IGF 2017 WS #133 Governance Innovation in the Age of Sharing Economy

Short Title: 
Governance Innovation in the Age of Sharing Economy

Proposer's Name: Ms. Liyun Han
Proposer's Organization: China Internet Network Information Center(CNNIC)
Co-Proposer's Name: Mr. Rui Zhong
Co-Proposer's Organization: Internet Society of China (ISC)
Co-Organizers:
Dr., Liyun HAN, Technical Community, China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) Mr., Rui ZHONG, Civil Society, Internet Society of China (ISC) Ms., Jing MA, Civil Society, China Association for Science and Technology (CAST) Prof., Qingguo MENG, Academia, Center for Internet Governance (CIG), Tsinghua University, Mr., Jinhe LIU, PhD student, Research Center for Media Economics and Management, Tsinghua University

Additional Speakers: 

1.Danil Kerimi, Head, IT and Electronics Industries, World Economic Forum 2.Dr. Jovan Kurbalija, Director, DiploFoundation & Head, Geneva Internet Platform 3.Michael Kende, Senior Advisor at Analysys Mason, and guest professor at the Graduate Institute of Geneva 4.Dr. Mikhail M. Komarov, deputy head for international relations, School of business informatics, National Research University. 5.Dr. Prof. Xiaodong Lee, Co-chair of Center for Internet Governance (CIG) ,Tsinghua University 6.Prof. Xiang Zhou, Head of Major project division at Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (RADI), Professor of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Deputy Director of National Engineering Laboratory for Satellite Remote Sensing Applications 7.TBD,Tencent Eco Security Center  8.Dai Wei, Founder and CEO of ofo 9.Donghui Wei, Vice President of Didi Chuxing, 10.Professor Baoguo Cui,Director,Center for Media and Management and Economics Studies,Tsinghua University 11.Dr. Ning KONG, Director of Department of International Affairs, CNNIC 12. Colin Sparks,HongKong Baptist university 14. Prof. Lee Miller,Editor-at-Large and Chart of the Day Columnist, Bloomberg News

Agenda: 

Agenda(90MINs): 1.【5mins】The moderator will open the session by welcoming participants, framing the topic, briefly introducing panelists and mentioning their commitment in the discussion. 2.【40mins】Formal Presentations from some panelists. 3.【20mins】After presentation, the moderator will engage the panelists in a lively conversation to get their perspectives on the questions as outlined below. ①Optimizing the relationship between supply and demand with intelligent sharing tools. ②Interest distribution among key resource holders. ③Roles of government, industry and other players involved in the market. ④Interesting predictions about the future of sharing economy. 4.【15mins】The moderator will elicit what panelists found most insightful from the discussion, and build on them by asking questions to create a dynamic flow of interaction among the panelists. 5.【5mins】the moderator will invite the audience to pose brief questions to the panelists, asking audience members to identify themselves. (The moderator may consider engaging the audience earlier) 6.【5mins】With 5 minutes left, the moderator will share the top takeaways from the discussion and bring the session to a close.

Report: 

 

- Session Title:   Governance Innovation in the Age of Sharing Economy
 

- Date: 19th Dec, 2017
 

- Time: 15:00           
 

- Session Organizer:  China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC), China Association for Science and Technology (CAST), Internet Society of China (ISC), Tsinghua University        
 

- Chair/Moderator:    ZHANG Xiao, Vice-President, CNNIC
 

- Rapporteur/Notetaker: WANG Yue

 

- List of Speakers and their institutional affiliations: 

  • ZHANG Xiao, CNNIC
  • Michael KENDE, Analysys Mason & Graduate Institute of Geneva
  • Prof. CUI Baoguo, Center for Media and Management and Economics Studies, Tsinghua University
  • Dr. Jovan KURBALIJA, DiploFoundation & Geneva Internet Platform
  • Masanobu Katoh, Executive Director and Country Head of Japan, Xinova, LLC
  • Prof. ZHANG Rui, Department of Management, Graduate School of Beijing Film Academy
  • Prof. ZHOU Xiang, Major project division at Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (RADI), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) & National Engineering Laboratory for Satellite Remote Sensing Applications

 

- Key Issues raised (1 sentence per issue):                 

  • Characteristics of sharing economy
  • Governance challenges emerging with the increased coverage and complexity of sharing economy
  • Transformation of Internet and society governance model from going in one-way to multistakeholder as well as online and offline cooperation

 

- If there were presentations during the session, please provide a 1-paragraph summary for each presentation:                 

ZHANG Xiao shared her point view of digital economy as well as the development of sharing economy in China. She has argued that the blooming of sharing economy in China is a result of the proliferation of mobile devices, demographic bonus, exemplary effect, and consumption upgrade. It is concluded 4 Characteristics of sharing economy as Strong Connection, Big Data, Strong Platform, and Strong Innovation. With the help of IoT and AI technology, sharing economy will continue to thrive and evolve, and shape our future life.

The maion topic of Michael Kende is the regulatory issues raised by the sharing economy. During his keynote, he took taxi industry in New York as an example, illustrated the conflicts and confrontations between sharing economy business model and traditional service industries. He has also stated that the development speed of economy governance and regulations is not mismatching the rapid development of sharing economy. Therefore, the new platform industry companies enjoy greater freedom right now which is devastating to traditional industries.

Prof. CUI Baoguo has introduced sharing economy models in China and social problems brought by this new economy pattern, including unemployment, city management, credibility, and bankruptcy after the investment fever. He summarized three key words to describe sharing economy: Mobile devices, excessive capacity, and temporary release of right of use. He suggested that a bottom-up multistakeholder model should be established to facilitate the enactment of regulations in the age of sharing economy.

 

  • Please describe the Discussions that took place during the workshop session (3 paragraphs):     

The panel discussion went in an open and productive manner. Jovan Kurbalija argued that public focus has already smoothly experienced an on-going transition from operation efficiency and cost efficiency to security, credibility, and fairness on the topic of sharing economy that might speed up government legislative process regarding sharing economy.

KATOH Masanobu and Prof. ZHOU Xiang have shared the panel with quite different models of sharing economy, including the sharing of innovation, intelligence, and ideas, which means human intelligence works as a sharing tool to help the transaction from technology to the real application. Due to the sharing platform, it is quite positive effect generated from information service and data sharing to the technology innovation. Prof. ZHANG Rui also showcased the application of sharing economy in film industry, as computing capability now can be shared to provide low-cost rendering services.

In the Q&A Session, Participants agreed that Internet has exemplified the contradiction between efficiency and stability, regulation and development, competition and monopoly. Such exemplification also applies to sharing economy. Panellists also raised quite a lot questions and discussed with participants about the potential negative impact of the development of sharing economy on SDGs and society as well as the evaluation method of the social impact of sharing economy.

 

- Please describe any Participant suggestions regarding the way forward/ potential next steps /key takeaways (3 paragraphs):    

 

Participants have suggested that more observation is required on sharing economy as the investment fever in this sector is gradually receding. More social problems will appear until a self-sustaining sharing economy business pattern is established.

Current governance pattern is unable to catch up with the rapid development of sharing economy thus proved to be devastating to traditional service industries. Collaborative Governance with multi-stakeholders' participation can effectively relieve the tension.

Considering the quite a lot companies born on the basis of sharing economy bankrupt recently,  more efforts should be made for sharing economy businesses to eliminate waste and increase efficiency in order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Gender Reporting

 

- Estimate the overall number of the participants present at the session:
50
- Estimate the overall number of women present at the session:
25
- To what extent did the session discuss gender equality and/or women’s empowerment? 
Not mentioned
- If the session addressed issues related to gender equality and/or women’s empowerment, please provide a brief summary of the discussion:

 

 

Session Format: Round Table - 90 Min

Proposer:
Country: China
Stakeholder Group: Technical Community

Co-Proposer:
Country: China
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Speaker: Xiao Zhang
Speaker: Zhibin HUI

Content of the Session:
“HYPER CONNECTIVITY” breeds and fosters the idea of “SHARING”, a spirit to reallocate resources to where they are valued more. Built around the sharing of physical and intellectual resources, “SHARING ECONOMY” is making a fine figure world widely with people using services ranging from vehicleshares to homeshares. Whist services and start-ups enabling P2P exchanges through technology have sprung up, this is only the beginning: in its entirety and potential, SHARING ECONOMY is to bring revolution across all aspects of social and economic life.
SHARING ECONOMY is blooming while experiencing growing pains, like regulatory uncertainty, trust issues, interest disputes etc. A lot of policy issues related to the governance of SHARING ECONOMY need to be addressed, such as:
1. Economy policy: sharing economy is a new economic pattern of restructuring and integrating the social idle resource, especially with the driving force of ICTs, it enables every one or each entity to get involved in the economy activity, especially in rural areas of developing countries. However, issues as tax, price rationality, intellectual property right protection, online fraud, dispute mediation had not been fully discussed.
2. Government regulatory: sharing economy is newly emerging and undoubtedly affects the traditional group's interests and rule. Governance is for development. What kind of policy government should take to reduce differentiation and imbalanced development calls for more consideration and wisdom.
3. Platform responsibility: the application platform should develop effective mechanism to benefit more people and protect user's personal information, avoiding government power abuse and hacker attack.
4. User self-discipline: practical measure or policy should be developed to improve user's behavior and protect public interest during the conduct of sharing economy. This workshop is to review the prospect and challenges during the rise of the sharing economy, exchange the experiences and practices on economy growth and regional balance. Collaborative Governance with multi-stakeholders' participation will shape a sharing economy benefited to everyone, enhance social diversity and support the joint efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Relevance of the Session:
This session is designed to make a direct attack on the governance challenges emerging with the increased coverage and complexity of digitalization, in regards to governance objects, tools and approaches. It brings sharing economy, a new and active digital economy pattern into focus, to review how the Internet and society governance model is developing from going in one-way to multistakeholder as well as online and offline cooperation. What the session discusses include re-identifying the roles of government, platform, enterprise, users and consumers, technology providers etc. in a new ecosystem, exploring policy evolvement and even social ethics, which are topics that really matter in shaping our digital future. 

Tag 1: Internet Economy
Tag 2: Multistakeholder Cooperation
Tag 3: Internet & ICTs for the Sustainable Development Goals

Interventions:
The workshop involves speakers from the different stakeholders including the typical representative enterprises in the field of sharing economy, representatives from the civil society such as Association for Science and Technology and Internet Society, the academic researchers from the well-known universities, institutes as well as think tanks, the participants of technical community and the government official, who will demonstrate and interpret the blooming development and propose the future actions to answer the emerging challenges of SHARING ECONOMY from their perspective positions.
The speakers from DIDI Chuxing, Ofo, 58.com which are forerunner corporations in China will share the developing experience of sharing transportation, community Leasing and service platform, the chief analyst from Tencent Research Institute will describe the interpretation report on the share economic trend in China launched by Tencent Research Institute.
The speakers from the academia such as DiploFoundation, National Research University of Russia, Tsinghua University, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences will view the evolving process of the E-economy and the relevance to the IG ecosystem.
The speakers from the associate and Internet Society can share the thoughts on the sharing economy from the aspect of industry structure.
The speakers with the technology expertise including Prof. Xiaodong Lee, Prof. Zhou Xiang, Dr. Kong and Satish Babu will discuss the role of technology innovation such as big data, IoT and open source in promoting sharing economy.
We also invited the government officials from the Cyberspace of Administration of China (CAC) who is to be confirmed can talk about the annual government report and policies relevant to the governance of sharing economy.
The proposer will follow up with the confirmed speakers to specify who will give the presentation and who will contribute to the workshop trough discussion and dialogue. 

Diversity:
1.Diversity of speaker stakeholder: We have invited experts from multistakeholders, such as enterprises, civil society, academia, technical community and government officials.
2.First-time participant: most of our co-organizers are the old faces to IGF who have the familiar experience and contributed to annual IGF via organizing workshops over consecutive four years. Tsinghua University is the first time to participate IGF.
3.Diversity of regions: Our participants are from China, Russia, India, Swiss and others.

Onsite Moderator: Dr. Liyun HAN
Online Moderator: Ms. Julie ZHU
Rapporteur: Ms. Shuyi GUO

Online Participation:
The workshop is encouragdged and panned for remote participation. Julie ZHU, the researcher of the Center for Internet Governance (CIG) of Tsinghua University, is appointed to the remote moderator, cooperating with the IGF staff, she willcoordinate the online participating system and collect the questions and key points from the remote participants, while she will keep the close interaction with the onsite moderator to convey the information and facilitate the Q&A between the onsite and online participants.

Discussion facilitation:
Agenda(90MINs):
1.【5mins】The moderator will open the session by welcoming participants, framing the topic, briefly introducing panelists and mentioning their commitment in the discussion.
2.【40mins】Formal Presentations from some panelists.
3.【20mins】After presentation, the moderator will engage the panelists in a lively conversation to get their perspectives on the questions as outlined below.
①Optimizing the relationship between supply and demand with intelligent sharing tools.
②Interest distribution among key resource holders.
③Roles of government, industry and other players involved in the market.
④Interesting predictions about the future of sharing economy.
4.【15mins】The moderator will elicit what panelists found most insightful from the discussion, and build on them by asking questions to create a dynamic flow of interaction among the panelists.
5.【5mins】the moderator will invite the audience to pose brief questions to the panelists, asking audience members to identify themselves. (The moderator may consider engaging the audience earlier)
6.【5mins】With 5 minutes left, the moderator will share the top takeaways from the discussion and bring the session to a close. 

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: Yes
Link to Report: http://www.intgovforum.org/cms/2015-igf-joao-pessoa/workshops/list-of-published-workshop-proposals

Contact Information

United Nations
Secretariat of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF)

Villa Le Bocage
Palais des Nations,
CH-1211 Geneva 10
Switzerland

igf [at] un [dot] org
+41 (0) 229 173 678