. Historical perspectives are absent on the issue of digital inclusion. The accelerated digital revolution is eroding people's sense of history, which makes us become the presentism.OHI can help us to rebuild our sense of history and provide effective solution to digital inclusion.

Relevance to Internet Governance: This forum have two keywords:history and global commitment, which are closely linked to internet governance.It is carried out in specific time and space and there is path dependence.If we ignore its history, it is difficult to understand internet governance . and without a global common commitment, the current challenges of over-commercialization and security in network governance are difficult to achieve.

Format: 

Panel - Auditorium - 90 Min

Description: Today's Internet may have begun to enter a new turning point. Geopolitics has begun to intervene forcefully in the healthy development of the Internet. The data of hundreds of millions of netizens are abused because of commercialization. If the countries of the world can not cooperate closely and an effective global network governance mechanism can not be established, the negative impact of Internet release may become more and more out of control. Not only false news, network security and cyber crime, but also the growing power of super-network platforms.
The purpose of this forum is to pay tribute to the people who have made outstanding contributions to the global Internet over the past 50 years and let history tell us the way forward. This forum is dedicated to the memory of the Internet pioneers who have left us.Bringing together the representative fathers and pioneers of the Internet from all continents in the world, this systematically reviews the 50-year development of the Internet from 1969 to 2019, summarizes the valuable experience of network governance, and comments on the main achievements and lessons learned. Especially through the memories of the pioneers, this paper systematically summarizes the origin and evolution of the multi-stakeholder model. Combined with the different development process, development path and development mode of each continent, it will provide valuable reference and Enlightenment for the development of Internet today and the next 50 years.

Expected Outcomes: —Promoting an initiative about the cooperation between humanist and technician in digital field.
—Building an informal network among different fields.
—Form relevant suggestions:defining internet spirit etc.

Onsite Moderator: 

Xingdong FANG, Private Sector, Asia-Pacific Group

Online Moderator: 

Xingdong FANG, Private Sector, Asia-Pacific Group

Rapporteur: 

shucai liu, Civil Society, Asia-Pacific Group

Discussion Facilitation: 

we have reserved a 30-minute question-and-answer session to deepen the dialogue.

Online Participation: 

We will use the facebook, youtube ,twitter, to collect related questions and attract more audience to listen the internet pioneers' stories.

Proposed Additional Tools: we will use WeChat, live broadcast platform, tiktok etc to attract the youth participate in this session.

SDGs: 

GOAL 4: Quality Education
GOAL 5: Gender Equality
GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
GOAL 10: Reduced Inequalities
GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
GOAL 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
GOAL 17: Partnerships for the Goals