IGF 2017 WS #91 Policy Challenges for AI Development

Short Title: 
Policy Challenges for AI Development

Proposer's Name: Mr. Rui ZHONG
Proposer's Organization: Internet Society of China
Co-Proposer's Name: Ms. Ping Wu
Co-Proposer's Organization: Internet Society of China
Co-Organizers:
Ms. Jing MA, Civil Society, China Association for Science and Technology

Additional Speakers: 

Ms. Akari Noguchi, worked for public policy & corporate governance,Yahoo Japan; Mr. Cláudio S. de Lucena Neto, Visiting Researcher of Georgetown University, Professor of Law, Center for Legal Studies, Paraíba State University of Brazil; Ms. Jia HE, Person in Charge of Think-Tank and Corporate-Social-Responsibility Affairs, Bytedance (China);

Agenda: 

1. Xiaoyan Ran, Internet Society of China (3 mins; Opening remark) 2. Akari Noguchi, Yahoo Japan (8 mins; Topic: Policy for AI's development) 3. Cláudio S. de Lucena Neto, Visiting Researcher of Georgetown University (8 mins; Topic: challenges of policy development) 4. Satish Babu, Chair of ICANN APRALO (8 mins; Topic: Ethical aspects of AI Policy) 5. Yi Ma, Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, UC Berkeley. (8 mins; Topic: AI policy challenges) 6. Discussion, on-site and remote interactive Q&A (45 mins) 7. Xiaoyan RAN, Internet Society of China (2 mins; Closing remark for the workshop)


Session Format: Panel - 90 Min

Proposer:
Country: China
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Co-Proposer:
Country: China
Stakeholder Group: Civil Society

Speaker: Alison Gillwald
Speaker: Satish Babu
Speaker: Kenta Mochizuki
Speaker: Lei Ning
Speaker: Shenshen Cao

Content of the Session:
The application of AI will be quite extensive, for instance in the field of digital advertising, agriculture, sales, even music, art, psychology and charity. However, the development of AI will encounter many challenges, such as policy issues on data protection, ethical considerations in AI's design core value and neutrality. Therefore, some sorts of approaches and issues are necessary to be further discussed for the development and governance of AI.

This workshop will invite multi-stakeholder representatives to discuss what policy challenges AI will be encountered and how to create an enabling policy environment that conducive to the sustainable development from different dimensions and aspects.

Intended Agenda and issues to be discussed:

1.Xinmin Gao, Internet Society of China (3 mins; Opening remark)
2.Kenta Mochizuki, Yahoo Japan (8 mins; Talk about user's AI data privacy and protection)
3.Alison Gillwald, University of Cape Town (8 mins; Talk about ICT technology and policy advice for government)
4.Satish Babu, IEEE (8 mins; Talk about AI's challenges in Internet governance from perspective of technology)
5.Lei Ning, Baidu (8 mins; Talk about AI's challenges in Internet governance from perspective of product and international cooperation)
6.Shenshen Cao, Tencent (8 mins; Talk about AI's challenges in Internet governance from perspective of public policy and industry's sustainable development)
7.Discussion, on-site and remote interactive Q&A (45 mins; we will try to invite other potential guests to join discussion, such as Google, Microsoft)
8.Xinmin Gao, Internet Society of China (2 mins; close the workshop)


Relevance of the Session:
Artificial Intelligence(AI)is considered as one of important rising ICT industries and is shaping the digital future of human being. Technically, AI basically involves with Machine Learning, which means it will potentially collect, analyze and use large amounts of data, particularly some of which combined with other information could be identified to one’s personal information. In accordance with the legal provisions of personal information protection, these acts should be clearly, fully and completely authorized by the users, and also the purposes, means, content, retention duration and use scope etc. should be clearly informed to the users. Therefore, what kinds of specific policies and measures necessary in the process of collecting and using data should be discussed so as to guide and instruct the AI developer obeying the security principle, taking appropriate management measures and technical means based on the possibility and severity of personal information damage, as well as effectively protect personal information from unauthorized retrieval, loss, disclosure, damage and tampering.

Furthermore, as the machine is designed by the developer, the program naturally endowed with the designer's value orientation, which means the developer need to uphold a wide range of inclusiveness in the AI training and design process, fully considering the interest of women, children, the disabled, minorities and other vulnerable groups, as well as set special rules of judgment in extreme morality and law circumstance. In that the AI system is not as "technically neutral" as it looks like, the specific group may turned out to be the victims of systematic "prejudice" and "discrimination" unwittingly.

Generally, research and development of AI technologies or products are not restricted by administrative license and access. However, once these technologies and products applied to specific industry, there may arouse industry license issues. Will the industry regulation extend to AI field in the future? In finance, medicine, smart home, automatic driving and other specific fields, will regulation be necessary to intervene in the AI development? For example, if a driverless car with passengers encountered an accident, who should bear the main responsibility and how to monitor such situation?

Thus, how to govern the AI through practical policy approaches is very vital consideration for many areas, such as cyber security, personal information protection, network neutrality, ICT for sustainable development.

Tag 1: Digital Future
Tag 2: Internet of Things
Tag 3: Internet & ICTs for the Sustainable Development Goals

Interventions:
As the diverse background and knowledge difference of the speakers, we will invite them to share insights from different issue angles, including policy making advice, technical practice, product development, industry research etc.

Diversity:
In the current stage, we have five speakers from different stakehloder groups (private sector, technical community and civil society), and two female speakers. Most of them come from developing countries and some of them are first time participating in IGF.

Onsite Moderator: Xinmin GAO, VP, Internet Society of China
Online Moderator: Rui ZHONG, Director, Internet Society of China
Rapporteur: Rui ZHONG, Director, Internet Society of China

Online Participation:
The workshop is open to every one, both onsite and remote participation. We will have a remote moderator to interact with the remote participants and will foward their questions and insights to the workshop speakers and audience. We will post the message of workshop info online in advance to let more people knowing what will be discussed and welcome joining from the global.

Discussion facilitation:
The workshop will be set as panel format, firstly allowing each panelist to share her/his main views and then have mutual discussion about other speakers' viewpoints. The on-site moderator also raise some questions prepared. To listen to more voice, we reserve more time slot for audience and remote participants to ask questions and make comments.

Conducted a Workshop in IGF before?: Yes
Link to Report: http://www.intgovforum.org/cms/wks2014/index.php/proposal/view_public/41

Contact Information

United Nations
Secretariat of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF)

Villa Le Bocage
Palais des Nations,
CH-1211 Geneva 10
Switzerland

igf [at] un [dot] org
+41 (0) 229 173 678