IGF 2021 WS #237
Cyber Peace vs. Cyber War

Organizer 1: Amir Kiyaei, IGD Group

Speaker 1: Evelyne Tauchnitz, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Speaker 2: Kalypso Nicolaidis, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)
Speaker 3: Amir Kiyaei, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)


Amir Kiyaei, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)

Online Moderator

Amir Kiyaei, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)


Amir Kiyaei, Civil Society, Western European and Others Group (WEOG)


Round Table - Circle - 90 Min

Policy Question(s)

Economic and social inclusion and sustainable development: What is the relationship between digital policy and development and the established international frameworks for social and economic inclusion set out in the Sustainable Development Goals and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and in treaties such as the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Conventions on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, on the Rights of the Child, and on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities? How do policy makers and other stakeholders effectively connect these global instruments and interpretations to national contexts?
Promoting equitable development and preventing harm: How can we make use of digital technologies to promote more equitable and peaceful societies that are inclusive, resilient and sustainable? How can we make sure that digital technologies are not developed and used for harmful purposes? What values and norms should guide the development and use of technologies to enable this?

This session seeks to focus on the digital domain from a cross cutting perspective - touching on digital inclusion, architectures of peace, norms and values that underpin internet governance, implementation of human rights frameworks and pathways to achieving SDG 16.The session - through an informed discussion - will seek to unpack the challenges and opportunities that relate to the aforementioned thematics.


16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Targets: SDG 16 is the primary relation for this session proposal given the overarching team of peace as noted in the workshop description. Digital technologies – as a cross-cutting thematic – can seriously aid or hamper effective and democratic participation all levels of decision making in a society. By discussing successful cases of digital inclusion, we can narrow the gaps that exist on domestic and international participatory politics. The focus on digital IDs and payment mechanisms for peace – as well as a broader conversation on norms and values that should underpin architectures of peace – directly impact key drivers of SDG16.


More than ever before, humanity has become reliant on digital technologies to support social, political and economical activities. The digital domain – while acknowledging the neutrality of technology itself – is increasingly securitised. Public resources are being pushed towards building ‘walls’ and ‘defending’ against benevolent actors – while at the same time – military research into this new ‘domain’ of warfare is focus human talent on militarisation of Cyberspace.

This panel will seek to unpack this worrying trend and suggest democratic transnational approaches to changing direction towards the promotion of peace and meaningful expansion of human rights for all.

Building on existing normative frameworks, the workshop will focus on the role of norms and values that – if implemented strongly and transparently – can aid in ending the use of digital technologies for harmful purposes.

The workshop will also seek to dive into the link between the drivers of conflict on the one hand (e.g. social and economic inequality) and architectures of peace (e.g. expanded digital inclusion, conflict early warning systems) on the other in order to connect the human rights discourse towards greater digital inclusion. Part of the discussion will link digital ID and payment mechanisms to forging peace.

This discussion will naturally touch on the effects that Internet governance has on the implementation of Human Rights frameworks.

The panel will also emphasis the centrality of the “Roadmap for Digital Cooperation” that was developed by the High Level Panel on Digital Cooperation as a transnational roadmap for stakeholders to build upon. This part of the session will further consider the nurturing of inclusive digital ecosystems – whether those are related to Internet governance in general or rights and obligations of stakeholders in particular.

Lastly, the session will consider the goals of SDG 16 through recent case studies to illustrate the viability of achieving peaceful and inclusive societies underpinned by strong, accountable and inclusive institutions.

Expected Outcomes

The key outcomes from the session will be documented for input into the intersessional mechanisms of the IGF to ensure deeper deliberation. Depending on audience participation, a follow-up event could be possible.

The on-site round table format will allow for most participation by the speakers and audience members. Online participation can be enhanced by running live-polls on the official platform and dedicating time for questions and interventions from remote attendees. Estimated timing is as follows:
General introduction by moderator: 2 mins
Opening of online poll: 3 mins
1st round: Thematic introduction by speakers: 15 mins (3x5 mins)
1st round: Open conversation by attendees: 10 mins
1st round: Intervention by remote participants: 10 mins
2nd round: Thematic introduction by speakers: 15 mins (3x5 mins)
2nd round: Open conversation by attendees: 10 mins
2nd round: Intervention by remote participants: 10 mins
Concluding remarks: 15 mins

Online Participation

Usage of IGF Official Tool.