IGF 2019 WS #52 AI Perspectives and Challenges of Developing Nation

Organizer 1: Civil Society, Asia-Pacific Group
Organizer 2: Civil Society, Asia-Pacific Group
Organizer 3: Civil Society, Asia-Pacific Group

Speaker 1: Lucena Claudio, Civil Society, Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)
Speaker 2: Gnanajeyaraman Rajaram, Civil Society, Asia-Pacific Group
Speaker 3: Shreedeep Rayamajhi, Civil Society, Asia-Pacific Group
Speaker 3: NADIRA AL-ARAJ, Technical Community, Asia-Pacific Group

Policy Question(s): 

1. How should Developing nation participate in the Artificial Intelligence governance process and how they can participate in developing standard of Artificial Intelligence governance ?
2. what are the challenges and problems of developing nations in regards to Artificial Intelligence ?
3. How can we ensure Multistakeholder participation while ensuring the rights, policy and standards of Artificial Intelligence?

Relevance to Theme: The discussion on the AI perspective and challenges of developing nation started with a survey that we did. We are hosting a session in Asia Pacific School of Internet Governance(APSIG) 2019 which is to be held in Thailand.

APSIG 2019 Program 
https://sites.google.com/site/apsigasia/2019-apsig
Link to the Research Report 
https://www.slideshare.net/ShreedeepRayamajhi/final-survey-report-on-ai-...

We want to bring the over all voice of Developing nation. 

we are more over planning to continue the discussion to a greater level of creating a better outcome of papers and report which can help in developing better policy and standards. We have already completed the survey which incorporated the voice of 50 Leaders from developing countries 
https://www.slideshare.net/ShreedeepRayamajhi/final-survey-report-on-ai-...

It can help the community to understand the real challenges and problems of the developing nation and help us create better standards and mechanism to ensure mutistakeholder and collaboration . Further we are planning to start grassroots level discussion at vasriou program that we participate like SIGs, Nation IGF etc

Relevance to Internet Governance: Our session focuses on the challenges and Issues of AI at basic levels. These level of discussions and research helps to identify the basic indicator and helps to bridge the gaps. Like today there is an issue of standardization of AI values which is emerging among the different economies. The problem that currently hinders is the lack of voice and resources in developing countries. The discussion and research help to level the understanding and knowledge of AI practiced in developing and lower economies. More over we are exercising the experiences and knowledge with exposure to various regional event like APSIG where we are discussing the finding of the research that we did so it will be helpful for all stakeholders in context of how and what they use it for. 
APSIG 2019 Program 
https://sites.google.com/site/apsigasia/2019-apsig

Format: 

Round Table - Circle - 90 Min

Description: Internet has been a boom in the developing and lower economies but in-terms of policy and standard the level of awareness and collaboration is very less. From adapting the international standards to following the digital and basic rights of people it differentiates hugely according to region and geography. With such gaps the lack of visibility of issues and context is a challenge for all. 

Many of the times, lower or developing economies are marginalized due to lack of participation and various other means. We are trying to bridge that gap creating better awareness and information so that at least the issues, challenges, and problems can be highlighted and brought to the table in a more scientific and collaborative way. Though the IGF is a multistakeholder process but due to lack of awareness, knowledge and information a lot of the times countries and leaders are left out. 
similarly, in context of Artificial intelligence there is a big gap of understanding and knowledge of developing nations and their challenges. 

Grassroots level interventions needs to be encourage and should be adopted in multiple ways so that more data, more information about the challenges and problems can be acquired and we can ensure internet for all creating a better governance model.

Our session helps to directly highlight the current challenges of developing countries in context of the evolving technology and its practice which is currently marginalizing the citizen from their rights. 

Agenda 
1. Exploring the finding of the research 
2. Sharing experience of the regional APSIG 2019 knowledge and understanding 
3. Intervention of discussion at individual level in different geography 
4. Collaborating with the voice in developing resource for standard development process 

We have allotted 10 minutes for the five speakers and the remaining would be Q/A talking about intervention and policy process.

Claudio Lucena Policy Expert 
Gnanajeyaraman Rajaram Academic Sector 
Shreedeep Rayamajhi Journalist, Activist and ICT4D consultant (moderator)
Nadira Al Raj Technical Community
Maheeshwara buddhika bandara kirindigoda Private Sector (online moderator )
Aris Ignacio Philippines Academic sector 
Sajina Karki, Gender Expert and lawyer 

Expected Outcomes: We are planning to bring in the knowledge and first-hand experience shared by our leaders about the current practice of AI in terms of Region, gender and in various other form which can be a helpful tool of creating a collaborative open policy making process for developing AI core values. Similarly, one thing we would like to highlight is AI is currently is in its developing stage where it needs proper environment and collaboration for helping humanity. Limiting and creating negative assumption can be a big draw back in its development and future. 
We needs a collaborative and multistakeholder environment for creating the core values. 
We will continue the policy level discussion adding value to the regional and subregional events like SIG and IGF Spreading knowledge and awareness. 

Our expectation and outcomes 
1.Raise awareness about AI challenges and starts possible discussion in developing and lower economies 
2. Participate in Policy development process 
3. Engage in research and facilitate the resources and data 
4. collaborate and network with leaders

Discussion Facilitation: 

Agenda 
1. Exploring the finding of the research 
2. Sharing experience of the regional APSIG 2019 knowledge and understanding 
3. Intervention of discussion at individual level in different geography 
4. Collaborating with the voice in developing resource for standard development process 

We have allotted 10 minutes for the five speakers and the remaining would be Q/A talking about intervention and policy process.

Claudio Lucena Policy Expert Brazil 
Gnanajeyaraman Rajaram Academic Sector India 
Shreedeep Rayamajhi Journalist, Activist and ICT4D consultant (moderator) Nepal

Nadira Al Raj Technical Community Palestine
Maheeshwara buddhika bandara kirindigoda Private Sector (online moderator ) SRILANKA
Aris Ignacio Philippines Academic sector Philipines 
Sajina Karki, Gender Expert and lawyer Nepal

The session in planned in 3 ways 
1. The presentation of Research 
2. Sharing experience and information of APSIG2019 
3. Expertise ideas and experience of the topic
4. Question and Answer

Online Participation: 

Our online moderator will be managing the online participation tool. we highly prioritize the online participation and will focus more towards the communication and interest of the remote participants.

Proposed Additional Tools: we are planning to use Social media with a definite social media plan. Till now we have created a staregic plan of using twitter and Facebook with focused hash tag like #IGF2019 #AI4equality #AIandDevelopingcountries #AIProblemsandchallenges

SDGs: 

GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
GOAL 10: Reduced Inequalities
GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities