Data Localization, Data Residency, and Data Sovereignty
Data Privacy and Protection
Round Table - 60 Min
Objectives: To improve data governance and trust in the Nigeria Internet governance space, the following recommendations are proposed: The massive number of active Internet users in Nigeria generate volumes of data which raises further concerns about the privacy and safety of citizens and society. Therefore, there is a need to develop a comprehensive National Internet Data governance policy and framework that incorporates international best practices and addresses the unique challenges in Nigeria. This policy should be developed through a multi-stakeholder approach that involves government, civil society, and the private sector. Increase awareness and capacity-building programs for stakeholders on data governance principles, including the responsible use and protection of data, and the importance of trust in the digital economy. Strengthen regulatory bodies responsible for data governance, such as the National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA), by providing adequate funding, technical capacity, and enforcement mechanisms. Encourage public-private partnerships to promote the responsible use of data and the development of innovative solutions for data governance and trust. Increase transparency and accountability in data governance practices by promoting the disclosure of data practices and engaging stakeholders in decision-making processes. Challenges to Data Governance and Trust in Nigeria The following challenges have been identified for conversation during the proposed Open Forum/ Town Hall Meeting at the 2023 IGF meeting. The issues identified for discussion underscore the need for appropriate data governance in Nigeria despite the development that have been witnessed in the ecosystem in the past couple of years. There are a number of challenges to data governance and trust in Nigeria. These challenges are: a. Inadequate awareness of data governance and privacy issues among individuals and organizations b. Inadequate legal and regulatory frameworks for data protection c. Low capacity for data governance and privacy enforcement c. Inadequate cooperation between the stakeholders i.e. government, businesses, and civil society on data governance and privacy issues among others. Opportunities for Addressing Challenges to Data Governance and Trust in Nigeria There are a number of opportunities for addressing the challenges to data governance and trust in Nigeria. These opportunities include: i. The establishment of Nigeria Data protection Bureau in Nigeria has changed the landscape and the dynamics of Data Governance and Trust in Nigeria. The Bureau was created in February 2022 by the Federal Government of Nigeria . The Bureau is mandated to collaborate with stakeholders in achieving the objectives of the NDPR, namely, to: a) Safeguard the rights of natural persons to data privacy; b) Foster safe conduct of transactions involving the exchange of Personal Data; c) Prevent manipulation of Personal Data; and d) Ensure that Nigerian businesses remain competitive in international trade through the safe-guards afforded by a just and equitable legal regulatory framework on data protection and which is in tune with best practice . ii. Raising awareness of data governance and privacy issues among individuals and organizations iii. Developing and implementing comprehensive legal and regulatory frameworks for data protection. This process is ongoing at the National Assembly where the Data Privacy Bill is being considered. iv. Building capacity for data governance and privacy enforcement v. Promoting cooperation between government, businesses, and civil society on data governance and privacy issues
The online moderator will take the following steps to ensure the active involvement of online participants - 1), Enable questions and comments to be contributed during the session 2), During the session, the online moderator will read out questions or comments from online participants to speakers to respond . 3), We will provide a link for online participants.(Microsoft Teams)
National Information Technology Development Agency
Nigeria Internet Governance Forum MAG Nigerian Communications Commission National Information Technology Development Agency Nigeria Internet Registration Association Nigeria Data Protection Bureau
Organiser/Coordinator: Mary Uduma and Engr. Kunle Olorundare Moderator 1: Engr. Kunle Olorundare ( VP-ISOC-NG); Moderator 2; Sen. Shuaibu Afolabi - Chairman Senate Committee on ICT and Cybersecurity - Chair of Session. Rapporteur 1: Igonor Oshoke (NIGF Program Manager) Speakers1: Lead paper Presenter, Representative of NITDA (Bernard Ewah); Speaker 2: Civil Society -Mrs Nnena Nwakamma - World Wide Web Foundation Speaker 3: Private Sector -Dr. Jimson Olufuye – Konteporary Konsulting Limited, Business Community Speaker 4: Regulator- Dr. Chidi Ugwu- Nigerian Communication Commission Speaker 5: Government - Hon. Adedeji Stanley Olajide, Chairman House Committee on ICT and Cybersecurity
Moderator 1: Engr. Kunle Olorundare ( VP-ISOC-NG)
Rapporteur 1: Igonor Oshoke (NIGF Program Manager)
Targets: Our theme relates with virtually all the SDGs because we need data to track for instance poverty, Sustainable Smart City, Quality Education, Gender Equality etc. However, SDG 16, "Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions," aligns well with data governance and trust as it emphasizes the need for transparent, accountable, and inclusive institutions. Data governance frameworks and trustworthy data are essential for effective decision-making, public access to information, and the overall strengthening of institutions to achieve sustainable development.
NIGERIA OPEN FORUM AT THE UNITED NATIONS IGF 2023.
Wednesday, 11th October, 2023.
Internet Data Governance and Trust in Nigeria
In the fast-evolving digital landscape of Nigeria, where the internet has woven its way into every facet of life, the topic of Internet Data Governance and Trust has become paramount. With an impressive 156,987,433 active internet subscriptions and a broadband penetration of 48.49% as of February 2023, Nigeria is not just the most populous nation in Africa but also a vast market ripe with immense ICT investment opportunities.
This Open Forum, led by a paper presented by Mr. Bernard Ewah of the National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA), delves into the intricacies of data governance and trust, emphasizing the shifting dynamics of data in a world where data has transitioned from a mere commodity to a valuable resource. As the custodians of data, regulators must now navigate this transformative landscape, seeking a balance between data extraction and protection, all while navigating the complexities of integrating structured and unstructured data. Infrastructure development, in this context, stands as a pivotal requirement [Lead Presenter].
The lead paper establishes that with a wealth of data comes an abundance of opportunities for all stakeholders, particularly the private sector and other interest groups, to harness this data's potential for economic growth. The task at hand is to create regulatory avenues that incentivize private sector investment in new digital infrastructure. Such governance demands policies that define the responsible use of data and clear mechanisms for execution [Lead Presenter].
The Open Form placed a strong emphasis on the capacity-building of users who stand to benefit from this data-driven revolution, which includes agencies like the Bureau of Public Procurement (BPP) and the Population Commission.
In this Open Forum, civil society, represented here by Mrs. Nnnena Nwakamma from the World Wide Web Foundation, underscores the need for innovation in data regulation and urges the creation of value from data beyond mere population statistics. Governance, in her view, must extend beyond silos, encouraging a dialogue between stakeholders to foster trust, even as regulatory instruments are put in place (Civil Society).
The private sector, represented by Dr. Jimson Olufuye from Konteporary Konsulting Limited, applauded the government for its regulatory efforts, recognizing the inherent value in data. Data's availability for analysis and the subsequent boost in GDP is a testament to the potential harnessed when data flows freely and securely. To unlock the true potential of this resource, the report suggests the need for frameworks for cross-border data and engagement in various programs and agreements like the CCI (Private Sector).
Dr. Chidi Ugwu of the Nigerian Communication Commission outlined the different data sources and categories emerging from Nigeria, highlighting the value of metadata and its importance for regulators. The rapid movement of metadata necessitates monitoring and jurisdictional considerations. The robust regulatory instrument, the Nigeria Data Protection Regulation (NDPR), was localized, but attention is needed for data that travels beyond Nigeria's jurisdiction (Regulator).
In the government's view, as presented by Hon. Adedeji Stanley Olajide, Chairman House Committee on ICT and Cybersecurity, laws that ensure data usability, security, and flexibility is paramount. The chain of data custody must be protected, and laws must be explicit and rigid to guide the principles of data. Engr. Kunle Olorundare, Online Moderator, Acting President of the Internet Society, Nigeria Chapter, underscores the importance of an open and secure internet, individual data encryption, the right to be forgotten, and the need for data protection (Government, Online Moderator).
This Open Forum not only looked at Nigeria but also engages with insights from Ghana, emphasizing the significance of regional cooperation and the importance of legislative enforcement for data protection. It's clear that in this digital age, the spotlight is on the fundamental rights associated with data, with various questions and concerns arising from different quarters (Sam George, Member of Parliament, Parliament of Ghana).
In summary, this session explored the critical dimensions of Internet Data Governance and Trust in Nigeria, addressing the shifting landscape of data and the call for cooperation and vigilance in safeguarding this invaluable resource.
Lead Presenter- Mr. Bernard Ewah – Lead Paper Presenter, National Information Technology Development Agency
Civil Society -Mrs Nnena Nwakamma - World Wide Web Foundation
Question: As civil society, briefly share your thoughts on the current state of Data Governance in Nigeria. What more needs to be done to enhance transparency and accountability in data collection, processing, and sharing practices by both private and public entities operating in Nigeria?
Private Sector -Dr. Jimson Olufuye – Konteporary Konsulting Limited, Business Community
Question: Given Nigeria’s population size and the vibrant innovation ecosystem, how is the Private Sector responding to new opportunities from new data sources?
Regulator- Dr. Chidi Ugwu- Nigerian Communication Commission
Question: What are the likely Data Sources and Categories of Data coming from Nigeria and how is Nigeria giving value to this data especially as an emerging digital economy.
Government - Hon. Adedeji Stanley Olajide, Chairman House Committee on ICT and Cybersecurity
Question: How is the Nigerian government managing the outcomes of data governance regulations? (institutionalising the implementation, Monitoring, Disclosure, Prosecution, Outcome and Continuous Evaluation as it regards Data Governance.
Promotion of Data Laws:
Protecting the Chain of Data Custody:
Clarity and Stringency of Laws:
Data as a Moving Target:
Revamping Laws for Guiding Data Principles:
Civil Society: Engr. Kunle Olorundare- Online Moderator, Acting President (Internet Society, Nigeria Chapter)
Africa Parliamentary Network: Sam George, Member of Parliament, Parliament of Ghana
What can AFRINIC do to ensure Data Governance?.
Other Key Outputs